Area (SqMi):4,897
# Species:161
# Excl Vagrants:161
# Endemics:33
# Near Endemics:0
Species/1000 SqMi:32.9



//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
##Non-breeding Dispersal
()Breeding Season Only

List of all species known to occur in the islands. Table indicates whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental.* See sidebar for meaning of symbols associated with common names.

color codes

Ducks: Anatidae

1Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis
2Blue-winged TealSpatula discors
3White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis

Flamingos: Phoenicopteridae

4American FlamingoPhoenicopterus ruber

Grebes: Podicipedidae

5Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

6Rock PigeonColumba livia
7Galapagos DoveZenaida galapagoensis
8Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

Cuckoos: Cuculidae

9Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
10Dark-billed CuckooCoccyzus melacoryphus
11Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus

Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

12Common NighthawkChordeiles minor

Swifts: Apodidae

13Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

14Paint-billed CrakeMustelirallus erythrops
15SoraPorzana carolina
16Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
17Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica
18Galapagos RailLaterallus spilonota

Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

19Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus

Oystercatchers: Haematopodidae

20American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

21Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarola
22American Golden-PloverPluvialis dominica
23Pacific Golden-PloverPluvialis fulva
24Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
25Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatus
26KilldeerCharadrius vociferus

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

27WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
28Hudsonian GodwitLimosa haemastica
29Marbled GodwitLimosa fedoa
30Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpres
31Black TurnstoneArenaria melanocephala
32Red KnotCalidris canutus
33SurfbirdCalidris virgata
34Stilt SandpiperCalidris himantopus
35SanderlingCalidris alba
36Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdii
37Least SandpiperCalidris minutilla
38White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollis
39Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollis
40Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotos
41Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusilla
42Western SandpiperCalidris mauri
43Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseus
44Wilson's PhalaropePhalaropus tricolor
45Red-necked PhalaropePhalaropus lobatus
46Red PhalaropePhalaropus fulicarius
47Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
48Solitary SandpiperTringa solitaria
49Wandering TattlerTringa incana
50Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleuca
51WilletTringa semipalmata
52Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipes

Skuas and Jaegers: Stercorariidae

53Great SkuaStercorarius skua
54South Polar SkuaStercorarius maccormicki
55Pomarine JaegerStercorarius pomarinus
56Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticus
57Long-tailed JaegerStercorarius longicaudus

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

58Swallow-tailed GullCreagrus furcatus
59Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla
60Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcan
61Lava GullLeucophaeus fuliginosus
62Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensis
63Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
64Brown NoddyAnous stolidus
65White TernGygis alba
66Sooty TernOnychoprion fuscatus
67Black TernChlidonias niger
68Common TernSterna hirundo
69Royal TernThalasseus maximus

Tropicbirds: Phaethontidae

70Red-billed TropicbirdPhaethon aethereus

Penguins: Spheniscidae

71Galapagos PenguinSpheniscus mendiculus

Albatrosses: Diomedeidae

72Black-browed AlbatrossThalassarche melanophris
73Wandering AlbatrossDiomedea exulans
74Waved AlbatrossPhoebastria irrorata
75Black-footed AlbatrossPhoebastria nigripes

Southern Storm-Petrels: Oceanitidae

76Elliot's Storm-PetrelOceanites gracilis
77White-faced Storm-PetrelPelagodroma marina
78White-bellied Storm-PetrelFregetta grallaria
79Polynesian Storm-PetrelNesofregetta fuliginosa

Northern Storm-Petrels: Hydrobatidae

80Leach's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma leucorhoa
81Ainley's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma cheirmornnestes
82Band-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma castro
83Wedge-rumped Storm-PetrelOceanodroma tethys
84Black Storm-PetrelOceanodroma melania
85Markham's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma markhami

Shearwaters and Petrels: Procellariidae

86Southern Giant-PetrelMacronectes giganteus
87Northern Giant-PetrelMacronectes halli
88Southern FulmarFulmarus glacialoides
89Cape PetrelDaption capense
90Mottled PetrelPterodroma inexpectata
91Galapagos PetrelPterodroma phaeopygia
92Defilippe's Petrel
(Masatierra Petrel)
Pterodroma defilippiana
93Gould's PetrelPterodroma leucoptera
94Dove Prion
(Antarctic Prion)
Pachyptila desolata
95Parkinson's PetrelProcellaria parkinsoni
96Pink-footed ShearwaterArdenna creatopus
97Flesh-footed ShearwaterArdenna carneipes
98Wedge-tailed ShearwaterArdenna pacificus
99Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseus
100Galapagos ShearwaterPuffinus subalaris

Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

101Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens
102Great FrigatebirdFregata minor

Boobies and Gannets: Sulidae

103Nazca BoobySula granti
104Blue-footed BoobySula nebouxii
105Brown BoobySula leucogaster
106Red-footed BoobySula sula

Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

107Flightless CormorantPhalacrocorax harrisi

Pelicans: Pelecanidae

108Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

109Great Blue HeronArdea herodias
110Great EgretArdea alba
111Snowy EgretEgretta thula
112Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
113Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
114Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
115Lava Heron**Butorides sundevalli
116Striated HeronButorides striata
117Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
118Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea

Osprey: Pandionidae

119OspreyPandion haliaetus

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

120Galapagos HawkButeo galapagoensis

Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

121Barn OwlTyto alba

Owls: Strigidae

122Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus

Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

123Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyon

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

124Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

125Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
126Galapagos FlycatcherMyiarchus magnirostris
127Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus

Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

128Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus

Swallows: Hirundinidae

129Purple MartinProgne subis
130Galapagos MartinProgne modesta
131Bank SwallowRiparia riparia
132Barn SwallowHirundo rustica
133Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota

Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

134Galapagos MockingbirdMimus parvulus
135Floreana MockingbirdMimus trifasciatus
136Espanola MockingbirdMimus macdonaldi
137San Cristobal MockingbirdMimus melanotis

Waxwings: Bombycillidae

138Cedar WaxwingBombycilla cedrorum

Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

139BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorus

New World Warblers: Parulidae

140Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
141Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striata

Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

142Summer TanagerPiranga rubra
143Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus

Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

144BananaquitCoereba flaveola
145Green Warbler-FinchCerthidea olivacea
146Gray Warbler-FinchCerthidea fusca
147Vegetarian FinchPlatyspiza crassirostris
148Woodpecker FinchCamarhynchus pallidus
149Large Tree-FinchCamarhynchus psittacula
150Medium Tree-FinchCamarhynchus pauper
151Small Tree-FinchCamarhynchus parvulus
152Mangrove FinchCamarhynchus heliobates
153Small Ground-FinchGeospiza fuliginosa
154Large Ground-FinchGeospiza magnirostris
155Vampire Ground-FinchGeospiza septentrionalis
156Genovesa Ground-FinchGeospiza acutirostris
157Sharp-beaked Ground-FinchGeospiza difficilis
158Common Cactus-FinchGeospiza scandens
159Medium Ground-FinchGeospiza fortis
160Espanola Ground-FinchGeospiza conirostris
161Genovesa Cactus-FinchGeospiza propinqua

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.


Number of species in each locale may be based on incomplete data. Also, some locales are important for specific target species rather than overall bird diversity. Hence, it does not provide an indication of which locales are the best birding sites.

Locale# Species
Total Species161