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TARGETS

WESTERN LOWLANDS

PANAMA
LOCALE

# Species*:235
# Excl Vagrants*:235
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:12
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Agricultural, pastures, remnant forests

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Little TinamouCrypturellus souiC

 
Ducks: Anatidae

2Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisUC
3/Blue-winged Teal/Spatula discorsC
4/Northern Shoveler/Spatula clypeataR
5/American Wigeon/Mareca americanaFC
6/Lesser Scaup/Aythya affinisFC
7<Masked Duck>Nomonyx dominicusUC

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

8Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatusFC

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

9Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicusFC
10Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsFC

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

11Rock PigeonColumba liviaC
12Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosaC
13Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostrisC
14Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minutaC
15Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiA
16Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosaFC
17Mourning DoveZenaida macrouraFC

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

18Greater AniCrotophaga majorFC
19Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniC
20Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisC
21Striped CuckooTapera naeviaFC
22Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaC
23|Gray-capped Cuckoo|Coccyzus lansbergiR
24Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minorR

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

25Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennisFC
26(Common Nighthawk)Chordeiles minorFC
27Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisC
28White-tailed NightjarHydropsalis cayennensisUC
29Rufous NightjarAntrostomus rufusUC

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

30Great PotooNyctibius grandisFC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

31White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisUC
32Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaFC
33Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensisFC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

34Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusUC
35Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostrisC
36Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularisFC
37Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostiiUC
38Veraguan MangoAnthracothorax veraguensis?
39White-crested CoquetteLophornis adorabilisR
40Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostrisUC
41/Ruby-throated Hummingbird/Archilochus colubrisVR
42Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisFC
43Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimetiR
44Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvieriiUC
45Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysiaUC
46Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraFC
47Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardC
48Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlC
49Sapphire-throated HummingbirdLepidopyga coeruleogularisFC
50Blue-throated GoldentailHylocharis eliciaeR

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

51Paint-billed CrakeMustelirallus erythropsVR
52Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolorR
53/Sora/Porzana carolinaFC
54Common GallinuleGallinula galeataC
55/American Coot/Fulica americanaFC
56Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaC
57Yellow-breasted CrakeHapalocrex flaviventerVR
58White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularisC

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

59/Wilson's Plover/Charadrius wilsoniaFC
60/Semipalmated Plover/Charadrius semipalmatusC
61/Killdeer/Charadrius vociferusUC

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

62Northern JacanaJacana spinosaC

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

63/Wilson's Snipe/Gallinago delicataFC
64/Greater Yellowlegs/Tringa melanoleucaFC
65/Lesser Yellowlegs/Tringa flavipesUC

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

66Bare-throated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma mexicanumR
67/Great Blue Heron/Ardea herodiasUC
68Great EgretArdea albaC
69Snowy EgretEgretta thulaFC
70Striated HeronButorides striataFC

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

71Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensisR

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

72Black VultureCoragyps atratusA

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

73/Osprey/Pandion haliaetusFC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

74White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusFC
75Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusUC
76Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusR
77/Northern Harrier/Circus hudsoniusR
78Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalisUC
79Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisFC
80Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidusUC

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

81Barn OwlTyto albaUC

 
Owls: Strigidae

82Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops cholibaFC
83Least Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium minutissimumR
84Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianumUC
85Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataUC
86Striped OwlAsio clamatorUC

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

87Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatusFC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

88Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessoniiFC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

89Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataFC
90/Belted Kingfisher/Megaceryle alcyonUC
91Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazonaFC
92American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aeneaUC
93Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaC

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

94Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusUC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

95Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

96Olivaceous PiculetPicumnus olivaceusUC
97Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillusC
98Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusFC
99Chestnut-colored WoodpeckerCeleus castaneus?

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

100Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayFC
101Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachimaFC
102Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnansUC
103/American Kestrel/Falco sparveriusFC
104MerlinFalco columbariusUC
105Bat FalconFalco rufigularisUC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

106Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularisA
107Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotisFC
108Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusUC
109White-crowned ParrotPionus senilisUC
110Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosaFC
111Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinaxC
112Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschiFC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

113Great AntshrikeTaraba major?
114Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatusFC
115Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusUC
116Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyranninaC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

117Thicket AntpittaHylopezus divesUC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

118Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensisUC
119Tawny-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla anabatinaR
120Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusFC
121Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusR
122Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetiiFC
123Chiriqui Foliate-gleanerAutomolus exsertusFC
124Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescensC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

125Lance-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia lanceolataFC
126White-crowned ManakinDixiphia pipraVR

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

127#Three-wattled Bellbird#Procnias tricarunculatusR
128Yellow-billed CotingaCarpodectes antoniaeVR

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

129Masked TityraTityra semifasciataC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

130Northern Royal-FlycatcherOnychorhynchus mexicanusUC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

131Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineusC
132Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalusR
133Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisFC
134Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillus?
135Pale-eyed Pygmy-TyrantAtalotriccus pilarisFC
136Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant
(Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus sylviaUC
137Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumC
138Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostrisUC
139Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensFC
140Mouse-colored TyrannuletPhaeomyias murinaUC
141Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveolaFC
142Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicataUC
143Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterC
144Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensisFC
145Paltry TyrannuletZimmerius vilissimusFC
146Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatusUC
147|Eastern Wood-Pewee|Contopus virensC
148Tropical PeweeContopus cinereusFC
149|Willow Flycatcher|Empidonax trailliiFC
150Northern Scrub-FlycatcherSublegatus arenarumUC
151/Great Crested Flycatcher/Myiarchus crinitusFC
152Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusFC
153Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaFC
154Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisA
155Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensisFC
156Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusFC
157|Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher|Myiodynastes luteiventrisUC
158(Piratic Flycatcher)Legatus leucophaiusC
159Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusA
160|Eastern Kingbird|Tyrannus tyrannusC
161/Scissor-tailed Flycatcher/Tyrannus forficatusUC
162Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

163Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipesFC
164Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusVR
165/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifronsFC
166Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridisC

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

167Black-chested JayCyanocorax affinisUC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

168/Northern Rough-winged Swallow/Stelgidopteryx serripennisUC
169Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisC
170Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaC
171\Brown-chested Martin\Progne taperaUC
172Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilineaFC
173/Bank Swallow/Riparia ripariaFC
174/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rusticaA
175|Cliff Swallow|Petrochelidon pyrrhonotaFC

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

176Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurusFC
177Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaFC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

178House WrenTroglodytes aedonC
179Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisFC
180Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusFC
181Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusUC
182Canebrake WrenCantorchilus zeledoni?
183Isthmian WrenCantorchilus elutusFC
184Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusUC
185White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaFC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

186/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatus?
187Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayiA

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

188Yellowish PipitAnthus lutescensC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

189Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaFC
190Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisFC
191<Lesser Goldfinch>Spinus psaltriaFC

 
Thrush-Tanager: Rhodinocichlidae

192Rosy Thrush-TanagerRhodinocichla roseaUC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

193Grasshopper SparrowAmmodramus savannarumUC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

194Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaC
195Red-breasted MeadowlarkLeistes militarisFC
196Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeusFC
197Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleri?
198Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelas?
199/Orchard Oriole/Icterus spuriusUC
200/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbulaC
201Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis?
202Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneusFC
203Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusR

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

204/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensisC
205/Prothonotary Warbler/Protonotaria citreaFC
206Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephalaUC
207Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiUC
208Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaC
209/Chestnut-sided Warbler/Setophaga pensylvanica?
210|Black-throated Green Warbler|Setophaga virensR
211Rufous-capped WarblerBasileuterus rufifronsFC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

212/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubraC
213/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianusUC
214/Blue Grosbeak/Passerina caeruleaR
215/Indigo Bunting/Passerina cyaneaFC
216/Painted Bunting/Passerina cirisR
217/Dickcissel/Spiza americanaUC

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

218Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillataFC
219Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passeriniiC
220Crimson-backed TanagerRamphocelus dimidiatusUC
221Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusA
222Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumC
223Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataFC
224Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaFC
225Wedge-tailed Grass-FinchEmberizoides herbicolaUC
226Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaA
227(Ruddy-breasted Seedeater)Sporophila minutaC
228Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea?
229Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensisUC
230Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaA
231Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelletiFC
232BananaquitCoereba flaveolaUC
233Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusUC
234Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus?
235Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain