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DESCRIPTION

RIO CANANDE RESERVE

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):2,100
# Species:361
# Excl Vagrants:361
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:43
Species/100 ha:17.2
Habitat: Lowland tropical forest

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Great TinamouTinamus major NT
2Berlepsch's TinamouCrypturellus berlepschiNE 
3Rufous-headed ChachalacaOrtalis erythropteraNEV
4Baudo GuanPenelope ortoniNEEN
5Great CurassowCrax rubraLCV
6Tawny-faced QuailRhynchortyx cinctusLC 
7Rufous-fronted Wood-QuailOdontophorus erythropsNE 
8Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea V
9Dusky PigeonPatagioenas goodsoniNE 
10Ecuadorian Ground DoveColumbina buckleyiNE 
11Purple Quail-DoveGeotrygon purpurataNEEN
12Olive-backed Quail-DoveLeptotrygon veraguensisRR 
13Banded Ground-CuckooNeomorphus radiolosusNEEN
14Choco PoorwillNyctiphrynus rosenbergiNENT
15Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica NT
16Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusNE 
17White-whiskered HermitPhaethornis yaruquiNE 
18Tooth-billed HummingbirdAndrodon aequatorialisLC 
19Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiNE 
20Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysiaRR 
21Purple-chested HummingbirdAmazilia rosenbergiNE 
22Colombian CrakeMustelirallus colombianaLC 
23Paint-billed CrakeMustelirallus erythropsLC 
24Brown Wood-RailAramides wolfiLCV
25Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumLC 
26Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
27Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucusLC 
28Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbea V
29Gray-backed HawkPseudastur occidentalisNEEN
30Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeusRR 
31Choco Screech-Owl**Megascops centalisNE 
32Pacific Pygmy-Owl
(Peruvian Pygmy-Owl)
Glaucidium peruanumRR 
33Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataLC 
34Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auricepsRR 
35Choco Trogon
(Blue-tailed Trogon)
Trogon comptusNE 
36Orange-fronted BarbetCapito squamatusNENT
37Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusLCNT
38Choco ToucanRamphastos brevisNE 
39Choco WoodpeckerDryobates chocoensisNENT
40Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterLC 
41Guayaquil WoodpeckerCampephilus gayaquilensisRRNT
42Lita WoodpeckerPiculus litaeNE 
43Plumbeous Forest-FalconMicrastur plumbeusNEV
44Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimusLC 
45Rose-faced ParrotPyrilia pulchraNE 
46Saffron-headed ParrotPyrilia pyrilia NT
47Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisLC 
48Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa NT
49Pacific ParrotletForpus coelestisNE 
50Great Green MacawAra ambiguusLCEN
51SapayoaSapayoa aenigmaRR 
52Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusRR 
53Spot-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus puncticepsRR 
54Moustached AntwrenMyrmotherula ignotaNE 
55Esmeraldas AntbirdSipia nigricaudaNE 
56Stub-tailed AntbirdSipia berlepschiNE 
57Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannaniRR 
58Rufous-crowned AntpittaPittasoma rufopileatumNENT
59Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatusRR 
60Choco TapaculoScytalopus chocoensisNE 
61Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusRR 
62Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusRR 
63Pacific Hornero**Furnarius cinnamomeusNE 
64Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufumRR 
65Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticepsRR 
66Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosusLC 
67Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensRR 
68Double-banded GraytailXenerpestes minlosiRR 
69Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythropsRR 
70Golden-winged ManakinMasius chrysopterusRR 
71Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisRR 
72Long-wattled UmbrellabirdCephalopterus penduligerNEV
73Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufusRR 
74Black-tipped CotingaCarpodectes hopkeiRR 
75Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescensRR 
76White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceusRR 
77Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillusRR 
78Pacific FlatbillRhynchocyclus pacificusNE 
79Ornate FlycatcherMyiotriccus ornatusRR 
80Choco TyrannuletZimmerius albigularisNE 
81Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercusRR 
82Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi NT
83Ochraceous AttilaAttila torridus V
84Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythraRR 
85White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatusRR 
86White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialisLC 
87Slate-throated GnatcatcherPolioptila schistaceigulaRR 
88Gray-mantled WrenOdontorchilus branickiiRR 
89Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatusRR 
90Stripe-throated WrenCantorchilus leucopogonLC 
91Rufous-brown SolitaireCichlopsis leucogenysRR 
92Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletusLC 
93Ecuadorian ThrushTurdus maculirostrisNE 
94Dagua Thrush**Turdus daguaeLC 
95Yellow-collared ChlorophoniaChlorophonia flavirostrisNE 
96Fulvous-vented EuphoniaEuphonia fulvicrissaRR 
97Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrusLC 
98Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularisRR 
99Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularisRR 
100Yellow-green ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavovirensNEV
101Red-breasted MeadowlarkLeistes militarisLC 
102Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleriRR 
103Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea V
104Choco Warbler**Basileuterus chlorophrysNE 
105Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiLC 
106Lemon-spectacled TanagerChlorothraupis olivaceaRR 
107Ochre-breasted TanagerChlorothraupis stolzmanniNE 
108Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiRR 
109White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusLC 
110Golden-chested TanagerBangsia rothschildiNE 
111Gray-and-gold TanagerPoecilostreptus palmeriRR 
112Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataRR 
113Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaRR 
114Blue-whiskered TanagerTangara johannaeNENT
115Emerald TanagerTangara floridaRR 
116Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaRR 
117Yellow-tufted Dacnis**Dacnis egregiaNE 
118Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venustaRR 
119Scarlet-breasted DacnisDacnis berlepschiNEV
120Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneusLC 
121Scarlet-browed TanagerHeterospingus xanthopygiusRR 
122Scarlet-and-white TanagerChrysothlypis salmoniNE 
123Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funereaLC 
124Large-billed Seed-FinchSporophila crassirostrisLC 
125Slate-colored SeedeaterSporophila schistaceaLC 
126Crimson-breasted FinchRhodospingus cruentusRR 
127Black-winged SaltatorSaltator atripennisNE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered