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TARGETS

TAPICHALACA RESERVE

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):2,000
Altitude (m):1980-3050
# Species*:314
# Excl Vagrants*:314
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:17
Species/100 ha*:15.7
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Wet temperate forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Tawny-breasted TinamouNothocercus juliusR
2Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiR

 
Ducks: Anatidae

3Torrent DuckMerganetta armataUC
4Andean TealAnas andiumUC

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

5Bearded GuanPenelope barbata 
6Sickle-winged GuanChamaepetes goudotiiUC

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

7Rufous-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus speciosusR

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

8Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataC
9Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaUC
10<Maroon-chested Ground Dove>Paraclaravis mondetouraR
11White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiUC
12White-throated Quail-DoveZentrygon frenataUC

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

13Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniUC
14Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaUC

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

15Rufous-bellied NighthawkLurocalis rufiventrisR
16Band-winged NightjarSystellura longirostrisUC
17Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisFC
18Swallow-tailed NightjarUropsalis segmentataUC
19Lyre-tailed NightjarUropsalis lyraR

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

20Common PotooNyctibius griseusR
21Andean PotooNyctibius maculosusR

 
Oilbird: Steatornithidae

22OilbirdSteatornis caripensisR

 
Swifts: Apodidae

23Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaUC
24White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisUC
25White-tipped SwiftAeronautes montivagus?

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

26White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquilaR
27Tawny-bellied HermitPhaethornis syrmatophorusUC
28Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeUC
29Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotusR
30Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscansR
31Amethyst-throated SunangelHeliangelus amethysticollisC
32Flame-throated Sunangel
(Little Sunangel)
Heliangelus micrasterC
33Speckled HummingbirdAdelomyia melanogenysFC
34Long-tailed SylphAglaiocercus kingiiFC
35Green-headed HillstarOreotrochilus stolzmanniR
36Rufous-capped ThornbillChalcostigma ruficepsUC
37Rainbow-bearded ThornbillChalcostigma herraniUC
38Tyrian MetaltailMetallura tyrianthinaUC
39Viridian MetaltailMetallura williamiVR
40Neblina MetaltailMetallura odomaeFC
41Greenish PufflegHaplophaedia aureliaeUC
42Glowing PufflegEriocnemis vestitaFC
43Shining SunbeamAglaeactis cupripennisUC
44Bronzy IncaCoeligena coeligenaUC
45Collared IncaCoeligena torquataC
46Rainbow StarfrontletCoeligena irisFC
47Buff-winged StarfrontletCoeligena lutetiaeFC
48Mountain VelvetbreastLafresnaya lafresnayiUC
49Great SapphirewingPterophanes cyanopterusUC
50Chestnut-breasted CoronetBoissonneaua matthewsiiC
51Booted Racket-tailOcreatus underwoodiiR
52Fawn-breasted BrilliantHeliodoxa rubinoidesFC
53White-bellied WoodstarChaetocercus mulsantFC
54Andean EmeraldAmazilia franciaeR

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

55Blackish RailPardirallus nigricansR

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

56/Upland Sandpiper/Bartramia longicaudaR
57|Baird's Sandpiper|Calidris bairdiiR
58Andean SnipeGallinago jamesoniFC
59Imperial SnipeGallinago imperialisUC
60/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis maculariusR

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

61Wood StorkMycteria americanaVR

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

62Striated HeronButorides striataVR

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

63Black VultureCoragyps atratusUC
64Turkey VultureCathartes auraUC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

65Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusUC
66Black-and-chestnut EagleSpizaetus isidoriR
67Semicollared HawkAccipiter collarisVR
68Plain-breasted Hawk**Accipiter ventralisUC
69Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorVR
70Solitary EagleButeogallus solitariusVR
71Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisFC
72White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhousFC
73Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosomaR
74Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucusR
75/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterusFC
76White-throated HawkButeo albigulaR

 
Owls: Strigidae

77White-throated Screech-OwlMegascops albogularisUC
78Rufescent Screech-OwlMegascops ingensR
79Andean Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium jardiniiR
80Pacific Pygmy-Owl
(Peruvian Pygmy-Owl)
Glaucidium peruanum 
81Rufous-banded OwlCiccaba albitarsisUC
82Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

83Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auricepsUC
84Crested QuetzalPharomachrus antisianusR
85Masked TrogonTrogon personatusUC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

86Andean MotmotMomotus aequatorialisR

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

87Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaR

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

88White-faced NunbirdHapaloptila castaneaR

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

89Southern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus albivittaUC
90Gray-breasted Mountain-ToucanAndigena hypoglaucaUC
91Black-billed Mountain-ToucanAndigena nigrirostrisR

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

92Lafresnaye's PiculetPicumnus lafresnayiUC
93Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusFC
94Yellow-vented WoodpeckerDryobates dignusFC
95Bar-bellied WoodpeckerDryobates nigricepsUC
96Powerful WoodpeckerCampephilus pollensUC
97Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterR
98Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosusUC
99Crimson-mantled WoodpeckerColaptes rivoliiFC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

100American KestrelFalco sparveriusR

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

101Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaUC
102Red-billed ParrotPionus sordidusFC
103Speckle-faced ParrotPionus tumultuosusFC
104Scaly-naped ParrotAmazona mercenariusFC
105White-necked ParakeetPyrrhura albipectusR
106Golden-plumed ParakeetLeptosittaca branickiiUC
107Scarlet-fronted ParakeetPsittacara wagleriR
108White-eyed ParakeetPsittacara leucophthalmusUC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

109Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinotaR
110Uniform AntshrikeThamnophilus unicolorR
111Bicolored AntvireoDysithamnus occidentalisR
112Streak-headed AntbirdDrymophila striaticepsUC

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

113Chestnut-crowned GnateaterConopophaga castaneicepsR

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

114Undulated AntpittaGrallaria squamigeraR
115Chestnut-crowned AntpittaGrallaria ruficapillaR
116Jocotoco AntpittaGrallaria ridgelyiR
117Chestnut-naped AntpittaGrallaria nuchalisFC
118White-bellied AntpittaGrallaria hypoleucaUC
119Rufous AntpittaGrallaria rufulaUC
120Tawny AntpittaGrallaria quitensisUC
121Peruvian AntpittaGrallaricula peruvianaR
122Slate-crowned AntpittaGrallaricula nanaFC

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

123Ocellated TapaculoAcropternis orthonyxUC
124Ash-colored TapaculoMyornis senilisFC
125Blackish TapaculoScytalopus latransUC
126Long-tailed TapaculoScytalopus micropterusUC
127Chusquea TapaculoScytalopus parkeriFC
128Paramillo TapaculoScytalopus canusC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

129Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectusUC
130Barred AntthrushChamaeza mollissimaR

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

131Tyrannine WoodcreeperDendrocincla tyranninaUC
132Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchusR
133Olive-backed WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus triangularisUC
134Greater ScythebillDrymotoxeres pucheraniiR
135Montane WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes lacrymigerFC
136Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansUC
137Streaked TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes boissonneautiiFC
138Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematuraR
139Chestnut-winged CinclodesCinclodes albidiventrisR
140Montane Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia striaticollisFC
141Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalarisUC
142Flammulated TreehunterThripadectes flammulatusFC
143Striped TreehunterThripadectes holostictusUC
144Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensUC
145Pearled TreerunnerMargarornis squamigerC
146White-browed SpinetailHellmayrea gularisFC
147Many-striped CanasteroAsthenes flammulataFC
148Mouse-colored ThistletailAsthenes griseomurinaC
149Spectacled PrickletailSiptornis striaticollisR
150Ash-browed SpinetailCranioleuca curtataUC
151Azara's SpinetailSynallaxis azaraeFC
152Rufous SpinetailSynallaxis unirufaFC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

153Green-and-black FruiteaterPipreola riefferiiFC
154Barred FruiteaterPipreola arcuataFC
155Chestnut-crested CotingaAmpelion rufaxillaR
156Andean Cock-of-the-rockRupicola peruvianusR
157Olivaceous PihaSnowornis cryptolophusR
158Dusky PihaLipaugus fuscocinereusUC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

159Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorUC
160Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusVR
161Crested BecardPachyramphus validusVR

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

162Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollisFC
163Rufous-breasted FlycatcherLeptopogon rufipectusUC
164Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPhylloscartes ophthalmicusR
165Bronze-olive Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus pelzelniUC
166Rufous-headed Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus ruficepsUC
167Black-throated Tody-TyrantHemitriccus granadensisFC
168Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant
(Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus ruficepsUC
169Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumUC
170Fulvous-breasted FlatbillRhynchocyclus fulvipectusR
171Cinnamon FlycatcherPyrrhomyias cinnamomeusFC
172Orange-banded FlycatcherNephelomyias lintoniFC
173White-tailed TyrannuletMecocerculus poecilocercusFC
174White-banded TyrannuletMecocerculus stictopterusUC
175White-throated TyrannuletMecocerculus leucophrysUC
176Rufous-winged TyrannuletMecocerculus calopterusVR
177Sulphur-bellied TyrannuletMecocerculus minorUC
178Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterUC
179White-crested ElaeniaElaenia albiceps 
180Highland ElaeniaElaenia obscuraR
181Sierran ElaeniaElaenia pallatangaeUC
182Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinereaUC
183Black-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias nigrocapillusUC
184Ashy-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias cinereicepsR
185Tawny-rumped TyrannuletPhyllomyias uropygialis 
186Loja Tyrannulet**Zimmerius flavidifronsUC
187Golden-faced TyrannuletZimmerius chrysops 
188Flavescent FlycatcherMyiophobus flavicansUC
189Olive-chested FlycatcherMyiophobus cryptoxanthusUC
190Smoke-colored PeweeContopus fumigatusFC
191Black PhoebeSayornis nigricansUC
192Rufous-tailed TyrantKnipolegus poecilurusUC
193Streak-throated Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes striaticollisR
194Smoky Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes fumigatusUC
195Crowned Chat-TyrantOchthoeca frontalisFC
196Yellow-bellied Chat-TyrantOchthoeca diademaFC
197Slaty-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca cinnamomeiventrisFC
198Rufous-breasted Chat-TyrantOchthoeca rufipectoralisFC
199Brown-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca fumicolorFC
200Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferFC
201Pale-edged FlycatcherMyiarchus cephalotesUC
202Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisUC
203Lemon-browed FlycatcherConopias cinchonetiR
204Golden-crowned FlycatcherMyiodynastes chrysocephalusR
205Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusUC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

206Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensisFC
207Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysFC

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

208Turquoise JayCyanolyca turcosaFC
209Inca JayCyanocorax yncasC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

210Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaC
211Pale-footed SwallowOrochelidon flavipesUC
212Brown-bellied SwallowOrochelidon murinaFC
213Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisR

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

214Gray-mantled WrenOdontorchilus branickiiR
215House WrenTroglodytes aedonUC
216Mountain WrenTroglodytes solstitialisUC
217Sedge WrenCistothorus platensisFC
218Plain-tailed WrenPheugopedius euophrysFC
219Speckle-breasted WrenPheugopedius sclateriUC
220Rufous WrenCinnycerthia unirufaFC
221Sharpe's WrenCinnycerthia olivascensUC
222Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysC
223Chestnut-breasted WrenCyphorhinus thoracicusR

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

224White-capped DipperCinclus leucocephalusUC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

225Andean SolitaireMyadestes ralloidesFC
226Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterR
227/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatusUC
228Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucopsR
229Marañon ThrushTurdus maranonicusUC
230Chestnut-bellied ThrushTurdus fulviventrisUC
231Great ThrushTurdus fuscaterFC
232Chiguanco ThrushTurdus chiguancoUC
233Glossy-black ThrushTurdus serranusFC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

234Chestnut-breasted ChlorophoniaChlorophonia pyrrhophrysR
235Bronze-green EuphoniaEuphonia mesochrysaR
236Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogasterFC
237Olivaceous SiskinSpinus olivaceusUC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

238Short-billed Bush-Tanager
(Short-billed Chlorospingus)
Chlorospingus parvirostrisUC
239Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularisUC
240Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectusUC
241Yellow-browed SparrowAmmodramus aurifronsUC
242Gray-browed BrushfinchArremon assimilis 
243Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaR
244Olive FinchArremon castaneicepsR
245Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisFC
246Pale-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes pallidinuchaFC
247Bolivian BrushfinchAtlapetes rufinuchaFC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

248Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeusUC
249Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialisUC
250Northern Mountain Cacique**Cacicus leucoramphusUC
251Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisR

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

252Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiFC
253/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fuscaFC
254Three-striped WarblerBasileuterus tristriatusFC
255Citrine WarblerMyiothlypis luteoviridisFC
256Black-crested WarblerMyiothlypis nigrocristataC
257Russet-crowned WarblerMyiothlypis coronataUC
258/Canada Warbler/Cardellina canadensisUC
259Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatusC
260Spectacled RedstartMyioborus melanocephalusC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

261/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubraR
262Red-hooded TanagerPiranga rubricepsUC
263Golden GrosbeakPheucticus chrysogasterVR

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

264Black-faced TanagerSchistochlamys melanopisUC
265White-capped TanagerSericossypha albocristataUC
266Rufous-crested TanagerCreurgops verticalisUC
267Black-capped HemispingusKleinothraupis atropileusFC
268Oleaginous HemispingusSphenopsis frontalisR
269Black-eared HemispingusSphenopsis melanotisR
270Rufous-chested TanagerThlypopsis ornataUC
271White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusUC
272Silver-beaked TanagerRamphocelus carboUC
273Hooded Mountain-TanagerButhraupis montanaFC
274Masked Mountain-TanagerButhraupis wetmoreiR
275Black-chested Mountain-TanagerCnemathraupis eximiaR
276Grass-green TanagerChlorornis riefferiiFC
277Lacrimose Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus lacrymosusFC
278Scarlet-bellied Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus igniventrisFC
279Blue-winged Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus somptuosusFC
280Buff-breasted Mountain-TanagerDubusia taeniataFC
281Yellow-throated TanagerIridosornis analisUC
282Golden-crowned TanagerIridosornis rufivertexUC
283Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonotaUC
284Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusFC
285Blue-capped TanagerThraupis cyanocephalaUC
286Golden-naped TanagerChalcothraupis ruficervixUC
287Silver-backed Tanager
(Silvery Tanager)
Stilpnia viridicollisUC
288Blue-necked TanagerStilpnia cyanicollisUC
289Blue-and-black TanagerTangara vassoriiFC
290Beryl-spangled TanagerTangara nigroviridisFC
291Metallic-green TanagerTangara labradoridesFC
292Blue-browed TanagerTangara cyanotisVR
293Saffron-crowned TanagerTangara xanthocephalaFC
294Flame-faced TanagerTangara parzudakiiFC
295Golden-collared HoneycreeperIridophanes pulcherrimusR
296Blue-backed ConebillConirostrum sitticolorFC
297Capped ConebillConirostrum albifronsUC
298Glossy FlowerpiercerDiglossa lafresnayiiC
299Black FlowerpiercerDiglossa humeralisFC
300White-sided FlowerpiercerDiglossa albilateraC
301Bluish FlowerpiercerDiglossa caerulescensUC
302Masked FlowerpiercerDiglossa cyaneaC
303PlushcapCatamblyrhynchus diademaUC
304<Slaty Finch>Spodiornis rusticaR
305Black-headed HemispingusPseudospingus verticalisUC
306Gray-hooded Bush TanagerCnemoscopus rubrirostrisFC
307Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisUC
308Plain-colored SeedeaterCatamenia inornataR
309Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroaUC
310BananaquitCoereba flaveolaUC
311Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurusUC
312Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusUC
313Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusUC
314Masked SaltatorSaltator cinctusR

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain