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TARGETS

PLANTATION TRAIL

PANAMA
LOCALE

# Species*:169
# Excl Vagrants*:169
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:3
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Secondary lowland forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus major?
2Little TinamouCrypturellus soui?

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

3Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereicepsFC

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

4Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

5Rock PigeonColumba liviaUC
6Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensisUC
7Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostrisUC
8Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiUC
9White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

10Greater AniCrotophaga major?
11Pheasant CuckooDromococcyx phasianellusR
12Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaFC

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

13Common PotooNyctibius griseusUC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

14Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi?
15Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyura?
16Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudusFC
17Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensisFC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

18White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraFC
19Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostrisC
20Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularisFC
21Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollisUC
22White-vented PlumeleteerChalybura buffoniiFC
23Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardUC
24Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlC

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

25Wattled JacanaJacana jacana?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

26/Spotted Sandpiper/Actitis macularius?
27/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria?

 
Sunbittern: Eurypygidae

28SunbitternEurypyga heliasR

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

29AnhingaAnhinga anhinga?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

30Great EgretArdea alba?
31Snowy EgretEgretta thula?
32Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea?
33Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochleariusUC

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

34Black VultureCoragyps atratusC
35Turkey VultureCathartes auraC
36King VultureSarcoramphus papaR

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

37/Osprey/Pandion haliaetusFC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

38Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisUC
39Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusUC
40Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus?
41Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis?
42|Mississippi Kite|Ictinia mississippiensisUC
43Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosusR
44White HawkPseudastur albicollisUC
45Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeusUC
46/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus?
47Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus?
48|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoni?
49Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus?

 
Owls: Strigidae

50Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataUC
51Mottled OwlCiccaba virgataUC

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

52Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massenaFC
53Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufusFC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

54Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessoniiFC
55Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martii?

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

56Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona?
57American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aeneaUC
58Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana?

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

59White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchusUC
60Black-breasted PuffbirdNotharchus pectoralisUC
61Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusUC
62White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensisFC

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

63Great JacamarJacamerops aureusR

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

64Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratus?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

65Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucheraniFC
66Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillusFC
67Crimson-crested WoodpeckerCampephilus melanoleucosFC
68Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

69Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachima?
70Bat FalconFalco rufigularisUC
71/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinusR

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

72Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularisFC
73Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotisUC
74Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisC
75Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosaFC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

76Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatusFC
77Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinuchaC
78Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventrisFC
79White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillarisFC
80Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensisUC
81Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyranninaC
82Jet AntbirdCercomacra nigricansUC
83Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolorUC
84Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioidesUC
85Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannaniUC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

86Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analisUC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

87Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensisUC
88Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroaR
89Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosaFC
90Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurransC
91Plain XenopsXenops minutusC
92Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemusR

 
Manakins: Pipridae

93Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronataUC
94Golden-collared ManakinManacus vitellinusC
95Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisUC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

96Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurataUC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

97Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeusUC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

98Northern Royal-FlycatcherOnychorhynchus mexicanusUC
99Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurusUC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

100Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatusR
101Southern BentbillOncostoma olivaceumR
102Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumUC
103Olivaceous FlatbillRhynchocyclus olivaceusUC
104Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensFC
105Yellow-margined FlycatcherTolmomyias assimilisUC
106Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumUC
107Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillusFC
108Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusFC
109Forest ElaeniaMyiopagis gaimardiiUC
110Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterUC
111Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensisFC
112|Eastern Wood-Pewee|Contopus virensUC
113Tropical PeweeContopus cinereusUC
114Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceusFC
115Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferFC
116Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus?
117Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisUC
118Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis?
119Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusUC
120|Eastern Kingbird|Tyrannus tyrannusUC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

121Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipes?
122Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusFC
123Golden-fronted GreenletPachysilvia aurantiifronsFC
124Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtataC

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

125Black-chested JayCyanocorax affinisR

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

126Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaFC
127/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rusticaUC
128|Cliff Swallow|Petrochelidon pyrrhonotaFC

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

129Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurusFC
130Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaFC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

131Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisFC
132Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusFC
133Buff-breasted WrenCantorchilus leucotisFC
134White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaFC

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

135Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvus?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

136/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatusUC
137Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayiFC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

138Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisC

 
Thrush-Tanager: Rhodinocichlidae

139Rosy Thrush-TanagerRhodinocichla roseaFC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

140Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris?
141Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostrisFC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

142Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeusUC
143Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanusUC
144Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleri?
145Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus celaFC
146Yellow-backed OrioleIcterus chrysaterFC
147/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbulaFC

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

148/Louisiana Waterthrush/Parkesia motacillaUC
149/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensis?
150/Black-and-white Warbler/Mniotilta variaFC
151/Magnolia Warbler/Setophaga magnoliaR
152/Bay-breasted Warbler/Setophaga castaneaFC
153Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaUC
154/Chestnut-sided Warbler/Setophaga pensylvanica?

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

155/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubraC
156Red-crowned Ant-TanagerHabia rubicaUC

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

157Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillataUC
158White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosusC
159Crimson-backed TanagerRamphocelus dimidiatusUC
160Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusC
161Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumC
162Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataFC
163Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaC
164Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidus?
165Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneusC
166Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaFC
167Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaC
168Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusUC
169Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus?

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain