Altitude (m):1900-2200
# Species:258
# Excl Vagrants:258
# Endemics:36
# Near Endemics:5
Habitat: High elevation forest, scrub


List of target species for the country that could possibly be seen at this location. Target birds are those that are endemic, near endemic, critically endangered or endangered according to the IUCN, best seen in this country, or always considered by us to be a target. Accidentals, vagrants, and very rare species are excluded from this list.

color codes

1Long-trained NightjarMacropsalis forcipataNE
2Biscutate SwiftStreptoprocne biscutataBC
3Black JacobinFlorisuga fuscaBC
4Saw-billed HermitRamphodon naeviusE
5Brazilian RubyHeliodoxa rubricaudaE
6Green-crowned PlovercrestStephanoxis lalandiE
7Sombre HummingbirdEupetomena cirrochlorisE
8Chaco EagleButeogallus coronatusEN
9Yellow-eared WoodpeckerDryobates maculifronsE
10Plain ParakeetBrotogeris tiricaE
11Spot-breasted AntvireoDysithamnus stictothoraxNE
12Rufous-backed AntvireoDysithamnus xanthopterusE
13Ferruginous AntbirdDrymophila ferrugineaE
14Rufous-tailed AntbirdDrymophila geneiE
15Ochre-rumped AntbirdDrymophila ochropygaE
16Black-cheeked GnateaterConopophaga melanopsE
17Mouse-colored TapaculoScytalopus speluncaeBC
18Rufous-tailed AntthrushChamaeza ruficaudaNE
19Scaled WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes squamatusBC
20Wing-banded HorneroFurnarius figulusE
21Orange-eyed ThornbirdPhacellodomus erythrophthalmusE
22Itatiaia SpinetailAsthenes moreiraeE
23Pallid SpinetailCranioleuca pallidaE
24Serra do Mar Tyrant-ManakinNeopelma chrysolophumE
25Pin-tailed ManakinIlicura militarisE
26Hooded BerryeaterCarpornis cucullataE
27Swallow-tailed CotingaPhibalura flavirostrisBC
28Black-and-gold CotingaLipaugus atraE
29Gray-winged CotingaLipaugus conditaE
30Bare-throated BellbirdProcnias nudicollisBC
31Serra do Mar Bristle-TyrantPogonotriccus difficilisE
32Gray-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum poliocephalumE
33Gray-backed TachuriPolystictus superciliarisE
34Gray-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseocapillaE
35Velvety Black-TyrantKnipolegus nigerrimusE
36Gray-hooded AttilaAttila rufusE
37Gray-eyed GreenletHylophilus amaurocephalusE
38Half-collared SparrowArremon semitorquatusE
39Brown TanagerOrchesticus abeilleiE
40Cinnamon TanagerSchistochlamys ruficapillusBC
41Brazilian TanagerRamphocelus bresiliusE
42Azure-shouldered TanagerThraupis cyanopteraE
43Golden-chevroned TanagerThraupis ornataE
44White-bellied TanagerTangara brasiliensisE
45Red-necked TanagerTangara cyanocephalaBC
46Brassy-breasted TanagerTangara desmarestiE
47Gilt-edged TanagerTangara cyanoventrisE
48Bay-chested Warbling FinchCastanozoster thoracicaE
49Buffy-fronted SeedeaterSporophila frontalisNE
50Thick-billed SaltatorSaltator maxillosusNE


 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.