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ACHIOTE ROAD

PANAMA
LOCALE

# Species*:315
# Excl Vagrants*:315
# Endemics*:0
# Near Endemics*:12
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Roadside woodland, wet pastures, subtropical forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Ducks: Anatidae

1Blue-winged TealSpatula discorsSLNPC

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

2Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereicepsAR,SLNPFC
3Crested GuanPenelope purpurascensAR,SLNPR
4Great CurassowCrax rubraSLNPR

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

5Marbled Wood-QuailOdontophorus gujanensisAR,SLNPR

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

6Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicusSLNPFC
7Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsSLNPFC

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

8Rock PigeonColumba liviaAR,SLNPC
9Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensisAR,SLNPFC
10Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostrisAR,SLNPC
11Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiAR,SLNPA
12Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosaSLNPFC
13Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaARUC
14White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiAR,SLNPC
15Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassiniiARR

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

16Greater AniCrotophaga majorAR,SLNPFC
17Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniAR,SLNPC
18Pheasant CuckooDromococcyx phasianellusAR,SLNP?
19Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaAR,SLNPC

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

20Great PotooNyctibius grandisAR,SLNPUC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

21Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagicaAR,SLNPFC
22Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudusSLNPC
23Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensisAR,SLNPFC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

24White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraAR,SLNPC
25Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusAR,SLNP?
26Rufous-breasted HermitGlaucis hirsutusAR,SLNPUC
27Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeriAR,SLNPUC
28Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostrisAR,SLNPC
29Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollisAR,SLNPFC
30Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilisAR,SLNPUC
31Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysiaARUC
32Blue-chested HummingbirdAmazilia amabilisAR,SLNPFC
33Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlAR,SLNPC
34Violet-bellied HummingbirdJuliamyia julieAR,SLNPC

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

35Colombian CrakeMustelirallus colombianaARX
36Spotted RailPardirallus maculatusAR,SLNP?
37Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolorAR,SLNPVR
38Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillarisSLNPVR
39Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneusAR,SLNPFC
40SoraPorzana carolinaSLNPFC
41Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaAR,SLNP?
42White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularisAR,SLNPC

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

43LimpkinAramus guaraunaAR,SLNPUC

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

44Southern LapwingVanellus chilensisAR,SLNPFC

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

45Wattled JacanaJacana jacanaAR,SLNPC

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

46White-rumped SandpiperCalidris fuscicollisSLNPR
47Pectoral SandpiperCalidris melanotosSLNPUC
48Western SandpiperCalidris mauriAR,SLNPC
49Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusAR,SLNPC
50Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaAR,SLNPUC
51WilletTringa semipalmataSLNPC

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

52Franklin's GullLeucophaeus pipixcanSLNPUC
53Caspian TernHydroprogne caspiaSLNPR
54Black TernChlidonias nigerSLNPFC

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

55Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensAR,SLNPC

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

56AnhingaAnhinga anhingaAR,SLNPFC

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

57Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusSLNPC

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

58Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisSLNPFC

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

59Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatumAR,SLNPR
60Great Blue HeronArdea herodiasSLNPUC
61Great EgretArdea albaAR,SLNPC
62Snowy EgretEgretta thulaAR,SLNPFC
63Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaAR,SLNPC
64Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorAR,SLNPFC
65Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisAR,SLNPA
66Green HeronButorides virescensAR,SLNP?
67Striated HeronButorides striataAR,SLNPFC
68Agami HeronAgamia agamiSLNPR
69Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochleariusSLNPUC

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

70Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajajaSLNPR

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

71Black VultureCoragyps atratusAR,SLNPA
72Turkey VultureCathartes auraAR,SLNPC
73King VultureSarcoramphus papaAR,SLNPUC

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

74OspreyPandion haliaetusAR,SLNPFC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

75White-tailed KiteElanus leucurusAR,SLNPFC
76Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatusAR,SLNP?
77Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisAR,SLNPFC
78Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusAR,SLNPFC
79Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannusAR,SLNPUC
80Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisSLNPFC
81Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusAR,SLNPFC
82Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbeaAR,SLNPUC
83Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorSLNPVR
84Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescensAR,SLNPR
85Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbeaAR,SLNPR
86Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinusAR,SLNPC
87Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitingaAR,SLNPUC
88Barred HawkMorphnarchus princepsAR,SLNPFC
89White HawkPseudastur albicollisAR,SLNP?
90Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeusAR,SLNPUC
91Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidusAR,SLNP?
92Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterusAR,SLNPFC
93Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusAR,SLNPUC

 
Owls: Strigidae

94Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataAR,SLNPUC
95Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataSLNPUC

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

96Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massenaAR,SLNPC
97Black-tailed TrogonTrogon melanurusAR,SLNPFC
98Black-headed TrogonTrogon melanocephalusAR,SLNP?
99White-tailed TrogonTrogon chionurusAR,SLNPC
100Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatusAR,SLNPFC
101Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufusAR,SLNPFC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

102Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martiiAR,SLNP?
103Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchumAR,SLNPFC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

104Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataAR,SLNPFC
105Belted KingfisherMegaceryle alcyonSLNPUC
106Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazonaSLNPFC
107American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aeneaSLNPUC
108Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaAR,SLNPC

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

109White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchusAR,SLNPFC
110Black-breasted PuffbirdNotharchus pectoralisAR,SLNPFC
111Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectusAR,SLNPFC
112White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensisARFC
113Gray-cheeked NunletNonnula frontalisARR

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

114Great JacamarJacamerops aureusAR,SLNPUC

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

115Spot-crowned BarbetCapito maculicoronatusAR,SLNPUC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

116Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatusAR,SLNPC
117Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusAR,SLNPFC
118Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratusAR,SLNPC

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

119Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucheraniAR,SLNPC
120Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillusAR,SLNPC
121Crimson-crested WoodpeckerCampephilus melanoleucosSLNPFC
122Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusAR,SLNPUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

123Slaty-backed Forest-FalconMicrastur mirandolleiAR,SLNPUC
124Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayAR,SLNPUC
125Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachimaAR,SLNPUC
126American KestrelFalco sparveriusAR,SLNPR
127MerlinFalco columbariusAR,SLNPR
128Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinusAR,SLNPUC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

129Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularisAR,SLNPA
130Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotisAR,SLNPFC
131Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusAR,SLNPC
132Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisAR,SLNPA
133Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosaAR,SLNPFC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

134Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatusAR,SLNPFC
135Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatusAR,SLNPFC
136Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinuchaAR,SLNPC
137Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusARUC
138Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventrisAR,SLNP?
139Pygmy AntwrenMyrmotherula brachyuraARR
140Pacific AntwrenMyrmotherula pacificaARFC
141White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillarisAR,SLNPC
142Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensisAR,SLNPC
143Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyranninaAR,SLNPC
144Jet AntbirdCercomacra nigricansAR,SLNPUC
145Bare-crowned AntbirdGymnocichla nudicepsAR,SLNPUC
146Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsulAR,SLNPC
147Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemostictaARR
148Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolorSLNPFC
149Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioidesAR,SLNPFC

 
Gnateaters: Conopophagidae

150Black-crowned AntpittaPittasoma michleriAR,SLNPVR

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

151Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatusARFC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

152Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analisAR,SLNPC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

153Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanusAR,SLNPUC
154Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusARUC
155Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomaeAR,SLNPR
156Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurransAR,SLNPA
157Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusAR,SLNPFC
158Straight-billed WoodcreeperDendroplex picusSLNPUC
159Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetiiAR,SLNP?
160Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyuraARR

 
Manakins: Pipridae

161Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronataAR,SLNPFC
162White-collared ManakinManacus candeiSLNPC
163Golden-collared ManakinManacus vitellinusAR,SLNPC
164Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisAR,SLNPC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

165Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurataAR,SLNPC
166Blue CotingaCotinga nattereriiAR,SLNPFC
167Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufusAR,SLNPUC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

168Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitorAR,SLNPFC
169Masked TityraTityra semifasciataAR,SLNPC
170Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescensAR,SLNPR
171Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeusAR,SLNPFC
172White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusAR,SLNPFC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

173Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurusAR,SLNPFC
174Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygiusAR,SLNPUC
175Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudusSLNPFC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

176Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineusSLNPC
177Black-capped Pygmy-TyrantMyiornis atricapillusAR,SLNPUC
178Southern BentbillOncostoma olivaceumAR,SLNPFC
179Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumAR,SLNPFC
180Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigricepsAR,SLNPUC
181Olivaceous FlatbillRhynchocyclus olivaceusAR,SLNPFC
182Yellow-margined FlycatcherTolmomyias assimilisARC
183Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumAR,SLNPFC
184Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillusAR,SLNPFC
185Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveolaAR,SLNPUC
186Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusAR,SLNPC
187Forest ElaeniaMyiopagis gaimardiiAR,SLNPFC
188Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterAR,SLNPFC
189Paltry TyrannuletZimmerius vilissimusAR,SLNPFC
190Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperiAR,SLNPUC
191Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisARR
192Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virensAR,SLNPC
193Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventrisAR,SLNP?
194Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescensAR,SLNPFC
195Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax trailliiAR,SLNPFC
196Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonusAR,SLNPFC
197Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceusAR,SLNPFC
198Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythraARUC
199Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferAR,SLNPC
200Panama FlycatcherMyiarchus panamensisAR,SLNP?
201Lesser KiskadeePitangus lictorSLNPFC
202Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusAR,SLNPC
203Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaAR,SLNPFC
204Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensisARFC
205Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisAR,SLNPA
206Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensisAR,SLNP?
207White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatusAR,SLNPUC
208Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusAR,SLNPC
209Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventrisAR,SLNPUC
210Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaiusAR,SLNPC
211Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusAR,SLNPA
212Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannusAR,SLNPC
213Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaAR,SLNPUC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

214Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipesSLNPFC
215Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusSLNPFC
216Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtataAR,SLNPC
217Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifronsAR,SLNPFC
218Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceusAR,SLNPC
219Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridisAR,SLNPFC

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

220Black-chested JayCyanocorax affinisAR,SLNPFC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

221\Blue-and-white Swallow\Pygochelidon cyanoleucaAR,SLNPUC
222White-thighed SwallowAtticora tibialisSLNPUC
223Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisAR,SLNPC
224Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaAR,SLNPC
225/Tree Swallow/Tachycineta bicolorSLNPR
226Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilineaSLNPFC
227Bank SwallowRiparia ripariaSLNPFC
228Barn SwallowHirundo rusticaAR,SLNPA
229Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonotaSLNPUC

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

230Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventrisSLNPUC
231Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaAR,SLNPFC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

232House WrenTroglodytes aedonAR,SLNPC
233White-headed WrenCampylorhynchus albobrunneusARVR
234Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusSLNPFC
235Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusAR,SLNP?
236Isthmian WrenCantorchilus elutusAR,SLNPFC
237Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillusAR,SLNPC
238Buff-breasted WrenCantorchilus leucotisAR,SLNPFC
239White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaSLNPC
240Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalusAR,SLNPC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

241VeeryCatharus fuscescensARUC
242Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayiAR,SLNPA

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

243House SparrowPasser domesticusAR,SLNPC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

244Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaAR,SLNPUC
245Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisAR,SLNPUC
246Fulvous-vented EuphoniaEuphonia fulvicrissaAR,SLNPFC
247White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minutaAR,SLNPUC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

248Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostrisAR,SLNPC
249Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostrisAR,SLNPFC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

250BobolinkDolichonyx oryzivorusAR,SLNPUC
251Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magnaAR,SLNPUC
252Red-breasted MeadowlarkLeistes militarisAR,SLNPFC
253Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeusAR,SLNPFC
254Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanusAR,SLNPFC
255Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleriAR,SLNPC
256Montezuma OropendolaPsarocolius montezumaAR,SLNPUC
257Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialisAR,SLNPFC
258Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus celaAR,SLNPFC
259Orchard OrioleIcterus spuriusAR,SLNPFC
260Yellow-backed OrioleIcterus chrysaterAR,SLNPFC
261Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasAR,SLNP?
262Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbulaAR,SLNPC
263Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneusAR,SLNPR
264Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorusAR,SLNPFC
265Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusAR,SLNPA

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

266Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensisAR,SLNPC
267Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysopteraSLNPUC
268Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaAR,SLNPFC
269Prothonotary WarblerProtonotaria citreaAR,SLNPFC
270Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphiaAR,SLNPUC
271Cerulean WarblerSetophaga ceruleaSLNPUC
272Northern ParulaSetophaga americanaAR,SLNPVR
273Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnoliaSLNPR
274Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castaneaAR,SLNPFC
275Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaAR,SLNPC
276Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanicaAR,SLNPC
277Palm WarblerSetophaga palmarumAR,SLNPR
278Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronataSLNP?
279Canada WarblerCardellina canadensisAR,SLNPFC

 
Mitrospingid Tanagers: Mitrospingidae

280Dusky-faced TanagerMitrospingus cassiniiAR,SLNPFC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

281Summer TanagerPiranga rubraAR,SLNPC
282Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivaceaAR,SLNPUC
283Red-throated Ant-TanagerHabia fuscicaudaAR,SLNPC
284Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianusAR,SLNPFC
285Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoidesAR,SLNPC
286Blue GrosbeakPasserina caeruleaSLNPR

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

287Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillataARUC
288White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosusAR,SLNPC
289Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiARFC
290White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusAR,SLNPFC
291Lemon-rumped Tanager**Ramphocelus icteronotusAR,SLNPC
292Crimson-backed TanagerRamphocelus dimidiatusAR,SLNPFC
293Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusAR,SLNPC
294Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumAR,SLNPC
295Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataAR,SLNPFC
296Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataAR,SLNPC
297Emerald TanagerTangara floridaAR,SLNPUC
298Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaAR,SLNPC
299Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidusAR,SLNPUC
300Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneusAR,SLNPC
301Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaAR,SLNPFC
302Sulphur-rumped TanagerHeterospingus rubrifronsAR,SLNPUC
303Saffron FinchSicalis flaveolaAR,SLNPUC
304Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaAR,SLNPC
305Ruddy-breasted SeedeaterSporophila minutaAR,SLNPUC
306Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funereaARFC
307Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaAR,SLNPA
308Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisAR,SLNPFC
309Slate-colored SeedeaterSporophila schistaceaSLNPUC
310BananaquitCoereba flaveolaAR,SLNPFC
311Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceusAR,SLNPUC
312Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusAR,SLNPC
313Black-headed SaltatorSaltator atricepsAR,SLNPFC
314Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusAR,SLNPC
315Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossusAR,SLNPFC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain

LOCATION CODES

SLNPSan Lorenzo National Park