Altitude (m):1900-2200
# Species*:77
# Excl Vagrants*:77
# Endemics*:15
# Near Endemics*:1
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: High elevation forest, scrub


The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

1Dusky-legged GuanPenelope obscura?

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

2Picazuro PigeonPatagioenas picazuroC
3Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbeaUC
4White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiC

Swifts: Apodidae

5Biscutate SwiftStreptoprocne biscutata?

Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

6Brazilian RubyClytolaema rubricauda?
7Glittering-bellied EmeraldChlorostilbon lucidus?
8Green-crowned PlovercrestStephanoxis lalandi?
9Sombre HummingbirdEupetomena cirrochloris?
10Versicolored EmeraldChrysuronia versicolor?
11White-throated HummingbirdLeucochloris albicollis?

New World Vultures: Cathartidae

12Black VultureCoragyps atratus?

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

13Rufous-thighed Hawk**Accipiter erythronemius?
14Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris?

Woodpeckers: Picidae

15White WoodpeckerMelanerpes candidus?
16White-browed WoodpeckerPiculus aurulentus?
17Campo FlickerColaptes campestris?

Seriemas: Cariamidae

18Red-legged SeriemaCariama cristata?

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

19Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayFC
20American KestrelFalco sparveriusFC
21Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis?

Parrots: Psittacidae

22Scaly-headed ParrotPionus maximiliani?
23White-eyed ParakeetPsittacara leucophthalmusFC

Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

24Giant AntshrikeBatara cinereaUC
25Large-tailed AntshrikeMackenziaena leachiiUC
26Rufous-capped AntshrikeThamnophilus ruficapillusFC
27Rufous-tailed AntbirdDrymophila genei?
28Dusky-tailed AntbirdDrymophila malura?

Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

29Rufous GnateaterConopophaga lineata?

Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

30Mouse-colored TapaculoScytalopus speluncae?

Antthrushes: Formicariidae

31Brazilian Antthrush
(Rufous-tailed Antthrush)
Chamaeza ruficauda?

Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

32Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematura?
33Buff-browed Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla rufosuperciliataFC
34Orange-eyed ThornbirdPhacellodomus erythrophthalmusUC
35Itatiaia Thistletail
(Itatiaia Spinetail)
Asthenes moreirae?
36Pallid SpinetailCranioleuca pallida?
37Rufous-capped SpinetailSynallaxis ruficapilla?
38Chicli Spinetail
(Spix's Spinetail)
Synallaxis spixi?

Manakins: Pipridae

39Serra do Mar Tyrant-ManakinNeopelma chrysolophum?

Cotingas: Cotingidae

40Swallow-tailed CotingaPhibalura flavirostris?
41Black-and-gold CotingaLipaugus atraUC
42Gray-winged CotingaLipaugus conditaR

Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

43Chestnut-crowned BecardPachyramphus castaneus?

Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

44Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralisUC
45Serra do Mar TyrannuletPhylloscartes difficilisFC
46Ochre-faced Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus plumbeicepsUC
47Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens?
48Olivaceous ElaeniaElaenia mesoleuca?
49Small-headed ElaeniaElaenia sordida?
50Rough-legged TyrannuletPhyllomyias burmeisteriUC
51<Greenish Tyrannulet>Phyllomyias virescensUC
52Planalto TyrannuletPhyllomyias fasciatus?
53Velvety Black-TyrantKnipolegus nigerrimus?
54Blue-billed Black-TyrantKnipolegus cyanirostrisUC
55Shear-tailed Gray TyrantMuscipipra vetulaUC

Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

56Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis?
57Rufous-crowned GreenletHylophilus poicilotis?
58Lemon-chested GreenletHylophilus thoracicusFC

Swallows: Hirundinidae

59Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaC

Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

60Pale-breasted ThrushTurdus leucomelasC
61Yellow-legged ThrushTurdus flavipesFC
62Rufous-bellied ThrushTurdus rufiventris?
63Creamy-bellied ThrushTurdus amaurochalinus?

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

64Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus?

New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

65Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis?

New World Warblers: Parulidae

66Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiFC
67Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus?
68White-rimmed Warbler
(White-browed Warbler)
Myiothlypis leucoblephara?

Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

69Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava?

Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

70Cinnamon TanagerSchistochlamys ruficapillus?
71Diademed TanagerStephanophorus diadematus?
72Golden-chevroned TanagerThraupis ornata?
73Burnished-buff TanagerStilpnia cayana?
74Brassy-breasted TanagerTangara desmaresti?
75Bay-chested Warbling FinchCastanozoster thoracica?
76Double-collared SeedeaterSporophila caerulescens?
77Green-winged SaltatorSaltator similis?

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
##Non-breeding Dispersal
()Breeding Season Only


AAbundant/Very Common
FCFairly/Locally Common
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare