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PANAMA
LOCALE

# Species:241
# Excl Vagrants:241
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:4
Habitat: Primary forest, secondary forest, ponds

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus majorC
2Little TinamouCrypturellus souiC

 
Ducks: Anatidae

3Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisFC
4Muscovy DuckCairina moschataR
5<Masked Duck>Nomonyx dominicusR

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

6Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereicepsC
7Great CurassowCrax rubraR

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

8Marbled Wood-QuailOdontophorus gujanensisR

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

9Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicusUC
10Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsUC

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

11Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensisUC
12Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosaC
13Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostrisUC
14Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiUC
15Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaR
16White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiUC
17Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassiniiUC

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

18Greater AniCrotophaga majorFC
19Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga aniR
20Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisR
21Pheasant CuckooDromococcyx phasianellusR
22Rufous-vented Ground-CuckooNeomorphus geoffroyiR
23Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaC
24|Yellow-billed Cuckoo|Coccyzus americanusR

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

25(Common Nighthawk)Chordeiles minorUC
26Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisC

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

27Great PotooNyctibius grandisR
28Common PotooNyctibius griseusR

 
Swifts: Apodidae

29White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisUC
30|Chimney Swift|Chaetura pelagicaUC
31Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxiUC
32Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyuraUC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

33White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraC
34Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostrisC
35Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularisFC
36Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barrotiUC
37Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollisFC
38Rufous-crested CoquetteLophornis delattreiR
39Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvieriiR
40White-vented PlumeleteerChalybura buffoniiFC
41Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyiFC
42Blue-chested HummingbirdAmazilia amabilisFC
43Snowy-bellied HummingbirdAmazilia edwardUC
44Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlA
45Violet-bellied HummingbirdJuliamyia julieFC

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

46Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneusUC
47Common GallinuleGallinula galeataC
48Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinicaC

 
Finfoots: Heliornithidae

49SungrebeHeliornis fulicaR

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

50LimpkinAramus guaraunaR

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

51Wattled JacanaJacana jacanaC

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

52Wood StorkMycteria americanaUC

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

53Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificensC

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

54AnhingaAnhinga anhingaC

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

55Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianusC

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

56Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalisC

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

57Least BitternIxobrychus exilisFC
58Rufescent Tiger-HeronTigrisoma lineatumUC
59Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumR
60Bare-throated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma mexicanumUC
61/Great Blue Heron/Ardea herodiasUC
62Snowy EgretEgretta thulaUC
63Little Blue HeronEgretta caeruleaC
64Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolorR
65Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisUC
66Green HeronButorides virescens?
67Striated HeronButorides striataFC

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

68Black VultureCoragyps atratusC
69Turkey VultureCathartes auraC
70King VultureSarcoramphus papaR

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

71/Osprey/Pandion haliaetusFC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

72Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatusR
73Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisUC
74Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusUC
75Harpy EagleHarpia harpyjaR
76Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannusUC
77Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusR
78Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilisFC
79Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusUC
80|Mississippi Kite|Ictinia mississippiensisUC
81Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosusR
82Plumbeous HawkCryptoleucopteryx plumbeaVR
83Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinusUC
84Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitingaR
85White HawkPseudastur albicollisR
86Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeusUC
87Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidusR
88/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterusUC
89Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusR
90|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoniR

 
Owls: Strigidae

91Crested OwlLophostrix cristataUC
92Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataUC
93Mottled OwlCiccaba virgataUC
94Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataR
95Striped OwlAsio clamatorR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

96Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massenaFC
97Black-tailed TrogonTrogon melanurusFC
98White-tailed TrogonTrogon chionurusUC
99Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatusFC
100Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufusUC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

101Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessoniiFC
102Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martiiUC
103Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchumFC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

104Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataFC
105American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aeneaUC
106Green KingfisherChloroceryle americanaUC

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

107White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchusUC
108Black-breasted PuffbirdNotharchus pectoralisUC
109White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensisUC

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

110Great JacamarJacamerops aureusR

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

111Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatusC
112Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusFC
113Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratusFC

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

114Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucheraniUC
115Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillusFC
116Crimson-crested WoodpeckerCampephilus melanoleucosFC
117Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusFC
118Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatusC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

119Slaty-backed Forest-FalconMicrastur mirandolleiR
120Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusUC
121Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachimaUC
122/American Kestrel/Falco sparveriusUC
123MerlinFalco columbariusR
124Bat FalconFalco rufigularisUC
125/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinusR

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

126Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularisUC
127Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruusUC
128Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisC
129Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosaFC

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

130Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatusFC
131Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatusUC
132Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinuchaC
133Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventrisC
134White-flanked AntwrenMyrmotherula axillarisUC
135Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolorFC
136Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensisUC
137Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyranninaC
138White-bellied AntbirdMyrmeciza longipesUC
139Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsulUC
140Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolorUC
141Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioidesUC
142Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannaniUC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

143Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatusUC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

144Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analisUC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

145Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensisR
146Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosaFC
147Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusR
148Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomaeUC
149Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurransC
150Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemusR

 
Manakins: Pipridae

151Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronataUC
152Golden-collared ManakinManacus vitellinusUC
153Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisUC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

154Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurataFC
155Blue CotingaCotinga nattereriiFC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

156Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitorR
157Masked TityraTityra semifasciataUC
158Speckled MournerLaniocera rufescensR
159Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeusFC
160White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusUC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

161Northern Royal-FlycatcherOnychorhynchus mexicanusR

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

162Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineusUC
163Southern BentbillOncostoma olivaceumUC
164Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumUC
165Brownish TwistwingCnipodectes subbrunneusR
166Olivaceous FlatbillRhynchocyclus olivaceusR
167Yellow-margined FlycatcherTolmomyias assimilisUC
168Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillusUC
169Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterUC
170Paltry TyrannuletZimmerius vilissimusR
171|Eastern Wood-Pewee|Contopus virensUC
172Tropical PeweeContopus cinereusUC
173/Acadian Flycatcher/Empidonax virescensUC
174Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceusUC
175Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythraUC
176Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferUC
177Panama FlycatcherMyiarchus panamensisUC
178Lesser KiskadeePitangus lictorFC
179Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusUC
180Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaUC
181Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensisUC
182Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisUC
183Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusUC
184(Piratic Flycatcher)Legatus leucophaiusUC
185Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusUC
186|Eastern Kingbird|Tyrannus tyrannusUC
187Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savanaUC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

188Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusUC
189Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtataC
190|Red-eyed Vireo|Vireo olivaceusC

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

191Black-chested JayCyanocorax affinisUC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

192Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaC
193Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilineaC
194|Cliff Swallow|Petrochelidon pyrrhonotaFC

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

195Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurusFC
196Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaUC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

197Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisUC
198Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillusUC
199White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaUC
200Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalusFC

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

201/Gray Catbird/Dumetella carolinensisUC
202Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvusUC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

203|Gray-cheeked Thrush|Catharus minimusUC
204/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatusUC
205/Wood Thrush/Hylocichla mustelinaUC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

206Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaUC
207Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostrisUC
208Fulvous-vented EuphoniaEuphonia fulvicrissaFC
209White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minutaUC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

210Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleriUC
211Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialisFC
212Yellow-rumped CaciqueCacicus celaUC
213Yellow-backed OrioleIcterus chrysaterUC
214Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelasFC
215Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneusUC

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

216/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensisUC
217/Black-and-white Warbler/Mniotilta variaUC
218/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrinaUC
219/Bay-breasted Warbler/Setophaga castaneaUC
220/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fuscaUC
221Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechiaUC
222/Chestnut-sided Warbler/Setophaga pensylvanicaUC
223|Canada Warbler|Cardellina canadensisUC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

224|Scarlet Tanager|Piranga olivaceaR
225Red-crowned Ant-TanagerHabia rubicaFC
226Red-throated Ant-TanagerHabia fuscicaudaC
227/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianusR
228Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoidesFC

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

229Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillataFC
230White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosusC
231Crimson-backed TanagerRamphocelus dimidiatusUC
232Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumC
233Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataFC
234Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataC
235Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaC
236Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneusC
237Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaFC
238Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaC
239Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusUC
240Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectusUC
241Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossusUC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain