Altitude (m):0-50
# Species:141
# Excl Vagrants:141
# Endemics:2
# Near Endemics:16
Habitat: Harbor, inshore ocean, arid scrub, dunes


The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

Ducks: Anatidae

1Cinnamon TealSpatula cyanoptera
2White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis
3Andean DuckOxyura ferruginea

Flamingos: Phoenicopteridae

4/Chilean Flamingo/Phoenicopterus chilensis

Grebes: Podicipedidae

5White-tufted GrebeRollandia rolland
6Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps
7Great GrebePodiceps major

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

8Rock PigeonColumba livia
9Croaking Ground DoveColumbina cruziana
10West Peruvian DoveZenaida meloda
11Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

Cuckoos: Cuculidae

12Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris

Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

13Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis

Swifts: Apodidae

14White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris

Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

15Peruvian SheartailThaumastura cora
16Purple-collared WoodstarMyrtis fanny
17Oasis HummingbirdRhodopis vesper
18Amazilia HummingbirdAmazilis amazilia

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

19Plumbeous RailPardirallus sanguinolentus
20Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
21Slate-colored CootFulica ardesiaca

Thick-knees: Burhinidae

22Peruvian Thick-kneeHesperoburhinus superciliaris

Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

23Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus

Oystercatchers: Haematopodidae

24American OystercatcherHaematopus palliatus
25Blackish OystercatcherHaematopus ater

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

26/Black-bellied Plover/Pluvialis squatarola
27KilldeerCharadrius vociferus
28/Semipalmated Plover/Charadrius semipalmatus

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

29/Whimbrel/Numenius phaeopus
30/Wilson's Phalarope/Phalaropus tricolor
31/Red Phalarope/Phalaropus fulicarius
32/Red-necked Phalarope/Phalaropus lobatus
33/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius
34/Wandering Tattler/Tringa incana
35/Lesser Yellowlegs/Tringa flavipes
36/Willet/Tringa semipalmata
37/Greater Yellowlegs/Tringa melanoleuca
38/Ruddy Turnstone/Arenaria interpres
39/Surfbird/Calidris virgata
40/Stilt Sandpiper/Calidris himantopus
41/Sanderling/Calidris alba
42/Baird's Sandpiper/Calidris bairdii
43|White-rumped Sandpiper|Calidris fuscicollis
44/Least Sandpiper/Calidris minutilla
45/Western Sandpiper/Calidris mauri

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

46Andean GullChroicocephalus serranus
47Gray-hooded GullChroicocephalus cirrocephalus
48\Gray Gull\Leucophaeus modestus
49/Laughing Gull/Leucophaeus atricilla
50/Franklin's Gull/Leucophaeus pipixcan
51Belcher's GullLarus belcheri
52Kelp GullLarus dominicanus
53Black SkimmerRynchops niger
54#Yellow-billed Tern#Sternula superciliaris
55Peruvian TernSternula lorata
56#Inca Tern#Larosterna inca
57|Arctic Tern|Sterna paradisaea
58South American TernSterna hirundinacea
59/Common Tern/Sterna hirundo
60/Elegant Tern/Thalasseus elegans
61/Sandwich Tern/Thalasseus sandvicensis
62/Royal Tern/Thalasseus maximus

Penguins: Spheniscidae

63Humboldt PenguinSpheniscus humboldti

Southern Storm-Petrels: Oceanitidae

64\Wilson's Storm-Petrel\Oceanites oceanicus
65Elliot's Storm-PetrelOceanites gracilis

Shearwaters and Petrels: Procellariidae

66\Southern Giant-Petrel\Macronectes giganteus
67\Cape Petrel\Daption capense
68Sooty ShearwaterArdenna griseus
69Peruvian Diving-PetrelPelecanoides garnotii

Boobies and Gannets: Sulidae

70Brown BoobySula leucogaster
71\Masked Booby\Sula dactylatra
72#Blue-footed Booby#Sula nebouxii
73Peruvian BoobySula variegata

Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

74Red-legged CormorantPoikilocarbo gaimardi
75Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianus
76Guanay CormorantLeucocarbo bougainvillii

Pelicans: Pelecanidae

77/Brown Pelican/Pelecanus occidentalis
78Peruvian PelicanPelecanus thagus

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

79Least BitternIxobrychus exilis
80Yellow-crowned Night HeronNyctanassa violacea
81Black-crowned Night HeronNycticorax nycticorax
82Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
83Snowy EgretEgretta thula
84Striated HeronButorides striata
85Western Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
86Great EgretArdea alba

Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

87Puna IbisPlegadis ridgwayi

New World Vultures: Cathartidae

88Black VultureCoragyps atratus
89Turkey VultureCathartes aura

Osprey: Pandionidae

90/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

91Cinereous HarrierCircus cinereus
92Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctus
93Variable HawkGeranoaetus polyosoma

Owls: Strigidae

94Burrowing OwlAthene cunicularia

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

95American KestrelFalco sparverius
96Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis
97Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

Parrots: Psittacidae

98White-winged ParakeetBrotogeris versicolurus
99Pacific ParrotletForpus coelestis
100Red-masked ParakeetPsittacara erythrogenys

Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

101Coastal MinerGeositta peruviana
102Wren-like RushbirdPhleocryptes melanops
103Surf CinclodesCinclodes taczanowskii

Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

104Many-colored Rush TyrantTachuris rubrigastra
105\Southern Beardless-Tyrannulet\Camptostoma obsoletum
106Rufescent FlycatcherMyiophobus rufescens
107Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
108Short-tailed Field TyrantMuscigralla brevicauda
109Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus

Swallows: Hirundinidae

110/Bank Swallow/Riparia riparia
111Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
112Brown-bellied SwallowOrochelidon murina
113/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica
114/Cliff Swallow/Petrochelidon pyrrhonota
115Chestnut-collared SwallowPetrochelidon rufocollaris

Wrens: Troglodytidae

116House WrenTroglodytes aedon

Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

117Long-tailed MockingbirdMimus longicaudatus

Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

118Chiguanco ThrushTurdus chiguanco

Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

119House SparrowPasser domesticus

Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

120Yellowish PipitAnthus chii
121Peruvian PipitAnthus peruvianus

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

122Hooded SiskinSpinus magellanicus

New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

123Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis

Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

124Peruvian MeadowlarkLeistes bellicosa
125Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
126Scrub BlackbirdDives warczewiczi
127Yellow-hooded BlackbirdChrysomus icterocephalus

Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

128Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus
129Cinereous ConebillConirostrum cinereum
130Collared Warbling FinchPoospiza hispaniolensis
131Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola
132Grassland Yellow-FinchSicalis luteola
133Raimondi's Yellow-FinchSicalis raimondii
134Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
135Parrot-billed SeedeaterSporophila peruviana
136Chestnut-throated SeedeaterSporophila telasco
137Drab SeedeaterSporophila simplex
138Band-tailed SeedeaterCatamenia analis
139BananaquitCoereba flaveola
140Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurus
141Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectus


 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



//Boreal Visitor30
\\Austral Visitor6
##Non-breeding Dispersal1
()Breeding Season Only0


NTNear Threatened9
CRCritically Endangered0

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.