↑PANAMA">
PANAMA↑

DESCRIPTION">
SPECIALTIES

ACHIOTE ROAD

PANAMA
LOCALE

# Species:484
# Excl Vagrants:483
# Endemics:1
# Near Endemics:11
Habitat: Roadside woodland, wet pastures, subtropical forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus majorAR,SLNP?
2Little TinamouCrypturellus souiAR,SLNP?

 
Ducks: Anatidae

3Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisAR,SLNP?
4Muscovy DuckCairina moschataAR?
5Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsAR,SLNPC
6American WigeonMareca americanaAR?
7Lesser ScaupAythya affinisAR?

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

8Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereicepsAR,SLNPFC
9Crested GuanPenelope purpurascensAR,SLNPR
10Great CurassowCrax rubraSLNPR

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

11Marbled Wood-QuailOdontophorus gujanensisAR,SLNPR

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

12Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicusAR,SLNPFC
13Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsAR,SLNPFC

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

14Rock PigeonColumba liviaAR,SLNPC
15Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensisAR,SLNPFC
16Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosaAR,SLNP?
17Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostrisAR,SLNPC
18Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minutaAR?
19Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiAR,SLNPA
20Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosaAR,SLNPFC
21Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaARUC
22Violaceous Quail-DoveGeotrygon violaceaSLNP?
23Olive-backed Quail-DoveLeptotrygon veraguensisAR,SLNP?
24White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiAR,SLNPC
25Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassiniiAR,SLNP?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

26Greater AniCrotophaga majorAR,SLNPFC
27Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniAR,SLNPC
28Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisAR,SLNP?
29Striped CuckooTapera naeviaAR,SLNP?
30Pheasant CuckooDromococcyx phasianellusAR,SLNP?
31Little CuckooCoccycua minutaAR?
32Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaAR,SLNPC
33Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanusAR,SLNP?
34Mangrove CuckooCoccyzus minorAR,SLNP?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

35Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennisAR?
36Common NighthawkChordeiles minorAR,SLNP?
37Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusAR?
38Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisAR,SLNP?

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

39Great PotooNyctibius grandisAR,SLNPUC
40Common PotooNyctibius griseusAR,SLNP?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

41Black SwiftCypseloides nigerARX
42Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaAR?
43White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisAR,SLNP?
44Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudusAR,SLNPC
45Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaAR,SLNPFC
46Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxiAR,SLNP?
47Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyuraAR,SLNP?
48Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensisAR,SLNPFC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

49White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraAR,SLNPC
50Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusAR,SLNP?
51Rufous-breasted HermitGlaucis hirsutusAR,SLNPUC
52Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeriAR,SLNPUC
53Green HermitPhaethornis guyAR?
54Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostrisAR,SLNPC
55Stripe-throated HermitPhaethornis striigularisAR,SLNP?
56Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barrotiAR,SLNP?
57Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollisAR,SLNPFC
58Rufous-crested CoquetteLophornis delattreiAR?
59Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisAR,SLNPUC
60Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimetiAR,SLNP?
61Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysiaARUC
62White-vented PlumeleteerChalybura buffoniiAR,SLNP?
63Crowned WoodnymphThalurania colombicaAR,SLNP?
64Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvieriiAR?
65Snowy-bellied HummingbirdSaucerottia edwardAR,SLNP?
66Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlAR,SLNPC
67Sapphire-throated HummingbirdChrysuronia coeruleogularisAR,SLNP?
68Blue-chested HummingbirdPolyerata amabilisAR,SLNPFC
69Violet-bellied HummingbirdChlorestes julieAR,SLNPC

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

70Colombian CrakeMustelirallus colombianaARX
71Spotted RailPardirallus maculatusAR,SLNP?
72Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolorAR,SLNPVR
73Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillarisSLNPVR
74Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneusAR,SLNPFC
75SoraPorzana carolinaSLNPFC
76Common GallinuleGallinula galeataAR?
77American CootFulica americanaAR,SLNP?
78Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaAR,SLNP?
79White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularisAR,SLNPC

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

80LimpkinAramus guaraunaAR,SLNPUC

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

81Black-bellied PloverPluvialis squatarolaAR,SLNP?
82KilldeerCharadrius vociferusAR?
83Semipalmated PloverCharadrius semipalmatusAR,SLNP?
84Southern LapwingVanellus chilensisAR,SLNPFC
85Wilson's PloverAnarhynchus wilsoniaAR?
86Collared PloverAnarhynchus collarisAR?

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

87Wattled JacanaJacana jacanaAR,SLNPC

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

88WhimbrelNumenius phaeopusAR,SLNP?
89Short-billed DowitcherLimnodromus griseusAR,SLNP?
90Wilson's SnipeGallinago delicataAR?
91Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusAR,SLNPC
92Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaAR,SLNPUC
93Lesser YellowlegsTringa flavipesAR?
94WilletTringa semipalmataAR,SLNPC
95Greater YellowlegsTringa melanoleucaAR?
96Ruddy TurnstoneArenaria interpresAR,SLNP?
97Buff-breasted SandpiperCalidris subruficollisAR?
98SanderlingCalidris albaAR?
99Baird's SandpiperCalidris bairdiiAR?
100White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisSLNPR
101Least SandpiperCalidris minutillaAR,SLNP?
102Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosSLNPUC
103Western SandpiperCalidris mauriAR,SLNPC
104Semipalmated SandpiperCalidris pusillaAR?

 
Skuas and Jaegers: Stercorariidae

105Parasitic JaegerStercorarius parasiticusSLNP?

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

106Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricillaAR,SLNP?
107Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanAR,SLNPUC
108Ring-billed GullLarus delawarensisSLNP?
109Herring GullLarus argentatusAR?
110Brown NoddyAnous stolidusSLNP?
111Gull-billed TernGelochelidon niloticaAR,SLNP?
112Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaAR,SLNPR
113Black TernChlidonias nigerSLNPFC
114Common TernSterna hirundoSLNP?
115Sandwich TernThalasseus sandvicensisAR,SLNP?
116Royal TernThalasseus maximusAR,SLNP?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

117Wood StorkMycteria americanaAR?

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

118Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensAR,SLNPC

 
Boobies and Gannets: Sulidae

119Brown BoobySula leucogasterSLNP?

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

120AnhingaAnhinga anhingaAR,SLNPFC

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

121Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianusAR,SLNPC

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

122Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisAR,SLNPFC

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

123Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatumAR,SLNPR
124Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumAR,SLNP?
125Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochleariusAR,SLNPUC
126Agami HeronAgamia agamiAR,SLNPR
127Yellow-crowned Night HeronNyctanassa violaceaAR,SLNP?
128Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticoraxAR?
129Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaAR,SLNPC
130Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorAR,SLNPFC
131Snowy EgretEgretta thulaAR,SLNPFC
132Striated HeronButorides striataAR,SLNPFC
133Green HeronButorides virescensAR,SLNP?
134Western Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisAR,SLNPA
135Great EgretArdea albaAR,SLNPC
136Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasAR,SLNPUC
137Cocoi HeronArdea cocoiAR?

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

138White IbisEudocimus albusAR?
139Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellusAR?
140Green IbisMesembrinibis cayennensisAR?
141Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaSLNPR

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

142Black VultureCoragyps atratusAR,SLNPA
143Turkey VultureCathartes auraAR,SLNPC
144King VultureSarcoramphus papaAR,SLNPUC

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

145OspreyPandion haliaetusAR,SLNPFC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

146Pearl KiteGampsonyx swainsoniiAR?
147White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusAR,SLNPFC
148Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatusAR,SLNP?
149Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisAR,SLNPFC
150Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusAR,SLNPFC
151Crested EagleMorphnus guianensisAR?
152Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannusAR,SLNPUC
153Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusAR?
154Tiny HawkMicrospizias superciliosusAR,SLNP?
155Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisAR,SLNPFC
156Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusAR,SLNPFC
157Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensisAR,SLNP?
158Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbeaAR,SLNPUC
159Northern HarrierCircus hudsoniusSLNP?
160Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatusAR?
161Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorAR,SLNPVR
162Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescensAR,SLNPR
163Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbeaAR,SLNPR
164Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinusAR,SLNPC
165Savanna HawkButeogallus meridionalisAR,SLNP?
166Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitingaAR,SLNPUC
167Barred HawkMorphnarchus princepsAR,SLNPFC
168Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostrisAR,SLNP?
169White HawkPseudastur albicollisAR,SLNP?
170Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeusAR,SLNPUC
171Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidusAR,SLNP?
172Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusAR,SLNPFC
173Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusAR,SLNPUC
174Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoniAR?
175Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatusAR,SLNP?
176Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisAR?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

177Barn OwlTyto albaAR?

 
Owls: Strigidae

178Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops cholibaAR?
179Choco Screech-Owl**Megascops centalisAR?
180Crested OwlLophostrix cristataAR?
181Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataAR,SLNPUC
182Mottled OwlStrix virgataAR?
183Black-and-white OwlStrix nigrolineataAR,SLNPUC
184Striped OwlAsio clamatorSLNP?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

185Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massenaAR,SLNPC
186Black-tailed TrogonTrogon melanurusAR,SLNPFC
187Black-headed TrogonTrogon melanocephalusAR,SLNP?
188White-tailed TrogonTrogon chionurusAR,SLNPC
189Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatusAR,SLNPFC
190Northern Black-throated TrogonTrogon tenellusAR,SLNPFC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

191Whooping MotmotMomotus subrufescensAR?
192Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martiiAR,SLNP?
193Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchumAR,SLNPFC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

194Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataAR,SLNPFC
195Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonAR,SLNPUC
196Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazonaAR,SLNPFC
197American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aeneaAR,SLNPUC
198Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaAR,SLNPC
199Green-and-rufous KingfisherChloroceryle indaAR,SLNP?

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

200White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchusAR,SLNPFC
201Black-breasted PuffbirdNotharchus pectoralisAR,SLNPFC
202Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusAR,SLNPFC
203Barred PuffbirdNystalus radiatusAR?
204White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensisAR,SLNP?
205Gray-cheeked NunletNonnula frontalisARR

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

206Great JacamarJacamerops aureusAR,SLNPUC

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

207Spot-crowned BarbetCapito maculicoronatusAR,SLNPUC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

208Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatusAR,SLNPC
209Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilisAR?
210Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusAR,SLNPFC
211Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratusAR,SLNPC

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

212Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus variusAR?
213Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucheraniAR,SLNPC
214Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillusAR,SLNPC
215Crimson-bellied WoodpeckerCampephilus haematogasterAR?
216Crimson-crested WoodpeckerCampephilus melanoleucosAR,SLNPFC
217Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusAR,SLNP?
218Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusAR,SLNPUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

219Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnansAR,SLNP?
220Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusAR,SLNP?
221Slaty-backed Forest-FalconMicrastur mirandolleiAR,SLNPUC
222Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisAR,SLNP?
223Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayAR,SLNPUC
224Yellow-headed CaracaraDaptrius chimachimaAR,SLNPUC
225American KestrelFalco sparveriusAR,SLNPR
226MerlinFalco columbariusAR,SLNPR
227Bat FalconFalco rufigularisAR,SLNP?
228Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusAR,SLNPUC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

229Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularisAR,SLNPA
230Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotisAR,SLNPFC
231Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusAR,SLNPC
232Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisAR,SLNPA
233Yellow-crowned ParrotAmazona ochrocephalaAR?
234Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosaAR,SLNPFC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

235Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatusAR,SLNPFC
236Great AntshrikeTaraba majorAR?
237Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatusAR,SLNPFC
238Black-crowned AntshrikeThamnophilus atrinuchaAR,SLNPC
239Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusARUC
240Spot-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus puncticepsAR,SLNP?
241Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventrisAR,SLNP?
242Moustached AntwrenMyrmotherula ignotaARR
243Pacific AntwrenMyrmotherula pacificaAR,SLNP?
244White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillarisAR,SLNPC
245Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensisAR,SLNPC
246Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyranninaAR,SLNPC
247Jet AntbirdCercomacra nigricansAR,SLNPUC
248Bare-crowned AntbirdGymnocichla nudicepsAR,SLNPUC
249White-bellied AntbirdMyrmeciza longipesAR?
250Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsulAR,SLNPC
251Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemostictaARR
252Wing-banded AntbirdMyrmornis torquataAR?
253Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolorAR,SLNPFC
254Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioidesAR,SLNPFC
255Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannaniAR?

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

256Black-crowned AntpittaPittasoma michleriAR,SLNPVR

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

257Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatusARFC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

258Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analisAR,SLNPC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

259South American LeaftosserSclerurus obscuriorAR,SLNPUC
260Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensisAR,SLNP?
261Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillusAR?
262Long-tailed WoodcreeperDeconychura longicaudaAR,SLNP?
263Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosaAR,SLNP?
264Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusAR,SLNP?
265Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomaeAR,SLNPR
266Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurransAR,SLNPA
267Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusAR,SLNPFC
268Straight-billed WoodcreeperDendroplex picusAR,SLNPUC
269Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetiiAR,SLNP?
270Plain XenopsXenops minutusAR,SLNP?
271Ochre-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemusAR?
272Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyuraARR

 
Manakins: Pipridae

273Lance-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia lanceolataAR,SLNP?
274Velvety ManakinLepidothrix velutinaAR,SLNPFC
275White-collared ManakinManacus candeiSLNPC
276Golden-collared ManakinManacus vitellinusAR,SLNPC
277Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisAR,SLNPC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

278Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurataAR,SLNPC
279Blue CotingaCotinga nattereriiAR,SLNPFC
280Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufusAR,SLNPUC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

281Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitorAR,SLNPFC
282Masked TityraTityra semifasciataAR,SLNPC
283Russet-winged SchiffornisSchiffornis stenorhynchaAR,SLNP?
284Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescensAR,SLNPR
285Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeusAR,SLNPFC
286White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusAR,SLNPFC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

287Northern Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus mexicanusSLNP?
288Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurusAR,SLNPFC
289Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygiusAR,SLNPUC
290Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudusAR,SLNPFC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

291Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatusAR,SLNP?
292Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes galbinusAR?
293Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineusAR,SLNPC
294Yellow-green TyrannuletPhylloscartes flavovirensAR,SLNP?
295Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillusAR,SLNPUC
296Southern BentbillOncostoma olivaceumAR,SLNPFC
297Slate-headed Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus sylviaAR?
298Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumAR,SLNPFC
299Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigricepsAR,SLNPUC
300Brownish TwistwingCnipodectes subbrunneusAR,SLNP?
301Western Olivaceous FlatbillRhynchocyclus aequinoctialisAR,SLNPFC
302Yellow-olive FlatbillTolmomyias sulphurescensAR,SLNP?
303Yellow-winged FlatbillTolmomyias flavotectusAR,SLNP?
304Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumAR,SLNPFC
305Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillusAR,SLNPFC
306Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveolaAR,SLNPUC
307Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusAR,SLNPC
308Forest ElaeniaMyiopagis gaimardiiAR,SLNPFC
309Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicataAR?
310Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterAR,SLNPFC
311Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensisAR,SLNP?
312Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseicepsSLNP?
313Mistletoe TyrannuletZimmerius parvusAR,SLNPFC
314Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatusAR,SLNP?
315Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiAR,SLNPUC
316Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisARR
317Western Wood-PeweeContopus sordidulusAR?
318Northern Tropical PeweeContopus bogotensisAR,SLNP?
319Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virensAR,SLNPC
320Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventrisAR,SLNP?
321Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensAR,SLNPFC
322Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax trailliiAR,SLNPFC
323Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonusAR,SLNPFC
324Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceusAR,SLNPFC
325Choco SirystesSirystes albogriseusAR?
326Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythraARUC
327Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferAR,SLNPC
328Panama FlycatcherMyiarchus panamensisAR,SLNP?
329Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitusAR,SLNP?
330Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusAR,SLNPC
331Lesser KiskadeePhilohydor lictorAR,SLNPFC
332Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaAR,SLNPFC
333Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensisAR,SLNP?
334Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisAR,SLNPA
335Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensisAR,SLNP?
336White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatusAR,SLNPUC
337Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusAR,SLNPC
338Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventrisAR,SLNPUC
339Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaiusAR,SLNPC
340Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusAR,SLNPA
341Western KingbirdTyrannus verticalisSLNP?
342Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusAR,SLNPC
343Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensisAR?
344Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaAR,SLNPUC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

345Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipesAR,SLNPFC
346Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusAR,SLNPFC
347Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceicepsAR?
348Golden-fronted GreenletPachysilvia aurantiifronsAR,SLNP?
349Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtataAR,SLNPC
350Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsAR,SLNPFC
351Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicusAR?
352Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusAR,SLNPC
353Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridisAR,SLNPFC

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

354Black-chested JayCyanocorax affinisAR,SLNPFC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

355Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaAR,SLNPFC
356/Tree Swallow/Tachycineta bicolorAR,SLNPR
357Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilineaAR,SLNPFC
358Purple MartinProgne subisAR,SLNP?
359Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaAR,SLNPC
360Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisAR,SLNP?
361Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisAR,SLNPC
362White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialisAR,SLNPUC
363\Blue-and-white Swallow\Pygochelidon cyanoleucaAR,SLNPUC
364Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaAR,SLNPA
365Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaAR,SLNPUC

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

366Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventrisAR,SLNPUC
367Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurusAR,SLNP?
368White-browed GnatcatcherPolioptila bilineataAR,SLNPFC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

369Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatusAR?
370House WrenTroglodytes aedonAR,SLNPC
371White-headed WrenCampylorhynchus albobrunneusAR,SLNP?
372Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisAR,SLNP?
373Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusAR,SLNP?
374Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusAR,SLNPFC
375Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusAR,SLNP?
376Isthmian WrenCantorchilus elutusAR,SLNPFC
377Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillusAR,SLNPC
378Buff-breasted WrenCantorchilus leucotisAR,SLNPFC
379White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaAR,SLNPC
380Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalusAR,SLNPC

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

381Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensisAR,SLNP?
382Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvusAR,SLNP?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

383VeeryCatharus fuscescensARUC
384Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimusAR,SLNP?
385Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatusAR,SLNP?
386Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelinaAR?
387Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayiAR,SLNPA

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

388House SparrowPasser domesticusAR,SLNPC

 
Wagtails and Pipits: Motacillidae

389Yellowish PipitAnthus chiiAR?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

390Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaAR,SLNPUC
391White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minutaAR,SLNPUC
392Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisAR,SLNPUC
393Fulvous-vented EuphoniaEuphonia fulvicrissaAR,SLNPFC
394Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltriaAR?

 
Thrush-Tanager: Rhodinocichlidae

395Rosy Thrush-TanagerRhodinocichla roseaAR?

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

396Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostrisAR,SLNPC
397Clay-colored SparrowSpizella pallidaSLNPX
398Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostrisAR,SLNPFC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

399BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusAR,SLNPUC
400Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaAR,SLNPUC
401Red-breasted MeadowlarkLeistes militarisAR,SLNPFC
402Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeusAR,SLNPFC
403Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanusAR,SLNPFC
404Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleriAR,SLNPC
405Montezuma OropendolaPsarocolius montezumaAR,SLNPUC
406Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialisAR,SLNPFC
407Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus celaAR,SLNPFC
408Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusAR,SLNPFC
409Yellow-backed OrioleIcterus chrysaterAR,SLNPFC
410Orange-crowned OrioleIcterus auricapillusAR?
411Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasAR,SLNP?
412Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaAR,SLNPC
413Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensisAR,SLNP?
414Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneusAR,SLNPR
415Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorusAR,SLNPFC
416Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusAR,SLNPA

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

417Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorumAR,SLNP?
418Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaAR?
419Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensisAR,SLNPC
420Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraAR,SLNPUC
421Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanopteraAR?
422Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaAR,SLNPFC
423Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaAR,SLNPFC
424Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrinaAR,SLNP?
425Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaAR,SLNPUC
426Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosaAR,SLNP?
427Common YellowthroatGeothlypis trichasAR,SLNP?
428American RedstartSetophaga ruticillaAR,SLNP?
429Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaAR,SLNPUC
430Northern ParulaSetophaga americanaAR,SLNPVR
431Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaAR,SLNPR
432Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaAR,SLNPFC
433Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fuscaAR,SLNP?
434Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaAR,SLNPC
435Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaAR,SLNPC
436Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataARVR
437Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumAR,SLNPR
438Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronataAR,SLNP?
439Yellow-throated WarblerSetophaga dominicaARVR
440Chestnut-capped WarblerBasileuterus delattriiAR,SLNP?
441Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicaudaAR?
442Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisAR,SLNPFC
443Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaAR?

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

444Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiAR,SLNPFC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

445Summer TanagerPiranga rubraAR,SLNPC
446Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaAR,SLNPUC
447Red-throated Ant-TanagerHabia fuscicaudaAR,SLNPC
448Carmiol's TanagerChlorothraupis carmioliAR?
449Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusAR,SLNPFC
450Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoidesAR,SLNPC
451Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaAR,SLNPR
452Indigo BuntingPasserina cyaneaAR,SLNP?
453DickcisselSpiza americanaAR,SLNP?

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

454Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillataAR,SLNP?
455White-shouldered TanagerLoriotus luctuosusAR,SLNPC
456Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiARFC
457White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusAR,SLNPFC
458Lemon-rumped Tanager**Ramphocelus icteronotusAR,SLNPC
459Crimson-backed TanagerRamphocelus dimidiatusAR,SLNPFC
460Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusAR,SLNPC
461Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumAR,SLNPC
462Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataAR,SLNPFC
463Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataAR,SLNPC
464Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrolaAR?
465Emerald TanagerTangara floridaAR,SLNPUC
466Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venustaAR,SLNP?
467Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaAR,SLNPC
468Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidusAR,SLNPUC
469Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneusAR,SLNPC
470Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaAR,SLNPFC
471Sulphur-rumped TanagerHeterospingus rubrifronsAR,SLNPUC
472Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaAR,SLNPUC
473Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaAR,SLNPC
474Ruddy-breasted SeedeaterSporophila minutaAR,SLNPUC
475Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funereaAR,SLNP?
476Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaAR,SLNPA
477Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisAR,SLNPFC
478Slate-colored SeedeaterSporophila schistaceaAR,SLNPUC
479BananaquitCoereba flaveolaAR,SLNPFC
480Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusAR,SLNPUC
481Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusAR,SLNPC
482Black-headed SaltatorSaltator atricepsAR,SLNPFC
483Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusAR,SLNPC
484Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossusAR,SLNPFC

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
//Boreal Visitor77
\\Austral Visitor0
||Transient24
##Non-breeding Dispersal1
<>Erratic/Irregular2
()Breeding Season Only4
{}Casual/Vagrant5
[]Accidental3

OCCURRENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
AAbundant/Very Common12
CCommon79
FCFairly/Locally Common109
UCUncommon/Scarce71
RRare/Very Scarce26
VRVery Rare7
XAccidental/Vagrant1
?Uncertain178

STATUS CODES

CodeDescription##
NTNear Threatened13
VVulnerable4
ENEndangered0
CRCritically Endangered0

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.

LOCATION CODES

CodeDescription
SLNPSan Lorenzo National Park