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DESCRIPTION">
SPECIALTIES

CARACA MONASTERY

BRAZIL
LOCALE

# Species:414
# Excl Vagrants:414
# Endemics:52
# Near Endemics:6
Habitat: SE Atlantic forest, cerrado, marsh

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Brown TinamouCrypturellus obsoletus?
2Small-billed TinamouCrypturellus parvirostris?
3Tataupa TinamouCrypturellus tataupa?

 
Ducks: Anatidae

4Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis?
5Muscovy DuckCairina moschata?

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

6Rusty-margined GuanPenelope superciliaris?
7Dusky-legged GuanPenelope obscuraFC

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

8Spot-winged Wood-QuailOdontophorus capueira?

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

9Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus?
10Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

11Rock PigeonColumba livia?
12Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis?
13Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosa?
14Picazuro PigeonPatagioenas picazuro?
15Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbeaUC
16Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiFC
17Scaled DoveColumbina squammata?
18Picui Ground DoveColumbina picui?
19Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa?
20Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaUC
21White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi?
22Gray-fronted DoveLeptotila rufaxilla?
23Eared DoveZenaida auriculata?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

24Guira CuckooGuira guira?
25Greater AniCrotophaga major?
26Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani?
27Striped CuckooTapera naevia?
28Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

29Least NighthawkChordeiles pusillus?
30Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus?
31Pygmy NightjarNyctipolus hirundinaceus?
32Band-winged NightjarSystellura longirostris?
33Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis?
34Spot-tailed NightjarHydropsalis maculicaudusUC
35Scissor-tailed NightjarHydropsalis torquataUC
36Long-trained NightjarMacropsalis forcipata?
37Ocellated PoorwillNyctiphrynus ocellatus?

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

38Common PotooNyctibius griseus?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

39Sooty SwiftCypseloides fumigatus?
40Great Dusky SwiftCypseloides senex?
41White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisC
42Biscutate SwiftStreptoprocne biscutata?
43Sick's SwiftChaetura meridionalis?

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

44Black JacobinFlorisuga fusca?
45Dusky-throated HermitPhaethornis squalidus?
46Planalto HermitPhaethornis pretreiUC
47Scale-throated HermitPhaethornis eurynome?
48Hyacinth VisorbearerAugastes scutatusFC
49White-vented VioletearColibri serrirostrisC
50White-tailed GoldenthroatPolytmus guainumbi?
51Ruby-topaz HummingbirdChrysolampis mosquitus?
52Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollis?
53Frilled CoquetteLophornis magnificus?
54Brazilian RubyHeliodoxa rubricauda?
55Stripe-breasted StarthroatHeliomaster squamosus?
56Blue-tufted StarthroatHeliomaster furcifer?
57Amethyst WoodstarCalliphlox amethystina?
58Glittering-bellied EmeraldChlorostilbon lucidusFC
59Gray-breasted SabrewingCampylopterus largipennis?
60Diamantina SabrewingCampylopterus diamantinensis?
61Violet-capped WoodnymphThalurania glaucopis?
62Fork-tailed WoodnymphThalurania furcata?
63Swallow-tailed HummingbirdEupetomena macroura?
64Sombre HummingbirdEupetomena cirrochloris?
65Versicolored EmeraldChrysuronia versicolor?
66White-throated HummingbirdLeucochloris albicollis?
67Glittering-throated EmeraldChionomesa fimbriata?
68Sapphire-spangled EmeraldChionomesa lactea?
69White-chinned SapphireChlorestes cyanus?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

70Ash-throated CrakeMustelirallus albicollis?
71Spotted RailPardirallus maculatus?
72Blackish RailPardirallus nigricansFC
73Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneus?
74Slaty-breasted Wood-RailAramides saracuraFC
75Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica?

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

76Southern LapwingVanellus chilensis?

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

77Wattled JacanaJacana jacana?

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

78Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianus?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

79Cocoi HeronArdea cocoi?
80Great EgretArdea alba?
81Snowy EgretEgretta thula?
82Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis?
83Striated HeronButorides striata?
84Whistling HeronSyrigma sibilatrix?
85Capped HeronPilherodius pileatus?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

86Buff-necked IbisTheristicus caudatus?

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

87Black VultureCoragyps atratusC
88Turkey VultureCathartes auraFC
89Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianus?
90King VultureSarcoramphus papa?

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

91White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus?
92Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis?
93Rufous-thighed KiteHarpagus diodon?
94Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus?
95Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor?
96Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalis?
97Chaco EagleButeogallus coronatus?
98Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris?
99Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctus?
100White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatus?
101Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucus?
102Mantled HawkPseudastur polionotus?
103Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

104Barn OwlTyto alba?

 
Owls: Strigidae

105Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops cholibaC
106Black-capped Screech-OwlMegascops atricapilla?
107Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata?
108Tawny-browed OwlPulsatrix koeniswaldiana?
109Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianum?
110Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia?
111Rusty-barred OwlStrix hylophila?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

112Green-backed TrogonTrogon viridis?
113Surucua TrogonTrogon surrucuraC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

114Rufous-capped MotmotBaryphthengus ruficapillus?

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

115Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata?
116Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona?
117Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana?

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

118Crescent-chested PuffbirdMalacoptila striata?

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

119Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda?

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

120Toco ToucanRamphastos toco?
121Red-breasted ToucanRamphastos dicolorus?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

122White-barred PiculetPicumnus cirratusC
123White-wedged PiculetPicumnus albosquamatus?
124White WoodpeckerMelanerpes candidus?
125Checkered WoodpeckerDryobates mixtus?
126Little WoodpeckerDryobates passerinus?
127Yellow-eared WoodpeckerDryobates maculifrons?
128Robust WoodpeckerCampephilus robustus?
129Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus?
130Blond-crested WoodpeckerCeleus flavescens?
131Yellow-throated WoodpeckerPiculus flavigula?
132White-browed WoodpeckerPiculus aurulentus?
133Green-barred WoodpeckerColaptes melanochloros?
134Campo FlickerColaptes campestris?

 
Seriemas: Cariamidae

135Red-legged SeriemaCariama cristata?

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

136Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans?
137Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus?
138Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis?
139Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayC
140Yellow-headed CaracaraDaptrius chimachimaFC
141American KestrelFalco sparverius?
142Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis?
143Bat FalconFalco rufigularis?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

144Brown-backed ParrotletTouit melanonotus?
145Plain ParakeetBrotogeris tirica?
146Yellow-chevroned ParakeetBrotogeris chiriri?
147Pileated ParrotPionopsitta pileata?
148Scaly-headed ParrotPionus maximilianiFC
149Yellow-faced ParrotAlipiopsitta xanthops?
150Turquoise-fronted ParrotAmazona aestiva?
151Cobalt-rumped ParrotletForpus xanthopterygius?
152Maroon-bellied ParakeetPyrrhura frontalis?
153Peach-fronted ParakeetEupsittula aurea?
154Golden-capped ParakeetAratinga auricapillus?
155Blue-winged MacawPrimolius maracana?
156Blue-crowned ParakeetThectocercus acuticaudatus?
157Red-shouldered MacawDiopsittaca nobilis?
158White-eyed ParakeetPsittacara leucophthalmus?

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

159Giant AntshrikeBatara cinerea?
160Large-tailed AntshrikeMackenziaena leachiiUC
161Tufted AntshrikeMackenziaena severaFC
162Great AntshrikeTaraba major?
163Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus?
164Planalto Slaty-AntshrikeThamnophilus pelzelni?
165Sooretama Slaty-AntshrikeThamnophilus ambiguus?
166Variable AntshrikeThamnophilus caerulescensUC
167Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis?
168White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillaris?
169Black-capped AntwrenHerpsilochmus atricapillus?
170Large-billed AntwrenHerpsilochmus longirostris?
171Serra AntwrenFormicivora serranaFC
172Ferruginous AntbirdDrymophila ferruginea?
173Ochre-rumped AntbirdDrymophila ochropygaUC
174Dusky-tailed AntbirdDrymophila maluraUC
175Scaled AntbirdDrymophila squamata?
176White-shouldered Fire-eyePyriglena leucopteraFC
177White-bibbed AntbirdMyrmodenus loricataR

 
Crescentchests: Melanopareiidae

178Collared CrescentchestMelanopareia torquata?

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

179Black-cheeked GnateaterConopophaga melanops?
180Rufous GnateaterConopophaga lineataUC

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

181Spotted BamboowrenPsilorhamphus guttatusR
182White-breasted TapaculoEleoscytalopus indigoticusUC
183Rock TapaculoScytalopus petrophilusUC
184Mouse-colored TapaculoScytalopus speluncae?

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

185Such's AntthrushChamaeza meruloides?

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

186South American LeaftosserSclerurus obscurior?
187Rufous-breasted LeaftosserSclerurus scansor?
188Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillusC
189Plain-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla turdina?
190Planalto WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes platyrostris?
191White-throated WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes albicollis?
192Lesser WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus fuscus?
193Narrow-billed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes angustirostris?
194Scaled WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes squamatus?
195Plain XenopsXenops minutus?
196Streaked XenopsXenops rutilans?
197Wing-banded HorneroFurnarius figulus?
198Pale-legged HorneroFurnarius leucopus?
199Rufous HorneroFurnarius rufus?
200Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematura?
201Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia lichtensteini?
202Buff-browed Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla rufosuperciliataFC
203Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerDendroma rufum?
204White-eyed Foliage-gleanerAutomolus leucophthalmus?
205Rufous-fronted ThornbirdPhacellodomus rufifrons?
206Orange-eyed ThornbirdPhacellodomus erythrophthalmus?
207Orange-breasted ThornbirdPhacellodomus ferrugineigula?
208Firewood-gathererAnumbius annumbi?
209Itatiaia SpinetailAsthenes moreirae?
210Rusty-backed SpinetailCranioleuca vulpina?
211Pallid SpinetailCranioleuca pallida?
212Yellow-chinned SpinetailCerthiaxis cinnamomeus?
213Rufous-capped SpinetailSynallaxis ruficapillaFC
214Gray-bellied SpinetailSynallaxis cinerascens?
215Sooty-fronted SpinetailSynallaxis frontalis?
216Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescens?
217Spix's SpinetailSynallaxis spixiFC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

218Pale-bellied Tyrant-ManakinNeopelma pallescens?
219Serra do Mar Tyrant-ManakinNeopelma chrysolophum?
220Swallow-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia caudata?
221Pin-tailed ManakinIlicura militarisFC
222White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus?

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

223Swallow-tailed CotingaPhibalura flavirostrisUC
224Red-ruffed FruitcrowPyroderus scutatusR
225Cinnamon-vented PihaLipaugus lanioidesUC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

226Greenish SchiffornisSchiffornis virescens?
227Green-backed BecardPachyramphus viridisUC
228Chestnut-crowned BecardPachyramphus castaneusFC
229White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus?
230Crested BecardPachyramphus validus?

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

231SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusFC
232Bearded FlycatcherMyiobius barbatusFC
233Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudus?

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

234Suiriri FlycatcherSuiriri suiriri?
235White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus?
236Gray-hooded FlycatcherMionectes rufiventris?
237Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalus?
238Oustalet's TyrannuletPhylloscartes oustaleti?
239Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralisUC
240Serra do Mar TyrannuletPogonotriccus difficilis?
241Southern Bristle-TyrantPogonotriccus eximius?
242Southern AntpipitCorythopis delalandi?
243Eared Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis auricularisFC
244Drab-breasted Pygmy-TyrantHemitriccus diopsUC
245Brown-breasted Pygmy-TyrantHemitriccus obsoletus?
246Hangnest Tody-TyrantHemitriccus nidipendulusFC
247Pearly-vented Tody-TyrantHemitriccus margaritaceiventer?
248Ochre-faced Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus plumbeicepsUC
249Gray-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum poliocephalumFC
250Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum?
251Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensFC
252Cliff FlycatcherHirundinea ferrugineaFC
253Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumFC
254Southern Mouse-colored TyrannuletNesotriccus murina?
255Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola?
256Gray-backed TachuriPolystictus superciliarisUC
257Sharp-tailed TyrantCulicivora caudacuta?
258Forest ElaeniaMyiopagis gaimardiiUC
259Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis caniceps?
260Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata?
261Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster?
262Large ElaeniaElaenia spectabilis?
263Small-billed ElaeniaElaenia parvirostris?
264Olivaceous ElaeniaElaenia mesoleuca?
265Plain-crested ElaeniaElaenia cristata?
266Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensis?
267Small-headed ElaeniaElaenia sordidaUC
268Sooty TyrannuletSerpophaga nigricans?
269White-crested TyrannuletSerpophaga subcristata?
270Rough-legged TyrannuletPhyllomyias burmeisteri?
271<Greenish Tyrannulet>Phyllomyias virescensUC
272Planalto TyrannuletPhyllomyias fasciatusFC
273Gray-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseocapilla?
274Fulvous-crowned Scrub-TyrantEuscarthmus meloryphus?
275Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatusFC
276Euler's FlycatcherLathrotriccus euleriFC
277Southern Tropical PeweeContopus cinereusFC
278Fuscous FlycatcherCnemotriccus fuscatus?
279Southern Scrub-FlycatcherSublegatus modestus?
280Crested Black-TyrantKnipolegus lophotes?
281Velvety Black-TyrantKnipolegus nigerrimusFC
282Blue-billed Black-TyrantKnipolegus cyanirostris?
283(Yellow-browed Tyrant)Satrapa icterophrysFC
284White-rumped MonjitaXolmis velatus?
285White-headed Marsh TyrantArundinicola leucocephala?
286Masked Water-TyrantFluvicola nengetaFC
287Shear-tailed Gray TyrantMuscipipra vetulaUC
288Streamer-tailed TyrantGubernetes yetapa?
289Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonusFC
290Gray-hooded AttilaAttila rufus?
291Sibilant SirystesSirystes sibilatorFC
292Rufous CasiornisCasiornis rufus?
293Swainson's FlycatcherMyiarchus swainsoni?
294Short-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus feroxFC
295Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus?
296Cattle TyrantMachetornis rixosa?
297Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus?
298Lesser KiskadeePhilohydor lictor?
299Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaC
300Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensis?
301Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis?
302Three-striped FlycatcherConopias trivirgatus?
303Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus?
304Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius?
305Variegated FlycatcherEmpidonomus varius?
306White-throated KingbirdTyrannus albogularis?
307Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusC
308Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savana?

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

309Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensisFC
310Rufous-crowned GreenletHylophilus poicilotis?
311Gray-eyed GreenletHylophilus amaurocephalusFC
312Ashy-headed GreenletHylophilus pectoralis?
313Chivi VireoVireo chiri?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

314Curl-crested JayCyanocorax cristatellus?

 
Donacobius: Donacobiidae

315Black-capped DonacobiusDonacobius atricapilla?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

316Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaA
317Black-collared SwallowPygochelidon melanoleuca?
318Tawny-headed SwallowAlopochelidon fucata?
319Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis?
320Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea?
321Brown-chested MartinProgne tapera?
322White-winged SwallowTachycineta albiventerUC
323White-rumped SwallowTachycineta leucorrhoa?
324/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rusticaUC
325/Cliff Swallow/Petrochelidon pyrrhonota?

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

326House WrenTroglodytes aedonFC
327Long-billed WrenCantorchilus longirostris?

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

328Chalk-browed MockingbirdMimus saturninusFC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

329Pale-breasted ThrushTurdus leucomelasC
330Yellow-legged ThrushTurdus flavipes?
331White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollis?
332Rufous-bellied ThrushTurdus rufiventrisFC
333Blacksmith ThrushTurdus subalaris?
334Creamy-bellied ThrushTurdus amaurochalinusFC

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

335Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild?

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

336House SparrowPasser domesticus?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

337Golden-rumped EuphoniaChlorophonia cyanocephalaUC
338Blue-naped ChlorophoniaChlorophonia cyanea?
339Purple-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chlorotica?
340Green-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chalybea?
341Orange-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia xanthogaster?
342Chestnut-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia pectoralis?
343Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus?

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

344Grassland SparrowAmmodramus humeralis?
345Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisUC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

346Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanusFC
347Solitary Black CaciqueCacicus solitarius?
348Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus cela?
349Red-rumped CaciqueCacicus haemorrhousFC
350Campo TroupialIcterus jamacaii?
351Screaming CowbirdMolothrus rufoaxillaris?
352(Shiny Cowbird)Molothrus bonariensisFC
353Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus?
354Chopi BlackbirdGnorimopsar chopiUC
355Chestnut-capped BlackbirdChrysomus ruficapillus?
356Yellow-rumped MarshbirdPseudoleistes guirahuro?

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

357Southern YellowthroatGeothlypis velata?
358Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiUC
359Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus?
360White-bellied Warbler**Basileuterus hypoleucusFC
361White-striped WarblerMyiothlypis leucophrys?
362Flavescent WarblerMyiothlypis flaveola?
363White-browed WarblerMyiothlypis leucoblephara?

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

364Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava?
365Blackish-blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza moesta?
366Ultramarine GrosbeakCyanoloxia brissonii?

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

367Cinnamon TanagerSchistochlamys ruficapillus?
368Magpie TanagerCissopis leverianus?
369White-banded TanagerNeothraupis fasciata?
370Hooded TanagerNemosia pileata?
371Orange-headed TanagerThlypopsis sordida?
372Chestnut-headed TanagerThlypopsis pyrrhocoma?
373Black-goggled TanagerTrichothraupis melanopsFC
374Ruby-crowned TanagerTachyphonus coronatusFC
375White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus?
376Brazilian TanagerRamphocelus bresilius?
377Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonotaUC
378Sayaca TanagerThraupis sayacaC
379Azure-shouldered TanagerThraupis cyanoptera?
380Golden-chevroned TanagerThraupis ornataFC
381Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumFC
382Burnished-buff TanagerStilpnia cayanaFC
383Green-headed TanagerTangara seledon?
384Brassy-breasted TanagerTangara desmarestiUC
385Gilt-edged TanagerTangara cyanoventris?
386Swallow TanagerTersina viridisUC
387Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaFC
388Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza?
389Guira TanagerHemithraupis guira?
390Rufous-headed TanagerHemithraupis ruficapillaFC
391Chestnut-vented ConebillConirostrum speciosum?
392Uniform FinchHaplospiza unicolor?
393Blue FinchRhopospina caerulescens?
394White-rumped TanagerCypsnagra hirundinacea?
395Long-tailed Reed FinchDonacospiza albifrons?
396Stripe-tailed Yellow-FinchSicalis citrina?
397Orange-fronted Yellow-FinchSicalis columbiana?
398Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola?
399Wedge-tailed Grass-FinchEmberizoides herbicola?
400Great Pampa-FinchEmbernagra platensis?
401Pale-throated Pampa-FinchEmbernagra longicauda?
402Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaC
403Lined SeedeaterSporophila lineola?
404White-bellied SeedeaterSporophila leucoptera?
405Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis?
406Dubois's SeedeaterSporophila ardesiaca?
407Double-collared SeedeaterSporophila caerulescens?
408Pileated FinchCoryphospingus pileatus?
409BananaquitCoereba flaveolaFC
410Sooty GrassquitAsemospiza fuliginosus?
411Black-throated SaltatorSaltatricula atricollis?
412Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus?
413Green-winged SaltatorSaltator similisFC
414Thick-billed SaltatorSaltator maxillosus?

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
//Boreal Visitor2
\\Austral Visitor0
||Transient0
##Non-breeding Dispersal0
<>Erratic/Irregular0
()Breeding Season Only0
{}Casual/Vagrant0
[]Accidental0

OCCURRENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
AAbundant/Very Common1
CCommon13
FCFairly/Locally Common54
UCUncommon/Scarce32
RRare/Very Scarce3
VRVery Rare0
XAccidental/Vagrant0
?Uncertain310

STATUS CODES

CodeDescription##
NTNear Threatened17
VVulnerable2
ENEndangered1
CRCritically Endangered0

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.