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DESCRIPTION

SAO FRANCISCO DE PAULA

BRAZIL
LOCALE

# Species:314
# Excl Vagrants:314
# Endemics:15
# Near Endemics:3
Habitat: Lowland forest, open habitat

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Solitary TinamouTinamus solitariusRRNT
2Yellow-legged TinamouCrypturellus noctivagusENT
3Yellow-billed PintailAnas georgicaRR 
4Scaled ChachalacaOrtalis squamataE 
5Dusky-legged GuanPenelope obscuraRR 
6Black-fronted Piping-GuanPipile jacutingaRREN
7White-tufted GrebeRollandia rollandRR 
8Sooty SwiftCypseloides fumigatusRR 
9Plumbeous RailPardirallus sanguinolentusRR 
10Slaty-breasted Wood-RailAramides saracuraRR 
11Red-and-white CrakeLaterallus leucopyrrhusRR 
12Tawny-throated DotterelOreopholus ruficollisRR 
13Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
14Gray-bellied HawkAccipiter poliogaster NT
15Chaco EagleButeogallus coronatus EN
16White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhousRR 
17Long-tufted Screech-OwlMegascops sanctaecatarinaeRR 
18Rusty-barred OwlStrix hylophilaRRNT
19Buff-fronted OwlAegolius harrisiiRR 
20Mottled PiculetPicumnus nebulosusENT
21White-browed WoodpeckerPiculus aurulentus NT
22Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayRR 
23Chimango CaracaraMilvago chimangoRR 
24Orange-breasted FalconFalco deiroleucus NT
25Blue-bellied ParrotTriclaria malachitaceaENT
26Vinaceous-breasted ParrotAmazona vinacea EN
27Red-spectacled ParrotAmazona pretreiRRV
28Blue-winged MacawPrimolius maracana NT
29Dusky-tailed AntbirdDrymophila maluraLC 
30Squamate AntbirdMyrmodenus squamosaE 
31Mouse-colored TapaculoScytalopus speluncaeRR 
32Brazilian Antthrush
(Rufous-tailed Antthrush)
Chamaeza ruficaudaNE 
33Long-tailed CinclodesCinclodes pabstiENT
34Striolated Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura striolataE 
35Araucaria Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura setariaRRNT
36Freckle-breasted ThornbirdPhacellodomus striaticollisRR 
37Red-eyed Thornbird
(Orange-breasted Thornbird)
Phacellodomus ferrugineigulaE 
38Straight-billed ReedhaunterLimnoctites rectirostrisRRNT
39Hooded BerryeaterCarpornis cucullataENT
40Swallow-tailed CotingaPhibalura flavirostris NT
41Bare-throated BellbirdProcnias nudicollis NT
42Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralisLC 
43Serra do Mar TyrannuletPhylloscartes difficilisE 
44Brown-breasted Bamboo-Tyrant
(Brown-breasted Pygmy-Tyrant)
Hemitriccus obsoletusE 
45Black-and-white MonjitaHeteroxolmis dominicanusRRV
46Azure JayCyanocorax caeruleusRRNT
47Ochre-breasted PipitAnthus nattereri V
48Hellmayr's PipitAnthus hellmayriRR 
49Green-throated EuphoniaEuphonia chalybeaRRNT
50Saffron-cowled BlackbirdXanthopsar flavusRREN
51Brown-and-yellow MarshbirdPseudoleistes virescensRR 
52Glaucous-blue GrosbeakCyanoloxia glaucocaeruleaRR 
53Chestnut-headed TanagerThlypopsis pyrrhocomaNE 
54Azure-shouldered TanagerThraupis cyanopteraENT
55Chestnut-backed TanagerStilpnia preciosaRR 
56Bay-chested Warbling FinchCastanozoster thoracicaE 
57Black-and-rufous Warbling FinchPoospiza nigrorufaRR 
58Gray-throated Warbling FinchPoospiza cabanisiRR 
59Lesser Grass-FinchEmberizoides ypiranganusRR 
60Black-bellied SeedeaterSporophila melanogasterENT
61Tropeiro SeedeaterSporophila beltoniEV
62Thick-billed SaltatorSaltator maxillosusNE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered