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DESCRIPTION">
SPECIALTIES

INTERVALES STATE PARK

BRAZIL
LOCALE

Area (ha):41,700
Altitude (ft):3300
# Species:534
# Excl Vagrants:534
# Endemics:66
# Near Endemics:12
Species/100 ha:1.3
Habitat: SE Atlantic forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Solitary TinamouTinamus solitarius?
2Brown TinamouCrypturellus obsoletusFC
3Undulated TinamouCrypturellus undulatusUC
4Yellow-legged TinamouCrypturellus noctivagus?
5Small-billed TinamouCrypturellus parvirostris?
6Tataupa TinamouCrypturellus tataupa?
7Red-winged TinamouRhynchotus rufescens?
8Spotted NothuraNothura maculosa?

 
Screamers: Anhimidae

9Horned ScreamerAnhima cornuta?

 
Ducks: Anatidae

10White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduata?
11Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis?
12Muscovy DuckCairina moschata?
13Brazilian TealAmazonetta brasiliensis?

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

14Rusty-margined GuanPenelope superciliaris?
15Dusky-legged GuanPenelope obscuraFC
16Black-fronted Piping-GuanPipile jacutingaUC

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

17Spot-winged Wood-QuailOdontophorus capueiraFC

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

18Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus?
19Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

20Rock PigeonColumba livia?
21Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis?
22Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosaUC
23Picazuro PigeonPatagioenas picazuro?
24Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbeaFC
25Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiUC
26Scaled DoveColumbina squammata?
27Picui Ground DoveColumbina picui?
28Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa?
29Purple-winged Ground DoveParaclaravis geoffroyiUC
30Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaUC
31White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiFC
32Gray-fronted DoveLeptotila rufaxilla?
33Eared DoveZenaida auriculataUC

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

34Guira CuckooGuira guira?
35Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniUC
36Striped CuckooTapera naeviaUC
37Pavonine CuckooDromococcyx pavoninusUC
38Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaUC
39Dark-billed CuckooCoccyzus melacoryphusUC
40/Yellow-billed Cuckoo/Coccyzus americanusUC
41Pearly-breasted CuckooCoccyzus euleri?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

42Nacunda NighthawkChordeiles nacundaFC
43Common NighthawkChordeiles minor?
44Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusUC
45Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisUC
46Little NightjarSetopagis parvula?
47Scissor-tailed NightjarHydropsalis torquataUC
48Long-trained NightjarMacropsalis forcipataUC
49Ocellated PoorwillNyctiphrynus ocellatusUC
50Silky-tailed NightjarAntrostomus sericocaudatusR

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

51Great PotooNyctibius grandisUC
52Common PotooNyctibius griseus?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

53Sooty SwiftCypseloides fumigatusUC
54Great Dusky SwiftCypseloides senex?
55White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisUC
56Biscutate SwiftStreptoprocne biscutata?
57Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris?
58Sick's SwiftChaetura meridionalis?
59Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis?
60Fork tailed Palm-SwiftTachornis squamata?

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

61Black JacobinFlorisuga fusca?
62Saw-billed HermitRamphodon naevius?
63Rufous-breasted HermitGlaucis hirsutus?
64Dusky-throated HermitPhaethornis squalidusFC
65Reddish HermitPhaethornis ruber?
66Planalto HermitPhaethornis pretreiUC
67Scale-throated HermitPhaethornis eurynomeFC
68White-vented VioletearColibri serrirostrisUC
69Black-eared FairyHeliothryx auritusR
70White-tailed GoldenthroatPolytmus guainumbi?
71Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollisUC
72Frilled CoquetteLophornis magnificus?
73Festive CoquetteLophornis chalybeus?
74Brazilian RubyHeliodoxa rubricaudaFC
75Stripe-breasted StarthroatHeliomaster squamosusR
76Amethyst WoodstarCalliphlox amethystinaFC
77Glittering-bellied EmeraldChlorostilbon lucidusFC
78Green-crowned PlovercrestStephanoxis lalandiUC
79Purple-crowned PlovercrestStephanoxis loddigesii?
80Violet-capped WoodnymphThalurania glaucopisC
81Swallow-tailed HummingbirdEupetomena macrouraUC
82Sombre HummingbirdEupetomena cirrochlorisUC
83Versicolored EmeraldChrysuronia versicolorUC
84White-throated HummingbirdLeucochloris albicollisUC
85Glittering-throated EmeraldChionomesa fimbriata?
86Sapphire-spangled EmeraldChionomesa lactea?
87Gilded HummingbirdHylocharis chrysura?
88White-chinned SapphireChlorestes cyanus?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

89Ash-throated CrakeMustelirallus albicollis?
90Blackish RailPardirallus nigricansFC
91Plumbeous RailPardirallus sanguinolentus?
92Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolorUC
93Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneus?
94Slaty-breasted Wood-RailAramides saracuraFC
95Common GallinuleGallinula galeata?
96Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaX
97Rufous-sided CrakeLaterallus melanophaius?
98Gray-breasted CrakeLaterallus exilis?
99Red-and-white CrakeLaterallus leucopyrrhus?

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

100LimpkinAramus guarauna?

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

101Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus?

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

102Southern LapwingVanellus chilensisFC

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

103Wattled JacanaJacana jacana?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

104/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius?
105/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria?

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

106Kelp GullLarus dominicanus?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

107Wood StorkMycteria americana?

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

108AnhingaAnhinga anhinga?

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

109Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianusR

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

110Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatum?
111Cocoi HeronArdea cocoi?
112Great EgretArdea alba?
113Snowy EgretEgretta thula?
114Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis?
115Striated HeronButorides striata?
116Whistling HeronSyrigma sibilatrix?
117Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

118Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensis?
119Bare-faced IbisPhimosus infuscatus?
120Buff-necked IbisTheristicus caudatusUC
121Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja?

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

122Black VultureCoragyps atratusC
123Turkey VultureCathartes aura?
124Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianus?
125King VultureSarcoramphus papa?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

126/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus?

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

127Pearl KiteGampsonyx swainsonii?
128White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus?
129Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus?
130Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis?
131Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusUC
132Crested EagleMorphnus guianensis?
133Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus?
134Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus?
135Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucus?
136Tiny HawkMicrospizias superciliosus?
137Black-collared HawkBusarellus nigricollis?
138Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis?
139Rufous-thighed KiteHarpagus diodon?
140Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea?
141Gray-bellied HawkAccipiter poliogasterR
142Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus?
143Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor?
144Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescens?
145Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalis?
146White-necked HawkButeogallus lacernulatus?
147Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitinga?
148Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisUC
149White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhous?
150White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatus?
151Mantled HawkPseudastur polionotus?
152Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidus?
153Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

154Barn OwlTyto alba?

 
Owls: Strigidae

155Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops cholibaFC
156Long-tufted Screech-OwlMegascops sanctaecatarinaeR
157Black-capped Screech-OwlMegascops atricapilla?
158Tawny-browed OwlPulsatrix koeniswaldianaFC
159Great Horned OwlBubo virginianusVR
160Least Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium minutissimumUC
161Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianumUC
162Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia?
163Mottled OwlStrix virgataUC
164Rusty-barred OwlStrix hylophilaUC
165Striped OwlAsio clamatorVR
166Stygian OwlAsio stygiusVR
167Short-eared OwlAsio flammeus?
168Buff-fronted OwlAegolius harrisiiUC

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

169Green-backed TrogonTrogon viridisUC
170Surucua TrogonTrogon surrucuraFC
171Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufusFC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

172Rufous-capped MotmotBaryphthengus ruficapillusFC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

173Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataUC
174Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazonaUC
175American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aenea?
176Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaUC
177Green-and-rufous KingfisherChloroceryle inda?

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

178Buff-bellied PuffbirdNotharchus swainsoniUC
179White-eared PuffbirdNystalus chacuruUC
180Crescent-chested PuffbirdMalacoptila striataUC
181Rusty-breasted NunletNonnula rubeculaUC
182Swallow-winged PuffbirdChelidoptera tenebrosa?

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

183Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficaudaUC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

184Saffron ToucanetPteroglossus bailloni?
185Black-necked AracariPteroglossus aracariUC
186Spot-billed ToucanetSelenidera maculirostrisUC
187Toco ToucanRamphastos tocoUC
188Channel-billed ToucanRamphastos vitellinus?
189Red-breasted ToucanRamphastos dicolorus?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

190White-barred PiculetPicumnus cirratusUC
191Ochre-collared PiculetPicumnus temminckiiFC
192White WoodpeckerMelanerpes candidusUC
193Yellow-fronted WoodpeckerMelanerpes flavifronsFC
194White-spotted WoodpeckerDryobates spilogasterFC
195Little WoodpeckerDryobates passerinus?
196Robust WoodpeckerCampephilus robustusUC
197Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusUC
198Helmeted WoodpeckerCeleus galeatusR
199Blond-crested WoodpeckerCeleus flavescensUC
200Yellow-throated WoodpeckerPiculus flavigula?
201White-browed WoodpeckerPiculus aurulentusUC
202Green-barred WoodpeckerColaptes melanochlorosUC
203Campo FlickerColaptes campestrisUC

 
Seriemas: Cariamidae

204Red-legged SeriemaCariama cristataUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

205Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans?
206Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus?
207Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisUC
208Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayFC
209Yellow-headed CaracaraDaptrius chimachima?
210American KestrelFalco sparveriusR
211Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis?
212/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinus?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

213Brown-backed ParrotletTouit melanonotusUC
214Plain ParakeetBrotogeris tiricaFC
215Yellow-chevroned ParakeetBrotogeris chiriri?
216Pileated ParrotPionopsitta pileataFC
217Blue-bellied ParrotTriclaria malachitaceaUC
218Scaly-headed ParrotPionus maximilianiFC
219(Vinaceous-breasted Parrot)Amazona vinaceaUC
220Turquoise-fronted ParrotAmazona aestivaVR
221Cobalt-rumped ParrotletForpus xanthopterygius?
222Maroon-bellied ParakeetPyrrhura frontalisFC
223Red-shouldered MacawDiopsittaca nobilis?
224White-eyed ParakeetPsittacara leucophthalmusUC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

225Spot-backed AntshrikeHypoedaleus guttatusUC
226Giant AntshrikeBatara cinereaUC
227Large-tailed AntshrikeMackenziaena leachiiUC
228Tufted AntshrikeMackenziaena severaUC
229Great AntshrikeTaraba major?
230White-bearded AntshrikeBiatas nigropectusUC
231Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus?
232Rufous-capped AntshrikeThamnophilus ruficapillus?
233Planalto Slaty-AntshrikeThamnophilus pelzelni?
234Variable AntshrikeThamnophilus caerulescensFC
235Star-throated AntwrenRhopias gularisFC
236Spot-breasted AntvireoDysithamnus stictothoraxFC
237Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalisFC
238Rufous-backed AntvireoDysithamnus xanthopterusUC
239Salvadori's AntwrenMyrmotherula minor?
240Unicolored AntwrenMyrmotherula unicolorUC
241Large-billed AntwrenHerpsilochmus longirostris?
242Rufous-margined AntwrenHerpsilochmus rufimarginatusUC
243Rusty-backed AntwrenFormicivora rufa?
244Ferruginous AntbirdDrymophila ferrugineaFC
245Bertoni's AntbirdDrymophila rubricollisUC
246Rufous-tailed AntbirdDrymophila genei?
247Ochre-rumped AntbirdDrymophila ochropygaFC
248Dusky-tailed AntbirdDrymophila maluraFC
249Scaled AntbirdDrymophila squamataUC
250Streak-capped AntwrenTerenura maculataFC
251White-shouldered Fire-eyePyriglena leucopteraFC
252Squamate AntbirdMyrmodenus squamosaUC

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

253Black-cheeked GnateaterConopophaga melanopsUC
254Rufous GnateaterConopophaga lineataFC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

255Variegated AntpittaGrallaria variaFC
256Speckle-breasted AntpittaCryptopezus nattereri?

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

257Spotted BamboowrenPsilorhamphus guttatusUC
258Slaty BristlefrontMerulaxis aterUC
259White-breasted TapaculoEleoscytalopus indigoticusFC
260Mouse-colored TapaculoScytalopus speluncaeFC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

261Rufous-capped AntthrushFormicarius colma?
262Short-tailed AntthrushChamaeza campanisonaFC
263Such's AntthrushChamaeza meruloidesUC
264Rufous-tailed AntthrushChamaeza ruficauda?

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

265Rufous-breasted LeaftosserSclerurus scansorFC
266Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillusFC
267Plain-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla turdinaUC
268Planalto WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes platyrostrisR
269White-throated WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes albicollisUC
270Lesser WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus fuscusFC
271Black-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus falculariusR
272Narrow-billed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes angustirostris?
273Scaled WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes squamatus?
274Scalloped WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes falcinellusUC
275Plain XenopsXenops minutusUC
276Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansFC
277Wing-banded HorneroFurnarius figulus?
278Rufous HorneroFurnarius rufus?
279Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematuraUC
280White-collared Foliage-gleanerAnabazenops fuscusUC
281Pale-browed TreehunterCichlocolaptes leucophrusUC
282Sharp-billed TreehunterHeliobletus contaminatusFC
283Black-capped Foliage-gleanerPhilydor atricapillusFC
284White-browed Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia amaurotisUC
285Ochre-breasted Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia lichtensteiniUC
286Buff-browed Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla rufosuperciliataUC
287Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerDendroma rufumFC
288White-eyed Foliage-gleanerAutomolus leucophthalmusUC
289Araucaria Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura setariaR
290Orange-eyed ThornbirdPhacellodomus erythrophthalmus?
291Orange-breasted ThornbirdPhacellodomus ferrugineigulaFC
292Rusty-backed SpinetailCranioleuca vulpina?
293Olive SpinetailCranioleuca obsoletaUC
294Pallid SpinetailCranioleuca pallidaFC
295Yellow-chinned SpinetailCerthiaxis cinnamomeusUC
296Rufous-capped SpinetailSynallaxis ruficapillaFC
297Gray-bellied SpinetailSynallaxis cinerascensUC
298Sooty-fronted SpinetailSynallaxis frontalis?
299Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescens?
300Spix's SpinetailSynallaxis spixiFC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

301Pale-bellied Tyrant-ManakinNeopelma pallescens?
302Serra do Mar Tyrant-ManakinNeopelma chrysolophumUC
303Swallow-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia caudataFC
304Pin-tailed ManakinIlicura militarisFC
305White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus?

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

306Hooded BerryeaterCarpornis cucullataFC
307Black-headed BerryeaterCarpornis melanocephalaFC
308(Swallow-tailed Cotinga)Phibalura flavirostrisVR
309Red-ruffed FruitcrowPyroderus scutatusUC
310Cinnamon-vented PihaLipaugus lanioidesFC
311Black-and-gold CotingaLipaugus atra?
312Bare-throated BellbirdProcnias nudicollisFC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

313Black-tailed TityraTityra cayana?
314Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor?
315Greenish SchiffornisSchiffornis virescensFC
316Shrike-like CotingaLaniisoma elegansR
317Green-backed BecardPachyramphus viridis?
318Chestnut-crowned BecardPachyramphus castaneusFC
319White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus?
320Black-capped BecardPachyramphus marginatus?
321Crested BecardPachyramphus validus?

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

322SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusUC
323Amazonian Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus coronatus?
324Atlantic Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus swainsoniUC
325Bearded FlycatcherMyiobius barbatus?
326Whiskered FlycatcherMyiobius mastacalisUC
327Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudus?

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

328Wing-barred PipritesPiprites chlorisUC
329Black-capped PipritesPiprites pileataR
330White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceusUC
331Russet-winged SpadebillPlatyrinchus leucoryphusR
332Gray-hooded FlycatcherMionectes rufiventrisUC
333Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusFC
334Oustalet's TyrannuletPhylloscartes oustaletiFC
335Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralisFC
336Bay-ringed TyrannuletPhylloscartes sylviolusUC
337Serra do Mar TyrannuletPogonotriccus difficilisUC
338Southern Bristle-TyrantPogonotriccus eximius?
339Sao Paulo TyrannuletPogonotriccus paulistaR
340Southern AntpipitCorythopis delalandi?
341Eared Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis auricularisFC
342Drab-breasted Pygmy-TyrantHemitriccus diopsUC
343Brown-breasted Pygmy-TyrantHemitriccus obsoletusFC
344Eye-ringed Tody-TyrantHemitriccus orbitatusUC
345Hangnest Tody-TyrantHemitriccus nidipendulusUC
346Pearly-vented Tody-TyrantHemitriccus margaritaceiventer?
347Ochre-faced Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus plumbeicepsFC
348Rusty-fronted Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus latirostris?
349Gray-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum poliocephalumUC
350Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumUC
351Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensFC
352Cliff FlycatcherHirundinea ferrugineaUC
353Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumFC
354Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveolaUC
355Gray ElaeniaMyiopagis canicepsUC
356Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicataUC
357Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterUC
358Large ElaeniaElaenia spectabilis?
359\White-crested Elaenia\Elaenia albiceps?
360Small-billed ElaeniaElaenia parvirostris?
361Olivaceous ElaeniaElaenia mesoleucaUC
362Plain-crested ElaeniaElaenia cristata?
363Small-headed ElaeniaElaenia sordidaUC
364Sooty TyrannuletSerpophaga nigricans?
365White-crested TyrannuletSerpophaga subcristataUC
366Rough-legged TyrannuletPhyllomyias burmeisteriUC
367Greenish TyrannuletPhyllomyias virescensUC
368Planalto TyrannuletPhyllomyias fasciatusFC
369Gray-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseocapillaC
370Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatusUC
371(Euler's Flycatcher)Lathrotriccus euleriFC
372Southern Tropical PeweeContopus cinereusUC
373Fuscous FlycatcherCnemotriccus fuscatusR
374/Vermilion Flycatcher/Pyrocephalus rubinus?
375Crested Black-TyrantKnipolegus lophotes?
376Velvety Black-TyrantKnipolegus nigerrimus?
377Blue-billed Black-TyrantKnipolegus cyanirostris?
378(Yellow-browed Tyrant)Satrapa icterophrysUC
379White-rumped MonjitaXolmis velatus?
380Gray MonjitaNengetus cinereus?
381White-headed Marsh TyrantArundinicola leucocephalaR
382Masked Water-TyrantFluvicola nengetaUC
383Shear-tailed Gray TyrantMuscipipra vetulaUC
384Streamer-tailed TyrantGubernetes yetapa?
385Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonusFC
386Large-headed FlatbillRamphotrigon megacephalum?
387(Rufous-tailed Attila)Attila phoenicurusUC
388Gray-hooded AttilaAttila rufusFC
389Sibilant SirystesSirystes sibilatorUC
390Grayish MournerRhytipterna simplexUC
391(Swainson's Flycatcher)Myiarchus swainsoniFC
392Short-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus feroxUC
393Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulusVR
394Cattle TyrantMachetornis rixosa?
395Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusC
396Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua?
397Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensis?
398Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis?
399Three-striped FlycatcherConopias trivirgatusUC
400(Streaked Flycatcher)Myiodynastes maculatusFC
401(Piratic Flycatcher)Legatus leucophaiusFC
402(Variegated Flycatcher)Empidonomus variusUC
403(White-throated Kingbird)Tyrannus albogularisC
404Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus?
405Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaUC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

406Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensisFC
407Rufous-crowned GreenletHylophilus poicilotisC
408Gray-eyed GreenletHylophilus amaurocephalus?
409Chivi VireoVireo chiri?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

410Azure JayCyanocorax caeruleus?
411Curl-crested JayCyanocorax cristatellusUC

 
Donacobius: Donacobiidae

412Black-capped DonacobiusDonacobius atricapilla?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

413Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaC
414Tawny-headed SwallowAlopochelidon fucata?
415White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialis?
416(Southern Rough-winged Swallow)Stelgidopteryx ruficollisC
417(Gray-breasted Martin)Progne chalybeaC
418(Brown-chested Martin)Progne taperaC
419(White-winged Swallow)Tachycineta albiventerFC
420White-rumped SwallowTachycineta leucorrhoa?
421/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica?
422/Cliff Swallow/Petrochelidon pyrrhonota?

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

423Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurusFC
424Masked GnatcatcherPolioptila dumicola?

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

425House WrenTroglodytes aedonFC
426Grass WrenCistothorus platensis?
427Long-billed WrenCantorchilus longirostrisUC

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

428Chalk-browed MockingbirdMimus saturninusFC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

429/Veery/Catharus fuscescensUC
430Pale-breasted ThrushTurdus leucomelas?
431Yellow-legged ThrushTurdus flavipesFC
432White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollisFC
433Rufous-bellied ThrushTurdus rufiventrisC
434(Blacksmith Thrush)Turdus subalarisFC
435Creamy-bellied ThrushTurdus amaurochalinusUC

 
Waxbills and Allies: Estrildidae

436Common WaxbillEstrilda astrild?

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

437House SparrowPasser domesticus?

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

438Yellowish PipitAnthus lutescens?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

439Golden-rumped EuphoniaChlorophonia cyanocephala?
440Blue-naped ChlorophoniaChlorophonia cyanea?
441Purple-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chloroticaUC
442Green-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chalybea?
443Violaceous EuphoniaEuphonia violacea?
444Chestnut-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia pectoralis?
445Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus?

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

446Grassland SparrowAmmodramus humeralis?
447Half-collared SparrowArremon semitorquatusR
448Saffron-billed SparrowArremon flavirostris?
449Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisA

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

450White-browed MeadowlarkLeistes superciliarisR
451Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanusUC
452Golden-winged CaciqueCacicus chrysopterusC
453Red-rumped CaciqueCacicus haemorrhousFC
454Variable OrioleIcterus pyrrhopterusUC
455Campo TroupialIcterus jamacaii?
456Screaming CowbirdMolothrus rufoaxillaris?
457Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisUC
458Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus?
459Scarlet-headed BlackbirdAmblyramphus holosericeus?
460Chopi BlackbirdGnorimopsar chopiUC
461Grayish BaywingAgelaioides badius?
462Unicolored BlackbirdAgelasticus cyanopus?
463Chestnut-capped BlackbirdChrysomus ruficapillus?
464Yellow-rumped MarshbirdPseudoleistes guirahuro?

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

465Southern YellowthroatGeothlypis velataUC
466Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiFC
467Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorusC
468White-browed WarblerMyiothlypis leucoblepharaFC
469Riverbank WarblerMyiothlypis rivularisUC

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

470Olive-green TanagerOrthogonys chloricterusFC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

471Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava?
472Red-crowned Ant-TanagerHabia rubicaFC
473Blackish-blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza moestaR
474\Glaucous-blue Grosbeak\Cyanoloxia glaucocaeruleaR
475Ultramarine GrosbeakCyanoloxia brissoniiR

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

476Brown TanagerOrchesticus abeilleiUC
477Cinnamon TanagerSchistochlamys ruficapillusVR
478Magpie TanagerCissopis leverianusFC
479White-banded TanagerNeothraupis fasciata?
480Orange-headed TanagerThlypopsis sordidaR
481Chestnut-headed TanagerThlypopsis pyrrhocomaUC
482Black-goggled TanagerTrichothraupis melanopsFC
483Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillata?
484Flame-crested TanagerLoriotus cristatus?
485Ruby-crowned TanagerTachyphonus coronatusC
486White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus?
487Brazilian TanagerRamphocelus bresiliusR
488Silver-beaked TanagerRamphocelus carbo?
489Diademed TanagerStephanophorus diadematusUC
490Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonotaFC
491Blue-and-yellow TanagerRauenia bonariensis?
492Sayaca TanagerThraupis sayacaFC
493Azure-shouldered TanagerThraupis cyanopteraFC
494Golden-chevroned TanagerThraupis ornataC
495Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum?
496Chestnut-backed TanagerStilpnia preciosaUC
497Burnished-buff TanagerStilpnia cayana?
498Green-headed TanagerTangara seledonC
499Red-necked TanagerTangara cyanocephalaUC
500Brassy-breasted TanagerTangara desmarestiFC
501Gilt-edged TanagerTangara cyanoventrisUC
502<Swallow Tanager>Tersina viridisFC
503Black-legged DacnisDacnis nigripesR
504Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaC
505Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza?
506Guira TanagerHemithraupis guira?
507Rufous-headed TanagerHemithraupis ruficapillaFC
508Chestnut-vented ConebillConirostrum speciosumR
509Uniform FinchHaplospiza unicolorUC
510Long-tailed Reed FinchDonacospiza albifronsUC
511Bay-chested Warbling FinchCastanozoster thoracica?
512Buff-throated Warbling FinchPoospiza lateralisUC
513Gray-throated Warbling FinchPoospiza cabanisi?
514Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola?
515Grassland Yellow-FinchSicalis luteola?
516Wedge-tailed Grass-FinchEmberizoides herbicola?
517Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina?
518(Lined Seedeater)Sporophila lineolaFC
519White-bellied SeedeaterSporophila leucoptera?
520Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensis?
521Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis?
522Dubois's SeedeaterSporophila ardesiaca?
523Double-collared SeedeaterSporophila caerulescens?
524Temminck's SeedeaterSporophila falcirostrisR
525Buffy-fronted SeedeaterSporophila frontalisR
526Plumbeous SeedeaterSporophila plumbea?
527Rusty-collared SeedeaterSporophila collaris?
528Red-crested FinchCoryphospingus cucullatus?
529BananaquitCoereba flaveolaUC
530Sooty GrassquitAsemospiza fuliginosusUC
531Black-throated SaltatorSaltatricula atricollis?
532Green-winged SaltatorSaltator similisFC
533Thick-billed SaltatorSaltator maxillosus?
534Black-throated GrosbeakSaltator fuliginosusUC

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
//Boreal Visitor7
\\Austral Visitor1
||Transient0
##Non-breeding Dispersal0
<>Erratic/Irregular0
()Breeding Season Only0
{}Casual/Vagrant0
[]Accidental0

OCCURRENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
AAbundant/Very Common1
CCommon17
FCFairly/Locally Common97
UCUncommon/Scarce153
RRare/Very Scarce28
VRVery Rare7
XAccidental/Vagrant1
?Uncertain229

STATUS CODES

CodeDescription##
NTNear Threatened34
VVulnerable10
ENEndangered2
CRCritically Endangered1

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.