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DESCRIPTION

EL CAJAS NATIONAL PARK

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):28,544
Altitude (m):3100-4450
# Species*:131
# Excl Vagrants*:131
# Endemics*:1
# Near Endemics*:10
Species/100 ha*:0.5
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Cloud forest, paramo, lagoons

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Andean TinamouNothoprocta pentlandiiRR 
2Andean DuckOxyura ferrugineaLC 
3Silvery GrebePodiceps occipitalisLC 
4Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusLC 
5Amethyst-throated SunangelHeliangelus amethysticollisRR 
6Tourmaline SunangelHeliangelus exortisNE 
7Flame-throated Sunangel
(Little Sunangel)
Heliangelus micrasterNE 
8Ecuadorian HillstarOreotrochilus chimborazoNE 
9Mountain AvocetbillOpisthoprora eurypteraLC 
10Purple-backed ThornbillRamphomicron microrhynchumRR 
11Blue-mantled ThornbillChalcostigma stanleyiRR 
12Rainbow-bearded ThornbillChalcostigma herraniLC 
13Viridian MetaltailMetallura williamiNE 
14Violet-throated MetaltailMetallura baroniEEN
15Glowing PufflegEriocnemis vestitaRR 
16Collared IncaCoeligena torquataRR 
17Rainbow StarfrontletCoeligena irisNE 
18Giant HummingbirdPatagona gigasRR 
19Andean LapwingVanellus resplendensLC 
20Noble SnipeGallinago nobilis NT
21Andean CondorVultur gryphus NT
22Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusLC 
23Masked TrogonTrogon personatusRR 
24Gray-breasted Mountain-ToucanAndigena hypoglaucaRRNT
25Carunculated CaracaraPhalcoboenus carunculatusNE 
26Aplomado FalconFalco femoralisLC 
27Rufous AntpittaGrallaria rufulaRR 
28Blackish TapaculoScytalopus latransRR 
29Stout-billed CinclodesCinclodes excelsiorNE 
30Andean Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura andicolaRR 
31Streak-backed CanasteroAsthenes wyattiLC 
32Mouse-colored ThistletailAsthenes griseomurinaNE 
33Rufous SpinetailSynallaxis unirufaRR 
34Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollisRR 
35White-tailed Shrike-TyrantAgriornis albicaudaLCV
36Red-rumped Bush-TyrantCnemarchus erythropygiusRR 
37Crowned Chat-TyrantOchthoeca frontalisRR 
38White-browed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca leucophrysLC 
39Turquoise JayCyanolyca turcosaRR 
40Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucopsLC 
41Pale-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes pallidinuchaRR 
42Superciliaried HemispingusThlypopsis superciliarisRR 
43Hooded Mountain-TanagerButhraupis montanaRR 
44Grass-green TanagerChlorornis riefferiiRR 
45Lacrimose Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus lacrymosusRR 
46Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonotaRR 
47Giant ConebillConirostrum binghamiLCNT
48Glossy FlowerpiercerDiglossa lafresnayiiRR 
49Black-backed Bush TanagerUrothraupis stolzmanniNE 
50Tit-like DacnisXenodacnis parinaNE 
51Gray-hooded Bush TanagerCnemoscopus rubrirostrisRR 
52Band-tailed SeedeaterCatamenia analisRR 
53Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroaLC 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered