↑NEOTROPICS">
NEOTROPICS↑

↑PANAMA">
PANAMA↑

DESCRIPTION">
TARGETS

CHIRIQUI HIGHLANDS

PANAMA
LOCALE

# Species:295
# Excl Vagrants:295
# Endemics:1
# Near Endemics:57
Habitat: Middle-high elevation forest, coffee fincas

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ducks: Anatidae

1/Blue-winged Teal/Spatula discorsFC
2/Lesser Scaup/Aythya affinisFC

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

3Crested GuanPenelope purpurascensR
4Black GuanChamaepetes unicolor?

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

5Spotted Wood-QuailOdontophorus guttatusFC

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

6Rock PigeonColumba liviaFC
7Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataC
8Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaUC
9Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiUC
10Maroon-chested Ground DoveParaclaravis mondetouraR
11Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaUC
12White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiC
13Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensisUC
14Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensisFC
15Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraUC

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

16Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniUC
17Striped CuckooTapera naeviaUC
18Pheasant CuckooDromococcyx phasianellusUC
19Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaFC
20|Yellow-billed Cuckoo|Coccyzus americanusR
21|Black-billed Cuckoo|Coccyzus erythropthalmusR

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

22Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusUC
23Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisC
24Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusUC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

25White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisFC
26Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxiFC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

27Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusVR
28Green HermitPhaethornis guyC
29Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostrisVR
30Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularisUC
31Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeR
32Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotusFC
33Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barrotiUC
34Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jaculaUC
35Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensUC
36Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisUC
37White-bellied Mountain-gemLampornis hemileucus?
38Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemusUC
39White-throated Mountain-gemLampornis castaneoventrisFC
40Magenta-throated WoodstarPhilodice bryantaeR
41Volcano HummingbirdSelasphorus flammulaFC
42Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaFC
43Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisUC
44Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimetiUC
45Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvieriiVR
46Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurusFC
47Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyiR
48Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaC
49Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventrisR
50White-tailed EmeraldElvira chionuraC
51SnowcapMicrochera albocoronataR
52Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraR
53Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardUC
54Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlC

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

55Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneusVR
56Common GallinuleGallinula galeataR
57Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaFC

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

58Northern JacanaJacana spinosaUC

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

59/Wilson's Snipe/Gallinago delicataUC

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

60Snowy EgretEgretta thula?
61Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisFC

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

62Black VultureCoragyps atratusC
63Turkey VultureCathartes auraC
64King VultureSarcoramphus papaR

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

65/Osprey/Pandion haliaetusVR

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

66White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusR
67|Swallow-tailed Kite|Elanoides forficatusC
68Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusVR
69Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusVR
70/Sharp-shinned Hawk/Accipiter striatusR
71Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitingaVR
72Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisFC
73Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusUC
74|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoniC
75Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisR

 
Owls: Strigidae

76Bare-shanked Screech-OwlMegascops clarkiiR
77Crested OwlLophostrix cristataR
78Costa Rican Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium costaricanumR
79Mottled OwlCiccaba virgataFC
80Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataVR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

81Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinnoUC
82Collared TrogonTrogon collarisFC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

83Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessoniiUC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

84Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataUC
85/Belted Kingfisher/Megaceryle alcyonR
86Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazonaR
87Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaR

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

88Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcieriiFC

 
Toucan-Barbets: Semnornithidae

89Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiUC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

90Northern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus prasinusC
91Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiFC
92Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusVR

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

93Olivaceous PiculetPicumnus olivaceusUC
94Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorusC
95Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillusFC
96Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosusUC
97Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatusUC
98Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensisUC
99Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosusUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

100Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisFC
101Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusUC
102Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway?
103Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachimaUC
104Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnansUC
105/American Kestrel/Falco sparveriusUC
106Bat FalconFalco rufigularisUC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

107<Barred Parakeet>Bolborhynchus lineolaUC
108Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotisFC
109Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusFC
110White-crowned ParrotPionus senilisUC
111Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisR
112Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniFC
113Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschiFC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

114Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalisFC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

115Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensisR

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

116Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsUC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

117Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanusFC
118Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularisR
119Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus?
120Black-banded WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes picumnusVR
121Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygiusC
122Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetiiUC
123Spot-crowned WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes affinisC
124Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansVR
125Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiUC
126Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufumR
127Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticeps?
128Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalarisUC
129Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusR
130Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensFC
131Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusUC
132Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythropsC
133Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyuraUC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

134White-ruffed ManakinCorapipo alteraUC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

135Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisVR
136Turquoise CotingaCotinga ridgwayiUC
137(Three-wattled Bellbird)Procnias tricarunculatusUC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

138Masked TityraTityra semifasciataFC
139Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacisR
140Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorUC
141White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusUC
142Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusR

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

143White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceusFC
144Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceusFC
145Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisFC
146Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliaris?
147Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatusC
148Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumR
149Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostrisFC
150Olivaceous FlatbillRhynchocyclus olivaceusFC
151Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensUC
152Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveolaR
153Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusVR
154Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicataUC
155Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensisFC
156Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantziiC
157Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinereaFC
158White-fronted Tyrannulet**Phyllomyias zeledoniR
159Paltry TyrannuletZimmerius vilissimusC
160Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatusVR
161Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercusC
162|Olive-sided Flycatcher|Contopus cooperiR
163Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisFC
164Ochraceous PeweeContopus ochraceusVR
165|Western Wood-Pewee|Contopus sordidulusFC
166|Eastern Wood-Pewee|Contopus virensUC
167/Yellow-bellied Flycatcher/Empidonax flaviventrisC
168|Willow Flycatcher|Empidonax trailliiR
169White-throated FlycatcherEmpidonax albigularisR
170Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescensFC
171Black-capped FlycatcherEmpidonax atricepsFC
172Black PhoebeSayornis nigricansFC
173Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferC
174Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisUC
175Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusR
176Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusFC
177|Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher|Myiodynastes luteiventrisVR
178Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusUC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

179Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensisFC
180Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipesUC
181Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceicepsUC
182/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifronsFC
183Yellow-winged VireoVireo carmioliR
184Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysC
185/Philadelphia Vireo/Vireo philadelphicusFC
186|Red-eyed Vireo|Vireo olivaceusFC
187|Yellow-green Vireo|Vireo flavoviridisFC

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

188Silvery-throated JayCyanolyca argentigulaUC
189Black-chested JayCyanocorax affinisR

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

190Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaFC
191Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisFC
192|Cliff Swallow|Petrochelidon pyrrhonotaR

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

193Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatusC
194House WrenTroglodytes aedonFC
195Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusUC
196Timberline WrenThryorchilus browni?
197Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusFC
198Isthmian WrenCantorchilus elutusUC
199Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusR
200Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysC

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

201American DipperCinclus mexicanusUC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

202Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsFC
203Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisFC
204Orange-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus aurantiirostrisFC
205Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterFC
206Ruddy-capped Nightingale-ThrushCatharus frantziiC
207|Gray-cheeked Thrush|Catharus minimusUC
208/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatusC
209Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejusFC
210White-throated ThrushTurdus assimilisFC
211Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayiC
212Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensUC

 
Waxwings: Bombycillidae

213/Cedar Waxwing/Bombycilla cedrorumR

 
Silky-flycatchers: Ptiliogonatidae

214Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaUC
215Long-tailed Silky-flycatcherPtiliogonys caudatusFC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

216Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysUC
217Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisUC
218Elegant EuphoniaEuphonia elegantissimaFC
219Spot-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia imitansUC
220<Lesser Goldfinch>Spinus psaltriaFC
221<Yellow-bellied Siskin>Spinus xanthogastrusFC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

222Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatusFC
223Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectusC
224Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostrisR
225Costa Rican BrushfinchArremon costaricensisVR
226Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostrisR
227Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaFC
228Volcano JuncoJunco vulcani?
229Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisA
230Large-footed FinchPezopetes capitalisFC
231White-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes albinuchaC
232Yellow-thighed BrushfinchAtlapetes tibialisFC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

233Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna?
234Red-breasted MeadowlarkLeistes militarisR
235Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus?
236Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleriUC
237Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelas?
238/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbulaFC
239Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus?

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

240/Ovenbird/Seiurus aurocapillaUC
241/Worm-eating Warbler/Helmitheros vermivorumUC
242/Louisiana Waterthrush/Parkesia motacillaUC
243/Golden-winged Warbler/Vermivora chrysopteraC
244/Blue-winged Warbler/Vermivora cyanopteraVR
245/Black-and-white Warbler/Mniotilta variaFC
246Flame-throated WarblerOreothlypis gutturalisFC
247/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrinaC
248Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephalaR
249/Mourning Warbler/Geothlypis philadelphiaUC
250/Kentucky Warbler/Geothlypis formosaFC
251Chiriqui Yellowthroat**Geothlypis chiriquensisFC
252/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticillaFC
253/Magnolia Warbler/Setophaga magnoliaR
254/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fuscaC
255Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaR
256/Chestnut-sided Warbler/Setophaga pensylvanicaC
257/Black-throated Green Warbler/Setophaga virensC
258Rufous-capped WarblerBasileuterus rufifronsUC
259Black-cheeked WarblerBasileuterus melanogenysFC
260Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorusFC
261Costa Rican WarblerBasileuterus melanotisR
262Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicaudaR
263|Canada Warbler|Cardellina canadensisR
264/Wilson's Warbler/Cardellina pusillaC
265Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatusC
266Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusC
267WrenthrushZeledonia coronataR

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

268/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubraC
269/Western Tanager/Piranga ludovicianaR
270Flame-colored TanagerPiranga bidentataFC
271White-winged TanagerPiranga leucopteraFC
272Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialisUC
273/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianusUC
274Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorR

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

275Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passeriniiFC
276Crimson-backed TanagerRamphocelus dimidiatusR
277Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaei?
278Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusUC
279Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumUC
280Speckled TanagerIxothraupis guttataFC
281Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataFC
282Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiR
283Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrolaFC
284Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaC
285<Scarlet-thighed Dacnis>Dacnis venustaFC
286Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaVR
287Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaFC
288Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaR
289Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaUC
290Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea?
291Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaUC
292Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusC
293Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusFC
294Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusUC
295Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus?

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain