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DESCRIPTION

BALSAS & MARAÑON CANYON

PERU
LOCALE

Altitude (m):950
# Species*:52
# Excl Vagrants*:52
# Endemics*:6
# Near Endemics*:9
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Arid scrub, desert

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Marañon Pigeon
(Peruvian Pigeon)
Patagioenas oenopsNEV
2Ecuadorian Ground DoveColumbina buckleyiNE 
3Amazilia HummingbirdAmazilis amaziliaNE 
4Andean EmeraldUranomitra franciaeRR 
5Pearl KiteGampsonyx swainsoniiRR 
6White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhousRR 
7Black-necked WoodpeckerColaptes atricollisE 
8Yellow-faced ParrotletForpus xanthopsEV
9Scarlet-fronted ParakeetPsittacara wagleriRRNT
10Chestnut-backed ThornbirdPhacellodomus dorsalisENT
11Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterLC 
12Fulvous-headed Pygmy-TyrantEuscarthmus fulvicepsNE 
13Tumbes Pewee**Contopus punensisNE 
14Marañon Gnatcatcher**Polioptila majorE 
15Fasciated WrenCampylorhynchus fasciatusNE 
16Long-tailed MockingbirdMimus longicaudatusNE 
17Marañon ThrushTurdus maranonicusNE 
18Purple-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chloroticaRR 
19Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaRR 
20Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasRR 
21Buff-bellied TanagerThlypopsis inornataNE 
22Gray-winged Inca-FinchIncaspiza ortiziE 
23Buff-bridled Inca-FinchIncaspiza laetaE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered