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TARGETS

SALTO MORATO NATURAL RESERVE

BRAZIL
LOCALE

Area (ha):2,253
# Species:332
# Excl Vagrants:332
# Endemics:50
# Near Endemics:8
Species/100 ha:14.7
Habitat: Atlantic Forest, coastal estuary

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Solitary TinamouTinamus solitarius
2Brown TinamouCrypturellus obsoletus
3Yellow-legged TinamouCrypturellus noctivagus
4Tataupa TinamouCrypturellus tataupa

 
Ducks: Anatidae

5Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
6Brazilian TealAmazonetta brasiliensis

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

7Speckled ChachalacaOrtalis guttata
8Dusky-legged GuanPenelope obscura
9Black-fronted Piping-GuanPipile jacutinga

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

10Spot-winged Wood-QuailOdontophorus capueira

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

11Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbea
12Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti
13Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
14White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
15Gray-fronted DoveLeptotila rufaxilla
16Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

17Guira CuckooGuira guira
18Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
19Striped CuckooTapera naevia
20Pavonine CuckooDromococcyx pavoninus
21Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

22Nacunda NighthawkChordeiles nacunda
23Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus
24Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis
25Scissor-tailed NightjarHydropsalis torquata
26Long-trained NightjarMacropsalis forcipata

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

27Common PotooNyctibius griseus

 
Swifts: Apodidae

28White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
29Sick's SwiftChaetura meridionalis
30Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

31Black JacobinFlorisuga fusca
32Saw-billed HermitRamphodon naevius
33Dusky-throated HermitPhaethornis squalidus
34Scale-throated HermitPhaethornis eurynome
35Black-eared FairyHeliothryx auritus
36Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollis
37Festive CoquetteLophornis chalybeus
38Brazilian RubyClytolaema rubricauda
39Amethyst WoodstarCalliphlox amethystina
40Glittering-bellied EmeraldChlorostilbon lucidus
41Green-crowned PlovercrestStephanoxis lalandi
42Swallow-tailed HummingbirdEupetomena macroura
43Violet-capped WoodnymphThalurania glaucopis
44Sombre HummingbirdAphantochroa cirrochloris
45White-throated HummingbirdLeucochloris albicollis
46Versicolored EmeraldAmazilia versicolor
47Glittering-throated EmeraldAmazilia fimbriata

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

48Ash-throated CrakeMustelirallus albicollis
49Blackish RailPardirallus nigricans
50Slaty-breasted Wood-RailAramides saracura
51Rufous-sided CrakeLaterallus melanophaius

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

52LimpkinAramus guarauna

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

53Southern LapwingVanellus chilensis

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

54Wattled JacanaJacana jacana

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

55South American SnipeGallinago paraguaiae

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

56Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

57Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatum
58Great EgretArdea alba
59Snowy EgretEgretta thula
60Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
61Striated HeronButorides striata
62Whistling HeronSyrigma sibilatrix
63Capped HeronPilherodius pileatus
64Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

65Black VultureCoragyps atratus
66Turkey VultureCathartes aura

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

67White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
68Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis
69Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
70Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus
71Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucus
72Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis
73Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea
74Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
75Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor
76Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalis
77White-necked HawkButeogallus lacernulatus
78Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
79White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhous
80Mantled HawkPseudastur polionotus

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

81Barn OwlTyto alba

 
Owls: Strigidae

82Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops choliba
83Black-capped Screech-OwlMegascops atricapilla
84Tawny-browed OwlPulsatrix koeniswaldiana
85Least Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium minutissimum
86Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
87Rusty-barred OwlStrix hylophila
88Striped OwlAsio clamator
89Stygian OwlAsio stygius

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

90Green-backed TrogonTrogon viridis
91Surucua TrogonTrogon surrucura
92Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufus

 
Motmots: Momotidae

93Rufous-capped MotmotBaryphthengus ruficapillus

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

94Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
95Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona
96American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aenea
97Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana
98Green-and-rufous KingfisherChloroceryle inda

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

99Buff-bellied PuffbirdNotharchus swainsoni
100Crescent-chested PuffbirdMalacoptila striata
101Rusty-breasted NunletNonnula rubecula

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

102Saffron ToucanetPteroglossus bailloni
103Spot-billed ToucanetSelenidera maculirostris
104Channel-billed ToucanRamphastos vitellinus
105Red-breasted ToucanRamphastos dicolorus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

106Ochre-collared PiculetPicumnus temminckii
107White WoodpeckerMelanerpes candidus
108Yellow-fronted WoodpeckerMelanerpes flavifrons
109White-spotted WoodpeckerDryobates spilogaster
110Robust WoodpeckerCampephilus robustus
111Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus
112Blond-crested WoodpeckerCeleus flavescens
113Yellow-throated WoodpeckerPiculus flavigula
114White-browed WoodpeckerPiculus aurulentus
115Green-barred WoodpeckerColaptes melanochloros
116Campo FlickerColaptes campestris

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

117Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis
118Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus
119Southern CaracaraCaracara plancus
120Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachima
121Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
122American KestrelFalco sparverius

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

123Plain ParakeetBrotogeris tirica
124Pileated ParrotPionopsitta pileata
125Blue-bellied ParrotTriclaria malachitacea
126Scaly-headed ParrotPionus maximiliani
127Red-tailed ParrotAmazona brasiliensis
128Blue-winged ParrotletForpus xanthopterygius
129Maroon-bellied ParakeetPyrrhura frontalis

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

130Spot-backed AntshrikeHypoedaleus guttatus
131Giant AntshrikeBatara cinerea
132Large-tailed AntshrikeMackenziaena leachii
133Tufted AntshrikeMackenziaena severa
134Rufous-capped AntshrikeThamnophilus ruficapillus
135Variable AntshrikeThamnophilus caerulescens
136Star-throated AntwrenRhopias gularis
137Spot-breasted AntvireoDysithamnus stictothorax
138Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis
139Unicolored AntwrenMyrmotherula unicolor
140Rufous-winged AntwrenHerpsilochmus rufimarginatus
141Parana AntwrenStymphalornis acutirostris
142Ferruginous AntbirdDrymophila ferruginea
143Bertoni's AntbirdDrymophila rubricollis
144Ochre-rumped AntbirdDrymophila ochropyga
145Dusky-tailed AntbirdDrymophila malura
146Scaled AntbirdDrymophila squamata
147Streak-capped AntwrenTerenura maculata
148White-shouldered Fire-eyePyriglena leucoptera
149Squamate AntbirdMyrmodenus squamosa

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

150Black-cheeked GnateaterConopophaga melanops
151Rufous GnateaterConopophaga lineata

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

152Variegated AntpittaGrallaria varia
153Speckle-breasted AntpittaHylopezus nattereri

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

154Spotted BamboowrenPsilorhamphus guttatus
155White-breasted TapaculoEleoscytalopus indigoticus

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

156Rufous-capped AntthrushFormicarius colma
157Short-tailed AntthrushChamaeza campanisona
158Such's AntthrushChamaeza meruloides

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

159Rufous-breasted LeaftosserSclerurus scansor
160Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus
161Plain-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla turdina
162Planalto WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes platyrostris
163White-throated WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes albicollis
164Lesser WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus fuscus
165Black-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus falcularius
166Scalloped WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes falcinellus
167Plain XenopsXenops minutus
168Streaked XenopsXenops rutilans
169Rufous HorneroFurnarius rufus
170Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematura
171White-collared Foliage-gleanerAnabazenops fuscus
172Pale-browed TreehunterCichlocolaptes leucophrus
173Sharp-billed TreehunterHeliobletus contaminatus
174Black-capped Foliage-gleanerPhilydor atricapillus
175Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufum
176White-browed Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia amaurotis
177Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia lichtensteini
178Buff-browed Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla rufosuperciliata
179White-eyed Foliage-gleanerAutomolus leucophthalmus
180Olive SpinetailCranioleuca obsoleta
181Pallid SpinetailCranioleuca pallida
182Yellow-chinned SpinetailCerthiaxis cinnamomeus
183Rufous-capped SpinetailSynallaxis ruficapilla
184Gray-bellied SpinetailSynallaxis cinerascens
185Chicli Spinetail
(Spix's Spinetail)
Synallaxis spixi

 
Manakins: Pipridae

186Swallow-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia caudata
187Pin-tailed ManakinIlicura militaris
188White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

189Hooded BerryeaterCarpornis cucullata
190Black-headed BerryeaterCarpornis melanocephala
191Red-ruffed FruitcrowPyroderus scutatus
192Cinnamon-vented PihaLipaugus lanioides
193Bare-throated BellbirdProcnias nudicollis

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

194Black-tailed TityraTityra cayana
195Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor
196Greenish SchiffornisSchiffornis virescens
197Green-backed BecardPachyramphus viridis
198Chestnut-crowned BecardPachyramphus castaneus
199White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus
200Crested BecardPachyramphus validus

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

201SharpbillOxyruncus cristatus
202Atlantic Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus swainsoni
203Bearded FlycatcherMyiobius barbatus
204Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudus

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

205Wing-barred PipritesPiprites chloris
206White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus
207Gray-hooded FlycatcherMionectes rufiventris
208Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalus
209Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralis
210Restinga TyrannuletPhylloscartes kronei
211Sao Paulo TyrannuletPhylloscartes paulista
212Oustalet's TyrannuletPhylloscartes oustaleti
213Eared Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis auricularis
214Drab-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant
(Drab-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant)
Hemitriccus diops
215Eye-ringed Tody-TyrantHemitriccus orbitatus
216Hangnest Tody-TyrantHemitriccus nidipendulus
217Ochre-faced Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus plumbeiceps
218Gray-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum poliocephalum
219Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens
220Cliff FlycatcherHirundinea ferruginea
221Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum
222Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis caniceps
223Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
224Olivaceous ElaeniaElaenia mesoleuca
225Highland ElaeniaElaenia obscura
226Sooty TyrannuletSerpophaga nigricans
227White-crested TyrannuletSerpophaga subcristata
228Greenish TyrannuletPhyllomyias virescens
229Planalto TyrannuletPhyllomyias fasciatus
230Gray-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseocapilla
231Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatus
232Euler's FlycatcherLathrotriccus euleri
233Tropical PeweeContopus cinereus
234Fuscous FlycatcherCnemotriccus fuscatus
235Blue-billed Black-TyrantKnipolegus cyanirostris
236Yellow-browed TyrantSatrapa icterophrys
237Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus
238Large-headed FlatbillRamphotrigon megacephalum
239Rufous-tailed AttilaAttila phoenicurus
240Gray-hooded AttilaAttila rufus
241Sibilant SirystesSirystes sibilator
242Swainson's FlycatcherMyiarchus swainsoni
243Short-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus ferox
244Cattle TyrantMachetornis rixosa
245Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
246Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
247Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
248Three-striped FlycatcherConopias trivirgatus
249Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
250Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius
251Variegated FlycatcherEmpidonomus varius
252Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
253Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savana

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

254Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis
255Rufous-crowned GreenletHylophilus poicilotis
256Chivi VireoVireo chiri

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

257Azure JayCyanocorax caeruleus

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

258Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
259Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
260Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
261Brown-chested MartinProgne tapera
262White-rumped SwallowTachycineta leucorrhoa
263/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

264Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

265House WrenTroglodytes aedon
266Long-billed WrenCantorchilus longirostris

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

267Pale-breasted ThrushTurdus leucomelas
268Yellow-legged ThrushTurdus flavipes
269White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollis
270Rufous-bellied ThrushTurdus rufiventris
271Creamy-bellied ThrushTurdus amaurochalinus

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

272House SparrowPasser domesticus

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

273Blue-naped ChlorophoniaChlorophonia cyanea
274Violaceous EuphoniaEuphonia violacea
275Green-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chalybea
276Golden-rumped EuphoniaEuphonia cyanocephala
277Chestnut-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia pectoralis

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

278Half-collared SparrowArremon semitorquatus
279Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

280White-browed MeadowlarkLeistes superciliaris
281Golden-winged CaciqueCacicus chrysopterus
282Red-rumped CaciqueCacicus haemorrhous
283Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

284Masked YellowthroatGeothlypis aequinoctialis
285Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi
286Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus
287White-rimmed Warbler
(White-browed Warbler)
Myiothlypis leucoblephara
288Riverbank WarblerMyiothlypis rivularis

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

289Olive-green TanagerOrthogonys chloricterus

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

290Red-crowned Ant-TanagerHabia rubica
291Blackish-blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza moesta
292Ultramarine GrosbeakCyanoloxia brissonii

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

293Brown TanagerOrchesticus abeillei
294Orange-headed TanagerThlypopsis sordida
295Chestnut-headed TanagerThlypopsis pyrrhocoma
296Black-goggled TanagerTrichothraupis melanops
297Flame-crested TanagerTachyphonus cristatus
298Ruby-crowned TanagerTachyphonus coronatus
299Brazilian TanagerRamphocelus bresilius
300Diademed TanagerStephanophorus diadematus
301Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonota
302Sayaca TanagerThraupis sayaca
303Azure-shouldered TanagerThraupis cyanoptera
304Golden-chevroned TanagerThraupis ornata
305Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum
306Black-backed TanagerStilpnia peruviana
307Chestnut-backed TanagerStilpnia preciosa
308Green-headed TanagerTangara seledon
309Red-necked TanagerTangara cyanocephala
310Brassy-breasted TanagerTangara desmaresti
311Swallow TanagerTersina viridis
312Black-legged DacnisDacnis nigripes
313Blue DacnisDacnis cayana
314Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza
315Guira TanagerHemithraupis guira
316Rufous-headed TanagerHemithraupis ruficapilla
317Bicolored ConebillConirostrum bicolor
318Chestnut-vented ConebillConirostrum speciosum
319Uniform FinchHaplospiza unicolor
320Red-rumped Warbling-Finch
(Buff-throated Warbling-Finch)
Poospiza lateralis
321Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola
322Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
323Lined SeedeaterSporophila lineola
324Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensis
325Double-collared SeedeaterSporophila caerulescens
326Temminck's SeedeaterSporophila falcirostris
327Buffy-fronted SeedeaterSporophila frontalis
328BananaquitCoereba flaveola
329Sooty GrassquitAsemospiza fuliginosus
330Green-winged SaltatorSaltator similis
331Thick-billed SaltatorSaltator maxillosus
332Black-throated GrosbeakSaltator fuliginosus

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental