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DESCRIPTION">
SPECIALTIES

SERRA DO CIPO

BRAZIL
LOCALE

Area (ha):31,639
Altitude (m):1600
# Species:371
# Excl Vagrants:371
# Endemics:33
# Near Endemics:6
Species/100 ha:1.2
Habitat: Rocky scrub, grass

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Rheas: Rheidae

1Greater RheaRhea americana

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

2Brown TinamouCrypturellus obsoletus
3Small-billed TinamouCrypturellus parvirostris
4Red-winged TinamouRhynchotus rufescens
5Lesser NothuraNothura minor
6Spotted NothuraNothura maculosa

 
Ducks: Anatidae

7White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduata
8Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis
9Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
10Brazilian TealAmazonetta brasiliensis
11White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

12Dusky-legged GuanPenelope obscura

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

13Spot-winged Wood-QuailOdontophorus capueira

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

14Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus
15Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

16Rock PigeonColumba livia
17Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis
18Picazuro PigeonPatagioenas picazuro
19Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbea
20Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minuta
21Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti
22Scaled DoveColumbina squammata
23Picui Ground DoveColumbina picui
24Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
25White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
26Gray-fronted DoveLeptotila rufaxilla
27Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

28Guira CuckooGuira guira
29Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
30Striped CuckooTapera naevia
31Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

32Least NighthawkChordeiles pusillus
33Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis
34Band-winged NightjarSystellura longirostris
35Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis
36Little NightjarSetopagis parvula
37Spot-tailed NightjarHydropsalis maculicaudus
38Scissor-tailed NightjarHydropsalis torquata

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

39Common PotooNyctibius griseus

 
Swifts: Apodidae

40Sooty SwiftCypseloides fumigatus
41Great Dusky SwiftCypseloides senex
42White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
43Biscutate SwiftStreptoprocne biscutata
44Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris
45Sick's SwiftChaetura meridionalis
46Fork tailed Palm-SwiftTachornis squamata

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

47Black JacobinFlorisuga fusca
48Planalto HermitPhaethornis pretrei
49Hyacinth VisorbearerAugastes scutatus
50White-vented VioletearColibri serrirostris
51Horned SungemHeliactin bilophus
52Black-eared FairyHeliothryx auritus
53White-tailed GoldenthroatPolytmus guainumbi
54Ruby-topaz HummingbirdChrysolampis mosquitus
55Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollis
56Brazilian RubyHeliodoxa rubricauda
57Stripe-breasted StarthroatHeliomaster squamosus
58Amethyst WoodstarCalliphlox amethystina
59Glittering-bellied EmeraldChlorostilbon lucidus
60Diamantina SabrewingCampylopterus diamantinensis
61Violet-capped WoodnymphThalurania glaucopis
62Fork-tailed WoodnymphThalurania furcata
63Swallow-tailed HummingbirdEupetomena macroura
64Sombre HummingbirdEupetomena cirrochloris
65Versicolored EmeraldChrysuronia versicolor
66White-throated HummingbirdLeucochloris albicollis
67Glittering-throated EmeraldChionomesa fimbriata
68Sapphire-spangled EmeraldChionomesa lactea
69Gilded HummingbirdHylocharis chrysura

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

70Ash-throated CrakeMustelirallus albicollis
71Blackish RailPardirallus nigricans
72Giant Wood-RailAramides ypecaha
73Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneus
74Slaty-breasted Wood-RailAramides saracura
75Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

76LimpkinAramus guarauna

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

77Southern LapwingVanellus chilensis

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

78Wattled JacanaJacana jacana

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

79Pantanal SnipeGallinago paraguaiae

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

80AnhingaAnhinga anhinga

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

81Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianus

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

82Great EgretArdea alba
83Snowy EgretEgretta thula
84Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
85Striated HeronButorides striata
86Whistling HeronSyrigma sibilatrix
87Capped HeronPilherodius pileatus

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

88Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensis
89Buff-necked IbisTheristicus caudatus

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

90Black VultureCoragyps atratus
91Turkey VultureCathartes aura
92Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianus
93King VultureSarcoramphus papa

