Altitude (m):3000-3090
# Species*:120
# Excl Vagrants*:120
# Endemics*:9
# Near Endemics*:21
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Paramo, alpine scrub


The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Andean TinamouNothoprocta pentlandii
2Curve-billed TinamouNothoprocta curvirostris

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

3Rock PigeonColumba livia
4Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
5Croaking Ground DoveColumbina cruziana
6White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
7Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

Cuckoos: Cuculidae

8Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris

Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

9Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis

Swifts: Apodidae

10Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila
11White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
12Andean SwiftAeronautes andecolus

Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

13Brown VioletearColibri delphinae
14Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscans
15Purple-throated SunangelHeliangelus viola
16Speckled HummingbirdAdelomyia melanogenys
17Green-headed HillstarOreotrochilus stolzmanni
18Black-tailed TrainbearerLesbia victoriae
19Green-tailed TrainbearerLesbia nuna
20Tyrian MetaltailMetallura tyrianthina
21Black MetaltailMetallura phoebe
22Shining SunbeamAglaeactis cupripennis
23Rainbow StarfrontletCoeligena iris
24Giant HummingbirdPatagona gigas
25Short-tailed WoodstarMyrmia micrura
26Purple-collared WoodstarMyrtis fanny
27White-bellied WoodstarChaetocercus mulsant
28Spot-throated HummingbirdThaumasius taczanowskii
29Amazilia HummingbirdAmazilis amazilia

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

30\Tawny-throated Dotterel\Oreopholus ruficollis
31Andean LapwingVanellus resplendens

New World Vultures: Cathartidae

32Black VultureCoragyps atratus
33Turkey VultureCathartes aura

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

34Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosoma
35Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucus

Owls: Strigidae

36Peruvian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium peruanum

Woodpeckers: Picidae

37Black-necked WoodpeckerColaptes atricollis
38Andean FlickerColaptes rupicola

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

39Mountain CaracaraDaptrius megalopterus
40American KestrelFalco sparverius

Parrots: Psittacidae

41Cordilleran ParakeetPsittacara frontalus

Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

42Lined AntshrikeThamnophilus tenuepunctatus

Antpittas: Grallariidae

43Chestnut-crowned AntpittaGrallaria ruficapilla
44Stripe-headed AntpittaGrallaria andicolus

Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

45Rufous-vented TapaculoScytalopus femoralis
46Unicolored TapaculoScytalopus unicolor

Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

47Slender-billed MinerGeositta tenuirostris
48Striated EarthcreeperGeocerthia serrana
49Rusty-crowned Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura pileata
50Streak-backed CanasteroAsthenes wyatti
51|Line-cheeked Spinetail|Cranioleuca antisiensis
52Azara's SpinetailSynallaxis azarae
53Great SpinetailSynallaxis hypochondriaca

Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

54White-banded TyrannuletMecocerculus stictopterus
55Black-crested Tit-TyrantAnairetes nigrocristatus
56Yellow-billed Tit-TyrantAnairetes flavirostris
57Tufted Tit-TyrantAnairetes parulus
58White-crested ElaeniaElaenia albiceps
59Sierran ElaeniaElaenia pallatangae
60Fulvous-faced Scrub-TyrantEuscarthmus fulviceps
61Tumbes PeweeContopus punensis
62Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
63White-winged Black-TyrantKnipolegus aterrimus
64Spot-billed Ground-TyrantMuscisaxicola maculirostris
65Rufous-naped Ground-TyrantMuscisaxicola rufivertex
66Rufous-webbed Bush-TyrantCnemarchus rufipennis
67Black-billed Shrike-TyrantAgriornis montanus
68Streak-throated Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes striaticollis
69Jelski's Chat-TyrantSilvicultrix jelskii
70Brown-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca fumicolor
71White-browed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca leucophrys
72Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer
73Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius

Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

74Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis

Swallows: Hirundinidae

75Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
76Brown-bellied SwallowOrochelidon murina

Wrens: Troglodytidae

77House WrenTroglodytes aedon
78Mountain WrenTroglodytes solstitialis
79Fasciated WrenCampylorhynchus fasciatus

Dippers: Cinclidae

80White-capped DipperCinclus leucocephalus

Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

81Long-tailed MockingbirdMimus longicaudatus

Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

82Great ThrushTurdus fuscater
83Chiguanco ThrushTurdus chiguanco
84Glossy-black ThrushTurdus serranus

Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

85Paramo PipitAnthus bogotensis

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

86Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltria
87Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus

New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

88Gray-browed BrushfinchArremon assimilis
89Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis
90Rufous-eared BrushfinchAtlapetes rufigenis
91Pale-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes pallidinucha
92Yellow-breasted BrushfinchAtlapetes latinucha

Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

93Peruvian MeadowlarkLeistes bellicosa
94Scrub BlackbirdDives warczewiczi

New World Warblers: Parulidae

95Three-banded WarblerBasileuterus trifasciatus
96Black-crested WarblerMyiothlypis nigrocristata
97Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus
98Spectacled RedstartMyioborus melanocephalus

Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

99Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava
100Golden GrosbeakPheucticus chrysogaster

Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

101Black-eared HemispingusSphenopsis melanotis
102Piura Hemispingus**Sphenopsis piurae
103Blue-capped TanagerSporathraupis cyanocephala
104Blue-and-yellow TanagerRauenia bonariensis
105Cinereous ConebillConirostrum cinereum
106Black-throated FlowerpiercerDiglossa brunneiventris
107Rusty FlowerpiercerDiglossa sittoides
108Peruvian Sierra FinchPhrygilus punensis
109Plumbeous Sierra FinchGeospizopsis unicolor
110Ash-breasted Sierra FinchGeospizopsis plebejus
111Rufous-backed Inca-FinchIncaspiza personata
112Band-tailed Sierra FinchPorphyrospiza alaudinus
113Mourning Sierra FinchRhopospina fruticeti
114Collared Warbling FinchPoospiza hispaniolensis
115Band-tailed SeedeaterCatamenia analis
116Plain-colored SeedeaterCatamenia inornata
117Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroa
118BananaquitCoereba flaveola
119Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurus
120Golden-billed SaltatorSaltator aurantiirostris


 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



//Boreal Visitor0
\\Austral Visitor1
##Non-breeding Dispersal0
()Breeding Season Only0


NTNear Threatened4
CRCritically Endangered0

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.