↑ECUADOR">
ECUADOR↑

DESCRIPTION">
SPECIALTIES

RIO PALENQUE RESERVE

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):247
# Species:481
# Excl Vagrants:481
# Endemics:1
# Near Endemics:58
Species/100 ha:194.7
Habitat: Lowland tropical forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus major?
2Berlepsch's TinamouCrypturellus berlepschi?
3Little TinamouCrypturellus soui?
4Pale-browed TinamouCrypturellus transfasciatus?

 
Ducks: Anatidae

5Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis?
6Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor?
7Muscovy DuckCairina moschata?
8Blue-winged TealSpatula discors?
9Masked DuckNomonyx dominicus?

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

10Rufous-headed ChachalacaOrtalis erythroptera?
11Crested GuanPenelope purpurascens?

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

12Rufous-fronted Wood-QuailOdontophorus erythrops?

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

13Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus?
14Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

15Rock PigeonColumba livia?
16Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis?
17Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosa?
18Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea?
19Dusky PigeonPatagioenas goodsoni?
20Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minuta?
21Ecuadorian Ground DoveColumbina buckleyi?
22Croaking Ground DoveColumbina cruziana?
23Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa?
24Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana?
25White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi?
26Pallid DoveLeptotila pallida?
27Eared DoveZenaida auriculata?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

28Greater AniCrotophaga major?
29Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani?
30Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris?
31Striped CuckooTapera naevia?
32Little CuckooCoccycua minuta?
33Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

34Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis?
35Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus?
36Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis?

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

37Common PotooNyctibius griseus?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

38Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila?
39White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris?
40Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris?
41Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudus?
42/Chimney Swift/Chaetura pelagica?
43Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis?

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

44White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora?
45White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquila?
46Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneus?
47Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeri?
48White-whiskered HermitPhaethornis yaruqui?
49Tawny-bellied HermitPhaethornis syrmatophorus?
50Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostris?
51Baron's Hermit**Phaethornis baroni?
52Stripe-throated HermitPhaethornis striigularis?
53White-throated DaggerbillSchistes albogularis?
54Tooth-billed HummingbirdAndrodon aequatorialis?
55Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barroti?
56Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollis?
57Green ThorntailDiscosura conversii?
58Hoary PufflegHaplophaedia lugens?
59White-booted Racket-tailOcreatus underwoodii?
60Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jacula?
61Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostris?
62Little WoodstarChaetocercus bombus?
63Esmeraldas WoodstarChaetocercus berlepschi?
64Purple-throated WoodstarPhilodice mitchellii?
65Western EmeraldChlorostilbon melanorhynchus?
66Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysia?
67Crowned WoodnymphThalurania colombica?
68Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl?
69Amazilia HummingbirdAmazilis amazilia?
70Andean EmeraldUranomitra franciae?
71Golden-tailed SapphireChrysuronia oenone?
72Purple-chested HummingbirdPolyerata rosenbergi?
73Blue-chested HummingbirdPolyerata amabilis?
74Violet-bellied HummingbirdChlorestes julie?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

75Paint-billed CrakeMustelirallus erythrops?
76Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolor?
77Brown Wood-RailAramides wolfi?
78Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillaris?
79/Sora/Porzana carolina?
80Common GallinuleGallinula galeata?
81Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica?
82White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularis?
83Gray-breasted CrakeLaterallus exilis?

 
Finfoots: Heliornithidae

84SungrebeHeliornis fulica?

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

85LimpkinAramus guarauna?

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

86Pied LapwingVanellus cayanus?
87Collared PloverCharadrius collaris?
88/Semipalmated Plover/Charadrius semipalmatus?

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

89Wattled JacanaJacana jacana?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

90|Baird's Sandpiper|Calidris bairdii?
91/Least Sandpiper/Calidris minutilla?
92/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius?
93/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria?
94/Greater Yellowlegs/Tringa melanoleuca?
95/Lesser Yellowlegs/Tringa flavipes?

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

96/Laughing Gull/Leucophaeus atricilla?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

97<Wood Stork>Mycteria americana?

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

98AnhingaAnhinga anhinga?

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

99Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianus?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

100Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatum?
101Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatum?
102Cocoi HeronArdea cocoi?
103Great EgretArdea alba?
104Snowy EgretEgretta thula?
105Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea?
106Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis?
107Striated HeronButorides striata?
108Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax?
109Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

110White IbisEudocimus albus?

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

111Black VultureCoragyps atratus?
112Turkey VultureCathartes aura?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

113/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus?

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

114Pearl KiteGampsonyx swainsonii?
115White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus?
116Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus?
117Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis?
118Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus?
119Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus?
120Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus?
121Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucus?
122Tiny HawkMicrospizias superciliosus?
123Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis?
124Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus?
125Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea?
126Plain-breasted Hawk**Accipiter ventralis?
127Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor?
128Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescens?
129Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbea?
130Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus?
131Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalis?
132Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitinga?
133Barred HawkMorphnarchus princeps?
134Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris?
135Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctus?
136White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhous?
137Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosoma?
138Gray-backed HawkPseudastur occidentalis?
139Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeus?
140Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidus?
141/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus?
142Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus?
143(Swainson's Hawk)Buteo swainsoni?
144Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

145Barn OwlTyto alba?

 
Owls: Strigidae

146Choco Screech-Owl**Megascops centalis?
147Crested OwlLophostrix cristata?
148Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata?
149Peruvian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium peruanum?
150Mottled OwlStrix virgata?
151Black-and-white OwlStrix nigrolineata?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

152Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massena?
153Blue-tailed TrogonTrogon comptus 
154Ecuadorian TrogonTrogon mesurus?
155White-tailed TrogonTrogon chionurus?
156Green-backed TrogonTrogon viridis?
157Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatus?
158Collared TrogonTrogon collaris?

 
Motmots: Momotidae

159Whooping MotmotMomotus subrufescens?
160Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martii?
161Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchum?

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

162Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata?
163American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aenea?
164Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana?

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

165White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchus?
166Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectus?
167Barred PuffbirdNystalus radiatus?
168White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensis?

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

169Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda?

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

170Orange-fronted BarbetCapito squamatus?
171Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcierii?

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

172Crimson-rumped ToucanetAulacorhynchus haematopygus?
173Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus?
174Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus?
175Choco ToucanRamphastos brevis?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

176Ecuadorian PiculetPicumnus sclateri?
177Olivaceous PiculetPicumnus olivaceus?
178Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucherani?
179Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatus?
180Red-rumped WoodpeckerDryobates kirkii?
181Scarlet-backed WoodpeckerDryobates callonotus?
182Yellow-vented WoodpeckerDryobates dignus?
183Bar-bellied WoodpeckerDryobates nigriceps?
184Choco WoodpeckerDryobates chocoensis?
185Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterR
186Guayaquil WoodpeckerCampephilus gayaquilensis?
187Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus?
188Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatus?
189Lita WoodpeckerPiculus litae?
190Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus?

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

191Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans?
192Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus?
193Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis?
194Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway?
195American KestrelFalco sparverius?
196Bat FalconFalco rufigularis?
197/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinus?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

198Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimus?
199Rose-faced ParrotPyrilia pulchra?
200Red-billed ParrotPionus sordidus?
201Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruus?
202Bronze-winged ParrotPionus chalcopterus?
203Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalis?
204Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa?
205Scaly-naped ParrotAmazona mercenarius?
206Pacific ParrotletForpus coelestis?
207Maroon-tailed ParakeetPyrrhura melanura?
208Great Green MacawAra ambiguus?
209Chestnut-fronted MacawAra severus?
210Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenys?

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

211Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinota?
212Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatus?
213Great AntshrikeTaraba major?
214Black-crowned AntshrikeThamnophilus atrinucha?
215Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinus?
216Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis?
217Spot-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus puncticeps?
218Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventris?
219Pacific AntwrenMyrmotherula pacifica?
220White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillaris?
221Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor?
222Rusty-winged AntwrenHerpsilochmus frater?
223Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensis?
224Streak-headed AntbirdDrymophila striaticeps?
225Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyrannina?
226Jet AntbirdCercomacra nigricans?
227Western Fire-eyePyriglena maura?
228Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsul?
229Esmeraldas AntbirdSipia nigricauda?
230Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoni?
231Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolor?
232Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioides?

 
Crescentchests: Melanopareiidae

233Elegant CrescentchestMelanopareia elegans?

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

234Rufous-crowned AntpittaPittasoma rufopileatum?

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

235Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatus?

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

236Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillus?

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

237South American LeaftosserSclerurus obscurior?
238Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensis?
239Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus?
240Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosa?
241Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurus?
242Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae?
243Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosus?
244Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygius?
245Red-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus trochilirostris?
246Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillus?
247Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii?
248Plain XenopsXenops minutus?
249Streaked XenopsXenops rutilans?
250Pale-legged HorneroFurnarius leucopus?
251Pacific Hornero**Furnarius cinnamomeus?
252Slaty-winged Foliage-gleanerPhilydor fuscipenne?
253Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticeps?
254Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerDendroma rufum?
255Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosus?
256Uniform TreehunterThripadectes ignobilis?
257Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemus?
258Eastern WoodhaunterAutomolus subulatus?
259Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatus?
260Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythrops?
261Azara's SpinetailSynallaxis azarae?
262Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyura?

 
Manakins: Pipridae

263Golden-winged ManakinMasius chrysopterus?
264Choco ManakinCryptopipo litae?
265Velvety ManakinLepidothrix velutina?
266Blue-capped ManakinLepidothrix coronata?
267White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus?
268Club-winged ManakinMachaeropterus deliciosus?
269Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalis?

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

270Andean Cock-of-the-rockRupicola peruvianus?
271Olivaceous PihaSnowornis cryptolophus?
272Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurata?
273Long-wattled UmbrellabirdCephalopterus penduliger?
274Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufus?
275Black-tipped CotingaCarpodectes hopkei?

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

276Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor?
277Masked TityraTityra semifasciata?
278Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacis?
279Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescens?
280Slaty BecardPachyramphus spodiurus?
281Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus?
282Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseus?
283One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrous?

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

284Pacific Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus occidentalis?
285Amazonian Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus coronatus?
286Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurus?
287Tawny-breasted FlycatcherMyiobius villosus?
288Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygius?
289Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudus?

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

290White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus?
291Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatus?
292Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollis?
293Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes galbinus?
294Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus?
295Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliaris?
296Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPogonotriccus ophthalmicus?
297Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatus?
298Rufous-crowned Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus ruficeps?
299Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum?
300Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigriceps?
301Brownish TwistwingCnipodectes subbrunneus?
302Pacific FlatbillRhynchocyclus pacificus?
303Fulvous-breasted FlatbillRhynchocyclus fulvipectus?
304Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens?
305Yellow-winged FlycatcherTolmomyias flavotectus?
306Ornate FlycatcherMyiotriccus ornatus?
307Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum?
308Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillus?
309White-tailed TyrannuletMecocerculus poecilocercus?
310Rufous-winged TyrannuletMecocerculus calopterus?
311Tumbes TyrannuletNesotriccus tumbezana?
312Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola?
313Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatus?
314Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis caniceps?
315Choco ElaeniaMyiopagis parambae?
316Pacific ElaeniaMyiopagis subplacens?
317Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata?
318Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster?
319Coopmans's ElaeniaElaenia brachyptera?
320Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinerea?
321Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseiceps?
322Black-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias nigrocapillus?
323Choco TyrannuletZimmerius albigularis?
324Fulvous-faced Scrub-TyrantEuscarthmus fulviceps?
325Mouse-gray FlycatcherMyiophobus crypterythrus?
326Gray-breasted FlycatcherLathrotriccus griseipectus?
327/Olive-sided Flycatcher/Contopus cooperi?
328Tumbes PeweeContopus punensis?
329/Western Wood-Pewee/Contopus sordidulus?
330/Eastern Wood-Pewee/Contopus virens?
331/Acadian Flycatcher/Empidonax virescens?
332/Alder Flycatcher/Empidonax alnorum?
333Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans?
334Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus?
335Masked Water-TyrantFluvicola nengeta?
336Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus?
337Ochraceous AttilaAttila torridus?
338Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus?
339Choco SirystesSirystes albogriseus?
340Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythra?
341Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer?
342Sooty-crowned FlycatcherMyiarchus phaeocephalus?
343Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua?
344Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensis?
345Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis?
346Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis?
347Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus?
348Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius?
349Snowy-throated KingbirdTyrannus niveigularis?
350Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus?

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

351Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis?
352Slaty-capped Shrike-VireoVireolanius leucotis?
353Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtata?
354Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrys?
355Chivi VireoVireo chiri?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

356Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca?
357White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialis?
358Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis?
359Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea?
360Brown-chested MartinProgne tapera?
361/Bank Swallow/Riparia riparia?
362/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica?

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

363Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventris?
364Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus?
365Slate-throated GnatcatcherPolioptila schistaceigula?
366Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbea?
367White-browed GnatcatcherPolioptila bilineata?

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

368Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatus?
369House WrenTroglodytes aedon?
370Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatus?
371Fasciated WrenCampylorhynchus fasciatus?
372Whiskered WrenPheugopedius mystacalis?
373Speckle-breasted WrenPheugopedius sclateri?
374Stripe-throated WrenCantorchilus leucopogon?
375Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillus?
376Superciliated WrenCantorchilus superciliaris?
377White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta?
378Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrys?
379Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalus?

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

380White-capped DipperCinclus leucocephalus?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

381Speckled Nightingale-ThrushCatharus maculatus?
382/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatus?
383Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletus?
384Ecuadorian ThrushTurdus maculirostris?
385<Pale-eyed Thrush>Turdus leucops?
386Plumbeous-backed ThrushTurdus reevei?
387Great ThrushTurdus fuscater?
388Glossy-black ThrushTurdus serranus?
389Dagua Thrush**Turdus daguae?

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

390House SparrowPasser domesticus?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

391Orange-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia saturataFC
392White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minuta?
393Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostris?
394Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogaster?
395<Yellow-bellied Siskin>Spinus xanthogastrus?

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

396Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularis?
397Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularis?
398Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris?
399Gray-browed BrushfinchArremon assimilis?
400Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostris?
401Olive FinchArremon castaneiceps?
402Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis?

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

403Peruvian MeadowlarkLeistes bellicosa?
404Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus?
405Russet-backed OropendolaPsarocolius angustifrons?
406Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialis?
407Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus cela?
408Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelas?
409Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaVR
410Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis?
411Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus?
412Scrub BlackbirdDives warczewiczi?

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

413/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensis?
414/Black-and-white Warbler/Mniotilta varia?
415Black-lored YellowthroatGeothlypis auricularis?
416Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflava?
417/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticilla?
418Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi?
419/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fusca?
420Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicauda?
421Choco WarblerMyiothlypis chlorophrys?
422Gray-and-gold WarblerMyiothlypis fraseri?
423/Canada Warbler/Cardellina canadensis?
424Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus?

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

425Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassinii?

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

426Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava?
427/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubra?
428/Scarlet Tanager/Piranga olivacea?
429White-winged TanagerPiranga leucoptera?
430Ochre-breasted TanagerChlorothraupis stolzmanni?
431Golden GrosbeakPheucticus chrysogaster?
432/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianus?
433Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolor?
434Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoides?

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

435Black-and-white TanagerConothraupis speculigera?
436White-shouldered TanagerLoriotus luctuosus?
437Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatrii?
438White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus?
439Lemon-rumped Tanager**Ramphocelus icteronotus?
440Blue-capped TanagerSporathraupis cyanocephala?
441Glistening-green TanagerChlorochrysa phoenicotis?
442Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus?
443Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum?
444Gray-and-gold TanagerPoecilostreptus palmeri?
445Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvata?
446Blue-necked TanagerStilpnia cyanicollis?
447Beryl-spangled TanagerTangara nigroviridis?
448Rufous-winged TanagerTangara lavinia?
449Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola?
450Flame-faced TanagerTangara parzudakii?
451Blue-whiskered TanagerTangara johannae?
452Golden TanagerTangara arthus?
453Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephala?
454Swallow TanagerTersina viridis?
455Black-faced DacnisDacnis lineata?
456Black-faced Dacnis**Dacnis egregia?
457Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venusta?
458Blue DacnisDacnis cayana?
459Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleus?
460Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus?
461Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza?
462Golden-collared HoneycreeperIridophanes pulcherrimus?
463Scarlet-browed TanagerHeterospingus xanthopygius?
464Guira TanagerHemithraupis guira?
465Scarlet-and-white TanagerChrysothlypis salmoni?
466Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola?
467Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina?
468Chestnut-throated SeedeaterSporophila telasco?
469Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea?
470Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensis?
471Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvina?
472Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis?
473<Slate-colored Seedeater>Sporophila schistacea?
474#Crimson-breasted Finch#Rhodospingus cruentusFC
475BananaquitCoereba flaveola?
476Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus?
477Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurus?
478Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus?
479Black-winged SaltatorSaltator atripennis?
480Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectus?
481Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus?

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
//Boreal Visitor28
\\Austral Visitor0
||Transient1
##Non-breeding Dispersal0
<>Erratic/Irregular4
()Breeding Season Only1
{}Casual/Vagrant1
[]Accidental0

OCCURRENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
AAbundant/Very Common0
CCommon0
FCFairly/Locally Common2
UCUncommon/Scarce1
RRare/Very Scarce1
VRVery Rare0
XAccidental/Vagrant0
?Uncertain476

STATUS CODES

CodeDescription##
NTNear Threatened13
VVulnerable9
ENEndangered1
CRCritically Endangered1

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.