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DESCRIPTION

MACHU PICCHU

PERU
LOCALE

Altitude (m):2430
# Species*:266
# Excl Vagrants*:266
# Endemics*:13
# Near Endemics*:32
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Temperate forest, bamboo

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Hooded TinamouNothocercus nigrocapillusNEV
2Brown TinamouCrypturellus obsoletusRR 
3Andean TinamouNothoprocta pentlandiiRR 
4Sickle-winged GuanChamaepetes goudotiiLC 
5Rufous-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus speciosusRRNT
6Stripe-faced Wood-QuailOdontophorus ballivianiNE 
7Maroon-chested Ground DoveParaclaravis mondetouraLC 
8Lyre-tailed NightjarUropsalis lyraLC 
9White-browed HermitPhaethornis stuartiNE 
10Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeRR 
11Geoffroy's DaggerbillSchistes geoffroyiRR 
12Amethyst-throated SunangelHeliangelus amethysticollisRR 
13Speckled HummingbirdAdelomyia melanogenysRR 
14Long-tailed SylphAglaiocercus kingiiRR 
15Rufous-capped ThornbillChalcostigma ruficepsRR 
16Coppery-naped Puffleg**Eriocnemis sapphirophygiaNE 
17Collared IncaCoeligena torquataRR 
18Violet-throated StarfrontletCoeligena violiferNE 
19Mountain VelvetbreastLafresnaya lafresnayiRR 
20Chestnut-breasted CoronetBoissonneaua matthewsiiRR 
21Booted Racket-tailOcreatus underwoodiiRR 
22Fawn-breasted BrilliantHeliodoxa rubinoidesRR 
23Many-spotted HummingbirdTaphrospilus hypostictusRR 
24Green-and-white HummingbirdAmazilia viridicaudaE 
25Andean CondorVultur gryphus NT
26Black-and-chestnut EagleSpizaetus isidoriLCEN
27Solitary EagleButeogallus solitariusRRNT
28White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhousRR 
29White-throated HawkButeo albigulaRR 
30Yungas Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium bolivianumRR 
31Golden-headed QuetzalPharomachrus auricepsRR 
32Crested QuetzalPharomachrus antisianusRR 
33Masked TrogonTrogon personatusRR 
34Andean MotmotMomotus aequatorialisRR 
35Black-streaked PuffbirdMalacoptila fulvogularisRR 
36Versicolored BarbetEubucco versicolorNE 
37Gray-breasted Mountain-ToucanAndigena hypoglaucaRRNT
38Ocellated PiculetPicumnus dorbignyanusNE 
39Fine-barred PiculetPicumnus subtilisNE 
40Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaRR 
41Andean ParakeetBolborhynchus orbygnesiusNE 
42Scaly-naped ParrotAmazona mercenariusRR 
43Golden-plumed ParakeetLeptosittaca branickiiLCV
44Mitred ParakeetPsittacara mitratusRR 
45Variable AntshrikeThamnophilus caerulescensRR 
46Undulated AntpittaGrallaria squamigeraRR 
47Rufous AntpittaGrallaria rufulaRR 
48Trilling TapaculoScytalopus parvirostrisNE 
49Puna TapaculoScytalopus simonsiNE 
50Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectusRR 
51Montane WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes lacrymigerRR 
52Royal CinclodesCinclodes aricomaeNECR
53Montane Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia striaticollisRR 
54Buff-throated Treehunter
(Rufous-backed Treehunter)
Thripadectes scrutatorNE 
55Pearled TreerunnerMargarornis squamigerRR 
56Tawny Tit-SpinetailSylviorthorhynchus yanacensisNENT
57White-browed Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura xenothoraxEEN
58Rusty-fronted CanasteroAsthenes ottonisE 
59Marcapata SpinetailCranioleuca marcapataeEV
60Azara's SpinetailSynallaxis azaraeRR 
61Masked FruiteaterPipreola pulchraE 
62Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorRR 
63Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisRR 
64Inca FlycatcherLeptopogon taczanowskiiENT
65Marble-faced Bristle-TyrantPhylloscartes ophthalmicusLC 
66Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralisRR 
67Cinnamon-faced TyrannuletPhylloscartes parkeriNE 
68White-tailed TyrannuletMecocerculus poecilocercusRR 
69White-throated TyrannuletMecocerculus leucophrysRR 
70Ash-breasted Tit-TyrantAnairetes alpinusNEEN
71Unstreaked Tit-TyrantUromyias agraphiaE 
72Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterLC 
73Highland ElaeniaElaenia obscuraLC 
74Sclater's TyrannuletPhyllomyias sclateriNE 
75Ashy-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias cinereicepsRR 
76Tawny-rumped TyrannuletPhyllomyias uropygialisRR 
77Plumbeous-crowned TyrannuletPhyllomyias plumbeicepsRR 
78Peruvian TyrannuletZimmerius viridiflavusE 
79Bolivian TyrannuletZimmerius bolivianusNE 
80Plain TyrannuletInezia inornataRR 
81Olive FlycatcherMitrephanes olivaceusNE 
82Jelski's Black-TyrantKnipolegus signatusNE 
83White-winged Black-TyrantKnipolegus aterrimusRR 
84Rufous-breasted Chat-TyrantOchthoeca rufipectoralisRR 
85Lemon-browed FlycatcherConopias cinchonetiRRV
86Golden-crowned FlycatcherMyiodynastes chrysocephalusRR 
87Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysRR 
88Andean SwallowOrochelidon andecolaRR 
89Inca WrenPheugopedius eisenmanniE 
90Fulvous WrenCinnycerthia fulvaNE 
91Andean SolitaireMyadestes ralloidesRR 
92Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
93White-eared SolitaireEntomodestes leucotisNE 
94Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucopsRR 
95Glossy-black ThrushTurdus serranusRR 
96Blue-naped ChlorophoniaChlorophonia cyaneaRR 
97Bronze-green EuphoniaEuphonia mesochrysaRR 
98Thick-billed SiskinSpinus crassirostrisRR 
99Olivaceous SiskinSpinus olivaceusRR 
100Black SiskinSpinus atratusRR 
101Yellow-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavigularisRR 
102Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaRR 
103Tricolored BrushfinchAtlapetes tricolorRR 
104Cuzco BrushfinchAtlapetes canigenisE 
105Black-faced BrushfinchAtlapetes melanolaemusNE 
106Dusky-green OropendolaPsarocolius atrovirensNE 
107Yellow-winged BlackbirdAgelasticus thiliusRR 
108Three-striped WarblerBasileuterus tristriatusRR 
109Citrine WarblerMyiothlypis luteoviridisRR 
110Pale-legged WarblerMyiothlypis signataRR 
111Russet-crowned WarblerMyiothlypis coronataRR 
112Spectacled RedstartMyioborus melanocephalusRR 
113Black-backed GrosbeakPheucticus aureoventrisRR 
114Rufous-crested TanagerCreurgops verticalisRR 
115Slaty TanagerCreurgops dentatusNE 
116Black-capped HemispingusKleinothraupis atropileusRR 
117Parodi's HemispingusKleinothraupis parodiiENT
118Oleaginous HemispingusSphenopsis frontalisRR 
119Black-eared HemispingusSphenopsis melanotisRR 
120Rust-and-yellow TanagerThlypopsis ruficepsNE 
121Superciliaried HemispingusThlypopsis superciliarisRR 
122Black-goggled TanagerTrichothraupis melanopsLC 
123Blue-winged Mountain-TanagerAnisognathus somptuosusRR 
124Golden-collared TanagerIridosornis jelskiiNE 
125Yellow-scarfed TanagerIridosornis reinhardtiE 
126Blue-capped TanagerThraupis cyanocephalaRR 
127Golden-naped TanagerChalcothraupis ruficervixRR 
128Silver-backed Tanager
(Silvery Tanager)
Stilpnia viridicollisRR 
129Blue-and-black TanagerTangara vassoriiRR 
130Beryl-spangled TanagerTangara nigroviridisRR 
131Saffron-crowned TanagerTangara xanthocephalaRR 
132Flame-faced TanagerTangara parzudakiiRR 
133Golden TanagerTangara arthusRR 
134Giant ConebillConirostrum binghamiLCNT
135Capped ConebillConirostrum albifronsRR 
136Moustached FlowerpiercerDiglossa mystacalisNE 
137Black-throated FlowerpiercerDiglossa brunneiventrisRR 
138Deep-blue FlowerpiercerDiglossa glaucaRR 
139Masked FlowerpiercerDiglossa cyaneaRR 
140Peruvian Sierra-FinchPhrygilus punensisNE 
141Short-tailed FinchIdiopsar brachyurusNE 
142Drab HemispingusPseudospingus xanthophthalmusNE 
143Gray-hooded Bush TanagerCnemoscopus rubrirostrisRR 
144Three-striped HemispingusPoospiza trifasciatusNE 
145Chestnut-breasted Mountain-FinchPoospizopsis caesarE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered