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RIO CANANDE RESERVE

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):2,100
# Species:361
# Excl Vagrants:361
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:43
Species/100 ha:17.2
Habitat: Lowland tropical forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus majorUC
2Berlepsch's TinamouCrypturellus berlepschiUC
3Little TinamouCrypturellus souiC

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

4Rufous-headed ChachalacaOrtalis erythropteraR
5Baudo GuanPenelope ortoniR
6Crested GuanPenelope purpurascensUC
7Great CurassowCrax rubraVR

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

8Tawny-faced QuailRhynchortyx cinctusUC
9Rufous-fronted Wood-QuailOdontophorus erythropsFC

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

10Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensisUC
11Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaFC
12Dusky PigeonPatagioenas goodsoniC
13Ecuadorian Ground DoveColumbina buckleyiUC
14Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosaR
15Purple Quail-DoveGeotrygon purpurataUC
16Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaR
17Olive-backed Quail-DoveLeptotrygon veraguensisR
18White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiR
19Pallid DoveLeptotila pallidaUC

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

20Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniUC
21Striped CuckooTapera naeviaUC
22Banded Ground-CuckooNeomorphus radiolosusR
23Little CuckooCoccycua minutaUC
24Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaFC

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

25Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisFC
26Choco PoorwillNyctiphrynus rosenbergiUC

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

27Common PotooNyctibius griseusR

 
Swifts: Apodidae

28Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaUC
29White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisUC
30/Chimney Swift/Chaetura pelagicaR
31Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudusFC
32Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventrisUC
33Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensisUC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

34White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraFC
35White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquilaUC
36Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusUC
37Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeriFC
38White-whiskered HermitPhaethornis yaruquiC
39Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularisUC
40Tooth-billed HummingbirdAndrodon aequatorialisUC
41Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barrotiFC
42Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollisR
43Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiUC
44Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jaculaR
45Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysia?
46Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyiC
47Andean EmeraldAmazilia franciaeR
48Blue-chested HummingbirdAmazilia amabilis?
49Purple-chested HummingbirdAmazilia rosenbergiFC
50Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlFC
51Violet-bellied HummingbirdJuliamyia julie?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

52Colombian CrakeMustelirallus colombianaR
53Paint-billed CrakeMustelirallus erythropsR
54Brown Wood-RailAramides wolfiR
55/Sora/Porzana carolinaR
56White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularisFC

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

57/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis maculariusUC
58/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitariaR

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

59/Franklin's Gull/Leucophaeus pipixcanVR

 
Sunbittern: Eurypygidae

60SunbitternEurypyga heliasR

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

61Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensVR

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

62Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusR

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

63Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumR
64Snowy EgretEgretta thulaR
65Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaR
66Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisUC
67Striated HeronButorides striataUC

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

68Black VultureCoragyps atratusFC
69Turkey VultureCathartes auraFC
70King VultureSarcoramphus papaUC

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

71/Osprey/Pandion haliaetusR

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

72Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatusR
73Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisR
74Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusFC
75Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannusUC
76Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusR
77Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucusR
78Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisVR
79Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusUC
80Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbeaUC
81Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosusR
82Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorR
83Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbeaR
84Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitingaR
85Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisUC
86Gray-backed HawkPseudastur occidentalisR
87Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeusUC
88Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidusR
89/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterusUC
90Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusUC
91(Swainson's Hawk)Buteo swainsoniVR

 
Owls: Strigidae

92Choco Screech-Owl**Megascops centalisUC
93Crested OwlLophostrix cristataR
94Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataUC
95Pacific Pygmy-Owl
(Peruvian Pygmy-Owl)
Glaucidium peruanumR
96Mottled OwlCiccaba virgataR
97Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

98Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auricepsR
99Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massena?
100Choco Trogon
(Blue-tailed Trogon)
Trogon comptusUC
101White-tailed TrogonTrogon chionurusC
102Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatusUC
103Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufusUC
104Collared TrogonTrogon collarisUC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

105Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martiiFC
106Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchumFC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

107Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataR
108American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aenea?
109Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaUC
110Green-and-rufous KingfisherChloroceryle indaR

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

111White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchusR
112Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusR
113Barred PuffbirdNystalus radiatusUC
114White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensisFC
115Lanceolated MonkletMicromonacha lanceolataR

