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RIO PALENQUE RESERVE

green-slate

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):247
# Species:405
# Excl Vagrants:405
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:48
Species/100 ha:164.0
Habitat: Lowland tropical forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus major?
2Berlepsch's TinamouCrypturellus berlepschi?
3Little TinamouCrypturellus soui?

 
Ducks: Anatidae

4Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis?
5Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor?
6Muscovy DuckCairina moschata?
7Masked DuckNomonyx dominicus?

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

8Rufous-headed ChachalacaOrtalis erythroptera?
9Crested GuanPenelope purpurascens?

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

10Rufous-fronted Wood-QuailOdontophorus erythrops?

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

11Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus?
12Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

13Wood StorkMycteria americana?

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

14Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus?

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

15AnhingaAnhinga anhinga?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

16Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatum?
17Cocoi HeronArdea cocoi?
18Great EgretArdea alba?
19Snowy EgretEgretta thula?
20Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea?
21Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis?
22Striated HeronButorides striata?
23Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax?
24Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

25White IbisEudocimus albus?

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

26Turkey VultureCathartes aura?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

27/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus?

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

28White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus?
29Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus?
30Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis?
31Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus?
32Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus?
33Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus?
34Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucus?
35Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis?
36Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus?
37Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea?
38Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosus?
39Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescens?
40Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbea?
41Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus?
42Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalis?
43Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris?
44Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctus?
45Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosoma?
46Gray-backed HawkPseudastur occidentalis?
47Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeus?
48Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidus?
49/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus?
50Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus?
51(Swainson's Hawk)Buteo swainsoni?
52Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus?

 
Kagu: Rhynochetidae

53Black VultureCoragyps atratus?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

54White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularis?
55Gray-breasted CrakeLaterallus exilis?
56Brown Wood-RailAramides wolfi?
57Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillaris?
58Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolor?
59/Sora/Porzana carolina?
60Paint-billed CrakeMustelirallus erythrops?
61Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica?
62Common GallinuleGallinula galeata?

 
Finfoots: Heliornithidae

63SungrebeHeliornis fulica?

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

64LimpkinAramus guarauna?

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

65Pied LapwingVanellus cayanus?
66Collared PloverCharadrius collaris?
67/Semipalmated Plover/Charadrius semipalmatus?

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

68Wattled JacanaJacana jacana?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

69/Least Sandpiper/Calidris minutilla?
70/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius?
71/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria?
72/Greater Yellowlegs/Tringa melanoleuca?
73/Lesser Yellowlegs/Tringa flavipes?

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

74/Laughing Gull/Leucophaeus atricilla?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

75Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis?
76Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosa?
77Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea?
78Dusky PigeonPatagioenas goodsoni?
79Plain-breasted Ground-DoveColumbina minuta?
80Ecuadorian Ground-DoveColumbina buckleyi?
81Croaking Ground-DoveColumbina cruziana?
82Blue Ground-DoveClaravis pretiosa?
83Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana?
84White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi?
85Pallid DoveLeptotila pallida?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

86Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani?
87Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris?
88Striped CuckooTapera naevia?
89Little CuckooCoccycua minuta?
90Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

91Barn OwlTyto alba?

 
Owls: Strigidae

92Choco Screech-Owl**Megascops centalis?
93Crested OwlLophostrix cristata?
94Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata?
95Pacific Pygmy-Owl
(Peruvian Pygmy-Owl)
Glaucidium peruanum?
96Mottled OwlCiccaba virgata?
97Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineata?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

98Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis?
99Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis?

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

100Common PotooNyctibius griseus?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

101Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila?
102White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris?
103/Chimney Swift/Chaetura pelagica?
104Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudus?
105Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris?
106Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis?

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

107White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora?
108White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquila?
109Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneus?
110Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeri?
111White-whiskered HermitPhaethornis yaruqui?
112Tawny-bellied HermitPhaethornis syrmatophorus?
113Baron's Hermit**Phaethornis baroni?
114Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularis?
115Tooth-billed HummingbirdAndrodon aequatorialis?
116Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barroti?
117Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollis?
118Green ThorntailDiscosura conversii?
119Booted Racket-tailOcreatus underwoodii?
120Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jacula?
121Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostris?
122Little WoodstarChaetocercus bombus?
123Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysia?
124Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyi?
125Andean EmeraldAmazilia franciae?
126Blue-chested HummingbirdAmazilia amabilis?
127Purple-chested HummingbirdAmazilia rosenbergi?
128Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl?
129Violet-bellied HummingbirdJuliamyia julie?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

130Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massena?
131Choco Trogon
(Blue-tailed Trogon)
Trogon comptusUC
132Ecuadorian TrogonTrogon mesurus?
133Western White-tailed Trogon
(White-tailed Trogon)
Trogon chionurus?
134Amazonian White-tailed Trogon
(Green-backed Trogon)
Trogon viridis?
135Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatus?
136Collared TrogonTrogon collaris?

 
Motmots: Momotidae

137Whooping MotmotMomotus subrufescens?
138Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martii?
139Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchum?

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

140Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata?
141Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana?
142American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aenea?

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

143White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchus?
144Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectus?
145Barred PuffbirdNystalus radiatus?
146White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensis?

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

147Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda?

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

148Orange-fronted BarbetCapito squamatus?
149Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcierii?

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

150Crimson-rumped ToucanetAulacorhynchus haematopygus?
151Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus?
152Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus?
153Choco ToucanRamphastos brevis?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

154Olivaceous PiculetPicumnus olivaceus?
155Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucherani?
156Red-rumped WoodpeckerVeniliornis kirkii?
157Scarlet-backed WoodpeckerVeniliornis callonotus?
158Choco WoodpeckerVeniliornis chocoensis?
159Lita WoodpeckerPiculus litae?
160Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus?
161Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatus?
162Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus?
163Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterR
164Guayaquil WoodpeckerCampephilus gayaquilensis?

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

165Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis?
166Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus?
167Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans?
168American KestrelFalco sparverius?
169Bat FalconFalco rufigularis?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

170Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimus?
171Rose-faced ParrotPyrilia pulchra?
172Red-billed ParrotPionus sordidus?
173Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruus?
174Bronze-winged ParrotPionus chalcopterus?
175Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalis?
176Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa?
177Pacific ParrotletForpus coelestis?
178Maroon-tailed ParakeetPyrrhura melanura?
179Great Green MacawAra ambiguus?
180Chestnut-fronted MacawAra severus?
181Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenys?

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

182Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinota?
183Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatus?
184Great AntshrikeTaraba major?
185Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinucha?
186Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinus?
187Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis?
188Checker-throated AntwrenEpinecrophylla fulviventris?
189Pacific AntwrenMyrmotherula pacifica?
190White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillaris?
191Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor?
192Rufous-winged AntwrenHerpsilochmus rufimarginatus?
193Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensis?
194Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyrannina?
195Jet AntbirdCercomacra nigricans?
196White-backed Fire-eyePyriglena leuconota?
197Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsul?
198Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoni?
199Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolor?
200Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioides?

 
Crescentchests: Melanopareiidae

201Elegant CrescentchestMelanopareia elegans?

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

202Rufous-crowned AntpittaPittasoma rufopileatum?

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

203Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatus?

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

204Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillus?

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

205Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanus?
206Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensis?
207Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus?
208Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosa?
209Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurus?
210Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae?
211Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosus?
212Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygius?
213Red-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus trochilirostris?
214Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillus?
215Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii?
216Plain XenopsXenops minutus?
217Streaked XenopsXenops rutilans?
218Pacific Hornero**Furnarius cinnamomeus?
219Slaty-winged Foliage-gleanerPhilydor fuscipenne?
220Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufum?
221Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticeps?
222Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosus?
223Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemus?
224Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatus?
225Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythrops?
226Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyura?

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

227Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillus?
228Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum?
229Rufous-winged TyrannuletMecocerculus calopterus?
230Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola?
231Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatus?
232Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis caniceps?
233Pacific ElaeniaMyiopagis subplacens?
234Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata?
235Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster?
236Coopmans's ElaeniaElaenia brachyptera?
237Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinerea?
238Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollis?
239Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceus?
240Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus?
241Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliaris?
242Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPhylloscartes ophthalmicus?
243Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseiceps?
244Choco TyrannuletZimmerius albigularis?
245Ornate FlycatcherMyiotriccus ornatus?
246Tawny-crowned Pygmy-TyrantEuscarthmus meloryphus?
247Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatus?
248Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant
(Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus ruficeps?
249Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigriceps?
250Brownish TwistwingCnipodectes subbrunneus?
251Pacific FlatbillRhynchocyclus pacificus?
252Fulvous-breasted FlatbillRhynchocyclus fulvipectus?
253Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens?
254Yellow-margined FlycatcherTolmomyias assimilis?
255White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus?
256Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatus?
257Pacific Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus occidentalis?
258Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurus?
259Tawny-breasted FlycatcherMyiobius villosus?
260Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygius?
261Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudus?
262Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatus?
263Gray-breasted FlycatcherLathrotriccus griseipectus?
264/Olive-sided Flycatcher/Contopus cooperi?
265/Western Wood-Pewee/Contopus sordidulus?
266Tumbes Pewee**Contopus punensis?
267/Acadian Flycatcher/Empidonax virescens?
268/Alder Flycatcher/Empidonax alnorum?
269Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans?
270Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus?
271Masked Water-TyrantFluvicola nengeta?
272Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus?
273Ochraceous AttilaAttila torridus?
274Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus?
275Choco SirystesSirystes albogriseus?
276Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythra?
277Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer?
278Sooty-crowned FlycatcherMyiarchus phaeocephalus?
279Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua?
280Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensis?
281Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis?
282Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis?
283Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus?
284Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius?
285Snowy-throated KingbirdTyrannus niveigularis?
286Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus?

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

287Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurata?
288Long-wattled UmbrellabirdCephalopterus penduliger?
289Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufus?
290Black-tipped CotingaCarpodectes hopkei?

 
Manakins: Pipridae

291Green ManakinCryptopipo holochlora?
292Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronata?
293White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus?
294Club-winged ManakinMachaeropterus deliciosus?
295Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalis?

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

296Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor?
297Masked TityraTityra semifasciata?
298Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacis?
299Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescens?
300Slaty BecardPachyramphus spodiurus?
301Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus?
302Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseus?
303One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrous?

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

304Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis?
305Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtata?
306Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrys?
307Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

308Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca?
309White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialis?
310Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis?
311Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea?
312/Bank Swallow/Riparia riparia?
313/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica?

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

314Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatus?
315House WrenTroglodytes aedon?
316Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatus?
317Fasciated WrenCampylorhynchus fasciatus?
318Whiskered WrenPheugopedius mystacalis?
319Stripe-throated WrenCantorchilus leucopogon?
320Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillus?
321White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta?
322Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalus?

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

323Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventris?
324Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus?
325Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbea?
326Slate-throated GnatcatcherPolioptila schistaceigula?

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

327White-capped DipperCinclus leucocephalus?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

328/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatus?
329Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucops?
330Plumbeous-backed ThrushTurdus reevei?
331Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletus?
332Ecuadorian ThrushTurdus maculirostris?
333Dagua Thrush**Turdus daguae?

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

334/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensis?
335/Black-and-white Warbler/Mniotilta varia?
336Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflava?
337Black-lored Yellowthroat**Geothlypis auricularis?
338/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticilla?
339Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi?
340Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicauda?
341Gray-and-gold WarblerMyiothlypis fraseri?
342/Canada Warbler/Cardellina canadensis?

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

343Black-and-white TanagerConothraupis speculigera?
344White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosus?
345Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatrii?
346White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus?
347Lemon-rumped Tanager**Ramphocelus icteronotus?
348Glistening-green TanagerChlorochrysa phoenicotis?
349Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus?
350Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum?
351Gray-and-gold TanagerTangara palmeri?
352Golden-hooded TanagerTangara larvata?
353Blue-necked TanagerTangara cyanicollis?
354Beryl-spangled TanagerTangara nigroviridis?
355Rufous-winged TanagerTangara lavinia?
356Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola?
357Flame-faced TanagerTangara parzudakii?
358Blue-whiskered TanagerTangara johannae?
359Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephala?
360Swallow TanagerTersina viridis?
361Yellow-tufted Dacnis**Dacnis egregia?
362Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venusta?
363Blue DacnisDacnis cayana?
364Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleus?
365Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus?
366Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza?
367Scarlet-browed TanagerHeterospingus xanthopygius?
368Guira TanagerHemithraupis guira?
369Scarlet-and-white TanagerChrysothlypis salmoni?
370Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina?
371Chestnut-throated SeedeaterSporophila telasco?
372Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea?
373Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensis?
374Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvina?
375Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis?
376#Crimson-breasted Finch#Rhodospingus cruentusFC
377BananaquitCoereba flaveola?
378Dull-colored GrassquitTiaris obscurus?
379Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus?
380Black-winged SaltatorSaltator atripennis?
381Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus?

 
New World Buntings and Sparrows: Passerellidae

382Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularis?
383Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostris?
384Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis?

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

385Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassinii?

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

386/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubra?
387/Scarlet Tanager/Piranga olivacea?
388Ochre-breasted TanagerChlorothraupis stolzmanni?
389/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianus?
390Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolor?
391Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoides?

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

392Peruvian MeadowlarkSturnella bellicosa?
393Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus?
394Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialis?
395Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus cela?
396Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelas?
397Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaVR
398Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis?
399Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus?
400Scrub BlackbirdDives warczewiczi?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

401Orange-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia saturataFC
402Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostris?
403White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minuta?
404Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogaster?
405<Yellow-bellied Siskin>Spinus xanthogastrus?

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain