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DESCRIPTION

TAPICHALACA RESERVE

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):2,000
Altitude (m):1980-3050
# Species*:314
# Excl Vagrants*:314
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:17
Species/100 ha*:15.7
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Wet temperate forest

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Tawny-breasted TinamouNothocercus juliusRR 
2Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiLC 
3Bearded GuanPenelope barbataNEV
4Sickle-winged GuanChamaepetes goudotiiRR 
5Rufous-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus speciosus NT
6Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea V
7Maroon-chested Ground DoveParaclaravis mondetouraLC 
8White-throated Quail-DoveZentrygon frenataRR 
9Swallow-tailed NightjarUropsalis segmentataLC 
10Lyre-tailed NightjarUropsalis lyraLC 
11Andean PotooNyctibius maculosusLC 
12OilbirdSteatornis caripensisLC 
13White-tipped SwiftAeronautes montivagusLC 
14Tawny-bellied HermitPhaethornis syrmatophorusRR 
15Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeRR 
16Amethyst-throated SunangelHeliangelus amethysticollisRR 
17Flame-throated Sunangel
(Little Sunangel)
Heliangelus micrasterNE 
18Long-tailed SylphAglaiocercus kingiiRR 
19Green-headed HillstarOreotrochilus stolzmanniNE 
20Rufous-capped ThornbillChalcostigma ruficepsRR 
21Rainbow-bearded ThornbillChalcostigma herraniLC 
22Viridian MetaltailMetallura williamiNE 
23Neblina MetaltailMetallura odomaeNE 
24Greenish PufflegHaplophaedia aureliaeLC 
25Glowing PufflegEriocnemis vestitaRR 
26Bronzy IncaCoeligena coeligenaRR 
27Collared IncaCoeligena torquataRR 
28Rainbow StarfrontletCoeligena irisNE 
29Buff-winged StarfrontletCoeligena lutetiaeRR 
30Chestnut-breasted CoronetBoissonneaua matthewsiiRR 
31Booted Racket-tailOcreatus underwoodiiRR 
32Fawn-breasted BrilliantHeliodoxa rubinoidesRR 
33Blackish RailPardirallus nigricansRR 
34Imperial SnipeGallinago imperialisLCNT
35Wood StorkMycteria americanaLC 
36Black-and-chestnut EagleSpizaetus isidoriRREN
37Semicollared HawkAccipiter collarisLCNT
38Solitary EagleButeogallus solitariusLCNT
39White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhousRR 
40White-throated HawkButeo albigulaRR 
41White-throated Screech-OwlMegascops albogularisRR 
42Rufescent Screech-OwlMegascops ingensRR 
43Pacific Pygmy-Owl
(Peruvian Pygmy-Owl)
Glaucidium peruanumRR 
44Rufous-banded OwlCiccaba albitarsisRR 
45Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusLC 
46Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auricepsRR 
47Crested QuetzalPharomachrus antisianusRR 
48Masked TrogonTrogon personatusRR 
49Andean MotmotMomotus aequatorialisRR 
50White-faced NunbirdHapaloptila castaneaLC 
51Gray-breasted Mountain-ToucanAndigena hypoglaucaRRNT
52Black-billed Mountain-ToucanAndigena nigrirostrisLC 
53Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusRR 
54Yellow-vented WoodpeckerDryobates dignusRR 
55Bar-bellied WoodpeckerDryobates nigricepsRR 
56Powerful WoodpeckerCampephilus pollensRR 
57Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterLC 
58Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaLC 
59Red-billed ParrotPionus sordidusRR 
60Speckle-faced ParrotPionus tumultuosusRR 
61Scaly-naped ParrotAmazona mercenariusLC 
62White-necked ParakeetPyrrhura albipectusNEV
63Golden-plumed ParakeetLeptosittaca branickiiLCV
64Scarlet-fronted ParakeetPsittacara wagleriLCNT
65Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinotaRR 
66Uniform AntshrikeThamnophilus unicolorRR 
67Bicolored AntvireoDysithamnus occidentalisNEV
68Streak-headed AntbirdDrymophila striaticepsRR 
69Chestnut-crowned GnateaterConopophaga castaneicepsLC 
70Jocotoco AntpittaGrallaria ridgelyiNEEN
71Chestnut-naped AntpittaGrallaria nuchalisRR 
72White-bellied AntpittaGrallaria hypoleucaRR 
73Rufous AntpittaGrallaria rufulaRR 
74Peruvian AntpittaGrallaricula peruvianaNENT
75Slate-crowned AntpittaGrallaricula nanaRR 
76Ocellated TapaculoAcropternis orthonyxRR 
77Ash-colored TapaculoMyornis senilisLC 
78Blackish TapaculoScytalopus latransRR 
79Long-tailed TapaculoScytalopus micropterusRR 
80Chusquea TapaculoScytalopus parkeriNE 
81Paramillo TapaculoScytalopus canus EN
82Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectusRR 
83Barred AntthrushChamaeza mollissimaRR 
84Tyrannine WoodcreeperDendrocincla tyranninaRR 
85Olive-backed WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus triangularisRR 
86Greater ScythebillDrymotoxeres pucheranii NT
87Montane WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes lacrymigerRR 
88Streaked TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes boissonneautiiRR 
89Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematuraLC 
90Montane Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia striaticollisRR 
91Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalarisRR 
92Flammulated TreehunterThripadectes flammulatusRR 
93Striped TreehunterThripadectes holostictusLC 
94Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensRR 
95White-browed SpinetailHellmayrea gularisRR 
96Mouse-colored ThistletailAsthenes griseomurinaNE 
97Spectacled PrickletailSiptornis striaticollisLC 
98Ash-browed SpinetailCranioleuca curtataRRV
99Rufous SpinetailSynallaxis unirufaRR 
100Green-and-black FruiteaterPipreola riefferiiRR 
101Chestnut-crested CotingaAmpelion rufaxillaLC 
102Andean Cock-of-the-rockRupicola peruvianusRR 
103Olivaceous PihaSnowornis cryptolophusLC 
104Dusky PihaLipaugus fuscocinereusLC 
105Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorRR 
106Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollisRR 
107Rufous-breasted FlycatcherLeptopogon rufipectusLC 
108Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPhylloscartes ophthalmicusRR 
109Bronze-olive Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus pelzelniRR 
110Rufous-headed Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus ruficepsRR 
111Black-throated Tody-TyrantHemitriccus granadensisLC 
112Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant
(Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus ruficepsRR 
113Fulvous-breasted FlatbillRhynchocyclus fulvipectusRR 
114Orange-banded FlycatcherNephelomyias lintoniNENT
115Rufous-winged TyrannuletMecocerculus calopterusNE 
116Sulphur-bellied TyrannuletMecocerculus minorRR 
117Highland ElaeniaElaenia obscuraLC 
118Black-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias nigrocapillusRR 
119Ashy-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias cinereicepsRR 
120Loja Tyrannulet**Zimmerius flavidifronsNE 
121Flavescent FlycatcherMyiophobus flavicansRR 
122Olive-chested FlycatcherMyiophobus cryptoxanthusNE 
123Rufous-tailed TyrantKnipolegus poecilurusLC 
124Crowned Chat-TyrantOchthoeca frontalisRR 
125Yellow-bellied Chat-TyrantOchthoeca diademaRR 
126Slaty-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca cinnamomeiventrisRR 
127Pale-edged FlycatcherMyiarchus cephalotesRR 
128Lemon-browed FlycatcherConopias cinchonetiRRV
129Golden-crowned FlycatcherMyiodynastes chrysocephalusRR 
130Turquoise JayCyanolyca turcosaRR 
131Pale-footed SwallowOrochelidon flavipesRR 
132Gray-mantled WrenOdontorchilus branickiiRR 
133Plain-tailed WrenPheugopedius euophrysRR 
134Rufous WrenCinnycerthia unirufaRR 
135Sharpe's WrenCinnycerthia olivascensRR 
136Chestnut-breasted WrenCyphorhinus thoracicusRR 
137Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
138Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucopsLC 
139Marañon ThrushTurdus maranonicusNE 
140Chestnut-bellied ThrushTurdus fulviventrisLC 
141Chestnut-breasted ChlorophoniaChlorophonia pyrrhophrysRR 
142Bronze-green EuphoniaEuphonia mesochrysaRR 
143Olivaceous SiskinSpinus olivaceusRR 
144Short-billed Bush-Tanager
(Short-billed Chlorospingus)
Chlorospingus parvirostrisRR 
145Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularisRR 
146Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectusRR 
147Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaRR 
148Olive FinchArremon castaneicepsRRNT
149Pale-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes pallidinuchaRR 
150Northern Mountain Cacique**Cacicus leucoramphusRR 
151Three-striped WarblerBasileuterus tristriatusRR 
152Citrine WarblerMyiothlypis luteoviridisRR 
153Red-hooded TanagerPiranga rubricepsRR 
154Black-faced TanagerSchistochlamys melanopisLC 
155White-capped TanagerSericossypha albocristataRRV
156Rufous-crested TanagerCreurgops verticalisRR 
157Black-capped HemispingusKleinothraupis atropileusRR 
158Oleaginous HemispingusSphenopsis frontalisRR 
159Black-eared HemispingusSphenopsis melanotisLC 
160Rufous-chested TanagerThlypopsis ornataRR 
161White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusLC 
162Hooded Mountain-TanagerButhraupis montanaRR 
163Masked Mountain-TanagerButhraupis wetmoreiLCV
164Black-chested Mountain-TanagerCnemathraupis eximiaRR 
165Grass-green TanagerChlorornis riefferiiRR 
166Lacrimose Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus lacrymosusRR 
167Blue-winged Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus somptuosusRR 
168Yellow-throated TanagerIridosornis analisLC 
169Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonotaRR 
170Golden-naped TanagerChalcothraupis ruficervixRR 
171Silver-backed Tanager
(Silvery Tanager)
Stilpnia viridicollisRR 
172Beryl-spangled TanagerTangara nigroviridisRR 
173Metallic-green TanagerTangara labradoridesRR 
174Blue-browed TanagerTangara cyanotisRR 
175Saffron-crowned TanagerTangara xanthocephalaRR 
176Flame-faced TanagerTangara parzudakiiRR 
177Golden-collared HoneycreeperIridophanes pulcherrimusRR 
178Capped ConebillConirostrum albifronsRR 
179Glossy FlowerpiercerDiglossa lafresnayiiRR 
180White-sided FlowerpiercerDiglossa albilateraRR 
181Bluish FlowerpiercerDiglossa caerulescensLC 
182PlushcapCatamblyrhynchus diademaLC 
183Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaLC 
184Gray-hooded Bush TanagerCnemoscopus rubrirostrisRR 
185Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroaLC 
186Masked SaltatorSaltator cinctusLCNT

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered