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RIO PALENQUE RESERVE

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):247
# Species:405
# Excl Vagrants:405
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:48
Species/100 ha:164.0
Habitat: Lowland tropical forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus major?
2Berlepsch's TinamouCrypturellus berlepschi?
3Little TinamouCrypturellus soui?

 
Ducks: Anatidae

4Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis?
5Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor?
6Muscovy DuckCairina moschata?
7Masked DuckNomonyx dominicus?

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

8Rufous-headed ChachalacaOrtalis erythroptera?
9Crested GuanPenelope purpurascens?

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

10Rufous-fronted Wood-QuailOdontophorus erythrops?

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

11Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus?
12Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

13Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis?
14Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosa?
15Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea?
16Dusky PigeonPatagioenas goodsoni?
17Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minuta?
18Ecuadorian Ground DoveColumbina buckleyi?
19Croaking Ground DoveColumbina cruziana?
20Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa?
21Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana?
22White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi?
23Pallid DoveLeptotila pallida?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

24Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani?
25Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris?
26Striped CuckooTapera naevia?
27Little CuckooCoccycua minuta?
28Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

29Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis?
30Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis?

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

31Common PotooNyctibius griseus?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

32Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila?
33White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris?
34/Chimney Swift/Chaetura pelagica?
35Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudus?
36Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris?
37Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis?

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

38White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora?
39White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquila?
40Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneus?
41Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeri?
42White-whiskered HermitPhaethornis yaruqui?
43Tawny-bellied HermitPhaethornis syrmatophorus?
44Baron's Hermit**Phaethornis baroni?
45Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularis?
46Tooth-billed HummingbirdAndrodon aequatorialis?
47Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barroti?
48Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollis?
49Green ThorntailDiscosura conversii?
50Booted Racket-tailOcreatus underwoodii?
51Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jacula?
52Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostris?
53Little WoodstarChaetocercus bombus?
54Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysia?
55Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyi?
56Andean EmeraldAmazilia franciae?
57Blue-chested HummingbirdAmazilia amabilis?
58Purple-chested HummingbirdAmazilia rosenbergi?
59Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl?
60Violet-bellied HummingbirdJuliamyia julie?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

61Paint-billed CrakeMustelirallus erythrops?
62Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolor?
63Brown Wood-RailAramides wolfi?
64Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillaris?
65/Sora/Porzana carolina?
66Common GallinuleGallinula galeata?
67Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica?
68White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularis?
69Gray-breasted CrakeLaterallus exilis?

 
Finfoots: Heliornithidae

70SungrebeHeliornis fulica?

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

71LimpkinAramus guarauna?

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

72Pied LapwingVanellus cayanus?
73Collared PloverCharadrius collaris?
74/Semipalmated Plover/Charadrius semipalmatus?

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

75Wattled JacanaJacana jacana?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

76/Least Sandpiper/Calidris minutilla?
77/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius?
78/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria?
79/Greater Yellowlegs/Tringa melanoleuca?
80/Lesser Yellowlegs/Tringa flavipes?

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

81/Laughing Gull/Leucophaeus atricilla?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

82Wood StorkMycteria americana?

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

83AnhingaAnhinga anhinga?

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

84Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

85Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatum?
86Cocoi HeronArdea cocoi?
87Great EgretArdea alba?
88Snowy EgretEgretta thula?
89Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea?
90Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis?
91Striated HeronButorides striata?
92Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax?
93Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

94White IbisEudocimus albus?

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

95Black VultureCoragyps atratus?
96Turkey VultureCathartes aura?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

97/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus?

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

98White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus?
99Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus?
100Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis?
101Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus?
102Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus?
103Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus?
104Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucus?
105Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis?
106Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus?
107Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea?
108Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosus?
109Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescens?
110Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbea?
111Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus?
112Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalis?
113Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris?
114Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctus?
115Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosoma?
116Gray-backed HawkPseudastur occidentalis?
117Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeus?
118Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidus?
119/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus?
120Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus?
121(Swainson's Hawk)Buteo swainsoni?
122Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

123Barn OwlTyto alba?

 
Owls: Strigidae

124Choco Screech-Owl**Megascops centalis?
125Crested OwlLophostrix cristata?
126Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata?
127Pacific Pygmy-Owl
(Peruvian Pygmy-Owl)
Glaucidium peruanum?
128Mottled OwlCiccaba virgata?
129Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineata?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

130Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massena?
131Choco Trogon
(Blue-tailed Trogon)
Trogon comptusUC
132Ecuadorian TrogonTrogon mesurus?
133White-tailed TrogonTrogon chionurus?
134Green-backed TrogonTrogon viridis?
135Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatus?
136Collared TrogonTrogon collaris?

 
Motmots: Momotidae

137Whooping MotmotMomotus subrufescens?
138Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martii?
139Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchum?

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

140Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata?
141American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aenea?
142Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana?

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

143White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchus?
144Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectus?
145Barred PuffbirdNystalus radiatus?
146White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensis?

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

147Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda?

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

148Orange-fronted BarbetCapito squamatus?
149Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcierii?

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

150Crimson-rumped ToucanetAulacorhynchus haematopygus?
151Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus?
152Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus?
153Choco ToucanRamphastos brevis?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

154Olivaceous PiculetPicumnus olivaceus?
155Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucherani?
156Red-rumped WoodpeckerDryobates kirkii?
157Scarlet-backed WoodpeckerDryobates callonotus?
158Choco WoodpeckerDryobates chocoensis?
159Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterR
160Guayaquil WoodpeckerCampephilus gayaquilensis?
161Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus?
162Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatus?
163Lita WoodpeckerPiculus litae?
164Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus?

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

165Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis?
166Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus?
167Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans?
168American KestrelFalco sparverius?
169Bat FalconFalco rufigularis?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

170Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimus?
171Rose-faced ParrotPyrilia pulchra?
172Red-billed ParrotPionus sordidus?
173Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruus?
174Bronze-winged ParrotPionus chalcopterus?
175Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalis?
176Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa?
177Pacific ParrotletForpus coelestis?
178Maroon-tailed ParakeetPyrrhura melanura?
179Great Green MacawAra ambiguus?
180Chestnut-fronted MacawAra severus?
181Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenys?

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

182Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinota?
183Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatus?
184Great AntshrikeTaraba major?
185Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinucha?
186Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinus?
187Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis?
188Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventris?
189Pacific AntwrenMyrmotherula pacifica?
190White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillaris?
191Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor?
192Rufous-winged AntwrenHerpsilochmus rufimarginatus?
193Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensis?
194Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyrannina?
195Jet AntbirdCercomacra nigricans?
196White-backed Fire-eyePyriglena leuconota?
197Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsul?
198Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoni?
199Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolor?
200Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioides?

 
Crescentchests: Melanopareiidae

201Elegant CrescentchestMelanopareia elegans?

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

202Rufous-crowned AntpittaPittasoma rufopileatum?

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

203Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatus?

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

204Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillus?

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

205Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanus?
206Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensis?
207Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus?
208Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosa?
209Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurus?
210Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae?
211Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosus?
212Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygius?
213Red-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus trochilirostris?
214Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillus?
215Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii?
216Plain XenopsXenops minutus?
217Streaked XenopsXenops rutilans?
218Pacific Hornero**Furnarius cinnamomeus?
219Slaty-winged Foliage-gleanerPhilydor fuscipenne?
220Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufum?
221Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticeps?
222Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosus?
223Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemus?
224Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatus?
225Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythrops?
226Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyura?

 
Manakins: Pipridae

227Green ManakinCryptopipo holochlora?
228Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronata?
229White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus?
230Club-winged ManakinMachaeropterus deliciosus?
231Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalis?

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

232Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurata?
233Long-wattled UmbrellabirdCephalopterus penduliger?
234Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufus?
235Black-tipped CotingaCarpodectes hopkei?

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

236Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor?
237Masked TityraTityra semifasciata?
238Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacis?
239Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescens?
240Slaty BecardPachyramphus spodiurus?
241Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus?
242Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseus?
243One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrous?

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

244Pacific Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus occidentalis?
245Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurus?
246Tawny-breasted FlycatcherMyiobius villosus?
247Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygius?
248Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudus?

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

249White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus?
250Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatus?
251Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollis?
252Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceus?
253Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus?
254Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliaris?
255Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPhylloscartes ophthalmicus?
256Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatus?
257Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant
(Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus ruficeps?
258Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigriceps?
259Brownish TwistwingCnipodectes subbrunneus?
260Pacific FlatbillRhynchocyclus pacificus?
261Fulvous-breasted FlatbillRhynchocyclus fulvipectus?
262Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens?
263Yellow-margined FlycatcherTolmomyias assimilis?
264Ornate FlycatcherMyiotriccus ornatus?
265Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum?
266Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillus?
267Rufous-winged TyrannuletMecocerculus calopterus?
268Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola?
269Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatus?
270Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis caniceps?
271Pacific ElaeniaMyiopagis subplacens?
272Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata?
273Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster?
274Coopmans's ElaeniaElaenia brachyptera?
275Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinerea?
276Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseiceps?
277Choco TyrannuletZimmerius albigularis?
278Tawny-crowned Pygmy-TyrantEuscarthmus meloryphus?
279Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatus?
280Gray-breasted FlycatcherLathrotriccus griseipectus?
281/Olive-sided Flycatcher/Contopus cooperi?
282/Western Wood-Pewee/Contopus sordidulus?
283Tumbes Pewee**Contopus punensis?
284/Acadian Flycatcher/Empidonax virescens?
285/Alder Flycatcher/Empidonax alnorum?
286Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans?
287Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus?
288Masked Water-TyrantFluvicola nengeta?
289Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus?
290Ochraceous AttilaAttila torridus?
291Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus?
292Choco SirystesSirystes albogriseus?
293Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythra?
294Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer?
295Sooty-crowned FlycatcherMyiarchus phaeocephalus?
296Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua?
297Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensis?
298Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis?
299Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis?
300Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus?
301Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius?
302Snowy-throated KingbirdTyrannus niveigularis?
303Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus?

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

304Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis?
305Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtata?
306Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrys?
307Chivi VireoVireo chiri?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

308Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca?
309White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialis?
310Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis?
311Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea?
312/Bank Swallow/Riparia riparia?
313/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica?

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

314Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventris?
315Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus?
316Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbea?
317Slate-throated GnatcatcherPolioptila schistaceigula?

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

318Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatus?
319House WrenTroglodytes aedon?
320Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatus?
321Fasciated WrenCampylorhynchus fasciatus?
322Whiskered WrenPheugopedius mystacalis?
323Stripe-throated WrenCantorchilus leucopogon?
324Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillus?
325White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta?
326Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalus?

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

327White-capped DipperCinclus leucocephalus?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

328/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatus?
329Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletus?
330Ecuadorian ThrushTurdus maculirostris?
331Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucops?
332Plumbeous-backed ThrushTurdus reevei?
333Dagua Thrush**Turdus daguae?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

334Orange-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia saturataFC
335Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostris?
336White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minuta?
337Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogaster?
338<Yellow-bellied Siskin>Spinus xanthogastrus?

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

339Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularis?
340Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostris?
341Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis?

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

342Peruvian MeadowlarkLeistes bellicosa?
343Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus?
344Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialis?
345Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus cela?
346Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelas?
347Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaVR
348Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis?
349Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus?
350Scrub BlackbirdDives warczewiczi?

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

351/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensis?
352/Black-and-white Warbler/Mniotilta varia?
353Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflava?
354Black-lored Yellowthroat**Geothlypis auricularis?
355/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticilla?
356Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi?
357Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicauda?
358Gray-and-gold WarblerMyiothlypis fraseri?
359/Canada Warbler/Cardellina canadensis?

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

360Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassinii?

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

361/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubra?
362/Scarlet Tanager/Piranga olivacea?
363Ochre-breasted TanagerChlorothraupis stolzmanni?
364/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianus?
365Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolor?
366Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoides?

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

367Black-and-white TanagerConothraupis speculigera?
368White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosus?
369Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatrii?
370White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus?
371Lemon-rumped Tanager**Ramphocelus icteronotus?
372Glistening-green TanagerChlorochrysa phoenicotis?
373Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus?
374Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum?
375Gray-and-gold TanagerPoecilostreptus palmeri?
376Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvata?
377Blue-necked TanagerStilpnia cyanicollis?
378Beryl-spangled TanagerTangara nigroviridis?
379Rufous-winged TanagerTangara lavinia?
380Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola?
381Flame-faced TanagerTangara parzudakii?
382Blue-whiskered TanagerTangara johannae?
383Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephala?
384Swallow TanagerTersina viridis?
385Yellow-tufted Dacnis**Dacnis egregia?
386Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venusta?
387Blue DacnisDacnis cayana?
388Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleus?
389Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus?
390Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza?
391Scarlet-browed TanagerHeterospingus xanthopygius?
392Guira TanagerHemithraupis guira?
393Scarlet-and-white TanagerChrysothlypis salmoni?
394Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina?
395Chestnut-throated SeedeaterSporophila telasco?
396Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea?
397Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensis?
398Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvina?
399Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis?
400#Crimson-breasted Finch#Rhodospingus cruentusFC
401BananaquitCoereba flaveola?
402Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurus?
403Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus?
404Black-winged SaltatorSaltator atripennis?
405Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus?

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain