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WILD SUMACO RESERVE

ECUADOR
LOCALE

# Species:353
# Excl Vagrants:353
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:10
Habitat: Subtropical primary forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Gray TinamouTinamus taoVR
2Great TinamouTinamus majorUC
3Little TinamouCrypturellus souiFC
4Undulated TinamouCrypturellus undulatusR

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

5Speckled ChachalacaOrtalis guttataR
6Wattled GuanAburria aburriR
7Sickle-winged GuanChamaepetes goudotiiUC

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

8Rufous-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus speciosusUC

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

9Rock PigeonColumba liviaUC
10Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosaUC
11Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataR
12Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbeaC
13Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaUC
14Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaVR
15White-throated Quail-DoveZentrygon frenataUC

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

16Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniC
17Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusFC

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

18Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisFC

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

19Great PotooNyctibius grandisUC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

20Spot-fronted SwiftCypseloides cherrieiC
21Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaFC
22White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisFC
23Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyuraFC
24Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventrisC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

25White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraR
26White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquilaUC
27Pale-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes leucurusVR
28Green HermitPhaethornis guyR
29Gray-chinned HermitPhaethornis griseogularisFC
30Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeUC
31Blue-fronted LancebillDoryfera johannaeR
32Geoffroy's DaggerbillSchistes geoffroyiVR
33<Brown Violetear>Colibri delphinaeR
34Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotusVR
35Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscansFC
36Black-eared FairyHeliothryx auritusR
37Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollisVR
38Wire-crested ThorntailDiscosura popelairiiUC
39Ecuadorian PiedtailPhlogophilus hemileucurusFC
40Speckled HummingbirdAdelomyia melanogenysUC
41Long-tailed SylphAglaiocercus kingiiR
42Bronzy IncaCoeligena coeligenaR
43Booted Racket-tailOcreatus underwoodiiFC
44Green-backed HillstarUrochroa leucuraR
45Rufous-vented WhitetipUrosticte ruficrissaVR
46Black-throated BrilliantHeliodoxa schreibersiiUC
47Gould's JewelfrontHeliodoxa aurescensR
48Fawn-breasted BrilliantHeliodoxa rubinoidesR
49Violet-fronted BrilliantHeliodoxa leadbeateriUC
50Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostrisVR
51Amethyst WoodstarCalliphlox amethystinaR
52White-bellied WoodstarChaetocercus mulsantR
53Gorgeted WoodstarChaetocercus heliodorR
54Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimetiFC
55Lazuline SabrewingCampylopterus falcatusVR
56Napo SabrewingCampylopterus villaviscensioUC
57Fork-tailed WoodnymphThalurania furcataFC
58Many-spotted HummingbirdTaphrospilus hypostictusUC
59Andean EmeraldAmazilia franciaeR
60Glittering-throated EmeraldAmazilia fimbriataR
61Golden-tailed SapphireChrysuronia oenoneFC

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

62Blackish RailPardirallus nigricansUC
63Chestnut-headed CrakeAnurolimnas castaneicepsUC
64Gray-breasted CrakeLaterallus exilisR

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

65Black VultureCoragyps atratusC
66Turkey VultureCathartes auraFC
67Greater Yellow-headed VultureCathartes melambrotusUC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

68Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusFC
69Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannusUC
70Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucusVR
71Black-and-chestnut EagleSpizaetus isidoriVR
72Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusR
73Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbeaR
74Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosusVR
75Plain-breasted Hawk**Accipiter ventralisR
76Barred HawkMorphnarchus princepsVR
77Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisC
78White HawkPseudastur albicollisR
79/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterusR

 
Owls: Strigidae

80Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops cholibaUC
81Rufescent Screech-OwlMegascops ingensUC
82Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataVR
83Band-bellied OwlPulsatrix melanotaFC
84Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianumUC
85Mottled OwlCiccaba virgataVR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

86Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auricepsVR
87Crested QuetzalPharomachrus antisianusR
88Green-backed TrogonTrogon viridisVR
89Blue-crowned TrogonTrogon curucuiVR
90Collared TrogonTrogon collarisFC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

91Andean MotmotMomotus aequatorialisR
92Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martiiVR

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

93Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaUC

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

94Western Striolated-PuffbirdNystalus obamaiR
95Black-streaked PuffbirdMalacoptila fulvogularisR

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

96Coppery-chested JacamarGalbula pastazaeUC

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

97Gilded BarbetCapito auratusFC
98Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcieriiFC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

99Chestnut-tipped ToucanetAulacorhynchus derbianusUC
100Chestnut-eared AracariPteroglossus castanotisVR
101Many-banded AracariPteroglossus pluricinctusFC
102Golden-collared ToucanetSelenidera reinwardtiiUC
103Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusFC
104White-throated ToucanRamphastos tucanusR
105Channel-billed ToucanRamphastos vitellinusFC

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

106Lafresnaye's PiculetPicumnus lafresnayiUC
107Rufous-breasted PiculetPicumnus rufiventrisR
108Yellow-tufted WoodpeckerMelanerpes cruentatusC
109Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusUC
110Little WoodpeckerDryobates passerinusR
111Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterR
112Crimson-crested WoodpeckerCampephilus melanoleucosUC
113Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusUC
114Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosusFC
115Spot-breasted WoodpeckerColaptes punctigulaR

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

116Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisFC
117Lined Forest-FalconMicrastur gilvicollisUC
118Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusR
119Buckley's Forest-FalconMicrastur buckleyiUC
120Black CaracaraDaptrius aterUC
121Bat FalconFalco rufigularisR

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

122Spot-winged ParrotletTouit stictopterusR
123Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaVR
124Red-billed ParrotPionus sordidusFC
125Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusR
126Scaly-naped ParrotAmazona mercenariusUC
127Dusky-billed ParrotletForpus modestusUC
128Maroon-tailed ParakeetPyrrhura melanuraFC
129Military MacawAra militarisVR
130Chestnut-fronted MacawAra severusUC
131White-eyed ParakeetPsittacara leucophthalmusFC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

132Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinotaFC
133Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatusVR
134Lined AntshrikeThamnophilus tenuepunctatusC
135Plain-winged AntshrikeThamnophilus schistaceusR
136White-shouldered AntshrikeThamnophilus aethiopsUC
137Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusFC
138Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalisC
139White-streaked AntvireoDysithamnus leucostictusR
140Foothill StipplethroatEpinecrophylla spodionotaFC
141Ornate StipplethroatEpinecrophylla ornataUC
142Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolorUC
143Plain-winged AntwrenMyrmotherula behniR
144Yellow-breasted AntwrenHerpsilochmus axillarisFC
145Rufous-winged AntwrenHerpsilochmus rufimarginatusFC
146Black AntbirdCercomacroides servaUC
147Blackish AntbirdCercomacroides nigrescensFC
148White-backed Fire-eyePyriglena leuconotaFC
149Black-faced AntbirdMyrmoborus myotherinusR
150Spot-winged AntbirdMyrmelastes leucostigmaVR
151Spot-backed AntbirdHylophylax naeviusFC
152Scale-backed AntbirdWillisornis poecilinotusUC

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

153Chestnut-crowned GnateaterConopophaga castaneicepsFC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

154Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensisVR
155Plain-backed AntpittaGrallaria haplonotaFC
156White-bellied AntpittaGrallaria hypoleucaR
157Ochre-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula flavirostrisVR

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

158Long-tailed TapaculoScytalopus micropterusR
159White-crowned TapaculoScytalopus atratusFC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

160Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectusUC
161Short-tailed AntthrushChamaeza campanisonaFC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

162Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanusR
163Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularisR
164Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillusFC
165Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosaR
166Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusUC
167Long-billed WoodcreeperNasica longirostrisVR
168Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchusR
169Buff-throated WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus guttatusR
170Olive-backed WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus triangularisFC
171Red-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus trochilirostrisR
172Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusVR
173Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansUC
174Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematuraR
175Rufous-rumped Foliage-gleanerPhilydor erythrocercumVR
176Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufumR
177Montane Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia striaticollisFC
178Rufous-tailed Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia ruficaudataUC
179Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalarisUC
180Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosusUC
181Black-billed TreehunterThripadectes melanorhynchusFC
182Eastern WoodhaunterAutomolus subulatusR
183Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensUC
184Spectacled PrickletailSiptornis striaticollisVR
185Ash-browed SpinetailCranioleuca curtataFC
186Dark-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albigularisFC
187Dusky SpinetailSynallaxis moestaFC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

188Golden-winged ManakinMasius chrysopterusUC
189Green ManakinCryptopipo holochloraVR
190Blue-rumped ManakinLepidothrix isidoreiFC
191Striolated ManakinMachaeropterus striolatusVR
192White-crowned ManakinDixiphia pipraFC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

193Scarlet-breasted FruiteaterPipreola frontalisR
194Fiery-throated FruiteaterPipreola chlorolepidotaR
195Scaled FruiteaterAmpelioides tschudiiVR
196Andean Cock-of-the-rockRupicola peruvianusR
197Gray-tailed PihaSnowornis subalarisR
198Amazonian UmbrellabirdCephalopterus ornatusR

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

199Masked TityraTityra semifasciataFC
200Foothill SchiffornisSchiffornis aeneaR
201#Andean Laniisoma#**Laniisoma buckleyiR
202Yellow-cheeked Becard**Pachyramphus xanthogenysUC
203White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusUC
204Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusUC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

205Tawny-breasted FlycatcherMyiobius villosusUC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

206Wing-barred PipritesPiprites chlorisR
207White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceusUC
208Yellow-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus flavigularisR
209Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceusFC
210Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisFC
211Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPhylloscartes ophthalmicusFC
212Spectacled Bristle-TyrantPhylloscartes orbitalisR
213Ecuadorian TyrannuletPhylloscartes gualaquizaeFC
214Bronze-olive Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus pelzelniR
215Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatusFC
216Buff-throated Tody-TyrantHemitriccus rufigularisR
217Black-and-white Tody-Tyrant
(Black-and-white Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus capitalisR
218Golden-winged Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus calopterusUC
219Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumFC
220Fulvous-breasted FlatbillRhynchocyclus fulvipectusVR
221Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensUC
222Yellow-breasted FlycatcherTolmomyias flaviventrisR
223Cinnamon FlycatcherPyrrhomyias cinnamomeusR
224Ornate FlycatcherMyiotriccus ornatusC
225Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveolaUC
226Foothill ElaeniaMyiopagis olallaiR
227\Small-billed Elaenia\Elaenia parvirostrisR
228Sierran ElaeniaElaenia pallatangaeVR
229Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinereaR
230White-fronted Tyrannulet**Phyllomyias zeledoniUC
231Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseicepsUC
232Ashy-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias cinereicepsR
233Plumbeous-crowned TyrannuletPhyllomyias plumbeicepsR
234Red-billed TyrannuletZimmerius cinereicapillaR
235Golden-faced TyrannuletZimmerius chrysopsC
236Orange-crested FlycatcherMyiophobus phoenicomitraVR
237Olive-chested FlycatcherMyiophobus cryptoxanthusC
238Euler's FlycatcherLathrotriccus euleriUC
239/Olive-sided Flycatcher/Contopus cooperiUC
240/Western Wood-Pewee/Contopus sordidulusC
241/Acadian Flycatcher/Empidonax virescensR
242Black PhoebeSayornis nigricansR
243Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonusFC
244Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferUC
245Short-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus feroxUC
246Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaR
247Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisFC
248Golden-crowned FlycatcherMyiodynastes chrysocephalusUC
249Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusVR
250Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaiusVR
251Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

252Black-billed PeppershrikeCyclarhis nigrirostrisR
253Olivaceous GreenletHylophilus olivaceusFC
254Slaty-capped Shrike-VireoVireolanius leucotisFC
255Rufous-naped GreenletPachysilvia semibrunneaFC
256Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysUC
257Chivi VireoVireo chiriR

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

258Inca JayCyanocorax yncasUC
259Violaceous JayCyanocorax violaceusUC

 
Donacobius: Donacobiidae

260Black-capped DonacobiusDonacobius atricapillaVR

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

261Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaC
262White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialisUC
263Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisFC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

264Wing-banded WrenMicrocerculus bamblaFC
265Gray-mantled WrenOdontorchilus branickiiUC
266House WrenTroglodytes aedonFC
267Mountain WrenTroglodytes solstitialisVR
268Thrush-like WrenCampylorhynchus turdinusFC
269Coraya WrenPheugopedius corayaFC
270White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaFC
271Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysUC
272Chestnut-breasted WrenCyphorhinus thoracicusVR
273Musician WrenCyphorhinus aradaUC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

274Andean SolitaireMyadestes ralloidesVR
275Spotted Nightingale-ThrushCatharus dryasFC
276/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatusC
277White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollisUC
278Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucopsUC
279Black-billed ThrushTurdus ignobilisC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

280Blue-naped ChlorophoniaChlorophonia cyaneaUC
281Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisR
282Golden-rumped EuphoniaEuphonia cyanocephalaUC
283White-lored Euphonia
(Golden-bellied Euphonia)
Euphonia chrysopastaVR
284White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minutaFC
285Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogasterC
286Olivaceous SiskinSpinus olivaceusFC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

287Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularisC
288Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularisUC
289Yellow-browed SparrowAmmodramus aurifronsC
290Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostrisUC
291Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaUC
292Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisVR

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

293Russet-backed OropendolaPsarocolius angustifronsC
294Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanusFC
295Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialisUC
296Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus celaUC

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

297/Black-and-white Warbler/Mniotilta variaR
298/Mourning Warbler/Geothlypis philadelphiaR
299/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticillaR
300/Cerulean Warbler/Setophaga ceruleaUC
301Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiC
302/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fuscaFC
303/Blackpoll Warbler/Setophaga striataUC
304Three-striped WarblerBasileuterus tristriatusUC
305Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicaudaR
306/Canada Warbler/Cardellina canadensisC
307Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatusC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

308/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubraFC
309/Scarlet Tanager/Piranga olivaceaUC
310White-winged TanagerPiranga leucopteraR
311Golden GrosbeakPheucticus chrysogasterVR
312/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianusUC

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

313White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusUC
314Fulvous Shrike-TanagerLanio fulvusUC
315Silver-beaked TanagerRamphocelus carboFC
316Vermilion TanagerCalochaetes coccineusVR
317Yellow-throated TanagerIridosornis analisFC
318Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonotaFC
319Orange-eared TanagerChlorochrysa calliparaeaFC
320Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusC
321Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumC
322Yellow-bellied TanagerIxothraupis xanthogastraR
323Spotted TanagerIxothraupis punctataFC
324Golden-naped TanagerChalcothraupis ruficervixUC
325Black-capped TanagerStilpnia heineiVR
326Green-throated TanagerStilpnia argyrofenges?
327Blue-necked TanagerStilpnia cyanicollisC
328Beryl-spangled TanagerTangara nigroviridisVR
329Blue-browed TanagerTangara cyanotisR
330Paradise TanagerTangara chilensisC
331Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrolaFC
332Golden-eared TanagerTangara chrysotisUC
333Saffron-crowned TanagerTangara xanthocephalaVR
334Green-and-gold TanagerTangara schrankiiUC
335Golden TanagerTangara arthusFC
336Swallow TanagerTersina viridisUC
337Black-faced DacnisDacnis lineataUC
338Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaUC
339Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleusUC
340Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaUC
341Golden-collared HoneycreeperIridophanes pulcherrimusUC
342Deep-blue FlowerpiercerDiglossa glaucaFC
343Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaR
344Chestnut-bellied SeedeaterSporophila castaneiventrisC
345Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensisUC
346Caqueta SeedeaterSporophila murallaeUC
347#Black-and-white Seedeater#Sporophila luctuosaFC
348Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisVR
349BananaquitCoereba flaveolaC
350Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusUC
351Grayish SaltatorSaltator coerulescensC
352Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossusUC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain