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DESCRIPTION

VOLTA VELHA RESERVE

BRAZIL
LOCALE

Area (ha):1,100
# Species:269
# Excl Vagrants:269
# Endemics:33
# Near Endemics:0
Species/100 ha:24.5
Habitat: SE Atlantic forest, wetlands

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Solitary TinamouTinamus solitariusRRNT
2Yellow-legged TinamouCrypturellus noctivagusENT
3Speckled ChachalacaOrtalis guttataLC 
4Scaled ChachalacaOrtalis squamataE 
5Dusky-legged GuanPenelope obscuraRR 
6Saw-billed HermitRamphodon naeviusENT
7Dusky-throated HermitPhaethornis squalidusE 
8Sombre HummingbirdAphantochroa cirrochlorisE 
9Slaty-breasted Wood-RailAramides saracuraRR 
10Kelp GullLarus dominicanusRR 
11Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumRR 
12White-necked HawkButeogallus lacernulatusEV
13Crescent-chested PuffbirdMalacoptila striataENT
14Channel-billed ToucanRamphastos vitellinus V
15Helmeted WoodpeckerCeleus galeatusRRV
16Chimango CaracaraMilvago chimangoRR 
17Brown-backed ParrotletTouit melanonotusEEN
18Plain ParakeetBrotogeris tiricaE 
19Blue-bellied ParrotTriclaria malachitaceaENT
20Red-tailed ParrotAmazona brasiliensisEV
21Blue-winged MacawPrimolius maracana NT
22Unicolored AntwrenMyrmotherula unicolorENT
23Parana AntwrenStymphalornis acutirostrisEEN
24Ferruginous AntbirdDrymophila ferrugineaE 
25Scaled AntbirdDrymophila squamataE 
26White-bibbed AntbirdMyrmodenus loricataE 
27Squamate AntbirdMyrmodenus squamosaE 
28Black-cheeked GnateaterConopophaga melanopsE 
29White-breasted TapaculoEleoscytalopus indigoticusENT
30Mouse-colored TapaculoScytalopus speluncaeRR 
31Pale-browed TreehunterCichlocolaptes leucophrusE 
32Bare-throated BellbirdProcnias nudicollis V
33Atlantic Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus swainsoniEV
34Russet-winged SpadebillPlatyrinchus leucoryphusLCV
35Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralisLC 
36Restinga TyrannuletPhylloscartes kroneiEV
37Eye-ringed Tody-TyrantHemitriccus orbitatusENT
38Kaempfer's Tody-TyrantHemitriccus kaempferiEEN
39Gray-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum poliocephalumE 
40Gray-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseocapillaENT
41Gray-hooded AttilaAttila rufusE 
42Azure JayCyanocorax caeruleusRRNT
43Long-billed WrenCantorchilus longirostrisE 
44Green-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chalybeaRRNT
45Olive-green TanagerOrthogonys chloricterusE 
46Glaucous-blue GrosbeakCyanoloxia glaucocaeruleaRR 
47Brazilian TanagerRamphocelus bresiliusE 
48Azure-shouldered TanagerThraupis cyanopteraENT
49Black-backed TanagerStilpnia peruvianaEV
50Chestnut-backed TanagerStilpnia preciosaRR 
51Rufous-headed TanagerHemithraupis ruficapillaE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered