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DESCRIPTION

BALSAS & MARAÑON CANYON

PERU
LOCALE

Altitude (m):950
# Species*:51
# Excl Vagrants*:51
# Endemics*:6
# Near Endemics*:8
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Arid scrub, desert

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Marañon Pigeon
(Peruvian Pigeon)
Patagioenas oenopsNEV
2Ecuadorian Ground DoveColumbina buckleyiNE 
3Amazilia HummingbirdAmazilia amaziliaNE 
4Andean EmeraldAmazilia franciaeRR 
5Pearl KiteGampsonyx swainsoniiRR 
6White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhousRR 
7Black-necked WoodpeckerColaptes atricollisE 
8Yellow-faced ParrotletForpus xanthopsEV
9Scarlet-fronted ParakeetPsittacara wagleriRRNT
10Chestnut-backed ThornbirdPhacellodomus dorsalisEV
11Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterLC 
12Tumbes Pewee**Contopus punensisNE 
13Marañon Gnatcatcher**Polioptila majorE 
14Fasciated WrenCampylorhynchus fasciatusNE 
15Long-tailed MockingbirdMimus longicaudatusNE 
16Marañon ThrushTurdus maranonicusNE 
17Purple-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chloroticaRR 
18Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaRR 
19Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasRR 
20Buff-bellied TanagerThlypopsis inornataNE 
21Gray-winged Inca-FinchIncaspiza ortiziEV
22Buff-bridled Inca-FinchIncaspiza laetaE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered