↑ECUADOR">
ECUADOR↑

DESCRIPTION">
SPECIALTIES

EL CAJAS NATIONAL PARK

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):28,544
Altitude (m):3100-4450
# Species:270
# Excl Vagrants:270
# Endemics:1
# Near Endemics:21
Species/100 ha:0.9
Habitat: Cloud forest, paramo, lagoons

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Tawny-breasted TinamouNothocercus julius
2Andean TinamouNothoprocta pentlandii
3Curve-billed TinamouNothoprocta curvirostris

 
Ducks: Anatidae

4Torrent DuckMerganetta armata
5Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
6White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis
7Yellow-billed PintailAnas georgica
8Andean TealAnas andium
9Andean DuckOxyura ferruginea

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

10Andean GuanPenelope montagnii

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

11Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
12Silvery GrebePodiceps occipitalis

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

13Rock PigeonColumba livia
14Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
15Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbea
16Ecuadorian Ground DoveColumbina buckleyi
17Croaking Ground DoveColumbina cruziana
18White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
19White-throated Quail-DoveZentrygon frenata
20Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

21Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
22Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris
23Striped CuckooTapera naevia
24Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

25Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus
26Band-winged NightjarSystellura longirostris

 
Swifts: Apodidae

27Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila
28White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

29Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotus
30Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscans
31Amethyst-throated SunangelHeliangelus amethysticollis
32Tourmaline SunangelHeliangelus exortis
33Little SunangelHeliangelus micraster
34Purple-throated SunangelHeliangelus viola
35Speckled HummingbirdAdelomyia melanogenys
36Violet-tailed SylphAglaiocercus coelestis
37Ecuadorian HillstarOreotrochilus chimborazo
38Mountain AvocetbillOpisthoprora euryptera
39Black-tailed TrainbearerLesbia victoriae
40<Green-tailed Trainbearer>Lesbia nuna
41Purple-backed ThornbillRamphomicron microrhynchum
42Blue-mantled ThornbillChalcostigma stanleyi
43Rainbow-bearded ThornbillChalcostigma herrani
44Tyrian MetaltailMetallura tyrianthina
45Viridian MetaltailMetallura williami
46Violet-throated MetaltailMetallura baroni
47Glowing PufflegEriocnemis vestita
48Sapphire-vented PufflegEriocnemis luciani
49Shining SunbeamAglaeactis cupripennis
50Collared IncaCoeligena torquata
51Rainbow StarfrontletCoeligena iris
52Buff-winged StarfrontletCoeligena lutetiae
53Mountain VelvetbreastLafresnaya lafresnayi
54Sword-billed HummingbirdEnsifera ensifera
55Great SapphirewingPterophanes cyanopterus
56Giant HummingbirdPatagona gigas
57White-bellied WoodstarChaetocercus mulsant
58Purple-throated WoodstarPhilodice mitchellii
59Amazilia HummingbirdAmazilis amazilia

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

60Virginia RailRallus limicola
61Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
62Slate-colored CootFulica ardesiaca

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

63Andean LapwingVanellus resplendens

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

64Wattled JacanaJacana jacana

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

65|Baird's Sandpiper|Calidris bairdii
66/Pectoral Sandpiper/Calidris melanotos
67Noble SnipeGallinago nobilis
68Andean SnipeGallinago jamesoni
69/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius
70/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria
71/Greater Yellowlegs/Tringa melanoleuca
72/Lesser Yellowlegs/Tringa flavipes

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

73Andean GullChroicocephalus serranus

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

74Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianus

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

75Great EgretArdea alba
76Snowy EgretEgretta thula
77Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
78Striated HeronButorides striata
79Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

80Black VultureCoragyps atratus
81Turkey VultureCathartes aura
82Andean CondorVultur gryphus
83King VultureSarcoramphus papa

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

84/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

85White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
86Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
87Black-and-chestnut EagleSpizaetus isidori
88Plain-breasted Hawk**Accipiter ventralis
89Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalis
90Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
91Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctus
92Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosoma
93Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucus

 
Owls: Strigidae

94White-throated Screech-OwlMegascops albogularis
95Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
96Andean Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium jardinii
97Peruvian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium peruanum
98Rufous-banded OwlStrix albitarsis
99Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

100Masked TrogonTrogon personatus

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

101Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
102Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

103Southern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus albivitta
104Gray-breasted Mountain-ToucanAndigena hypoglauca

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

105Bar-bellied WoodpeckerDryobates nigriceps
106Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus
107Crimson-mantled WoodpeckerColaptes rivolii

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

108Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
109Carunculated CaracaraDaptrius carunculatus
110Mountain CaracaraDaptrius megalopterus
111American KestrelFalco sparverius
112/Merlin/Falco columbarius
113Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis
114/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinus

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

115Red-faced ParrotHapalopsittaca pyrrhops
116Bronze-winged ParrotPionus chalcopterus
117Pacific ParrotletForpus coelestis
118<Golden-plumed Parakeet>Leptosittaca branickii

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

119Undulated AntpittaGrallaria squamigera
120Chestnut-crowned AntpittaGrallaria ruficapilla
121Equatorial AntpittaGrallaria saturata
122Tawny AntpittaGrallaria quitensis
123Ochre-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula flavirostris

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

124Ocellated TapaculoAcropternis orthonyx
125Blackish TapaculoScytalopus latrans

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

126Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
127Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygius
128Streaked TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes boissonneautii
129Pale-legged HorneroFurnarius leucopus
130Chestnut-winged CinclodesCinclodes albidiventris
131Stout-billed CinclodesCinclodes excelsior
132Pearled TreerunnerMargarornis squamiger
133Andean Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura andicola
134White-browed SpinetailHellmayrea gularis
135Many-striped CanasteroAsthenes flammulata
136Streak-backed CanasteroAsthenes wyatti
137White-chinned ThistletailAsthenes fuliginosa
138Mouse-colored ThistletailAsthenes griseomurina
139Line-cheeked SpinetailCranioleuca antisiensis
140Azara's SpinetailSynallaxis azarae
141Rufous SpinetailSynallaxis unirufa
142Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyura

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

143Red-crested CotingaAmpelion rubrocristatus

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

144Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolor

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

145Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollis
146Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus
147Cinnamon FlycatcherPyrrhomyias cinnamomeus
148Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum
149White-tailed TyrannuletMecocerculus poecilocercus
150White-banded TyrannuletMecocerculus stictopterus
151White-throated TyrannuletMecocerculus leucophrys
152Tufted Tit-TyrantAnairetes parulus
153Agile Tit-TyrantUromyias agilis
154Subtropical DoraditoPseudocolopteryx acutipennis
155White-crested ElaeniaElaenia albiceps
156Sierran ElaeniaElaenia pallatangae
157Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinerea
158Black-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias nigrocapillus
159Tawny-rumped TyrannuletPhyllomyias uropygialis
160Mouse-gray FlycatcherMyiophobus crypterythrus
161/Olive-sided Flycatcher/Contopus cooperi
162Smoke-colored PeweeContopus fumigatus
163Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
164Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
165Spot-billed Ground-TyrantMuscisaxicola maculirostris
166\White-browed Ground-Tyrant\Muscisaxicola albilora
167Plain-capped Ground-TyrantMuscisaxicola alpinus
168Red-rumped Bush-TyrantCnemarchus erythropygius
169Black-billed Shrike-TyrantAgriornis montanus
170White-tailed Shrike-TyrantAgriornis albicauda
171Streak-throated Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes striaticollis
172Smoky Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes fumigatus
173Masked Water-TyrantFluvicola nengeta
174Crowned Chat-TyrantSilvicultrix frontalis
175Chestnut-bellied Chat-TyrantOchthoeca cinnamomeiventris
176Rufous-breasted Chat-TyrantOchthoeca rufipectoralis
177Brown-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca fumicolor
178White-browed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca leucophrys
179Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus
180Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius
181Snowy-throated KingbirdTyrannus niveigularis
182Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

183Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis
184Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrys

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

185Turquoise JayCyanolyca turcosa
186Violaceous JayCyanocorax violaceus

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

187Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
188Brown-bellied SwallowOrochelidon murina
189Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
190Purple MartinProgne subis
191Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
192/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

193Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatus
194House WrenTroglodytes aedon
195Mountain WrenTroglodytes solstitialis
196Grass WrenCistothorus platensis
197Thrush-like WrenCampylorhynchus turdinus
198Plain-tailed WrenPheugopedius euophrys
199Rufous WrenCinnycerthia unirufa
200Sharpe's WrenCinnycerthia olivascens
201White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta
202Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrys
203Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalus

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

204White-capped DipperCinclus leucocephalus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

205Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscater
206/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatus
207White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollis
208Ecuadorian ThrushTurdus maculirostris
209<Pale-eyed Thrush>Turdus leucops
210Great ThrushTurdus fuscater
211Chiguanco ThrushTurdus chiguanco
212Glossy-black ThrushTurdus serranus

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

213House SparrowPasser domesticus

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

214Paramo PipitAnthus bogotensis

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

215Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

216Gray-browed BrushfinchArremon assimilis
217Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinucha
218Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis
219Pale-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes pallidinucha
220White-winged BrushfinchAtlapetes leucopterus
221Yellow-breasted BrushfinchAtlapetes latinucha

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

222Peruvian MeadowlarkLeistes bellicosa
223Scrub BlackbirdDives warczewiczi

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

224/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fusca
225Black-crested WarblerMyiothlypis nigrocristata
226Russet-crowned WarblerMyiothlypis coronata
227Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus
228Spectacled RedstartMyioborus melanocephalus

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

229Golden GrosbeakPheucticus chrysogaster
230Black-backed GrosbeakPheucticus aureoventris

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

231Superciliaried HemispingusThlypopsis superciliaris
232Rufous-chested TanagerThlypopsis ornata
233Hooded Mountain TanagerButhraupis montana
234Grass-green TanagerChlorornis riefferii
235Black-chested Mountain TanagerCnemathraupis eximia
236Lacrimose Mountain TanagerAnisognathus lacrymosus
237Scarlet-bellied Mountain TanagerAnisognathus igniventris
238Blue-winged Mountain TanagerAnisognathus somptuosus
239Buff-breasted Mountain TanagerDubusia taeniata
240Golden-crowned TanagerIridosornis rufivertex
241Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonota
242Blue-and-yellow TanagerRauenia bonariensis
243Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus
244Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum
245Golden-naped TanagerChalcothraupis ruficervix
246Blue-necked TanagerStilpnia cyanicollis
247Blue-and-black TanagerTangara vassorii
248Golden TanagerTangara arthus
249Black-faced DacnisDacnis lineata
250Giant ConebillConirostrum binghami
251Blue-backed ConebillConirostrum sitticolor
252Cinereous ConebillConirostrum cinereum
253Glossy FlowerpiercerDiglossa lafresnayii
254Black FlowerpiercerDiglossa humeralis
255White-sided FlowerpiercerDiglossa albilatera
256Rusty FlowerpiercerDiglossa sittoides
257Masked FlowerpiercerDiglossa cyanea
258PlushcapCatamblyrhynchus diadema
259Black-backed Bush TanagerUrothraupis stolzmanni
260Tit-like DacnisXenodacnis parina
261Plumbeous Sierra FinchGeospizopsis unicolor
262Ash-breasted Sierra FinchGeospizopsis plebejus
263Band-tailed Sierra FinchPorphyrospiza alaudinus
264Gray-hooded Bush TanagerCnemoscopus rubrirostris
265Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola
266Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
267Band-tailed SeedeaterCatamenia analis
268Plain-colored SeedeaterCatamenia inornata
269Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroa
270Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurus

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.