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MACHU PICCHU

PERU
LOCALE

Altitude (m):2430
# Species*:372
# Excl Vagrants*:372
# Endemics*:16
# Near Endemics*:37
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Temperate forest, bamboo

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country excluding vagrants and accidentals. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Hooded TinamouNothocercus nigrocapillusNE 
2Brown TinamouCrypturellus obsoletusRR 
3Wattled GuanAburria aburri NT
4Sickle-winged GuanChamaepetes goudotiiLC 
5Rufous-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus speciosusRR 
6Stripe-faced Wood-QuailOdontophorus ballivianiNE 
7Spot-winged PigeonPatagioenas maculosaRR 
8Maroon-chested Ground DoveParaclaravis mondetouraLC 
9Lyre-tailed NightjarUropsalis lyraLC 
10White-browed HermitPhaethornis stuartiNE 
11Blue-fronted LancebillDoryfera johannaeRR 
12Speckled HummingbirdAdelomyia melanogenysRR 
13Purple-backed ThornbillRamphomicron microrhynchumLC 
14Coppery-naped Puffleg**Eriocnemis sapphirophygiaNE 
15White-tufted SunbeamAglaeactis castelnaudiiENT
16Gould's IncaCoeligena incaNE 
17Mountain VelvetbreastLafresnaya lafresnayiRR 
18Rufous-booted Racket-tailOcreatus addaeNE 
19Many-spotted HummingbirdTaphrospilus hypostictusRR 
20Green-and-white HummingbirdElliotomyia viridicaudaE 
21Andean IbisTheristicus branickii NT
22Andean CondorVultur gryphus V
23Black-and-chestnut EagleSpizaetus isidoriLCEN
24Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius NT
25Blue-chinned Barbet**Eubucco glaucogularisENT
26Blue-moustached BarbetEubucco versicolorNE 
27Blue-banded ToucanetAulacorhynchus coeruleicinctisNE 
28Gray-breasted Mountain-ToucanAndigena hypoglaucaRRNT
29Ocellated PiculetPicumnus dorbignyanusRR 
30Fine-barred PiculetPicumnus subtilisNE 
31Crimson-mantled WoodpeckerColaptes rivoliiRR 
32Andean ParakeetBolborhynchus orbygnesiusNE 
33<Golden-plumed Parakeet>Leptosittaca branickiiRR 
34Mitred ParakeetPsittacara mitratusRR 
35Undulated AntpittaGrallaria squamigeraRR 
36Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensisRR 
37Urubamba AntpittaGrallaria occabambaeE 
38Puna TapaculoScytalopus simonsiNE 
39Trilling TapaculoScytalopus parvirostrisNE 
40Royal CinclodesCinclodes aricomaeNECR
41Rufous-backed TreehunterThripadectes scrutatorNE 
42Pearled TreerunnerMargarornis squamigerRR 
43White-browed Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura xenothoraxEEN
44Streak-throated CanasteroAsthenes humilisNE 
45Rusty-fronted CanasteroAsthenes ottonisE 
46Marcapata SpinetailCranioleuca marcapataeE 
47Creamy-crested SpinetailCranioleuca albicapillaE 
48Azara's SpinetailSynallaxis azaraeRR 
49Band-tailed FruiteaterPipreola intermediaNE 
50Barred FruiteaterPipreola arcuataRR 
51Masked FruiteaterPipreola pulchraE 
52Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisRR 
53Inca FlycatcherLeptopogon taczanowskiiENT
54Cinnamon-faced TyrannuletPhylloscartes parkeriNE 
55Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPogonotriccus ophthalmicusLC 
56Yellow-olive FlatbillTolmomyias sulphurescensRR 
57Cliff FlycatcherHirundinea ferrugineaLC 
58Ochraceous-breasted FlycatcherNephelomyias ochraceiventrisNE 
59White-throated TyrannuletMecocerculus leucophrysRR 
60Ash-breasted Tit-TyrantAnairetes alpinusNEEN
61Unstreaked Tit-TyrantUromyias agraphiaE 
62Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterLC 
63Highland ElaeniaElaenia obscuraLC 
64White-fronted TyrannuletPhyllomyias zeledoniLC 
65Sclater's TyrannuletPhyllomyias sclateriRR 
66Tawny-rumped TyrannuletPhyllomyias uropygialisRR 
67Plumbeous-crowned TyrannuletPhyllomyias plumbeicepsLC 
68Peruvian TyrannuletZimmerius viridiflavusNE 
69Bolivian TyrannuletZimmerius bolivianusNE 
70Olive FlycatcherMitrephanes olivaceusNE 
71/Olive-sided Flycatcher/Contopus cooperi NT
72White-winged Black-TyrantKnipolegus aterrimusRR 
73Rufous-breasted Chat-TyrantOchthoeca rufipectoralisRR 
74Brown-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca fumicolorRR 
75Lemon-browed FlycatcherConopias cinchoneti V
76Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusRR 
77White-collared JayCyanolyca viridicyanusNENT
78Andean SwallowOrochelidon andecolaRR 
79Grass WrenCistothorus platensisLC 
80Inca WrenPheugopedius eisenmanniE 
81Fulvous WrenCinnycerthia fulvaNE 
82White-eared SolitaireEntomodestes leucotisNE 
83Glossy-black ThrushTurdus serranusRR 
84Thick-billed SiskinSpinus crassirostrisRR 
85Tricolored BrushfinchAtlapetes tricolorRR 
86Cuzco BrushfinchAtlapetes canigenisE 
87Black-faced BrushfinchAtlapetes melanolaemusNE 
88Dusky-green OropendolaPsarocolius atrovirensNE 
89Southern Mountain CaciqueCacicus chrysonotusNE 
90Yellow-winged BlackbirdAgelasticus thiliusRR 
91/Cerulean Warbler/Setophaga cerulea NT
92Russet-crowned WarblerMyiothlypis coronataRR 
93Black-backed GrosbeakPheucticus aureoventrisRR 
94Rufous-crested TanagerCreurgops verticalisRR 
95Slaty TanagerCreurgops dentatusNE 
96Black-capped HemispingusKleinothraupis atropileusRR 
97Parodi's HemispingusKleinothraupis parodiiENT
98Rust-and-yellow TanagerThlypopsis ruficepsRR 
99Black-goggled TanagerTrichothraupis melanopsLC 
100White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusRR 
101Blue-capped TanagerSporathraupis cyanocephalaRR 
102Scarlet-bellied Mountain TanagerAnisognathus igniventrisRR 
103Buff-breasted Mountain TanagerDubusia taeniataRR 
104Chestnut-bellied Mountain TanagerDubusia castaneoventrisNE 
105Golden-collared TanagerIridosornis jelskiiNE 
106Yellow-scarfed TanagerIridosornis reinhardtiE 
107Golden-naped TanagerChalcothraupis ruficervixRR 
108Blue-and-black TanagerTangara vassoriiRR 
109Giant ConebillConirostrum binghami NT
110White-browed ConebillConirostrum ferrugineiventreNE 
111Moustached FlowerpiercerDiglossa mystacalisNE 
112Masked FlowerpiercerDiglossa cyaneaRR 
113Peruvian Sierra FinchPhrygilus punensisNE 
114Glacier FinchIdiopsar speculiferaRR 
115Short-tailed FinchIdiopsar brachyurusRR 
116Tit-like DacnisXenodacnis parinaNE 
117Drab HemispingusPseudospingus xanthophthalmusNE 
118Gray-hooded Bush TanagerCnemoscopus rubrirostrisRR 
119Three-striped HemispingusPoospiza trifasciatusNE 
120Chestnut-breasted Mountain-FinchPoospizopsis caesarE 
121Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroa NT

 

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
//Boreal Visitor15
\\Austral Visitor31
||Transient2
##Non-breeding Dispersal1
<>Erratic/Irregular2
()Breeding Season Only2
{}Casual/Vagrant5
[]Accidental4

DISTRIBUTION CODES

CodeDescription##
EEndemic128
LCLocal167
NENear Endemic207
RRRestricted Range331

STATUS CODES

CodeDescription##
NTNear Threatened13
VVulnerable2
ENEndangered3
CRCritically Endangered1

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.