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DESCRIPTION

RIO SILANCHE SANCTUARY

ECUADOR
LOCALE

Area (ha):80
Altitude (m):300-350
# Species:290
# Excl Vagrants:290
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:36
Species/100 ha:362.5
Habitat: Remnant lowland forest

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Rufous-headed ChachalacaOrtalis erythropteraNEV
2Rufous-fronted Wood-QuailOdontophorus erythropsNE 
3Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea V
4Dusky PigeonPatagioenas goodsoniNE 
5Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusLC 
6Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica NT
7Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusNE 
8White-whiskered HermitPhaethornis yaruquiNE 
9Green ThorntailDiscosura conversiiNE 
10Little WoodstarChaetocercus bombusNEV
11Purple-throated WoodstarPhilodice mitchelliiRR 
12Purple-chested HummingbirdAmazilia rosenbergiNE 
13Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolorLC 
14Brown Wood-RailAramides wolfiLCV
15Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbea V
16Barred HawkMorphnarchus princepsNE 
17Gray-backed HawkPseudastur occidentalisNEEN
18Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeusRR 
19Choco Trogon
(Blue-tailed Trogon)
Trogon comptusNE 
20Orange-fronted BarbetCapito squamatusNENT
21Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusLCNT
22Choco ToucanRamphastos brevisNE 
23Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusRR 
24Choco WoodpeckerDryobates chocoensisNENT
25Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterLC 
26Guayaquil WoodpeckerCampephilus gayaquilensisRRNT
27Lita WoodpeckerPiculus litaeNE 
28Plumbeous Forest-FalconMicrastur plumbeusNEV
29Blue-fronted ParrotletTouit dilectissimusLC 
30Rose-faced ParrotPyrilia pulchraNE 
31Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisLC 
32Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa NT
33Pacific ParrotletForpus coelestisNE 
34Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenysNENT
35Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusRR 
36Spot-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus puncticepsRR 
37Moustached AntwrenMyrmotherula ignotaNE 
38Esmeraldas AntbirdSipia nigricaudaNE 
39Stub-tailed AntbirdSipia berlepschiNE 
40Elegant CrescentchestMelanopareia elegansNE 
41Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusRR 
42Pacific Hornero**Furnarius cinnamomeusNE 
43Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufumRR 
44Ruddy Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rubiginosusLC 
45Double-banded GraytailXenerpestes minlosiRR 
46Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythropsRR 
47Club-winged ManakinMachaeropterus deliciosusNE 
48Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisRR 
49Black-tipped CotingaCarpodectes hopkeiRR 
50Slaty BecardPachyramphus spodiurusNEEN
51White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceusRR 
52Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPhylloscartes ophthalmicusRR 
53Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillusRR 
54Pacific FlatbillRhynchocyclus pacificusNE 
55Ornate FlycatcherMyiotriccus ornatusRR 
56Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi NT
57White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatusRR 
58Black-billed PeppershrikeCyclarhis nigrirostrisNE 
59White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialisLC 
60Slate-throated GnatcatcherPolioptila schistaceigulaRR 
61Gray-mantled WrenOdontorchilus branickiiRR 
62Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatusRR 
63Stripe-throated WrenCantorchilus leucopogonLC 
64Ecuadorian ThrushTurdus maculirostrisNE 
65Fulvous-vented EuphoniaEuphonia fulvicrissaRR 
66Yellow-bellied SiskinSpinus xanthogastrusLC 
67Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularisRR 
68Choco Warbler**Basileuterus chlorophrysNE 
69Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiLC 
70Ochre-breasted TanagerChlorothraupis stolzmanniNE 
71Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiRR 
72White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusLC 
73Gray-and-gold TanagerPoecilostreptus palmeriRR 
74Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataRR 
75Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaRR 
76Blue-whiskered TanagerTangara johannaeNENT
77Emerald TanagerTangara floridaRR 
78Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaRR 
79Yellow-tufted Dacnis**Dacnis egregiaNE 
80Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venustaRR 
81Scarlet-breasted DacnisDacnis berlepschiNEV
82Scarlet-browed TanagerHeterospingus xanthopygiusRR 
83Scarlet-and-white TanagerChrysothlypis salmoniNE 
84Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funereaLC 
85Black-and-white SeedeaterSporophila luctuosaLC 
86Crimson-breasted FinchRhodospingus cruentusRR 
87Black-winged SaltatorSaltator atripennisNE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered