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TARGETS

TALAMANCA HIGHLANDS

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

# Species*:127
# Excl Vagrants*:127
# Endemics*:1
# Near Endemics*:39
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Cloud forest, paramo

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiUC

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

2Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorUC

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

3Spotted Wood-QuailOdontophorus guttatusUC

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

4Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciataA
5Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaA
6Maroon-chested Ground DoveParaclaravis mondetouraX
7Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensisUC
8Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensisR

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

9Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusFC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

10Black SwiftCypseloides nigerVR
11Spot-fronted SwiftCypseloides cherriei?
12Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaFC
13White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisC
14Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxiC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

15Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeUC
16Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotusA
17Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jaculaR
18Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensC
19Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisFC
20Gray-tailed Mountain-gem**Lampornis cinereicaudaFC
21Volcano HummingbirdSelasphorus flammulaA
22Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaFC
23Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurusR
24Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaR
25White-tailed EmeraldElvira chionura?

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

26Black VultureCoragyps atratusA
27Turkey VultureCathartes auraA

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

28Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusFC
29Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatusR
30/Sharp-shinned Hawk/Accipiter striatusUC
31Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiR
32Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolorR
33/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterusC
34|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoniFC
35Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensisC

 
Owls: Strigidae

36Bare-shanked Screech-OwlMegascops clarkiiR
37Costa Rican Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium costaricanumUC
38Mottled OwlCiccaba virgataUC
39Striped OwlAsio clamatorR
40Unspotted Saw-whet OwlAegolius ridgwayiR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

41Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinnoC
42Collared TrogonTrogon collarisFC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

43Northern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus prasinusFC

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

44/Yellow-bellied Sapsucker/Sphyrapicus variusVR
45<Acorn Woodpecker>Melanerpes formicivorusC
46Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosusFC
47Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosusUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

48Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisUC
49|Merlin|Falco columbariusUC
50Bat FalconFalco rufigularisUC
51/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinusUC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

52#Red-fronted Parrotlet#Touit costaricensisR
53<Barred Parakeet>Bolborhynchus lineolaUC
54Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniFC

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

55Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsFC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

56Spot-crowned WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes affinisC
57Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansR
58Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiFC
59Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalarisUC
60Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusUC
61Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensFC
62Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

63Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorUC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

64Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceusFC
65Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantziiC
66Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercusC
67|Olive-sided Flycatcher|Contopus cooperiUC
68Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisC
69Ochraceous PeweeContopus ochraceusUC
70Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescensC
71Black-capped FlycatcherEmpidonax atricepsC
72Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusFC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

73Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensisFC
74/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifronsUC
75Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusVR
76Yellow-winged VireoVireo carmioliFC
77Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysFC

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

78Silvery-throated JayCyanolyca argentigulaUC
79Brown JayPsilorhinus morio?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

80Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleucaA
81Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisUC
82/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rusticaUC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

83Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusC
84Timberline WrenThryorchilus browniFC
85Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

86Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsFC
87Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisFC
88Ruddy-capped Nightingale-ThrushCatharus frantziiFC
89|Swainson's Thrush|Catharus ustulatusFC
90/Wood Thrush/Hylocichla mustelinaR
91Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejusC
92Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensC

 
Silky-flycatchers: Ptiliogonatidae

93Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaUC
94Long-tailed Silky-flycatcherPtiliogonys caudatusC

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

95Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysFC
96Elegant EuphoniaEuphonia elegantissimaUC
97<Yellow-bellied Siskin>Spinus xanthogastrusR

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

98Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatusA
99Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectusC
100Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinuchaFC
101Volcano JuncoJunco vulcaniC
102Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensisA
103Large-footed FinchPezopetes capitalisFC
104Yellow-thighed BrushfinchAtlapetes tibialisC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

105Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeusR

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

106/Golden-winged Warbler/Vermivora chrysopteraR
107Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaFC
108Flame-throated WarblerOreothlypis gutturalisC
109/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrinaA
110/Kentucky Warbler/Geothlypis formosaR
111/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fuscaR
112/Chestnut-sided Warbler/Setophaga pensylvanica?
113/Townsend's Warbler/Setophaga townsendiR
114/Black-throated Green Warbler/Setophaga virensC
115Black-cheeked WarblerBasileuterus melanogenysFC
116Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusillaA
117Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusA
118WrenthrushZeledonia coronataUC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

119Hepatic TanagerPiranga flavaR
120Flame-colored TanagerPiranga bidentataC
121White-winged TanagerPiranga leucopteraR
122Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorR

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

123Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiFC
124Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephalaFC
125Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaA
126<Slaty Finch>Spodiornis rusticaVR
127<Peg-billed Finch>Acanthidops bairdiUC

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain