Area (ha):120,000
# Species*:64
# Excl Vagrants*:64
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:4
Species/100 ha*:0.1
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Grassland, scrub, paramo, highland lakes, lagoons


The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

Ducks: Anatidae

1Torrent DuckMerganetta armata 
2Yellow-billed PintailAnas georgicaFC
3Andean TealAnas andiumFC
4Andean DuckOxyura ferrugineaFC

Grebes: Podicipedidae

5Silvery GrebePodiceps occipitalisUC

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

6Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata 
7Black-winged Ground DoveMetriopelia melanopteraC
8Eared DoveZenaida auriculataC

Swifts: Apodidae

9White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris 

Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

10Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscans 
11Ecuadorian HillstarOreotrochilus chimborazoFC
12Black-tailed TrainbearerLesbia victoriaeC
13Shining SunbeamAglaeactis cupripennisFC
14Giant HummingbirdPatagona gigasFC

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

15Andean Coot
(Slate-colored Coot)
Fulica ardesiacaC

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

16Andean LapwingVanellus resplendensC

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

17/Upland Sandpiper/Bartramia longicaudaR
18|Baird's Sandpiper|Calidris bairdiiFC
19Noble SnipeGallinago nobilisUC
20Andean SnipeGallinago jamesoni 
21/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius?
22/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria?
23/Greater Yellowlegs/Tringa melanoleucaUC
24/Lesser Yellowlegs/Tringa flavipesR

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

25Andean GullChroicocephalus serranusFC

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

26Great EgretArdea albaR
27Snowy EgretEgretta thulaR
28/Cattle Egret/Bubulcus ibisUC
29Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxR

Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

30Andean IbisTheristicus branickiiUC

New World Vultures: Cathartidae

31Black VultureCoragyps atratusUC
32Andean CondorVultur gryphusUC

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

33Cinereous HarrierCircus cinereusUC
34Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosomaFC
35Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucusUC

Owls: Strigidae

36Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusUC

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

37Carunculated CaracaraDaptrius carunculatus 
38American KestrelFalco sparveriusFC
39Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis 
40/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinusR

Antpittas: Grallariidae

41Tawny AntpittaGrallaria quitensisC

Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

42Chestnut-winged CinclodesCinclodes albidiventrisC
43Stout-billed CinclodesCinclodes excelsiorFC
44Andean Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura andicolaFC
45Many-striped CanasteroAsthenes flammulataFC
46Streak-backed CanasteroAsthenes wyatti 
47Azara's SpinetailSynallaxis azaraeC

Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

48Paramo Ground-Tyrant
(Plain-capped Ground-Tyrant)
Muscisaxicola alpinusFC
49Red-rumped Bush-TyrantCnemarchus erythropygiusUC
50Black-billed Shrike-TyrantAgriornis montanusUC
51Brown-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca fumicolorC

Swallows: Hirundinidae

52Brown-bellied SwallowOrochelidon murinaFC

Wrens: Troglodytidae

53Grass WrenCistothorus platensisFC

Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

54Great ThrushTurdus fuscaterA

Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

55Paramo PipitAnthus bogotensisFC

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

56Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicusFC

New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

57Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisC
58Yellow-breasted BrushfinchAtlapetes latinucha?

New World Warblers: Parulidae

59Spectacled RedstartMyioborus melanocephalus?

Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

60Cinereous ConebillConirostrum cinereumFC
61Black FlowerpiercerDiglossa humeralisFC
62Plumbeous Sierra FinchGeospizopsis unicolorC
63<Grassland Yellow-Finch>Sicalis luteolaFC
64Plain-colored SeedeaterCatamenia inornataFC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
##Non-breeding Dispersal
()Breeding Season Only


AAbundant/Very Common
FCFairly/Locally Common
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare