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DESCRIPTION

TAPICHALACA RESERVE

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):2,000
Altitude (m):1980-3050
# Species*:314
# Excl Vagrants*:314
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:17
Species/100 ha*:15.7
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Wet temperate forest

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Tawny-breasted TinamouNothocercus juliusRR 
2Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiLC 
3Bearded GuanPenelope barbataNENT
4Sickle-winged GuanChamaepetes goudotiiRR 
5Rufous-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus speciosus NT
6Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea V
7Maroon-chested Ground DoveParaclaravis mondetouraLC 
8White-throated Quail-DoveZentrygon frenataRR 
9Swallow-tailed NightjarUropsalis segmentataLC 
10Lyre-tailed NightjarUropsalis lyraLC 
11Andean PotooNyctibius maculosusLC 
12OilbirdSteatornis caripensisLC 
13White-tipped SwiftAeronautes montivagusLC 
14Tawny-bellied HermitPhaethornis syrmatophorusRR 
15Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeRR 
16Amethyst-throated SunangelHeliangelus amethysticollisRR 
17Flame-throated Sunangel
(Little Sunangel)
Heliangelus micrasterNE 
18Long-tailed SylphAglaiocercus kingiiRR 
19Green-headed HillstarOreotrochilus stolzmanniNE 
20Rufous-capped ThornbillChalcostigma ruficepsRR 
21Rainbow-bearded ThornbillChalcostigma herraniLC 
22Viridian MetaltailMetallura williamiNE 
23Neblina MetaltailMetallura odomaeNE 
24Greenish PufflegHaplophaedia aureliaeLC 
25Glowing PufflegEriocnemis vestitaRR 
26Bronzy IncaCoeligena coeligenaRR 
27Collared IncaCoeligena torquataRR 
28Rainbow StarfrontletCoeligena irisNE 
29Buff-winged StarfrontletCoeligena lutetiaeRR 
30Chestnut-breasted CoronetBoissonneaua matthewsiiRR 
31Booted Racket-tailOcreatus underwoodiiRR 
32Fawn-breasted BrilliantHeliodoxa rubinoidesRR 
33Blackish RailPardirallus nigricansRR 
34Imperial SnipeGallinago imperialisLCNT
35Wood StorkMycteria americanaLC 
36Black-and-chestnut EagleSpizaetus isidoriRREN
37Semicollared HawkAccipiter collarisLC 
38Solitary EagleButeogallus solitariusLCNT
39White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhousRR 
40White-throated HawkButeo albigulaRR 
41White-throated Screech-OwlMegascops albogularisRR 
42Rufescent Screech-OwlMegascops ingensRR 
43Pacific Pygmy-Owl
(Peruvian Pygmy-Owl)
Glaucidium peruanumRR 
44Rufous-banded OwlCiccaba albitarsisRR 
45Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusLC 
46Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auricepsRR 
47Crested QuetzalPharomachrus antisianusRR 
48Masked TrogonTrogon personatusRR 
49Andean MotmotMomotus aequatorialisRR 
50White-faced NunbirdHapaloptila castaneaLC 
51Gray-breasted Mountain-ToucanAndigena hypoglaucaRRNT
52Black-billed Mountain-ToucanAndigena nigrirostrisLC 
53Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusRR 
54Yellow-vented WoodpeckerDryobates dignusRR 
55Bar-bellied WoodpeckerDryobates nigricepsRR 
56Powerful WoodpeckerCampephilus pollensRR 
57Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterLC 
58Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaLC 
59Red-billed ParrotPionus sordidusRR 
60Speckle-faced ParrotPionus tumultuosusRR 
61Scaly-naped ParrotAmazona mercenariusLC 
62White-necked ParakeetPyrrhura albipectusNEV
63Golden-plumed ParakeetLeptosittaca branickiiLC 
64Scarlet-fronted ParakeetPsittacara wagleriLCNT
65Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinotaRR 
66Uniform AntshrikeThamnophilus unicolorRR 
67Bicolored AntvireoDysithamnus occidentalisNEV
68Streak-headed AntbirdDrymophila striaticepsRR 
69Chestnut-crowned GnateaterConopophaga castaneicepsLC 
70Jocotoco AntpittaGrallaria ridgelyiNEEN
71Chestnut-naped AntpittaGrallaria nuchalisRR 
72White-bellied AntpittaGrallaria hypoleucaRR 
73Peruvian AntpittaGrallaricula peruvianaNENT
74Slate-crowned AntpittaGrallaricula nanaRR 
75Ocellated TapaculoAcropternis orthonyxRR 
76Ash-colored TapaculoMyornis senilisLC 
77Paramillo TapaculoScytalopus canus EN
78Long-tailed TapaculoScytalopus micropterusRR 
79Blackish TapaculoScytalopus latransRR 
80Chusquea TapaculoScytalopus parkeriNE 
81Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectusRR 
82Barred AntthrushChamaeza mollissimaRR 
83Tyrannine WoodcreeperDendrocincla tyranninaRR 
84Olive-backed WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus triangularisRR 
85Greater ScythebillDrymotoxeres pucheranii NT
86Montane WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes lacrymigerRR 
87Streaked TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes boissonneautiiRR 
88Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematuraLC 
89Montane Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia striaticollisRR 
90Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalarisRR 
91Flammulated TreehunterThripadectes flammulatusRR 
92Striped TreehunterThripadectes holostictusLC 
93Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensRR 
94White-browed SpinetailHellmayrea gularisRR 
95Mouse-colored ThistletailAsthenes griseomurinaNE 
96Spectacled PrickletailSiptornis striaticollisLC 
97Ash-browed SpinetailCranioleuca curtataRRV
98Rufous SpinetailSynallaxis unirufaRR 
99Green-and-black FruiteaterPipreola riefferiiRR 
100Chestnut-crested CotingaAmpelion rufaxillaLC 
101Andean Cock-of-the-rockRupicola peruvianusRR 
102Olivaceous PihaSnowornis cryptolophusLC 
103Dusky PihaLipaugus fuscocinereusLC 
104Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorRR 
105Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollisRR 
106Rufous-breasted FlycatcherLeptopogon rufipectusLC 
107Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPhylloscartes ophthalmicusRR 
108Bronze-olive Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus pelzelniRR 
109Rufous-headed Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus ruficepsRR 
110Black-throated Tody-TyrantHemitriccus granadensisLC 
111Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant
(Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus ruficepsRR 
112Fulvous-breasted FlatbillRhynchocyclus fulvipectusRR 
113Orange-banded FlycatcherNephelomyias lintoniNENT
114Rufous-winged TyrannuletMecocerculus calopterusNE 
115Sulphur-bellied TyrannuletMecocerculus minorRR 
116Highland ElaeniaElaenia obscuraLC 
117Black-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias nigrocapillusRR 
118Ashy-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias cinereicepsRR 
119Loja Tyrannulet**Zimmerius flavidifronsNE 
120Flavescent FlycatcherMyiophobus flavicansRR 
121Olive-chested FlycatcherMyiophobus cryptoxanthusNE 
122Rufous-tailed TyrantKnipolegus poecilurusLC 
123Crowned Chat-TyrantOchthoeca frontalisRR 
124Yellow-bellied Chat-TyrantOchthoeca diademaRR 
125Slaty-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca cinnamomeiventrisRR 
126Pale-edged FlycatcherMyiarchus cephalotesRR 
127Lemon-browed FlycatcherConopias cinchonetiRRV
128Golden-crowned FlycatcherMyiodynastes chrysocephalusRR 
129Turquoise JayCyanolyca turcosaRR 
130Pale-footed SwallowOrochelidon flavipesRR 
131Gray-mantled WrenOdontorchilus branickiiRR 
132Plain-tailed WrenPheugopedius euophrysRR 
133Rufous WrenCinnycerthia unirufaRR 
134Sharpe's WrenCinnycerthia olivascensRR 
135Chestnut-breasted WrenCyphorhinus thoracicusRR 
136Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
137Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucopsLC 
138Marañon ThrushTurdus maranonicusNE 
139Chestnut-bellied ThrushTurdus fulviventrisLC 
140Chestnut-breasted ChlorophoniaChlorophonia pyrrhophrysRR 
141Bronze-green EuphoniaEuphonia mesochrysaRR 
142Olivaceous SiskinSpinus olivaceusRR 
143Short-billed Bush-Tanager
(Short-billed Chlorospingus)
Chlorospingus parvirostrisRR 
144Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularisRR 
145Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectusRR 
146Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaRR 
147Olive FinchArremon castaneicepsRRNT
148Pale-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes pallidinuchaRR 
149Northern Mountain Cacique**Cacicus leucoramphusRR 
150Three-striped WarblerBasileuterus tristriatusRR 
151Citrine WarblerMyiothlypis luteoviridisRR 
152Red-hooded TanagerPiranga rubricepsRR 
153Black-faced TanagerSchistochlamys melanopisLC 
154White-capped TanagerSericossypha albocristataRRV
155Rufous-crested TanagerCreurgops verticalisRR 
156Black-capped HemispingusKleinothraupis atropileusRR 
157Oleaginous HemispingusSphenopsis frontalisRR 
158Black-eared HemispingusSphenopsis melanotisLC 
159Rufous-chested TanagerThlypopsis ornataRR 
160White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusLC 
161Hooded Mountain TanagerButhraupis montanaRR 
162Masked Mountain TanagerTephrophilus wetmoreiLCV
163Grass-green TanagerChlorornis riefferiiRR 
164Black-chested Mountain TanagerCnemathraupis eximiaRR 
165Lacrimose Mountain TanagerAnisognathus lacrymosusRR 
166Blue-winged Mountain TanagerAnisognathus somptuosusRR 
167Yellow-throated TanagerIridosornis analisLC 
168Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonotaRR 
169Golden-naped TanagerChalcothraupis ruficervixRR 
170Silver-backed Tanager
(Silvery Tanager)
Stilpnia viridicollisRR 
171Beryl-spangled TanagerTangara nigroviridisRR 
172Metallic-green TanagerTangara labradoridesRR 
173Blue-browed TanagerTangara cyanotisRR 
174Saffron-crowned TanagerTangara xanthocephalaRR 
175Flame-faced TanagerTangara parzudakiiRR 
176Golden-collared HoneycreeperIridophanes pulcherrimusRR 
177Capped ConebillConirostrum albifronsRR 
178Glossy FlowerpiercerDiglossa lafresnayiiRR 
179White-sided FlowerpiercerDiglossa albilateraRR 
180Bluish FlowerpiercerDiglossa caerulescensLC 
181PlushcapCatamblyrhynchus diademaLC 
182Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaLC 
183Gray-hooded Bush TanagerCnemoscopus rubrirostrisRR 
184Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroaLC 
185Masked SaltatorSaltator cinctusLC 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered