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DESCRIPTION

EL CAJAS NATIONAL PARK

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):28,544
Altitude (m):3100-4450
# Species*:131
# Excl Vagrants*:131
# Endemics*:1
# Near Endemics*:10
Species/100 ha*:0.5
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Cloud forest, paramo, lagoons

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Andean TinamouNothoprocta pentlandiiRR 
2Andean DuckOxyura ferrugineaLC 
3Silvery GrebePodiceps occipitalisLC 
4Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusLC 
5Amethyst-throated SunangelHeliangelus amethysticollisRR 
6Tourmaline SunangelHeliangelus exortisNE 
7Flame-throated Sunangel
(Little Sunangel)
Heliangelus micrasterNE 
8Ecuadorian HillstarOreotrochilus chimborazoNE 
9Mountain AvocetbillOpisthoprora eurypteraLC 
10Purple-backed ThornbillRamphomicron microrhynchumRR 
11Blue-mantled ThornbillChalcostigma stanleyiRR 
12Rainbow-bearded ThornbillChalcostigma herraniLC 
13Viridian MetaltailMetallura williamiNE 
14Violet-throated MetaltailMetallura baroniEEN
15Glowing PufflegEriocnemis vestitaRR 
16Collared IncaCoeligena torquataRR 
17Rainbow StarfrontletCoeligena irisNE 
18Giant HummingbirdPatagona gigasRR 
19Andean LapwingVanellus resplendensLC 
20Noble SnipeGallinago nobilis NT
21Andean CondorVultur gryphus V
22Short-eared OwlAsio flammeusLC 
23Masked TrogonTrogon personatusRR 
24Gray-breasted Mountain-ToucanAndigena hypoglaucaRRNT
25Carunculated CaracaraPhalcoboenus carunculatusNE 
26Aplomado FalconFalco femoralisLC 
27Blackish TapaculoScytalopus latransRR 
28Stout-billed CinclodesCinclodes excelsiorNE 
29Andean Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura andicolaRR 
30Streak-backed CanasteroAsthenes wyattiLC 
31Mouse-colored ThistletailAsthenes griseomurinaNE 
32Rufous SpinetailSynallaxis unirufaRR 
33Streak-necked FlycatcherMionectes striaticollisRR 
34Red-rumped Bush-TyrantCnemarchus erythropygiusRR 
35White-tailed Shrike-TyrantAgriornis albicaudaLCV
36Crowned Chat-TyrantOchthoeca frontalisRR 
37White-browed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca leucophrysLC 
38Turquoise JayCyanolyca turcosaRR 
39Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucopsLC 
40Pale-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes pallidinuchaRR 
41Superciliaried HemispingusThlypopsis superciliarisRR 
42Hooded Mountain TanagerButhraupis montanaRR 
43Grass-green TanagerChlorornis riefferiiRR 
44Lacrimose Mountain TanagerAnisognathus lacrymosusRR 
45Fawn-breasted TanagerPipraeidea melanonotaRR 
46Giant ConebillConirostrum binghamiLCNT
47Glossy FlowerpiercerDiglossa lafresnayiiRR 
48Black-backed Bush TanagerUrothraupis stolzmanniNE 
49Tit-like DacnisXenodacnis parinaNE 
50Gray-hooded Bush TanagerCnemoscopus rubrirostrisRR 
51Band-tailed SeedeaterCatamenia analisRR 
52Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroaLC 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered