Area (SqMi):4,897
# Species:161
# Excl Vagrants:161
# Endemics:33
# Near Endemics:0
Species/1000 SqMi:32.9



//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
##Non-breeding Dispersal
()Breeding Season Only

List of all species known to occur in the islands. Table indicates whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental.* See sidebar for meaning of symbols associated with common names.

color codes

Ducks: Anatidae

1Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis
2Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
3White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis

Grebes: Podicipedidae

4Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

Flamingos: Phoenicopteridae

5American FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber

Penguins: Spheniscidae

6Galapagos PenguinSpheniscus mendiculus

Albatrosses: Diomedeidae

7Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophris
8Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans
9Waved AlbatrossPhoebastria irrorata
10Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripes

Shearwaters and Petrels: Procellariidae

11Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteus
12Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halli
13Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoides
14Cape PetrelDaption capense
15Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectata
16Galapagos PetrelPterodroma phaeopygia
17Defilippe's Petrel
(Masatierra Petrel)
Pterodroma defilippiana
18Gould's PetrelPterodroma leucoptera
19Dove Prion
(Antarctic Prion)
Pachyptila desolata
20Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoni
21Pink-footed ShearwaterArdenna creatopus
22Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipes
23Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacificus
24Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseus
25Galapagos ShearwaterPuffinus subalaris

Storm-Petrels: Hydrobatidae

26Elliot's Storm-PetrelOceanites gracilis
27White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
28White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallaria
29Polynesian Storm-PetrelNesofregetta fuliginosa
30Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
31Ainley's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma cheirmornnestes
32Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro
33Wedge-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma tethys
34Black Storm-PetrelOceanodroma melania
35Markham's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma markhami

Tropicbirds: Phaethontidae

36Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

37Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens
38Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

Boobies and Gannets: Sulidae

39Nazca BoobySula granti
40Blue-footed BoobySula nebouxii
41Brown BoobySula leucogaster
42Red-footed BoobySula sula

Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

43Flightless CormorantPhalacrocorax harrisi

Pelicans: Pelecanidae

44Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

45Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
46Great EgretArdea alba
47Snowy EgretEgretta thula
48Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
49Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
50Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
51Lava Heron**Butorides sundevalli
52Striated HeronButorides striata
53Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
54Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea

Osprey: Pandionidae

55OspreyPandion haliaetus

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

56Galapagos HawkButeo galapagoensis

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

57Galapagos RailLaterallus spilonota
58SoraPorzana carolina
59Paint-billed CrakeMustelirallus erythrops
60Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica
61Common GallinuleGallinula galeata

Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

62Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus

Oystercatchers: Haematopodidae

63American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

64Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
65American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
66Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
67Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
68Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
69KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

70WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
71Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
72Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
73Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
74Black TurnstoneArenaria melanocephala
75Red KnotCalidris canutus
76SurfbirdCalidris virgata
77Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
78SanderlingCalidris alba
79Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
80Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
81White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
82Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis
83Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
84Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
85Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
86Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
87Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
88Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
89Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius
90Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
91Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
92Wandering TattlerTringa incana
93Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
94WilletTringa semipalmata
95Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes

Skuas and Jaegers: Stercorariidae

96Great SkuaStercorarius skua
97South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki
98Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
99Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
100Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

101Swallow-tailed GullCreagrus furcatus
102Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
103Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
104Lava GullLeucophaeus fuliginosus
105Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
106Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
107Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
108White TernGygis alba
109Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
110Black TernChlidonias niger
111Common TernSterna hirundo
112Royal TernThalasseus maximus

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

113Rock PigeonColumba livia
114Galapagos DoveZenaida galapagoensis
115Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

Cuckoos: Cuculidae

116Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
117Dark-billed CuckooCoccyzus melacoryphus
118Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus

Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

119Barn OwlTyto alba

Owls: Strigidae

120Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

121Common NighthawkChordeiles minor

Swifts: Apodidae

122Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica

Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

123Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

124Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

125Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
126Galapagos FlycatcherMyiarchus magnirostris
127Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus

Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

128Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

Swallows: Hirundinidae

129Purple MartinProgne subis
130Galapagos MartinProgne modesta
131Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
132Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
133Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota

Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

134Galapagos MockingbirdMimus parvulus
135Floreana MockingbirdMimus trifasciatus
136Espanola MockingbirdMimus macdonaldi
137San Cristobal MockingbirdMimus melanotis

Waxwings: Bombycillidae

138Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

New World Warblers: Parulidae

139Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
140Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata

Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

141BananaquitCoereba flaveola
142Green Warbler-FinchCerthidea olivacea
143Gray Warbler-FinchCerthidea fusca
144Vegetarian FinchPlatyspiza crassirostris
145Woodpecker FinchCamarhynchus pallidus
146Large Tree-FinchCamarhynchus psittacula
147Medium Tree-FinchCamarhynchus pauper
148Small Tree-FinchCamarhynchus parvulus
149Mangrove FinchCamarhynchus heliobates
150Small Ground-FinchGeospiza fuliginosa
151Large Ground-FinchGeospiza magnirostris
152Vampire Ground-FinchGeospiza septentrionalis
153Genovesa Ground-FinchGeospiza acutirostris
154Sharp-beaked Ground-FinchGeospiza difficilis
155Common Cactus-FinchGeospiza scandens
156Medium Ground-FinchGeospiza fortis
157Espanola Cactus-FinchGeospiza conirostris
158Genovesa Cactus-FinchGeospiza propinqua

Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

159Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
160Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus

Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

161BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.