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EL CAJAS NATIONAL PARK

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):28,544
Altitude (m):3100-4450
# Species*:131
# Excl Vagrants*:131
# Endemics*:1
# Near Endemics*:10
Species/100 ha*:0.5
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Cloud forest, paramo, lagoons

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Andean TinamouNothoprocta pentlandii

 
Ducks: Anatidae

2Yellow-billed PintailAnas georgica
3Andean TealAnas andium
4Andean DuckOxyura ferruginea

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

5Silvery GrebePodiceps occipitalis

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

6Rock PigeonColumba livia
7Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
8Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

9Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus
10Band-winged NightjarSystellura longirostris

 
Swifts: Apodidae

11White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

12Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscans
13Amethyst-throated SunangelHeliangelus amethysticollis
14Tourmaline SunangelHeliangelus exortis
15Flame-throated Sunangel
(Little Sunangel)
Heliangelus micraster
16Ecuadorian HillstarOreotrochilus chimborazo
17Mountain AvocetbillOpisthoprora euryptera
18<Green-tailed Trainbearer>Lesbia nuna
19Purple-backed ThornbillRamphomicron microrhynchum
20Blue-mantled ThornbillChalcostigma stanleyi
21Rainbow-bearded ThornbillChalcostigma herrani
22Tyrian MetaltailMetallura tyrianthina
23Viridian MetaltailMetallura williami
24Violet-throated MetaltailMetallura baroni
25Glowing PufflegEriocnemis vestita
26Sapphire-vented PufflegEriocnemis luciani
27Shining SunbeamAglaeactis cupripennis
28Collared IncaCoeligena torquata
29Rainbow StarfrontletCoeligena iris
30Mountain VelvetbreastLafresnaya lafresnayi
31Giant HummingbirdPatagona gigas

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

32Andean LapwingVanellus resplendens

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

33|Baird's Sandpiper|Calidris bairdii
34/Pectoral Sandpiper/Calidris melanotos
35Noble SnipeGallinago nobilis
36Andean SnipeGallinago jamesoni
37/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

38Andean GullChroicocephalus serranus

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

39Great EgretArdea alba

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

40Andean CondorVultur gryphus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

41Plain-breasted Hawk**Accipiter ventralis
42Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosoma
43Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucus

 
Owls: Strigidae

44Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
45Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

46Masked TrogonTrogon personatus

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

47Gray-breasted Mountain-ToucanAndigena hypoglauca

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

48Carunculated CaracaraPhalcoboenus carunculatus
49Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

50Rufous AntpittaGrallaria rufula
51Tawny AntpittaGrallaria quitensis

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

52Blackish TapaculoScytalopus latrans

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

53Chestnut-winged CinclodesCinclodes albidiventris
54Stout-billed CinclodesCinclodes excelsior
55Pearled TreerunnerMargarornis squamiger
56Andean Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura andicola
57Many-striped CanasteroAsthenes flammulata
58Streak-backed CanasteroAsthenes wyatti
59Mouse-colored ThistletailAsthenes griseomurina
60Azara's SpinetailSynallaxis azarae
61Rufous SpinetailSynallaxis unirufa

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

62Red-crested CotingaAmpelion rubrocristatus

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

63Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollis
64Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus
65Cinnamon FlycatcherPyrrhomyias cinnamomeus
66White-banded TyrannuletMecocerculus stictopterus
67White-throated TyrannuletMecocerculus leucophrys
68Tufted Tit-TyrantAnairetes parulus
69White-crested ElaeniaElaenia albiceps
70Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinerea
71Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
72\White-browed Ground-Tyrant\Muscisaxicola albilora
73Paramo Ground-Tyrant
(Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant)
Muscisaxicola alpinus
74Black-billed Shrike-TyrantAgriornis montanus
75White-tailed Shrike-TyrantAgriornis albicauda
76Streak-throated Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes striaticollis
77Smoky Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes fumigatus
78Red-rumped Bush-TyrantCnemarchus erythropygius
79Crowned Chat-TyrantOchthoeca frontalis
80Brown-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca fumicolor
81White-browed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca leucophrys
82Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus
83Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

84Turquoise JayCyanolyca turcosa
85Violaceous JayCyanocorax violaceus

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

86Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
87Brown-bellied SwallowOrochelidon murina
88Purple MartinProgne subis

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

89Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatus
90Mountain WrenTroglodytes solstitialis
91Sedge WrenCistothorus platensis
92Thrush-like WrenCampylorhynchus turdinus
93White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta
94Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrys
95Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalus

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

96White-capped DipperCinclus leucocephalus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

97White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollis
98Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucops
99Great ThrushTurdus fuscater

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

100House SparrowPasser domesticus

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

101Paramo PipitAnthus bogotensis

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

102Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

103Gray-browed BrushfinchArremon assimilis
104Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis
105Pale-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes pallidinucha
106Bolivian BrushfinchAtlapetes rufinucha

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

107Black-crested WarblerMyiothlypis nigrocristata
108Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus
109Spectacled RedstartMyioborus melanocephalus

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

110Golden GrosbeakPheucticus chrysogaster

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

111Superciliaried HemispingusThlypopsis superciliaris
112Hooded Mountain-TanagerButhraupis montana
113Grass-green TanagerChlorornis riefferii
114Lacrimose Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus lacrymosus
115Scarlet-bellied Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus igniventris
116Buff-breasted Mountain-TanagerDubusia taeniata
117Golden-crowned TanagerIridosornis rufivertex
118Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonota
119Giant ConebillConirostrum binghami
120Blue-backed ConebillConirostrum sitticolor
121Cinereous ConebillConirostrum cinereum
122Glossy FlowerpiercerDiglossa lafresnayii
123Black FlowerpiercerDiglossa humeralis
124Masked FlowerpiercerDiglossa cyanea
125Black-backed Bush TanagerUrothraupis stolzmanni
126Tit-like DacnisXenodacnis parina
127Plumbeous Sierra-FinchGeospizopsis unicolor
128Gray-hooded Bush TanagerCnemoscopus rubrirostris
129Band-tailed SeedeaterCatamenia analis
130Plain-colored SeedeaterCatamenia inornata
131Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroa

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.