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

116Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficaudaUC
117Great JacamarJacamerops aureusUC

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

118Orange-fronted BarbetCapito squamatusC
119Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcieriiUC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

120Crimson-rumped ToucanetAulacorhynchus haematopygusR
121Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatusC
122Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilis?
123Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusFC
124Choco ToucanRamphastos brevisFC

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

125Olivaceous PiculetPicumnus olivaceusUC
126Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucheraniC
127Red-rumped WoodpeckerDryobates kirkiiFC
128Scarlet-backed WoodpeckerDryobates callonotusUC
129Choco WoodpeckerDryobates chocoensisUC
130Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterR
131Guayaquil WoodpeckerCampephilus gayaquilensisUC
132Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusFC
133Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusFC
134Lita WoodpeckerPiculus litaeUC
135Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosusUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

136Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisUC
137Plumbeous Forest-FalconMicrastur plumbeusR
138Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusR
139Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnansUC
140Bat FalconFalco rufigularisUC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

141Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimusR
142Rose-faced ParrotPyrilia pulchraFC
143Saffron-headed ParrotPyrilia pyriliaVR
144Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusFC
145Bronze-winged ParrotPionus chalcopterusFC
146Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalis?
147Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosaFC
148Pacific ParrotletForpus coelestisUC
149Maroon-tailed ParakeetPyrrhura melanuraFC
150Great Green MacawAra ambiguusR

 
Sapayoa: Sapayoidae

151SapayoaSapayoa aenigmaUC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

152Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatusUC
153Great AntshrikeTaraba majorUC
154Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinuchaC
155Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusUC
156Spot-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus puncticepsFC
157Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventrisUC
158Moustached AntwrenMyrmotherula ignotaUC
159Pacific AntwrenMyrmotherula pacificaUC
160White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillarisC
161Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolorUC
162Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensisC
163Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyranninaUC
164Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsulC
165Esmeraldas AntbirdSipia nigricaudaUC
166Stub-tailed AntbirdSipia berlepschiR
167Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoniUC
168White-cheeked AntbirdGymnopithys leucaspisFC
169Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioidesUC
170Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannaniUC

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

171Rufous-crowned AntpittaPittasoma rufopileatumR

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

172Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensisR
173Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatusR

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

174Choco TapaculoScytalopus chocoensisR

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

175Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillusUC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

176Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanus?
177Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensisR
178Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus?
179Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosaFC
180Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusC
181Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomaeUC
182Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusFC
183Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygiusUC
184Red-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus trochilirostrisR
185Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusR
186Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetiiUC
187Plain XenopsXenops minutusFC
188Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansR
189Pacific Hornero**Furnarius cinnamomeusUC
190Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufum?
191Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticeps?
192Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosusR
193Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemusR
194Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatusUC
195Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensR
196Double-banded GraytailXenerpestes minlosiVR
197Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythropsR
198Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyuraUC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

199Golden-winged ManakinMasius chrysopterusUC
200Green ManakinCryptopipo holochloraUC
201Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronataFC
202White-bearded ManakinManacus manacusC
203Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisFC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

204Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurataUC
205Red-ruffed FruitcrowPyroderus scutatusVR
206Long-wattled UmbrellabirdCephalopterus penduligerUC
207Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufusFC
208Black-tipped CotingaCarpodectes hopkeiFC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

209Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitorUC
210Masked TityraTityra semifasciataFC
211Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacisUC
212Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescensR
213Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeusFC
214Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusR
215One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrousUC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

216Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurusUC
217Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygiusUC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

218White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus?
219Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatusFC
220Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceusFC
221Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineusFC
222Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisUC
223Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillusUC
224Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatusUC
225Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumUC
226Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigricepsUC
227Brownish TwistwingCnipodectes subbrunneusR
228Pacific FlatbillRhynchocyclus pacificusFC
229Yellow-margined FlycatcherTolmomyias assimilisFC
230Ornate FlycatcherMyiotriccus ornatusUC
231Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumUC
232Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillusUC
233Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusFC
234Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis canicepsUC
235Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicataR
236Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterUC
237Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseicepsFC
238Choco TyrannuletZimmerius albigularisC
239Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatusUC
240Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercusUC
241/Olive-sided Flycatcher/Contopus cooperiUC
242/Western Wood-Pewee/Contopus sordidulusFC
243/Eastern Wood-Pewee/Contopus virensR
244/Acadian Flycatcher/Empidonax virescensFC
245Masked Water-TyrantFluvicola nengetaUC
246Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonusFC
247Ochraceous AttilaAttila torridusR
248Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceusR
249Choco SirystesSirystes albogriseusR
250Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythraUC
251Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferUC
252Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitusVR
253Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaUC
254Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensisC
255Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisUC
256Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensisUC
257White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatusUC
258Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusUC
259Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaiusUC
260Snowy-throated KingbirdTyrannus niveigularisR
261Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusFC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

262Slaty-capped Shrike-VireoVireolanius leucotisUC
263Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceicepsUC
264Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtataFC
265Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrys?
266Chivi VireoVireo chiriUC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

267Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaUC
268White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialisFC
269Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisFC
270Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaUC
271/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rusticaUC

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

272Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventrisFC
273Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaUC
274Slate-throated GnatcatcherPolioptila schistaceigulaUC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

275Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatusFC
276Gray-mantled WrenOdontorchilus branickiiUC
277House WrenTroglodytes aedonFC
278Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatusUC
279Stripe-throated WrenCantorchilus leucopogonUC
280Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillusC
281White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaUC
282Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalusUC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

283/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatusUC
284Rufous-brown SolitaireCichlopsis leucogenysR
285Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletusUC
286Ecuadorian ThrushTurdus maculirostrisFC
287Dagua Thrush**Turdus daguaeUC

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

288House SparrowPasser domesticusUC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

289<Yellow-collared Chlorophonia>Chlorophonia flavirostrisR
290Orange-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia saturataR
291Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisUC
292Fulvous-vented EuphoniaEuphonia fulvicrissaUC
293White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minutaUC
294Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogasterFC
295<Yellow-bellied Siskin>Spinus xanthogastrusUC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

296Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularis?
297Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularis?
298Yellow-green ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavovirensR
299Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostrisUC
300Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostrisFC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

301Red-breasted MeadowlarkLeistes militarisR
302Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeusR
303Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleriUC
304Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialisFC
305Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasUC
306Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisUC
307Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorusUC
308Scrub BlackbirdDives warczewicziUC

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

309Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflavaUC
310/Cerulean Warbler/Setophaga ceruleaVR
311/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fuscaVR
312/Yellow Warbler/Setophaga petechiaVR
313/Blackpoll Warbler/Setophaga striataVR
314Choco Warbler**Basileuterus chlorophrysUC
315Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicaudaUC
316/Canada Warbler/Cardellina canadensis?

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

317Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiFC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

318/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubraUC
319/Scarlet Tanager/Piranga olivaceaVR
320Lemon-spectacled TanagerChlorothraupis olivaceaR
321Ochre-breasted TanagerChlorothraupis stolzmanniUC
322/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianusVR
323Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoidesUC

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

324White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosusUC
325Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiFC
326White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusR
327Lemon-rumped Tanager**Ramphocelus icteronotusC
328Golden-chested TanagerBangsia rothschildiR
329Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusC
330Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumFC
331Gray-and-gold TanagerPoecilostreptus palmeriUC
332Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataFC
333Blue-necked TanagerStilpnia cyanicollisFC
334Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaUC
335Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrolaFC
336Blue-whiskered TanagerTangara johannaeR
337Emerald TanagerTangara floridaUC
338Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaFC
339Swallow TanagerTersina viridisFC
340Yellow-tufted Dacnis**Dacnis egregiaUC
341Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venustaUC
342Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaUC
343Scarlet-breasted DacnisDacnis berlepschiUC
344Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleusFC
345Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus?
346Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaFC
347Scarlet-browed TanagerHeterospingus xanthopygiusUC
348Guira TanagerHemithraupis guiraUC
349Scarlet-and-white TanagerChrysothlypis salmoniUC
350Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaUC
351Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funereaUC
352Large-billed Seed-FinchSporophila crassirostrisR
353Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaC
354Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisC
355<Slate-colored Seedeater>Sporophila schistaceaUC
356#Crimson-breasted Finch#Rhodospingus cruentusR
357BananaquitCoereba flaveolaFC
358Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurusUC
359Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusC
360Black-winged SaltatorSaltator atripennisUC
361Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossusFC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain