Altitude (m):0-25
# Species:108
# Excl Vagrants:108
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:0
Habitat: Mangroves, river, urban waterfront


The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

1Rock PigeonColumba livia
2Spotted DoveSpilopelia chinensis

Cuckoos: Cuculidae

3Black-bellied MalkohaPhaenicophaeus diardi
4Chestnut-bellied MalkohaPhaenicophaeus sumatranus
5Green-billed MalkohaPhaenicophaeus tristis
6Chestnut-breasted MalkohaPhaenicophaeus curvirostris
7Chestnut-winged CuckooClamator coromandus

Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

8Great Eared-NightjarLyncornis macrotis

Swifts: Apodidae

9Brown-backed NeedletailHirundapus giganteus
10Germain's SwiftletAerodramus germani
11Cook's SwiftApus cooki
12Asian Palm SwiftCypsiurus balasiensis

Treeswifts: Hemiprocnidae

13Gray-rumped TreeswiftHemiprocne longipennis

Finfoots: Heliornithidae

14/Masked Finfoot/Heliopais personatus

Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

15/Black-bellied Plover/Pluvialis squatarola
16/Pacific Golden-Plover/Pluvialis fulva
17/Lesser Sand-Plover/Charadrius mongolus
18/Greater Sand-Plover/Charadrius leschenaultii
19/Kentish Plover/Charadrius alexandrinus

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

20/Whimbrel/Numenius phaeopus
21|Far Eastern Curlew|Numenius madagascariensis
22/Eurasian Curlew/Numenius arquata
23/Bar-tailed Godwit/Limosa lapponica
24/Black-tailed Godwit/Limosa limosa
25/Ruddy Turnstone/Arenaria interpres
26/Great Knot/Calidris tenuirostris
27/Red Knot/Calidris canutus
28/Curlew Sandpiper/Calidris ferruginea
29/Red-necked Stint/Calidris ruficollis
30/Sanderling/Calidris alba
31/Asian Dowitcher/Limnodromus semipalmatus
32/Terek Sandpiper/Xenus cinereus
33/Common Sandpiper/Actitis hypoleucos
34|Gray-tailed Tattler|Tringa brevipes
35/Common Greenshank/Tringa nebularia
36/Nordmann's Greenshank/Tringa guttifer
37/Marsh Sandpiper/Tringa stagnatilis
38/Common Redshank/Tringa totanus

Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

39Little TernSternula albifrons
40/Gull-billed Tern/Gelochelidon nilotica
41/White-winged Tern/Chlidonias leucopterus
42/Common Tern/Sterna hirundo
43Great Crested TernThalasseus bergii
44#Lesser Crested Tern#Thalasseus bengalensis

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

45/Gray Heron/Ardea cinerea
46Great EgretArdea alba
47/Intermediate Egret/Ardea intermedia
48/Chinese Egret/Egretta eulophotes
49Little EgretEgretta garzetta
50Pacific Reef-HeronEgretta sacra
51/Indian Pond-Heron/Ardeola grayii
52/Chinese Pond-Heron/Ardeola bacchus
53Javan Pond-HeronArdeola speciosa
54Striated HeronButorides striata

Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

55Black-faced SpoonbillPlatalea minor

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

56Crested Serpent-EagleSpilornis cheela
57/Japanese Sparrowhawk/Accipiter gularis
58Brahminy KiteHaliastur indus
59White-bellied Sea-EagleHaliaeetus leucogaster

Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

60Barn OwlTyto alba

Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

61Common KingfisherAlcedo atthis
62Brown-winged KingfisherPelargopsis amauroptera
63Ruddy KingfisherHalcyon coromanda
64/Black-capped Kingfisher/Halcyon pileata
65Collared KingfisherTodiramphus chloris

Bee-eaters: Meropidae

66Blue-throated Bee-eaterMerops viridis
67Chestnut-headed Bee-eaterMerops leschenaulti

Rollers: Coraciidae

68Oriental DollarbirdEurystomus orientalis

Woodpeckers: Picidae

69Common FlamebackDinopium javanense
70Streak-breasted WoodpeckerPicus viridanus

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

71Oriental HobbyFalco severus

Asian and Grauer's Broadbills: Eurylaimidae

72Black-and-red BroadbillCymbirhynchus macrorhynchos

Pittas: Pittidae

73Mangrove PittaPitta megarhyncha

Old World Orioles: Oriolidae

74Black-hooded OrioleOriolus xanthornus

Vangas, Helmetshrikes and Allies: Vangidae

75Bar-winged Flycatcher-shrikeHemipus picatus

Ioras: Aegithinidae

76Common IoraAegithina tiphia

Fantails: Rhipiduridae

77Malaysian Pied-FantailRhipidura javanica

Drongos: Dicruridae

78Black DrongoDicrurus macrocercus
79Ashy DrongoDicrurus leucophaeus
80Crow-billed DrongoDicrurus annectens
81Greater Racket-tailed DrongoDicrurus paradiseus

Shrikes: Laniidae

82/Brown Shrike/Lanius cristatus
83|Long-tailed Shrike|Lanius schach

Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

84Large-billed CrowCorvus macrorhynchos

Cisticolas and Allies: Cisticolidae

85Common TailorbirdOrthotomus sutorius
86Ashy TailorbirdOrthotomus ruficeps

Swallows: Hirundinidae

87Dusky Crag-MartinPtyonoprogne concolor
88/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica
89Pacific SwallowHirundo tahitica
90Striated SwallowCecropis striolata

Bulbuls: Pycnonotidae

91Red-whiskered BulbulPycnonotus jocosus
92Stripe-throated BulbulPycnonotus finlaysoni
93Yellow-vented BulbulPycnonotus goiavier
94Streak-eared BulbulPycnonotus conradi

Leaf Warblers: Phylloscopidae

95/Arctic Warbler/Phylloscopus borealis

White-eyes, Yuhinas, and Allies: Zosteropidae

96Hume's White-eyeZosterops auriventer

Fulvetta and Ground Babblers: Pellorneidae

97White-chested BabblerPellorneum rostratum

Starlings: Sturnidae

98Asian Glossy StarlingAplonis panayensis
99Common MynaAcridotheres tristis

Old World Flycatchers: Muscicapidae

100Asian Brown FlycatcherMuscicapa dauurica
101Mangrove Blue FlycatcherCyornis rufigastra
102/Yellow-rumped Flycatcher/Ficedula zanthopygia

Flowerpeckers: Dicaeidae

103Scarlet-backed FlowerpeckerDicaeum cruentatum

Sunbirds and Spiderhunters: Nectariniidae

104Ruby-cheeked SunbirdChalcoparia singalensis
105Brown-throated SunbirdAnthreptes malacensis
106Olive-backed SunbirdCinnyris jugularis

Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

107Eurasian Tree SparrowPasser montanus

Hispanhiolan Tanagers: Phaenicophilidae

108Zebra DoveGeopelia striata

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



//Boreal Visitor37
\\Austral Visitor0
##Non-breeding Dispersal1
()Breeding Season Only0


NTNear Threatened13
CRCritically Endangered1

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.