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VOLTA VELHA RESERVE

BRAZIL
LOCALE

Area (ha):1,100
# Species:269
# Excl Vagrants:269
# Endemics:33
# Near Endemics:0
Species/100 ha:24.5
Habitat: SE Atlantic forest, wetlands

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Solitary TinamouTinamus solitarius
2Brown TinamouCrypturellus obsoletus
3Yellow-legged TinamouCrypturellus noctivagus
4Tataupa TinamouCrypturellus tataupa

 
Ducks: Anatidae

5White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduata
6Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
7Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
8Brazilian TealAmazonetta brasiliensis

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

9Speckled ChachalacaOrtalis guttata
10Scaled ChachalacaOrtalis squamata
11Rusty-margined GuanPenelope superciliaris
12Dusky-legged GuanPenelope obscura

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

13Spot-winged Wood-QuailOdontophorus capueira

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

14Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis
15Picazuro PigeonPatagioenas picazuro
16Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti
17Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
18White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
19Gray-fronted DoveLeptotila rufaxilla

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

20Guira CuckooGuira guira
21Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
22Striped CuckooTapera naevia
23Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana
24Dark-billed CuckooCoccyzus melacoryphus

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

25Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus
26Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis
27Scissor-tailed NightjarHydropsalis torquata

 
Swifts: Apodidae

28Great Dusky SwiftCypseloides senex
29White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
30Sick's SwiftChaetura meridionalis
31Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

32Black JacobinFlorisuga fusca
33Saw-billed HermitRamphodon naevius
34Dusky-throated HermitPhaethornis squalidus
35Scale-throated HermitPhaethornis eurynome
36Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollis
37Glittering-bellied EmeraldChlorostilbon lucidus
38Swallow-tailed HummingbirdEupetomena macroura
39Violet-capped WoodnymphThalurania glaucopis
40Sombre HummingbirdAphantochroa cirrochloris
41White-throated HummingbirdLeucochloris albicollis
42Versicolored EmeraldAmazilia versicolor
43Glittering-throated EmeraldAmazilia fimbriata
44Sapphire-spangled EmeraldAmazilia lactea

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

45Ash-throated CrakeMustelirallus albicollis
46Blackish RailPardirallus nigricans
47Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneus
48Slaty-breasted Wood-RailAramides saracura
49Rufous-sided CrakeLaterallus melanophaius

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

50LimpkinAramus guarauna

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

51Southern LapwingVanellus chilensis

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

52Wattled JacanaJacana jacana

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

53South American SnipeGallinago paraguaiae

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

54Kelp GullLarus dominicanus

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

55Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
Boobies and Gannets: Sulidae

56Brown BoobySula leucogaster

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

57Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

58Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatum
59Cocoi HeronArdea cocoi
60Great EgretArdea alba
61Snowy EgretEgretta thula
62Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
63Striated HeronButorides striata
64Whistling HeronSyrigma sibilatrix
65Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

66Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

67Black VultureCoragyps atratus
68Turkey VultureCathartes aura
69King VultureSarcoramphus papa

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

70Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
71Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus
72Rufous-thighed KiteHarpagus diodon
73Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosus
74Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
75Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor
76White-necked HawkButeogallus lacernulatus
77Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
78Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

79Barn OwlTyto alba

 
Owls: Strigidae

80Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops choliba
81Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia
82Mottled OwlCiccaba virgata
83Stygian OwlAsio stygius

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

84Green-backed TrogonTrogon viridis
85Surucua TrogonTrogon surrucura
86Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufus

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

87Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
88Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona
89American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aenea
90Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana
91Green-and-rufous KingfisherChloroceryle inda

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

92Crescent-chested PuffbirdMalacoptila striata
93Rusty-breasted NunletNonnula rubecula

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

94Spot-billed ToucanetSelenidera maculirostris
95Channel-billed ToucanRamphastos vitellinus
96Red-breasted ToucanRamphastos dicolorus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

97White-barred PiculetPicumnus cirratus
98White WoodpeckerMelanerpes candidus
99Yellow-fronted WoodpeckerMelanerpes flavifrons
100White-spotted WoodpeckerDryobates spilogaster
101Robust WoodpeckerCampephilus robustus
102Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus
103Helmeted WoodpeckerCeleus galeatus
104Blond-crested WoodpeckerCeleus flavescens
105Yellow-throated WoodpeckerPiculus flavigula
106Campo FlickerColaptes campestris

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

107Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis
108Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus
109Southern CaracaraCaracara plancus
110Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachima
111Chimango CaracaraMilvago chimango
112Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

113Brown-backed ParrotletTouit melanonotus
114Plain ParakeetBrotogeris tirica
115Pileated ParrotPionopsitta pileata
116Blue-bellied ParrotTriclaria malachitacea
117Scaly-headed ParrotPionus maximiliani
118Red-tailed ParrotAmazona brasiliensis
119Blue-winged ParrotletForpus xanthopterygius
120Blue-winged MacawPrimolius maracana

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

121Spot-backed AntshrikeHypoedaleus guttatus
122Giant AntshrikeBatara cinerea
123Variable AntshrikeThamnophilus caerulescens
124Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis
125Unicolored AntwrenMyrmotherula unicolor
126Rufous-winged AntwrenHerpsilochmus rufimarginatus
127Parana AntwrenStymphalornis acutirostris
128Ferruginous AntbirdDrymophila ferruginea
129Scaled AntbirdDrymophila squamata
130White-shouldered Fire-eyePyriglena leucoptera
131White-bibbed AntbirdMyrmodenus loricata
132Squamate AntbirdMyrmodenus squamosa

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

133Black-cheeked GnateaterConopophaga melanops
134Rufous GnateaterConopophaga lineata

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

135White-breasted TapaculoEleoscytalopus indigoticus
136Mouse-colored TapaculoScytalopus speluncae

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

137Rufous-capped AntthrushFormicarius colma
138Short-tailed AntthrushChamaeza campanisona

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

139Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus
140Plain-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla turdina
141Planalto WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes platyrostris
142White-throated WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes albicollis
143Lesser WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus fuscus
144Plain XenopsXenops minutus
145Streaked XenopsXenops rutilans
146Rufous HorneroFurnarius rufus
147Pale-browed TreehunterCichlocolaptes leucophrus
148Black-capped Foliage-gleanerPhilydor atricapillus
149Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia lichtensteini
150White-eyed Foliage-gleanerAutomolus leucophthalmus
151Yellow-chinned SpinetailCerthiaxis cinnamomeus
152Rufous-capped SpinetailSynallaxis ruficapilla
153Chicli Spinetail
(Spix's Spinetail)
Synallaxis spixi

 
Manakins: Pipridae

154Swallow-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia caudata
155White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

156Red-ruffed FruitcrowPyroderus scutatus
157Bare-throated BellbirdProcnias nudicollis

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

158Black-tailed TityraTityra cayana
159Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor
160Greenish SchiffornisSchiffornis virescens
161White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus
162Crested BecardPachyramphus validus

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

163SharpbillOxyruncus cristatus
164Atlantic Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus swainsoni
165Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudus

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

166Wing-barred PipritesPiprites chloris
167White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus
168Russet-winged SpadebillPlatyrinchus leucoryphus
169Gray-hooded FlycatcherMionectes rufiventris
170Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalus
171Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralis
172Restinga TyrannuletPhylloscartes kronei
173Eared Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis auricularis
174Eye-ringed Tody-TyrantHemitriccus orbitatus
175Kaempfer's Tody-TyrantHemitriccus kaempferi
176Ochre-faced Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus plumbeiceps
177Gray-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum poliocephalum
178Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens
179Cliff FlycatcherHirundinea ferruginea
180Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum
181Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis caniceps
182Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
183Olivaceous ElaeniaElaenia mesoleuca
184Small-headed ElaeniaElaenia sordida
185White-crested TyrannuletSerpophaga subcristata
186Planalto TyrannuletPhyllomyias fasciatus
187Gray-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseocapilla
188Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatus
189Euler's FlycatcherLathrotriccus euleri
190Tropical PeweeContopus cinereus
191Fuscous FlycatcherCnemotriccus fuscatus
192Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
193Yellow-browed TyrantSatrapa icterophrys
194Shear-tailed Gray TyrantMuscipipra vetula
195Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus
196Rufous-tailed AttilaAttila phoenicurus
197Gray-hooded AttilaAttila rufus
198Sibilant SirystesSirystes sibilator
199Swainson's FlycatcherMyiarchus swainsoni
200Short-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus ferox
201Cattle TyrantMachetornis rixosa
202Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
203Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
204Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
205Three-striped FlycatcherConopias trivirgatus
206Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
207Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius
208Variegated FlycatcherEmpidonomus varius
209Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
210Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savana

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

211Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis
212Rufous-crowned GreenletHylophilus poicilotis
213Chivi VireoVireo chiri

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

214Azure JayCyanocorax caeruleus

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

215Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
216Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
217Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
218Brown-chested MartinProgne tapera
219White-rumped SwallowTachycineta leucorrhoa

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

220Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

221House WrenTroglodytes aedon
222Long-billed WrenCantorchilus longirostris

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

223Yellow-legged ThrushTurdus flavipes
224White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollis
225Rufous-bellied ThrushTurdus rufiventris
226Creamy-bellied ThrushTurdus amaurochalinus

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

227Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

228House SparrowPasser domesticus

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

229Violaceous EuphoniaEuphonia violacea
230Green-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chalybea
231Chestnut-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia pectoralis
232Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

233Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

234White-browed MeadowlarkLeistes superciliaris
235Red-rumped CaciqueCacicus haemorrhous
236Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

237Masked YellowthroatGeothlypis aequinoctialis
238Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi
239Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus
240White-bellied Warbler**Basileuterus hypoleucus
241Riverbank WarblerMyiothlypis rivularis

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

242Olive-green TanagerOrthogonys chloricterus

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

243Red-crowned Ant-TanagerHabia rubica
244Glaucous-blue GrosbeakCyanoloxia glaucocaerulea

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

245Black-goggled TanagerTrichothraupis melanops
246Flame-crested TanagerTachyphonus cristatus
247Ruby-crowned TanagerTachyphonus coronatus
248Brazilian TanagerRamphocelus bresilius
249Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonota
250Sayaca TanagerThraupis sayaca
251Azure-shouldered TanagerThraupis cyanoptera
252Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum
253Black-backed TanagerStilpnia peruviana
254Chestnut-backed TanagerStilpnia preciosa
255Green-headed TanagerTangara seledon
256Red-necked TanagerTangara cyanocephala
257Swallow TanagerTersina viridis
258Blue DacnisDacnis cayana
259Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza
260Guira TanagerHemithraupis guira
261Rufous-headed TanagerHemithraupis ruficapilla
262Chestnut-vented ConebillConirostrum speciosum
263Uniform FinchHaplospiza unicolor
264Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola
265Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
266Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensis
267Double-collared SeedeaterSporophila caerulescens
268BananaquitCoereba flaveola
269Green-winged SaltatorSaltator similis

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental