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MILPE BIRD SANCTURARY

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):62
# Species:254
# Excl Vagrants:254
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:38
Species/100 ha:409.7
Habitat: Remnant forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Little TinamouCrypturellus soui R

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

2Rufous-fronted Wood-QuailOdontophorus erythrops R
3Dark-backed Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanonotus R

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

4Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea C
5Pallid DoveLeptotila pallida R
6White-throated Quail-DoveZentrygon frenata R

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

7Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani C
8Striped CuckooTapera naevia C
9Little CuckooCoccycua minuta UC
10Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana C
11Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus R

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

12Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus R
13Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis FC
14Choco PoorwillNyctiphrynus rosenbergi R

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

15Common PotooNyctibius griseus UC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

16Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila ?
17White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris C
18Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica R
19Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudus R
20Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris C
21Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis UC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

22White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquila UC
23White-whiskered HermitPhaethornis yaruquiLB?
24Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularis UC
25Choco DaggerbillSchistes albogularis UC
26Tooth-billed HummingbirdAndrodon aequatorialis R
27Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barroti UC
28Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiLB?
29Brown IncaCoeligena wilsoni R
30Booted Racket-tailOcreatus underwoodii R
31Purple-bibbed WhitetipUrosticte benjamini UC
32Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jaculaLB?
33Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostris R
34Little WoodstarChaetocercus bombus R
35Purple-throated WoodstarPhilodice mitchellii R
36Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyiLB?
37Andean EmeraldAmazilia franciaeLB?
38Purple-chested HummingbirdAmazilia rosenbergi R
39Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlLB?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

40White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularis R

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

41Great EgretArdea alba R
42Snowy EgretEgretta thula R
43Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis UC

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

44Black VultureCoragyps atratusLB?
45Turkey VultureCathartes aura C

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

46OspreyPandion haliaetus R

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

47Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus R
48Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis UC
49Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusLB?
50Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus R
51Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus UC
52Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosus R
53Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor R
54Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbea R
55Barred HawkMorphnarchus princeps UC
56Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris C
57Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus R

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

58Barn OwlTyto alba R

 
Owls: Strigidae

59Rufescent Screech-OwlMegascops ingens R
60Choco Screech-Owl**Megascops centalis R
61Crested OwlLophostrix cristata R
62Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata UC
63Cloud-forest Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium nubicola UC
64Mottled OwlCiccaba virgata R

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

65Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auriceps UC
66Choco Trogon
(Blue-tailed Trogon)
Trogon comptus C
67White-tailed TrogonTrogon chionurus R
68Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufus R
69Collared TrogonTrogon collaris UC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

70Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martii UC
71Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchum UC

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

72Barred PuffbirdNystalus radiatus UC
73White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensis R
74Lanceolated MonkletMicromonacha lanceolata R

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

75Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcierii UC

 
Toucan-Barbets: Semnornithidae

76Toucan BarbetSemnornis ramphastinus UC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

77Crimson-rumped ToucanetAulacorhynchus haematopygus UC
78Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus C
79Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus UC
80Choco ToucanRamphastos brevis C

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

81Olivaceous PiculetPicumnus olivaceus UC
82Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucheraniLB?
83Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatus UC
84Scarlet-backed WoodpeckerDryobates callonotus R
85Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogaster R
86Guayaquil WoodpeckerCampephilus gayaquilensis UC
87Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus UC
88Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus FC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

89Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis FC
90Plumbeous Forest-FalconMicrastur plumbeus R
91Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus R
92Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans UC
93Bat FalconFalco rufigularis UC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

94Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimus R
95Rose-faced ParrotPyrilia pulchra R
96Bronze-winged ParrotPionus chalcopterus C
97Maroon-tailed ParakeetPyrrhura melanura C
98Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenys R

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

99Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinota R
100Great AntshrikeTaraba major R
101Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinus UC
102Pacific AntwrenMyrmotherula pacifica UC
103Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor UC
104Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensis UC
105Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsul R
106Esmeraldas AntbirdSipia nigricauda UC
107Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoni UC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

108Ochre-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula flavirostris UC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

109Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectus UC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

110Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurus C
111Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus VR
112Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygius C
113Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillus R
114Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii FC
115Plain XenopsXenops minutus C
116Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrencii UC
117Pacific Hornero**Furnarius cinnamomeus FC
118Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufum C
119Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticeps C
120Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalaris C
121Uniform TreehunterThripadectes ignobilis R
122Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatus UC
123Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescens UC
124Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythropsLB?
125Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyura FC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

126Golden-winged ManakinMasius chrysopterus UC
127White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus UC
128Club-winged ManakinMachaeropterus deliciosus C

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

129Long-wattled UmbrellabirdCephalopterus penduliger R
130Black-tipped CotingaCarpodectes hopkei R

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

131Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor UC
132Masked TityraTityra semifasciata UC
133Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus C
134Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseus UC
135One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrous UC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

136Tawny-breasted FlycatcherMyiobius villosus UC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

137Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceus UC
138Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliaris C
139Bronze-olive Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus pelzelni R
140Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatus UC
141Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum C
142Pacific FlatbillRhynchocyclus pacificus R
143Fulvous-breasted FlatbillRhynchocyclus fulvipectus R
144Ornate FlycatcherMyiotriccus ornatus C
145Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum FC
146Rufous-winged TyrannuletMecocerculus calopterus R
147Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola UC
148Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata VR
149Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster FC
150Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseiceps UC
151Ashy-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias cinereiceps UC
152Choco TyrannuletZimmerius albigularis C
153Orange-crested FlycatcherMyiophobus phoenicomitra R
154Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatus UC
155Smoke-colored PeweeContopus fumigatus UC
156Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulus UC
157Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescens UC
158Masked Water-TyrantFluvicola nengeta UC
159Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus UC
160Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus R
161Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythra R
162Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer FC
163Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaLB?
164Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensisLB?
165Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis UC
166Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus UC
167Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius UC
168Snowy-throated KingbirdTyrannus niveigularis R
169Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusLB?

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

170Black-billed PeppershrikeCyclarhis nigrirostris R
171Slaty-capped Shrike-VireoVireolanius leucotis R
172Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceiceps R
173Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtata C
174Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrys UC
175Chivi VireoVireo chiri UC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

176Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca C
177White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialis UC
178Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis C

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

179Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatus UC
180Gray-mantled WrenOdontorchilus branickii R
181House WrenTroglodytes aedon C
182Mountain WrenTroglodytes solstitialis R
183Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatus UC
184Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillus UC
185Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrys FC

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

186White-capped DipperCinclus leucocephalus R

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

187Andean SolitaireMyadestes ralloides UC
188Spotted Nightingale-ThrushCatharus dryas R
189Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus UC
190Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletus UC
191Ecuadorian ThrushTurdus maculirostris UC
192Dagua Thrush**Turdus daguae R

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

193Yellow-collared ChlorophoniaChlorophonia flavirostris UC
194Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostris C
195Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogasterLB?
196Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrus UC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

197Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularis C
198Dusky ChlorospingusChlorospingus semifuscus UC
199Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris UC
200Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostris UC
201Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinucha UC
202Olive FinchArremon castaneiceps R
203Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis UC
204Tricolored BrushfinchAtlapetes tricolor UC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

205Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis UC
206Scrub BlackbirdDives warczewiczi UC

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

207Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia R
208Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflava UC
209American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla R
210Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea VR
211Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi C
212Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca UC
213Choco Warbler**Basileuterus chlorophrys C
214Three-striped WarblerBasileuterus tristriatus UC
215Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicauda UC
216Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatusLB?

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

217Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassinii R

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

218Summer TanagerPiranga rubra C
219Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea R
220White-winged TanagerPiranga leucoptera UC
221Ochre-breasted TanagerChlorothraupis stolzmanni C
222Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus R

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

223White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosus C
224Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatrii R
225White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusLB?
226Lemon-rumped Tanager**Ramphocelus icteronotusLB?
227Moss-backed TanagerBangsia edwardsi UC
228Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonota UC
229Glistening-green TanagerChlorochrysa phoenicotis UC
230Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusLB?
231Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumLB?
232Rufous-throated TanagerIxothraupis rufigula FC
233Gray-and-gold TanagerPoecilostreptus palmeri UC
234Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvata R
235Blue-necked TanagerStilpnia cyanicollisLB?
236Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola C
237Flame-faced TanagerTangara parzudakii UC
238Golden TanagerTangara arthusLB?
239Emerald TanagerTangara florida R
240Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaLB?
241Swallow TanagerTersina viridis UC
242Yellow-tufted Dacnis**Dacnis egregiaLB?
243Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleus UC
244Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaLB?
245Guira TanagerHemithraupis guira R
246Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina C
247Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea UC
248Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvina C
249Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis C
250BananaquitCoereba flaveola C
251Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurus UC
252Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus C
253Black-winged SaltatorSaltator atripennis UC
254Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus UC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain

LOCATION CODES

LBMirador Los Bancos