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SAO FRANCISCO DE PAULA

BRAZIL
LOCALE

# Species:314
# Excl Vagrants:314
# Endemics:15
# Near Endemics:3
Habitat: Lowland forest, open habitat

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Solitary TinamouTinamus solitariusSFR
2Brown TinamouCrypturellus obsoletusHV,SF?
3Yellow-legged TinamouCrypturellus noctivagusSFUC
4Tataupa TinamouCrypturellus tataupaSFUC
5Red-winged TinamouRhynchotus rufescensSFFC
6Spotted NothuraNothura maculosaSFFC

 
Ducks: Anatidae

7White-faced Whistling-DuckDendrocygna viduataSFUC
8Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolorSFUC
9Brazilian TealAmazonetta brasiliensisSFUC
10Yellow-billed PintailAnas georgicaHV,SFFC
11Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusHVR

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

12Scaled ChachalacaOrtalis squamataSFR
13Rusty-margined GuanPenelope superciliarisSFUC
14Dusky-legged GuanPenelope obscuraHV,SFFC
15Black-fronted Piping-GuanPipile jacutingaSFR

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

16Spot-winged Wood-QuailOdontophorus capueiraHVUC

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

17White-tufted GrebeRollandia rollandSFUC
18Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicusSFUC
19Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsSFUC

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

20Rock PigeonColumba liviaSFUC
21Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensisSFR
22Picazuro PigeonPatagioenas picazuroHV,SFFC
23Plumbeous PigeonPatagioenas plumbeaHV,SFUC
24Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiSFUC
25Picui Ground DoveColumbina picuiHV,SFFC
26Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaSFR
27White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiHV,SFFC
28Gray-fronted DoveLeptotila rufaxillaHV,SFUC
29Eared DoveZenaida auriculataHV,SFFC

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

30Guira CuckooGuira guiraHV,SFFC
31Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniSFUC
32Striped CuckooTapera naeviaSFR
33Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaHV,SFUC
34Dark-billed CuckooCoccyzus melacoryphusSFR
35Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusSFR

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

36Nacunda NighthawkChordeiles nacundaSFFC
37Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusSFR
38Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisSFR
39Scissor-tailed NightjarHydropsalis torquataSFUC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

40Sooty SwiftCypseloides fumigatusSFUC
41Great Dusky SwiftCypseloides senexSFFC
42Biscutate SwiftStreptoprocne biscutataSFUC
43Sick's SwiftChaetura meridionalisHV,SFC
44Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventrisSFUC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

45Black JacobinFlorisuga fuscaHV,SFFC
46Scale-throated HermitPhaethornis eurynomeSFUC
47Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollisSFR
48Amethyst WoodstarCalliphlox amethystinaSFR
49Glittering-bellied EmeraldChlorostilbon lucidusHV,SF?
50Purple-crowned PlovercrestStephanoxis loddigesiiHVUC
51Violet-capped WoodnymphThalurania glaucopisHVFC
52White-throated HummingbirdLeucochloris albicollisHV,SF?
53Versicolored EmeraldAmazilia versicolorSFR

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

54Ash-throated CrakeMustelirallus albicollisSFR
55Blackish RailPardirallus nigricansSFUC
56Plumbeous RailPardirallus sanguinolentusSFUC
57Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneusSFUC
58Slaty-breasted Wood-RailAramides saracuraHVFC
59Spot-flanked CrakePorphyriops melanopsSFUC
60Common GallinuleGallinula galeataHV,SFUC
61Rufous-sided CrakeLaterallus melanophaiusSFUC
62Red-and-white CrakeLaterallus leucopyrrhusSFUC

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

63Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanusSFUC

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

64Tawny-throated DotterelOreopholus ruficollisSFR
65Southern LapwingVanellus chilensisHV,SFC

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

66Wattled JacanaJacana jacanaHV,SFUC

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

67Upland SandpiperBartramia longicaudaSFR
68South American SnipeGallinago paraguaiaeSFUC
69Giant SnipeGallinago undulataSFUC

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

70Maguari StorkCiconia maguariHV,SFUC
71Wood StorkMycteria americanaHVVR

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

72AnhingaAnhinga anhingaSFVR

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

73Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusHVFC

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

74Great EgretArdea albaSFFC
75Snowy EgretEgretta thulaSFUC
76Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisSFUC
77Striated HeronButorides striataHVUC
78Whistling HeronSyrigma sibilatrixSFUC
79Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxSFUC

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

80White-faced IbisPlegadis chihiHVUC
81Bare-faced IbisPhimosus infuscatusSFFC
82Buff-necked IbisTheristicus caudatusHV,SFFC

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

83Black VultureCoragyps atratusHV,SFC
84Turkey VultureCathartes auraHV,SFFC
85King VultureSarcoramphus papaHV,SFR

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

86White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusSFUC
87Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisSF?
88Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusHV,SFUC
89Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannusSFVR
90Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusSFVR
91Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucusSFR
92Rufous-thighed KiteHarpagus diodonHV,SFFC
93Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbeaSFUC
94Gray-bellied HawkAccipiter poliogasterSFUC
95Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorSFUC
96Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalisSFFC
97Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitingaSFUC
98Chaco EagleButeogallus coronatusSFR
99Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisHV,SFFC
100White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhousSFUC
101White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatusSFUC
102Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucusSFR
103Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusSFUC

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

104Barn OwlTyto albaSFR

 
Owls: Strigidae

105Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops cholibaHV,SFFC
106Long-tufted Screech-OwlMegascops sanctaecatarinaeHV,SFFC
107Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataSFUC
108Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianumSFUC
109Burrowing OwlAthene cuniculariaHV,SFC
110Mottled OwlCiccaba virgataSFFC
111Rusty-barred OwlStrix hylophilaHV,SFUC
112Stygian OwlAsio stygiusSFUC
113Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusSFUC
114Buff-fronted OwlAegolius harrisiiHV,SFR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

115Surucua TrogonTrogon surrucuraHV,SFFC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

116Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataHV,SF?
117Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazonaSFR
118Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaHV,SFUC

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

119White-eared PuffbirdNystalus chacuruSFR

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

120Spot-billed ToucanetSelenidera maculirostrisSFR
121Red-breasted ToucanRamphastos dicolorusHV,SF?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

122Ochre-collared PiculetPicumnus temminckiiHV,SFUC
123Mottled PiculetPicumnus nebulosusHV,SFUC
124White-spotted WoodpeckerDryobates spilogasterHV,SFC
125Robust WoodpeckerCampephilus robustusHV,SFUC
126Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusSFUC
127Blond-crested WoodpeckerCeleus flavescensSFUC
128White-browed WoodpeckerPiculus aurulentusHVUC
129Green-barred WoodpeckerColaptes melanochlorosHV,SF?
130Campo FlickerColaptes campestrisHV,SFC

 
Seriemas: Cariamidae

131Red-legged SeriemaCariama cristataHV,SFFC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

132Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisHV,SFUC
133Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusSFUC
134Southern CaracaraCaracara plancusHV,SFFC
135Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachimaHV,SFFC
136Chimango CaracaraMilvago chimangoSFC
137American KestrelFalco sparveriusSFFC
138Aplomado FalconFalco femoralisSFUC
139Orange-breasted FalconFalco deiroleucusSFR
140Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusSFR

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

141Pileated ParrotPionopsitta pileataHV,SFFC
142Blue-bellied ParrotTriclaria malachitaceaSFR
143Scaly-headed ParrotPionus maximilianiHV,SFUC
144Vinaceous-breasted ParrotAmazona vinaceaHV,SFFC
145Red-spectacled ParrotAmazona pretreiHV,SFUC
146Blue-winged ParrotletForpus xanthopterygiusSFR
147Maroon-bellied ParakeetPyrrhura frontalisHV,SFC
148Blue-winged MacawPrimolius maracanaSFVR

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

149Giant AntshrikeBatara cinereaSFUC
150Large-tailed AntshrikeMackenziaena leachiiHVUC
151Rufous-capped AntshrikeThamnophilus ruficapillusHV,SF?
152Variable AntshrikeThamnophilus caerulescensHV,SF?
153Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalisSFUC
154Dusky-tailed AntbirdDrymophila maluraSFUC
155Squamate AntbirdMyrmodenus squamosaSFR

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

156Rufous GnateaterConopophaga lineataHVUC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

157Variegated AntpittaGrallaria variaHVUC
158Speckle-breasted AntpittaHylopezus nattereriHVFC

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

159Mouse-colored TapaculoScytalopus speluncaeHVFC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

160Short-tailed AntthrushChamaeza campanisonaHVUC
161Brazilian Antthrush
(Rufous-tailed Antthrush)
Chamaeza ruficaudaHVFC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

162Rufous-breasted LeaftosserSclerurus scansorHV,SF?
163Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillusHV,SF?
164Planalto WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes platyrostrisHVFC
165White-throated WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes albicollisHV,SF?
166Lesser WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus fuscusHVUC
167Black-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus falculariusHVUC
168Scaled WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes squamatusSF?
169Scalloped WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes falcinellusHVFC
170Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansSFUC
171Rufous HorneroFurnarius rufusHVC
172Sharp-tailed StreamcreeperLochmias nematuraHVFC
173Long-tailed CinclodesCinclodes pabstiSFUC
174Sharp-billed TreehunterHeliobletus contaminatusHV,SF?
175Buff-browed Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla rufosuperciliataHVFC
176Striolated Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura striolataHVUC
177Araucaria Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura setariaHV,SFC
178Freckle-breasted ThornbirdPhacellodomus striaticollisSFUC
179Red-eyed Thornbird
(Orange-breasted Thornbird)
Phacellodomus ferrugineigulaSFUC
180Firewood-gathererAnumbius annumbiHV,SFFC
181Straight-billed ReedhaunterLimnoctites rectirostrisHV,SFFC
182Olive SpinetailCranioleuca obsoletaHV,SFFC
183Yellow-chinned SpinetailCerthiaxis cinnamomeusSFUC
184Rufous-capped SpinetailSynallaxis ruficapillaHVUC
185Gray-bellied SpinetailSynallaxis cinerascensSFUC
186Chicli Spinetail
(Spix's Spinetail)
Synallaxis spixiHV,SFFC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

187Swallow-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia caudataHVUC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

188Hooded BerryeaterCarpornis cucullataSFUC
189Swallow-tailed CotingaPhibalura flavirostrisHVR
190Red-ruffed FruitcrowPyroderus scutatusSFR
191Bare-throated BellbirdProcnias nudicollisHV,SF?

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

192Black-tailed TityraTityra cayanaHVFC
193Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitorHVUC
194Greenish SchiffornisSchiffornis virescensSFUC
195Green-backed BecardPachyramphus viridisSFUC
196Chestnut-crowned BecardPachyramphus castaneusHVFC
197White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusHVFC
198Crested BecardPachyramphus validusHVFC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

199White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceusSFFC
200Gray-hooded FlycatcherMionectes rufiventrisHVR
201Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusHVFC
202Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralisHVC
203Serra do Mar TyrannuletPhylloscartes difficilisHVUC
204Brown-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant
(Brown-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant)
Hemitriccus obsoletusHV,SF?
205Ochre-faced Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus plumbeicepsSFUC
206Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensSFUC
207Cliff FlycatcherHirundinea ferrugineaSFUC
208Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumHV,SFC
209Small-billed ElaeniaElaenia parvirostrisSFUC
210Olivaceous ElaeniaElaenia mesoleucaHV,SF?
211Small-headed ElaeniaElaenia sordidaHVUC
212Sooty TyrannuletSerpophaga nigricansHV,SF?
213White-crested TyrannuletSerpophaga subcristataHV,SFFC
214Rough-legged TyrannuletPhyllomyias burmeisteriSFUC
215Greenish TyrannuletPhyllomyias virescensHVFC
216Planalto TyrannuletPhyllomyias fasciatusHV,SF?
217Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatusSFUC
218Euler's FlycatcherLathrotriccus euleriSFUC
219Crested Black-TyrantKnipolegus lophotesHV,SF?
220Blue-billed Black-TyrantKnipolegus cyanirostrisHV,SF?
221Yellow-browed TyrantSatrapa icterophrysSFUC
222Gray MonjitaXolmis cinereusSFUC
223White MonjitaXolmis iruperoSFFC
224Black-and-white MonjitaXolmis dominicanusSFFC
225Shear-tailed Gray TyrantMuscipipra vetulaSFUC
226Rufous-tailed AttilaAttila phoenicurusSFUC
227Sibilant SirystesSirystes sibilatorSFR
228(Swainson's Flycatcher)Myiarchus swainsoniHV,SFFC
229Cattle TyrantMachetornis rixosaSFFC
230Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusHV,SFUC
231(Streaked Flycatcher)Myiodynastes maculatusHV,SFUC
232Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaiusSFUC
233Variegated FlycatcherEmpidonomus variusSFUC
234(Tropical Kingbird)Tyrannus melancholicusHV,SFA
235(Fork-tailed Flycatcher)Tyrannus savanaHV,SFC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

236Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensisHV,SF?
237Rufous-crowned GreenletHylophilus poicilotisSF?
238Chivi VireoVireo chiriSF?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

239Azure JayCyanocorax caeruleusHV,SF?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

240Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaHV,SFC
241Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisSFFC
242Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaSFFC
243(Brown-chested Martin)Progne taperaHV,SFC
244White-rumped SwallowTachycineta leucorrhoaSFUC
245Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaHV,SFFC
246Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaSFUC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

247House WrenTroglodytes aedonHV,SF?
248Sedge WrenCistothorus platensisSFUC

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

249Chalk-browed MockingbirdMimus saturninusSFC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

250Pale-breasted ThrushTurdus leucomelasSFUC
251Yellow-legged ThrushTurdus flavipesHVFC
252White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollisHVFC
253Rufous-bellied ThrushTurdus rufiventrisHV,SF?
254Eastern Slaty-ThrushTurdus subalarisHVFC
255Creamy-bellied ThrushTurdus amaurochalinusHVC

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

256House SparrowPasser domesticusHV,SFC

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

257Ochre-breasted PipitAnthus nattereriSFR
258Hellmayr's PipitAnthus hellmayriSFFC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

259Blue-naped ChlorophoniaChlorophonia cyaneaHVUC
260Purple-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chloroticaHV,SFUC
261Green-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chalybeaHV,SFFC
262Golden-rumped EuphoniaEuphonia cyanocephalaSFR
263Chestnut-bellied EuphoniaEuphonia pectoralisSFR
264Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicusHV,SFC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

265Grassland SparrowAmmodramus humeralisSFUC
266Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisHV,SFA

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

267White-browed MeadowlarkLeistes superciliarisSFR
268Golden-winged CaciqueCacicus chrysopterusHV,SF?
269Variable OrioleIcterus pyrrhopterusSFUC
270Screaming CowbirdMolothrus rufoaxillarisSFUC
271Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisHV,SFFC
272Scarlet-headed BlackbirdAmblyramphus holosericeusSFUC
273Chopi BlackbirdGnorimopsar chopiHV,SFFC
274Chestnut-capped BlackbirdChrysomus ruficapillusSFFC
275Saffron-cowled BlackbirdXanthopsar flavusSFUC
276Yellow-rumped MarshbirdPseudoleistes guirahuroSFFC
277Brown-and-yellow MarshbirdPseudoleistes virescensSFFC

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

278Masked YellowthroatGeothlypis aequinoctialisSFUC
279Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiHV,SFC
280Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorusHV,SFC
281White-rimmed Warbler
(White-browed Warbler)
Myiothlypis leucoblepharaHV,SFC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

282Hepatic TanagerPiranga flavaSFR
283Blackish-blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza moestaSFR
284Glaucous-blue GrosbeakCyanoloxia glaucocaeruleaSFUC
285Ultramarine GrosbeakCyanoloxia brissoniiSFUC

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

286Chestnut-headed TanagerThlypopsis pyrrhocomaHV,SF?
287Black-goggled TanagerTrichothraupis melanopsSFR
288Ruby-crowned TanagerTachyphonus coronatusSFR
289Diademed TanagerStephanophorus diadematusSFFC
290Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonotaHV,SFC
291Blue-and-yellow TanagerPipraeidea bonariensisHV,SF?
292Sayaca TanagerThraupis sayacaHV,SFC
293Azure-shouldered TanagerThraupis cyanopteraSFUC
294Chestnut-backed TanagerStilpnia preciosaHVC
295Green-headed TanagerTangara seledonSFR
296Red-necked TanagerTangara cyanocephalaSFR
297Swallow TanagerTersina viridisHV,SFUC
298Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaHVUC
299Uniform FinchHaplospiza unicolorSFUC
300Long-tailed Reed FinchDonacospiza albifronsSFUC
301Bay-chested Warbling-FinchCastanozoster thoracicaSFUC
302Black-and-rufous Warbling-FinchPoospiza nigrorufaSFUC
303Gray-throated Warbling-FinchPoospiza cabanisiHV,SFFC
304Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaHV,SFC
305Grassland Yellow-FinchSicalis luteolaSFUC
306Lesser Grass-FinchEmberizoides ypiranganusSFUC
307Great Pampa-FinchEmbernagra platensisHV,SFFC
308Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaSFUC
309(Black-bellied Seedeater)Sporophila melanogasterHV,SFFC
310Double-collared SeedeaterSporophila caerulescensHV,SFFC
311Tropeiro SeedeaterSporophila beltoniSFR
312BananaquitCoereba flaveolaSFFC
313Green-winged SaltatorSaltator similisHV,SFC
314Thick-billed SaltatorSaltator maxillosusSFUC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain

LOCATION CODES

HVHotel Veraneio Hampel