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TANDAYAPA VALLEY

ECUADOR
LOCALE

# Species:307
# Excl Vagrants:307
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:35
Habitat: Cloud forest, grass, highland scrub

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Tawny-breasted TinamouNothocercus juliusTVVR

 
Ducks: Anatidae

2Torrent DuckMerganetta armataTVUC

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

3Andean GuanPenelope montagniiTVR
4Wattled GuanAburria aburriTBL,TVFC
5Sickle-winged GuanChamaepetes goudotiiTBL,TVFC

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

6Dark-backed Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanonotusTBL,TVC

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

7Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataTBL,TVA
8Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbeaTBL,TVC
9White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiTBL,TVC
10White-throated Quail-DoveZentrygon frenataTBL,TVUC

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

11Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniNM,TVFC
12Little CuckooCoccycua minutaTBL,TVR
13Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaTBL,TVFC

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

14Rufous-bellied NighthawkLurocalis rufiventrisTBL,TVFC
15Band-winged NightjarSystellura longirostrisTBL,TVUC
16Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisTVR
17Swallow-tailed NightjarUropsalis segmentataTVUC
18Lyre-tailed NightjarUropsalis lyraNM,TBL,TVFC

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

19Common PotooNyctibius griseusTBL,TVUC

 
Oilbird: Steatornithidae

20OilbirdSteatornis caripensisTBL,TVR

 
Swifts: Apodidae

21Spot-fronted SwiftCypseloides cherrieiTBL,TVUC
22Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaTBL,TVFC
23White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisTBL,TVA
24White-tipped SwiftAeronautes montivagusTBL,TVFC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

25White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraTBL,TVR
26Tawny-bellied HermitPhaethornis syrmatophorusTBL,TVFC
27Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeTBL,TVUC
28Choco DaggerbillSchistes albogularisTBL,TVFC
29Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeTBL,TVUC
30Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotusTBL,TVC
31Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscansTBL,TVC
32Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barrotiTBL,TVX
33Gorgeted SunangelHeliangelus strophianusTBL,TVVR
34Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiTBL,TVX
35Speckled HummingbirdAdelomyia melanogenysTBL,TVA
36Violet-tailed SylphAglaiocercus coelestisTBL,TVC
37Black-tailed TrainbearerLesbia victoriaeNM?
38#Green-tailed Trainbearer#Lesbia nunaTBL,TVUC
39Purple-backed ThornbillRamphomicron microrhynchumTVX
40Tyrian MetaltailMetallura tyrianthinaTVR
41Hoary PufflegHaplophaedia lugensTBL,TVVR
42Brown IncaCoeligena wilsoniTBL,TVFC
43Collared IncaCoeligena torquataTBL,TVUC
44Mountain VelvetbreastLafresnaya lafresnayiTBL,TVR
45Buff-tailed CoronetBoissonneaua flavescensTBL,TVA
46Velvet-purple CoronetBoissonneaua jardiniTBL,TVUC
47Booted Racket-tailOcreatus underwoodiiTBL,TVA
48Rufous-gaped HillstarUrochroa bougueriTVR
49Purple-bibbed WhitetipUrosticte benjaminiTBL,TVC
50Fawn-breasted BrilliantHeliodoxa rubinoidesTBL,TVA
51Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jaculaTBL,TVR
52Empress BrilliantHeliodoxa imperatrixTBL,TVFC
53Purple-collared WoodstarMyrtis fannyTVVR
54White-bellied WoodstarChaetocercus mulsantTBL,TVC
55Little WoodstarChaetocercus bombusTBL,TVVR
56Purple-throated WoodstarPhilodice mitchelliiTBL,TVC
57Western EmeraldChlorostilbon melanorhynchusTBL,TVA
58Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyiTBL,TVUC
59Andean EmeraldAmazilia franciaeTBL,TVA
60Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlTBL,TVA

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

61SoraPorzana carolinaTVX
62White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularisTBL,TVFC

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

63Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiTVX
64Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusTVUC

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

65Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaTVX

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

66Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensTBL,TVX

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

67Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusTBL,TVVR

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

68Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumTBL,TVVR

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

69Black VultureCoragyps atratusNM,TBL,TVFC
70Turkey VultureCathartes auraTBL,TVFC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

71Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatusTBL,TVR
72Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusNM,TBL,TVR
73Crested EagleMorphnus guianensisTBL,TVVR
74Black-and-chestnut EagleSpizaetus isidoriTBL,TVFC
75Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusTBL,TVUC
76Semicollared HawkAccipiter collarisTBL,TVUC
77Plain-breasted Hawk**Accipiter ventralisTBL,TVUC
78Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorTVR
79Barred HawkMorphnarchus princepsTBL,TVFC
80Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisNM,TBL,TVC
81White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhousTBL,TVUC
82Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosomaTBL,TVVR
83Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidusTBL,TVX
84Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusTBL,TVFC
85Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusTBL,TVUC
86White-throated HawkButeo albigulaTBL,TVUC

 
Owls: Strigidae

87Rufescent Screech-OwlMegascops ingensTBL,TVR
88Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataTVX
89Cloud-forest Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium nubicolaTBL,TVUC
90Andean Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium jardiniiTVR
91Mottled OwlCiccaba virgataTBL,TVUC
92Rufous-banded OwlCiccaba albitarsisTVR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

93Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auricepsTBL,TVFC
94Crested QuetzalPharomachrus antisianusTBL,TVUC
95Masked TrogonTrogon personatusTBL,TVC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

96Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martiiTBL,TVX
97Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchumTBL,TVR

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

98Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataTBL,TVR

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

99White-faced NunbirdHapaloptila castaneaTBL,TVR

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

100Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcieriiTBL,TVFC

 
Toucan-Barbets: Semnornithidae

101Toucan BarbetSemnornis ramphastinusTBL,TVFC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

102Crimson-rumped ToucanetAulacorhynchus haematopygusTBL,TVFC
103Plate-billed Mountain-ToucanAndigena laminirostrisTBL,TVUC
104Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatusTVX

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

105Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusTBL,TVUC
106Yellow-vented WoodpeckerDryobates dignusTBL,TVR
107Powerful WoodpeckerCampephilus pollensTBL,TVUC
108Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosusTBL,TVFC
109Crimson-mantled WoodpeckerColaptes rivoliiTBL,TVUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

110Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisTBL,TVFC
111Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusTBL,TVR
112American KestrelFalco sparveriusTBL,TVUC
113Bat FalconFalco rufigularisTBL,TVUC
114Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusTBL,TVR

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

115Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimusTVR
116Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaTBL,TVUC
117Red-billed ParrotPionus sordidusTBL,TVA
118Speckle-faced ParrotPionus tumultuosusTBL,TVFC
119Scaly-naped ParrotAmazona mercenariusTBL,TVUC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

120Uniform AntshrikeThamnophilus unicolorTBL,TVUC
121Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalisTBL,TVR
122Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolorTBL,TVFC
123Streak-headed AntbirdDrymophila striaticepsTBL,TVFC
124Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoniTBL,TVFC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

125Undulated AntpittaGrallaria squamigeraNM?
126Giant AntpittaGrallaria giganteaTBL,TVR
127Moustached AntpittaGrallaria alleniTBL,TVUC
128Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensisTBL,TVUC
129Chestnut-crowned AntpittaGrallaria ruficapillaTBL,TVFC
130Yellow-breasted AntpittaGrallaria flavotinctaTVR
131Rufous AntpittaGrallaria rufulaNM?
132Tawny AntpittaGrallaria quitensisNM?
133Ochre-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula flavirostrisTBL,TVFC

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

134Ocellated TapaculoAcropternis orthonyxNM,TVFC
135Blackish TapaculoScytalopus latransNM?
136Nariño TapaculoScytalopus viciniorTBL,TVFC
137Spillmann's TapaculoScytalopus spillmanniNM,TVFC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

138Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectusTBL,TVFC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

139Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanusTBL,TVR
140Tyrannine WoodcreeperDendrocincla tyranninaTBL,TVUC
141Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchusTBL,TVUC
142Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygiusTBL,TVUC
143Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusTVVR
144Montane WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes lacrymigerTBL,TVC
145Streaked TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes boissonneautiiTBL,TVFC
146Rusty-winged BarbtailPremnornis guttuligerTBL,TVFC
147Pacific Hornero**Furnarius cinnamomeusTBL,TVUC
148Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticepsTBL,TVUC
149Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalarisTBL,TVFC
150Uniform TreehunterThripadectes ignobilisTBL,TVR
151Striped TreehunterThripadectes holostictusTBL,TVFC
152Streak-capped TreehunterThripadectes virgaticepsTBL,TVFC
153Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemusTBL,TVX
154Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensNM,TBL,TVFC
155Pearled TreerunnerMargarornis squamigerTVFC
156Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythropsTBL,TVC
157Azara's SpinetailSynallaxis azaraeTBL,TVC
158Rufous SpinetailSynallaxis unirufaTVFC
159Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyuraTBL,TVFC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

160Golden-winged ManakinMasius chrysopterusTBL,TVUC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

161Green-and-black FruiteaterPipreola riefferiiTBL,TVR
162Orange-breasted FruiteaterPipreola jucundaTBL,TVR
163Scaled FruiteaterAmpelioides tschudiiTBL,TVUC
164Red-crested CotingaAmpelion rubrocristatusTVR
165Andean Cock-of-the-rockRupicola peruvianusTBL,TVFC
166Olivaceous PihaSnowornis cryptolophusTBL,TVFC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

167Masked TityraTityra semifasciataTBL,TVVR
168Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorTBL,TVUC
169White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusTBL,TVUC
170Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusTBL,TVUC
171One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrousTBL,TVR

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

172Tawny-breasted FlycatcherMyiobius villosusTBL,TVX

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

173Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollisTBL,TVC
174Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPhylloscartes ophthalmicusTBL,TVUC
175Bronze-olive Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus pelzelniTBL,TVUC
176Rufous-headed Pygmy-TyrantPseudotriccus ruficepsTVUC
177Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatusTBL,TVUC
178Rufous-crowned Tody-Tyrant
(Rufous-crowned Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus ruficepsTVUC
179Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumTVVR
180Cinnamon FlycatcherPyrrhomyias cinnamomeusTVUC
181Ornate FlycatcherMyiotriccus ornatusTBL,TVUC
182Handsome FlycatcherNephelomyias pulcherTVX
183Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumTVFC
184White-tailed TyrannuletMecocerculus poecilocercusTBL,TVC
185Rufous-winged TyrannuletMecocerculus calopterusTBL,TVFC
186White-crested ElaeniaElaenia albicepsTBL,TVUC
187Sierran ElaeniaElaenia pallatangaeTBL,TVUC
188Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinereaTBL,TVUC
189Black-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias nigrocapillusTVR
190Ashy-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias cinereicepsTBL,TVFC
191Tawny-rumped TyrannuletPhyllomyias uropygialisTVUC
192Flavescent FlycatcherMyiophobus flavicansTBL,TVFC
193Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatusTBL,TVUC
194Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiTBL,TVVR
195Smoke-colored PeweeContopus fumigatusTBL,TVC
196Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulusTVVR
197Black PhoebeSayornis nigricansNM,TBL,TVFC
198Streak-throated Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes striaticollisTBL,TVX
199Smoky Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes fumigatusNM,TVVR
200Crowned Chat-TyrantOchthoeca frontalisNM?
201Yellow-bellied Chat-TyrantOchthoeca diademaTVFC
202Slaty-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca cinnamomeiventrisTBL,TVR
203Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferTBL,TVFC
204Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensisTBL,TVR
205Golden-crowned FlycatcherMyiodynastes chrysocephalusNM,TBL,TVFC
206Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusNM,TBL,TVC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

207Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysTBL,TVC
208Chivi VireoVireo chiriTBL,TVFC

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

209Beautiful JayCyanolyca pulchraTBL,TVUC
210Turquoise JayCyanolyca turcosaTBL,TVUC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

211Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaNM,TBL,TVC
212Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisTBL,TVUC
213/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rusticaTBL,TVR

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

214Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaTVX

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

215House WrenTroglodytes aedonTBL,TVUC
216Mountain WrenTroglodytes solstitialisTBL,TVUC
217Plain-tailed WrenPheugopedius euophrysTVFC
218Whiskered WrenPheugopedius mystacalisNM,TBL,TVUC
219Sharpe's WrenCinnycerthia olivascensTVFC
220Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysTBL,TVA

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

221White-capped DipperCinclus leucocephalusTBL,TVUC

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

222Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvusTVX

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

223Andean SolitaireMyadestes ralloidesTBL,TVC
224Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterTBL,TVUC
225Spotted Nightingale-ThrushCatharus dryasTBL,TVVR
226Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusTBL,TVC
227Black SolitaireEntomodestes coracinusTVVR
228Ecuadorian ThrushTurdus maculirostrisTBL,TVFC
229Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucopsTBL,TVR
230Great ThrushTurdus fuscaterNM,TBL,TVX
231Glossy-black ThrushTurdus serranusTBL,TVFC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

232Chestnut-breasted ChlorophoniaChlorophonia pyrrhophrysTBL,TVR
233Yellow-collared ChlorophoniaChlorophonia flavirostrisTBL,TVVR
234Orange-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia saturataTBL,TVVR
235Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisTBL,TVFC
236Golden-rumped EuphoniaEuphonia cyanocephalaTBL,TVUC
237Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogasterTBL,TVC
238Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaTBL,TVUC
239<Yellow-bellied Siskin>Spinus xanthogastrusTBL,TVR
240Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicusTBL,TVVR

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

241Tanager FinchOreothraupis arremonopsTVUC
242Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularisTBL,TVX
243Dusky ChlorospingusChlorospingus semifuscusTBL,TVC
244Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaTBL,TVC
245Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisNM,TBL,TVC
246Tricolored BrushfinchAtlapetes tricolorTBL,TVC
247White-winged BrushfinchAtlapetes leucopterusTBL,TVFC
248Bolivian BrushfinchAtlapetes rufinuchaTVUC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

249Russet-backed OropendolaPsarocolius angustifronsTBL,TVUC
250Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisTBL,TVR
251Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorusTVR

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

252Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaTBL,TVR
253Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrinaTBL,TVVR
254Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflavaTBL,TVFC
255Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiTBL,TVC
256Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaTBL,TVC
257Three-striped WarblerBasileuterus tristriatusTBL,TVC
258Black-crested WarblerMyiothlypis nigrocristataTVC
259Russet-crowned WarblerMyiothlypis coronataTBL,TVC
260Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisTVR
261Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatusTBL,TVC
262Spectacled RedstartMyioborus melanocephalusTBL,TVC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

263Summer TanagerPiranga rubraTBL,TVFC
264White-winged TanagerPiranga leucopteraTBL,TVUC
265Golden GrosbeakPheucticus chrysogasterNM,TBL,TVUC
266Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusTBL,TVVR
267Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorTBL,TVR

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

268Western Hemispingus**Sphenopsis ochraceusTBL,TVFC
269Rufous-chested TanagerThlypopsis ornataTBL,TVFC
270White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusTBL,TVR
271Lemon-rumped Tanager**Ramphocelus icteronotusTBL,TVC
272Hooded Mountain-TanagerButhraupis montanaTVR
273Grass-green TanagerChlorornis riefferiiTVC
274Scarlet-bellied Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus igniventrisTBL,TVR
275Blue-winged Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus somptuosusTBL,TVC
276Black-chinned Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus notabilisTVVR
277Buff-breasted Mountain-TanagerDubusia taeniataTVVR
278Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonotaTBL,TVUC
279Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusTBL,TVFC
280Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumTBL,TVVR
281Blue-capped TanagerThraupis cyanocephalaTBL,TVFC
282Golden-naped TanagerChalcothraupis ruficervixTBL,TVC
283Black-capped TanagerStilpnia heineiTBL,TVC
284Scrub TanagerStilpnia vitriolinaTBL,TVX
285Blue-and-black TanagerTangara vassoriiTBL,TVUC
286Beryl-spangled TanagerTangara nigroviridisTBL,TVC
287Metallic-green TanagerTangara labradoridesTBL,TVFC
288Flame-faced TanagerTangara parzudakiiTBL,TVUC
289Golden TanagerTangara arthusTBL,TVA
290Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaTBL,TVUC
291Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaTBL,TVX
292Capped ConebillConirostrum albifronsTVFC
293Black FlowerpiercerDiglossa humeralisNM?
294White-sided FlowerpiercerDiglossa albilateraTBL,TVFC
295Rusty FlowerpiercerDiglossa sittoidesTBL,TVX
296Masked FlowerpiercerDiglossa cyaneaTBL,TVC
297PlushcapCatamblyrhynchus diademaTBL,TVUC
298Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaTBL,TVR
299Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaTBL,TVUC
300Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaTBL,TVVR
301Black-and-white SeedeaterSporophila luctuosaTBL,TVR
302Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisTBL,TVC
303BananaquitCoereba flaveolaNM,TBL,TVR
304Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusTBL,TVUC
305Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurusTVUC
306Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusTVR
307Black-winged SaltatorSaltator atripennisTBL,TVFC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain

LOCATION CODES

NMOld Nono-Mindo Road
TBLTandayapa Bird Lodge