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RIO SILANCHE SANCTUARY

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):80
Altitude (m):300-350
# Species:289
# Excl Vagrants:289
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:36
Species/100 ha:361.3
Habitat: Remnant lowland forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Little TinamouCrypturellus souiR

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

2Rufous-headed ChachalacaOrtalis erythropteraR

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

3Rufous-fronted Wood-QuailOdontophorus erythropsR

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

4Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis?
5Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosaR
6Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaC
7Dusky PigeonPatagioenas goodsoniUC
8Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosaR
9White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiUC
10Pallid DoveLeptotila pallidaR

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

11Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniC
12Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisR
13Striped CuckooTapera naeviaUC
14Little CuckooCoccycua minutaUC
15Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaC
16Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmusR

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

17Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusR
18Rufous-bellied NighthawkLurocalis rufiventrisR
19Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisFC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

20Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaUC
21White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisC
22Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventrisC
23Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudusR
24/Chimney Swift/Chaetura pelagicaR
25Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensisUC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

26White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraUC
27White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquilaR
28Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusR
29Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeriUC
30White-whiskered HermitPhaethornis yaruquiUC
31Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularisUC
32Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barrotiUC
33Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiUC
34Little WoodstarChaetocercus bombusR
35Purple-throated WoodstarPhilodice mitchelliiR
36Crowned WoodnymphThalurania colombicaUC
37Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlC
38Purple-chested HummingbirdPolyerata rosenbergiC
39Blue-chested HummingbirdPolyerata amabilisR
40Violet-bellied HummingbirdChlorestes julieUC

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

41Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolorR
42Brown Wood-RailAramides wolfiR
43White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularisUC

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

44|Baird's Sandpiper|Calidris bairdiiR
45/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis maculariusUC

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

46Great EgretArdea albaUC
47Snowy EgretEgretta thulaUC
48Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisC
49Striated HeronButorides striataR

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

50Black VultureCoragyps atratusC
51Turkey VultureCathartes auraC

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

52/Osprey/Pandion haliaetusR

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

53Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisUC
54Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusC
55Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannusUC
56Tiny HawkMicrospizias superciliosusUC
57Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusUC
58Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbeaUC
59Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorR
60Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbeaUC
61Barred HawkMorphnarchus princeps?
62Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisC
63Gray-backed HawkPseudastur occidentalisR
64Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeusR
65Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusUC

 
Owls: Strigidae

66Crested OwlLophostrix cristataR
67Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataUC
68Mottled OwlStrix virgataR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

69Choco Trogon
(Blue-tailed Trogon)
Trogon comptusUC
70White-tailed TrogonTrogon chionurusUC
71Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatusR
72Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufusR
73Collared TrogonTrogon collarisUC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

74Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martiiUC
75Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchumUC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

76Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataUC
77Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaUC

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

78White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchusUC
79Barred PuffbirdNystalus radiatusUC
80White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensisUC
81Lanceolated MonkletMicromonacha lanceolataR

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

82Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficaudaUC
83Great JacamarJacamerops aureusVR

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

84Orange-fronted BarbetCapito squamatusUC
85Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcieriiUC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

86Crimson-rumped ToucanetAulacorhynchus haematopygusUC
87Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatusC
88Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusUC
89Choco ToucanRamphastos brevisC

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

90Olivaceous PiculetPicumnus olivaceusUC
91Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucheraniC
92Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusR
93Red-rumped WoodpeckerDryobates kirkiiUC
94Scarlet-backed WoodpeckerDryobates callonotusUC
95Choco WoodpeckerDryobates chocoensisR
96Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterR
97Guayaquil WoodpeckerCampephilus gayaquilensisUC
98Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusFC
99Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusUC
100Lita WoodpeckerPiculus litaeR
101Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosusC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

102Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnansUC
103Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisUC
104Plumbeous Forest-FalconMicrastur plumbeusR
105Bat FalconFalco rufigularisUC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

106Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimusR
107Rose-faced ParrotPyrilia pulchraR
108Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusUC
109Bronze-winged ParrotPionus chalcopterusFC
110Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisR
111Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosaR
112Pacific ParrotletForpus coelestisFC
113Maroon-tailed ParakeetPyrrhura melanuraFC
114Chestnut-fronted MacawAra severusUC
115Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenysR

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

116Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatusUC
117Great AntshrikeTaraba majorUC
118Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinuchaFC
119Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusUC
120Spot-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus puncticepsUC
121Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventrisUC
122Moustached AntwrenMyrmotherula ignotaR
123Pacific AntwrenMyrmotherula pacificaUC
124White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillarisFC
125Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensisFC
126Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyranninaUC
127Western Fire-eyePyriglena mauraR
128Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsulFC
129Esmeraldas AntbirdSipia nigricauda?
130Stub-tailed AntbirdSipia berlepschiUC
131Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoniUC
132Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolorR

 
Crescentchests: Melanopareiidae

133Elegant CrescentchestMelanopareia elegansUC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

134Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillusUC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

135Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosaFC
136Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusFC
137Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomaeUC
138Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusUC
139Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygiusC
140Red-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus trochilirostrisVR
141Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetiiC
142Plain XenopsXenops minutusFC
143Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansUC
144Pacific Hornero**Furnarius cinnamomeusC
145Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerDendroma rufumR
146Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosusR
147Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatusFC
148Double-banded GraytailXenerpestes minlosiVR
149Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythropsUC
150Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyuraFC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

151Green ManakinCryptopipo litaeR
152Velvety ManakinLepidothrix velutinaR
153White-bearded ManakinManacus manacusC
154Club-winged ManakinMachaeropterus deliciosus?
155Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisR

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

156Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurataUC
157Black-tipped CotingaCarpodectes hopkeiR

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

158Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitorUC
159Masked TityraTityra semifasciataC
160Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacisUC
161Slaty BecardPachyramphus spodiurusVR
162Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeusC
163White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusR
164Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusUC
165One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrousUC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

166Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurusUC
167Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygiusUC
168Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudusR

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

169White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceusR
170Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatusUC
171Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceusUC
172Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineusUC
173Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisC
174Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPogonotriccus ophthalmicus?
175Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillusUC
176Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatusUC
177Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumC
178Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigricepsUC
179Pacific FlatbillRhynchocyclus pacificusR
180Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens?
181Yellow-winged FlycatcherTolmomyias flavotectusUC
182Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumC
183Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillusUC
184Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveolaUC
185Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusUC
186Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis canicepsUC
187Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicataR
188Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterUC
189Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseicepsFC
190Golden-faced TyrannuletZimmerius chrysopsC
191Mouse-gray FlycatcherMyiophobus crypterythrusR
192/Olive-sided Flycatcher/Contopus cooperiUC
193/Western Wood-Pewee/Contopus sordidulusUC
194/Acadian Flycatcher/Empidonax virescensUC
195Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans?
196Masked Water-TyrantFluvicola nengetaUC
197Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonusUC
198Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceusC
199Choco SirystesSirystes albogriseusR
200Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferC
201Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaUC
202Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensisC
203Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisUC
204Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensisUC
205White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatusR
206Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusUC
207Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaiusUC
208Snowy-throated KingbirdTyrannus niveigularisUC
209Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

210Black-billed PeppershrikeCyclarhis nigrirostrisR
211Slaty-capped Shrike-VireoVireolanius leucotisUC
212Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceicepsR
213Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtataC
214Chivi VireoVireo chiriUC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

215Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaC
216White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialisUC
217Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisC
218Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaFC

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

219Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventrisR
220Slate-throated GnatcatcherPolioptila schistaceigulaUC
221Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaUC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

222Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatusFC
223Gray-mantled WrenOdontorchilus branickiiR
224House WrenTroglodytes aedonC
225Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatusUC
226Stripe-throated WrenCantorchilus leucopogonUC
227Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillusUC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

228/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatusUC
229Ecuadorian ThrushTurdus maculirostrisUC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

230Orange-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia saturataUC
231White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minutaR
232Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisC
233Fulvous-vented EuphoniaEuphonia fulvicrissaR
234Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogasterC
235<Yellow-bellied Siskin>Spinus xanthogastrusFC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

236Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularisUC
237Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostrisUC
238Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostrisUC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

239Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialisUC
240Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus celaR
241Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasUC
242Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisC
243Scrub BlackbirdDives warczewicziC

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

244Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflavaUC
245/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticillaR
246Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiUC
247/Blackpoll Warbler/Setophaga striataR
248Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicaudaUC
249Choco WarblerMyiothlypis chlorophrysR

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

250Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiFC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

251/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubraUC
252/Scarlet Tanager/Piranga olivaceaR
253Ochre-breasted TanagerChlorothraupis stolzmanniUC
254Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoidesR

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

255White-shouldered TanagerLoriotus luctuosusC
256Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiUC
257White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusUC
258Lemon-rumped Tanager**Ramphocelus icteronotusC
259Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusC
260Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumC
261Gray-and-gold TanagerPoecilostreptus palmeriUC
262Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataC
263Blue-necked TanagerStilpnia cyanicollisC
264Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaUC
265Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrolaC
266Blue-whiskered TanagerTangara johannaeUC
267Emerald TanagerTangara floridaUC
268Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaC
269Swallow TanagerTersina viridisUC
270Yellow-tufted Dacnis**Dacnis egregiaC
271Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venustaUC
272Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaUC
273Scarlet-breasted DacnisDacnis berlepschiUC
274Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleusC
275Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaC
276Scarlet-browed TanagerHeterospingus xanthopygiusUC
277Guira TanagerHemithraupis guiraUC
278Scarlet-and-white TanagerChrysothlypis salmoniR
279Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaC
280Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funereaC
281Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaC
282#Black-and-white Seedeater#Sporophila luctuosaR
283Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisC
284#Crimson-breasted Finch#Rhodospingus cruentusR
285BananaquitCoereba flaveolaC
286Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurusUC
287Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusC
288Black-winged SaltatorSaltator atripennisC
289Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossusFC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain