Altitude (m):2450-2650
# Species*:95
# Excl Vagrants*:95
# Endemics*:6
# Near Endemics*:15
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: High elevation dry scrub, bromeliads


The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Andean TinamouNothoprocta pentlandii

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

2Rock PigeonColumba livia
3Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
4Croaking Ground DoveColumbina cruziana
5Bare-faced Ground DoveMetriopelia ceciliae
6White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
7Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

Cuckoos: Cuculidae

8Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris

Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

9Band-winged NightjarSystellura longirostris

Swifts: Apodidae

10White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
11/Chimney Swift/Chaetura pelagica
12Andean SwiftAeronautes andecolus

Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

13Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscans
14Bronze-tailed CometPolyonymus caroli
15Green-headed HillstarOreotrochilus stolzmanni
16Green-tailed TrainbearerLesbia nuna
17Black MetaltailMetallura phoebe
18Giant HummingbirdPatagona gigas
19Purple-collared WoodstarMyrtis fanny
20Oasis HummingbirdRhodopis vesper
21Spot-throated HummingbirdThaumasius taczanowskii

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

22Andean LapwingVanellus resplendens

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

23/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

24Andean GullChroicocephalus serranus
25/Franklin's Gull/Leucophaeus pipixcan

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

26Western Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
27Great EgretArdea alba

Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

28Puna IbisPlegadis ridgwayi

New World Vultures: Cathartidae

29Black VultureCoragyps atratus
30Turkey VultureCathartes aura
31Andean CondorVultur gryphus

Osprey: Pandionidae

32/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

33Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosoma
34Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucus

Owls: Strigidae

35Peruvian Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium peruanum

Woodpeckers: Picidae

36Black-necked WoodpeckerColaptes atricollis
37Andean FlickerColaptes rupicola

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

38Mountain CaracaraDaptrius megalopterus
39American KestrelFalco sparverius
40Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis
41Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

Parrots: Psittacidae

42Mountain ParakeetPsilopsiagon aurifrons
43Cordilleran ParakeetPsittacara frontalus

Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

44Rusty-crowned Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura pileata
45Streaked Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura striata
46Creamy-breasted CanasteroAsthenes dorbignyi
47Canyon CanasteroAsthenes pudibunda
48|Line-cheeked Spinetail|Cranioleuca antisiensis

Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

49\Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet\Camptostoma obsoletum
50Yellow-billed Tit-TyrantAnairetes flavirostris
51White-crested ElaeniaElaenia albiceps
52Fulvous-faced Scrub-TyrantEuscarthmus fulviceps
53Tumbes PeweeContopus punensis
54Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
55Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
56Black-billed Shrike-TyrantAgriornis montanus
57White-browed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca leucophrys
58Short-tailed Field TyrantMuscigralla brevicauda
59Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus

Swallows: Hirundinidae

60Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
61Brown-bellied SwallowOrochelidon murina
62Andean SwallowOrochelidon andecola
63/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica

Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

64Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbea

Wrens: Troglodytidae

65House WrenTroglodytes aedon

Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

66Long-tailed MockingbirdMimus longicaudatus

Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

67Great ThrushTurdus fuscater
68Chiguanco ThrushTurdus chiguanco
69Glossy-black ThrushTurdus serranus

Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

70House SparrowPasser domesticus

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

71Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus

New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

72Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis

Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

73Peruvian MeadowlarkLeistes bellicosa
74Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
75Scrub BlackbirdDives warczewiczi

Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

76Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava
77Golden GrosbeakPheucticus chrysogaster

Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

78Blue-and-yellow TanagerRauenia bonariensis
79Cinereous ConebillConirostrum cinereum
80Rusty FlowerpiercerDiglossa sittoides
81Peruvian Sierra FinchPhrygilus punensis
82Ash-breasted Sierra FinchGeospizopsis plebejus
83Great Inca-FinchIncaspiza pulchra
84Rufous-backed Inca-FinchIncaspiza personata
85Band-tailed Sierra FinchPorphyrospiza alaudinus
86Mourning Sierra FinchRhopospina fruticeti
87Collared Warbling FinchPoospiza hispaniolensis
88Greenish Yellow-FinchSicalis olivascens
89Raimondi's Yellow-FinchSicalis raimondii
90Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
91Chestnut-throated SeedeaterSporophila telasco
92Drab SeedeaterSporophila simplex
93Band-tailed SeedeaterCatamenia analis
94Plain-colored SeedeaterCatamenia inornata
95Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurus


 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



//Boreal Visitor5
\\Austral Visitor1
##Non-breeding Dispersal0
()Breeding Season Only0


NTNear Threatened1
CRCritically Endangered0

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.