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

94White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
95Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus
96Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis
97Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
98Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus
99Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus
100Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea
101Rufous-thighed Hawk**Accipiter erythronemius
102Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescens
103Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalis
104Chaco EagleButeogallus coronatus
105Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
106White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatus
107Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucus
108Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

109Barn OwlTyto alba

 
Owls: Strigidae

110Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops choliba
111Great Horned OwlBubo virginianus
112Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianum
113Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

114Green-backed TrogonTrogon viridis
115Surucua TrogonTrogon surrucura

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

116Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
117Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona
118Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

119White-eared PuffbirdNystalus chacuru
120Spot-backed PuffbirdNystalus maculatus

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

121Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

122Toco ToucanRamphastos toco

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

123White-barred PiculetPicumnus cirratus
124White-wedged PiculetPicumnus albosquamatus
125White WoodpeckerMelanerpes candidus
126White-spotted WoodpeckerDryobates spilogaster
127Checkered WoodpeckerDryobates mixtus
128Little WoodpeckerDryobates passerinus
129Yellow-eared WoodpeckerDryobates maculifrons
130Robust WoodpeckerCampephilus robustus
131Crimson-crested WoodpeckerCampephilus melanoleucos
132Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus
133Green-barred WoodpeckerColaptes melanochloros
134Campo FlickerColaptes campestris

 
Seriemas: Cariamidae

135Red-legged SeriemaCariama cristata

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

136Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
137Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus
138Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway
139Yellow-headed CaracaraDaptrius chimachima
140American KestrelFalco sparverius
141Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis
142Bat FalconFalco rufigularis

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

143Plain ParakeetBrotogeris tirica
144Yellow-chevroned ParakeetBrotogeris chiriri
145Scaly-headed ParrotPionus maximiliani
146Turquoise-fronted ParrotAmazona aestiva
147Cobalt-rumped ParrotletForpus xanthopterygius
148Peach-fronted ParakeetEupsittula aurea
149Golden-capped ParakeetAratinga auricapillus
150Blue-winged MacawPrimolius maracana
151Red-shouldered MacawDiopsittaca nobilis
152White-eyed ParakeetPsittacara leucophthalmus

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

153Tufted AntshrikeMackenziaena severa
154Great AntshrikeTaraba major
155Silvery-cheeked AntshrikeSakesphoroides cristatus
156Rufous-capped AntshrikeThamnophilus ruficapillus
157Rufous-winged AntshrikeThamnophilus torquatus
158Planalto Slaty-AntshrikeThamnophilus pelzelni
159Variable AntshrikeThamnophilus caerulescens
160Black-capped AntwrenHerpsilochmus atricapillus
161Large-billed AntwrenHerpsilochmus longirostris
162Rusty-backed AntwrenFormicivora rufa
163Dusky-tailed AntbirdDrymophila malura
164White-shouldered Fire-eyePyriglena leucoptera

 
Crescentchests: Melanopareiidae

165Collared CrescentchestMelanopareia torquata

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

166Rufous GnateaterConopophaga lineata

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

167White-breasted TapaculoEleoscytalopus indigoticus
168Marsh TapaculoScytalopus iraiensis
169Rock TapaculoScytalopus petrophilus

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

170Rufous-breasted LeaftosserSclerurus scansor
171Narrow-billed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes angustirostris
172Scaled WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes squamatus
173Streaked XenopsXenops rutilans
174Wing-banded HorneroFurnarius figulus
175Pale-legged HorneroFurnarius leucopus
176Rufous HorneroFurnarius rufus
177Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematura
178Long-tailed CinclodesCinclodes pabsti
179Buff-browed Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla rufosuperciliata
180Chestnut-capped Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rectirostris
181White-eyed Foliage-gleanerAutomolus leucophthalmus
182Rufous-fronted ThornbirdPhacellodomus rufifrons
183Greater ThornbirdPhacellodomus ruber
184Orange-eyed ThornbirdPhacellodomus erythrophthalmus
185Firewood-gathererAnumbius annumbi
186Cipo CanasteroAsthenes luizae
187Yellow-chinned SpinetailCerthiaxis cinnamomeus
188Chotoy SpinetailSchoeniophylax phryganophilus
189Gray-bellied SpinetailSynallaxis cinerascens
190Sooty-fronted SpinetailSynallaxis frontalis
191Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescens
192Spix's SpinetailSynallaxis spixi

 
Manakins: Pipridae

193Pale-bellied Tyrant-ManakinNeopelma pallescens
194Serra do Mar Tyrant-ManakinNeopelma chrysolophum
195Helmeted ManakinAntilophia galeata
196Swallow-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia caudata
197Pin-tailed ManakinIlicura militaris

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

198Cinnamon-vented PihaLipaugus lanioides

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

199Greenish SchiffornisSchiffornis virescens
200Chestnut-crowned BecardPachyramphus castaneus
201White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

202Suiriri FlycatcherSuiriri suiriri
203White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus
204Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalus
205Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralis
206Drab-breasted Pygmy-TyrantHemitriccus diops
207Pearly-vented Tody-TyrantHemitriccus margaritaceiventer
208Gray-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum poliocephalum
209Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum
210Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens
211Ochre-lored FlycatcherTolmomyias flaviventris
212Cliff FlycatcherHirundinea ferruginea
213Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum
214Northern Mouse-colored TyrannuletNesotriccus incomta
215Southern Mouse-colored TyrannuletNesotriccus murina
216Gray-backed TachuriPolystictus superciliaris
217Sharp-tailed TyrantCulicivora caudacuta
218Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis caniceps
219Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
220Large ElaeniaElaenia spectabilis
221Small-billed ElaeniaElaenia parvirostris
222Olivaceous ElaeniaElaenia mesoleuca
223Plain-crested ElaeniaElaenia cristata
224Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensis
225Small-headed ElaeniaElaenia sordida
226Sooty TyrannuletSerpophaga nigricans
227White-crested TyrannuletSerpophaga subcristata
228Rough-legged TyrannuletPhyllomyias burmeisteri
229Planalto TyrannuletPhyllomyias fasciatus
230Fulvous-crowned Scrub-TyrantEuscarthmus meloryphus
231Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatus
232Euler's FlycatcherLathrotriccus euleri
233Southern Tropical PeweeContopus cinereus
234Fuscous FlycatcherCnemotriccus fuscatus
235Southern Scrub-FlycatcherSublegatus modestus
236Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
237Velvety Black-TyrantKnipolegus nigerrimus
238Crested Black-TyrantKnipolegus lophotes
239Yellow-browed TyrantSatrapa icterophrys
240White-rumped MonjitaXolmis velatus
241White MonjitaXolmis irupero
242Gray MonjitaNengetus cinereus
243White-headed Marsh TyrantArundinicola leucocephala
244Masked Water-TyrantFluvicola nengeta
245Shear-tailed Gray TyrantMuscipipra vetula
246Streamer-tailed TyrantGubernetes yetapa
247Cock-tailed TyrantAlectrurus tricolor
248Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus
249Rufous CasiornisCasiornis rufus
250Swainson's FlycatcherMyiarchus swainsoni
251Short-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus ferox
252Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus
253Cattle TyrantMachetornis rixosa
254Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
255Lesser KiskadeePhilohydor lictor
256Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
257Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
258Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
259Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius
260Variegated FlycatcherEmpidonomus varius
261Crowned Slaty FlycatcherEmpidonomus aurantioatrocristatus
262White-throated KingbirdTyrannus albogularis
263Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
264Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savana

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

265Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis
266Rufous-crowned GreenletHylophilus poicilotis
267Gray-eyed GreenletHylophilus amaurocephalus
268Chivi VireoVireo chiri

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

269Curl-crested JayCyanocorax cristatellus
270Plush-crested JayCyanocorax chrysops

 
Donacobius: Donacobiidae

271Black-capped DonacobiusDonacobius atricapilla

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

272Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
273Tawny-headed SwallowAlopochelidon fucata
274Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
275Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
276Brown-chested MartinProgne tapera
277White-winged SwallowTachycineta albiventer
278White-rumped SwallowTachycineta leucorrhoa
279/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

280Masked GnatcatcherPolioptila dumicola

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

281House WrenTroglodytes aedon
282Grass WrenCistothorus platensis

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

283Chalk-browed MockingbirdMimus saturninus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

284Pale-breasted ThrushTurdus leucomelas
285Yellow-legged ThrushTurdus flavipes
286Rufous-bellied ThrushTurdus rufiventris
287Blacksmith ThrushTurdus subalaris
288Creamy-bellied ThrushTurdus amaurochalinus

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

289House SparrowPasser domesticus

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

290Yellowish PipitAnthus lutescens
291Hellmayr's PipitAnthus hellmayri

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

292Golden-rumped EuphoniaChlorophonia cyanocephala
293Purple-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chlorotica
294Violaceous EuphoniaEuphonia violacea
295Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

296Grassland SparrowAmmodramus humeralis
297Saffron-billed SparrowArremon flavirostris
298Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

299White-browed MeadowlarkLeistes superciliaris
300Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanus
301Campo TroupialIcterus jamacaii
302Screaming CowbirdMolothrus rufoaxillaris
303Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
304Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus
305Chopi BlackbirdGnorimopsar chopi
306Chestnut-capped BlackbirdChrysomus ruficapillus
307Yellow-rumped MarshbirdPseudoleistes guirahuro

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

308Southern YellowthroatGeothlypis velata
309Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi
310Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus
311White-bellied Warbler**Basileuterus hypoleucus
312White-striped WarblerMyiothlypis leucophrys
313Flavescent WarblerMyiothlypis flaveola

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

314Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava
315Red-crowned Ant-TanagerHabia rubica
316Ultramarine GrosbeakCyanoloxia brissonii

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

317Black-faced TanagerSchistochlamys melanopis
318Cinnamon TanagerSchistochlamys ruficapillus
319Magpie TanagerCissopis leverianus
320White-banded TanagerNeothraupis fasciata
321Hooded TanagerNemosia pileata
322Orange-headed TanagerThlypopsis sordida
323Black-goggled TanagerTrichothraupis melanops
324Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillata
325Ruby-crowned TanagerTachyphonus coronatus
326White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus
327Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonota
328Sayaca TanagerThraupis sayaca
329Golden-chevroned TanagerThraupis ornata
330Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum
331Burnished-buff TanagerStilpnia cayana
332Brassy-breasted TanagerTangara desmaresti
333Gilt-edged TanagerTangara cyanoventris
334Swallow TanagerTersina viridis
335Blue DacnisDacnis cayana
336Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus
337Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza
338Guira TanagerHemithraupis guira
339Rufous-headed TanagerHemithraupis ruficapilla
340Chestnut-vented ConebillConirostrum speciosum
341Blue FinchRhopospina caerulescens
342White-rumped TanagerCypsnagra hirundinacea
343Long-tailed Reed FinchDonacospiza albifrons
344Cinereous Warbling FinchPoospiza cinerea
345Stripe-tailed Yellow-FinchSicalis citrina
346Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola
347Grassland Yellow-FinchSicalis luteola
348Wedge-tailed Grass-FinchEmberizoides herbicola
349Lesser Grass-FinchEmberizoides ypiranganus
350Great Pampa-FinchEmbernagra platensis
351Pale-throated Pampa-FinchEmbernagra longicauda
352Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
353Lined SeedeaterSporophila lineola
354White-bellied SeedeaterSporophila leucoptera
355Copper SeedeaterSporophila bouvreuil
356Black-bellied SeedeaterSporophila melanogaster
357Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensis
358Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis
359Dubois's SeedeaterSporophila ardesiaca
360Double-collared SeedeaterSporophila caerulescens
361Plumbeous SeedeaterSporophila plumbea
362Rusty-collared SeedeaterSporophila collaris
363Black-masked FinchCoryphaspiza melanotis
364Pileated FinchCoryphospingus pileatus
365Red-crested FinchCoryphospingus cucullatus
366BananaquitCoereba flaveola
367Black-throated SaltatorSaltatricula atricollis
368Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus
369Green-winged SaltatorSaltator similis
370Thick-billed SaltatorSaltator maxillosus
371Black-throated GrosbeakSaltator fuliginosus

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
//Boreal Visitor1
\\Austral Visitor0
||Transient0
##Non-breeding Dispersal0
<>Erratic/Irregular0
()Breeding Season Only0
{}Casual/Vagrant0
[]Accidental0

STATUS CODES

CodeDescription##
NTNear Threatened10
VVulnerable4
ENEndangered2
CRCritically Endangered0

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.