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DESCRIPTION

SERRA GRACIOSA

BRAZIL
LOCALE

# Species*:132
# Excl Vagrants*:132
# Endemics*:23
# Near Endemics*:2
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Grassland, forest

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Solitary TinamouTinamus solitariusRRNT
2Dusky-legged GuanPenelope obscuraRR 
3Black-fronted Piping-GuanPipile jacutingaRREN
4Purple-winged Ground DoveParaclaravis geoffroyiRRCR
5Long-trained NightjarMacropsalis forcipataNE 
6Saw-billed HermitRamphodon naeviusENT
7Festive CoquetteLophornis chalybeus NT
8Brazilian RubyClytolaema rubricaudaE 
9Slaty-breasted Wood-RailAramides saracuraRR 
10Crescent-chested PuffbirdMalacoptila striataENT
11Channel-billed ToucanRamphastos vitellinus V
12Mottled PiculetPicumnus nebulosusENT
13Blue-bellied ParrotTriclaria malachitaceaENT
14White-bearded AntshrikeBiatas nigropectusEV
15Star-throated AntwrenRhopias gularisE 
16Rufous-backed AntvireoDysithamnus xanthopterusE 
17Unicolored AntwrenMyrmotherula unicolorENT
18Dusky-tailed AntbirdDrymophila maluraLC 
19Squamate AntbirdMyrmodenus squamosaE 
20Black-cheeked GnateaterConopophaga melanopsE 
21White-breasted TapaculoEleoscytalopus indigoticusENT
22Mouse-colored TapaculoScytalopus speluncaeRR 
23Pale-browed TreehunterCichlocolaptes leucophrusE 
24White-browed Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia amaurotisRRNT
25Canebrake GroundcreeperClibanornis dendrocolaptoidesRRNT
26Araucaria Tit-SpinetailLeptasthenura setariaRRNT
27Pallid SpinetailCranioleuca pallidaE 
28Hooded BerryeaterCarpornis cucullataENT
29Bare-throated BellbirdProcnias nudicollis V
30Mottle-cheeked TyrannuletPhylloscartes ventralisLC 
31Eye-ringed Tody-TyrantHemitriccus orbitatusENT
32Gray-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseocapillaENT
33Gray-hooded AttilaAttila rufusE 
34Azure JayCyanocorax caeruleusRRNT
35Blackish-blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza moesta NT
36Azure-shouldered TanagerThraupis cyanopteraENT
37Golden-chevroned TanagerThraupis ornataE 
38Chestnut-backed TanagerStilpnia preciosaRR 
39Brassy-breasted TanagerTangara desmarestiE 
40Gilt-edged TanagerTangara cyanoventrisE 
41Bay-chested Warbling-FinchCastanozoster thoracicaE 
42Black-and-rufous Warbling-FinchPoospiza nigrorufaRR 
43Gray-throated Warbling-FinchPoospiza cabanisiRR 
44Lesser Grass-FinchEmberizoides ypiranganusRR 
45Thick-billed SaltatorSaltator maxillosusNE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered