↑COSTA RICA">
COSTA RICA↑

DESCRIPTION">
SPECIALTIES

MONTEVERDE AREA

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

# Species:456
# Excl Vagrants:456
# Endemics:2
# Near Endemics:40
Habitat: Cloud forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiC
2Great TinamouTinamus major?

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

3Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetula?
4Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereiceps?
5Crested GuanPenelope purpurascensUC
6Black GuanChamaepetes unicolor?
7Great CurassowCrax rubra?

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

8Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatus?
9Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemus?

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

10Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

11Rock PigeonColumba livia?
12Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostris?
13Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata?
14Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea?
15Inca DoveColumbina inca?
16Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti?
17Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana?
18Violaceous Quail-DoveGeotrygon violacea?
19White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi?
20Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensis?
21Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensis?
22White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

23Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris?
24Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygus?
25Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana?
26/Yellow-billed Cuckoo/Coccyzus americanus?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

27Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis?
28Common NighthawkChordeiles minor?
29Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis?
30Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatus?

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

31Northern PotooNyctibius jamaicensis?

 
Oilbird: Steatornithidae

32OilbirdSteatornis caripensisX

 
Swifts: Apodidae

33Black SwiftCypseloides niger?
34White-chinned SwiftCypseloides cryptus?
35Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila?
36White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris?
37Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris?
38|Chimney Swift|Chaetura pelagica?
39Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi?
40Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis?

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

41White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora?
42White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquila?
43Green HermitPhaethornis guy?
44Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostris?
45Stripe-throated HermitPhaethornis striigularis?
46Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicae?
47Brown VioletearColibri delphinae?
48Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotus?
49Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barroti?
50Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostii?
51Green ThorntailDiscosura conversii?
52Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenae?
53Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jacula?
54Talamanca HummingbirdEugenes spectabilis?
55Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantii?
56Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignis?
57White-bellied Mountain-gemLampornis hemileucus?
58Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemus?
59Magenta-throated WoodstarPhilodice bryantae?
60/Ruby-throated Hummingbird/Archilochus colubris?
61Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintilla?
62Canivet's EmeraldCynantus canivetii?
63Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimeti?
64Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurus?
65Crowned WoodnymphThalurania colombica?
66Coppery-headed EmeraldMicrochera cupreiceps?
67Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximia?
68Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventris?
69Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvierii?
70Blue-vented HummingbirdSaucerottia hoffmanni?
71Blue-tailed HummingbirdSaucerottia cyanuraX
72Cinnamon HummingbirdAmazilia rutila?
73Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl?
74Blue-throated GoldentailChlorestes eliciae?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

75Rufous-necked Wood-RailAramides axillaris?
76Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneus?
77White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularis?

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

78Northern JacanaJacana spinosa?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

79WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus?
80Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius?
81/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria?
82WilletTringa semipalmata?

 
Sunbittern: Eurypygidae

83SunbitternEurypyga helias?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

84Wood StorkMycteria americana?

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

85Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens?

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

86Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

87Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatum?
88Bare-throated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma mexicanum?
89/Great Blue Heron/Ardea herodias?
90Great EgretArdea alba?
91Snowy EgretEgretta thula?
92/Little Blue Heron/Egretta caerulea?
93Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis?
94Green HeronButorides virescens?

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

95Black VultureCoragyps atratus?
96Turkey VultureCathartes aura?
97King VultureSarcoramphus papa?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

98/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus?

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

99White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus?
100Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus?
101Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus?
102Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus?
103Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus?
104Tiny HawkMicrospizias superciliosus?
105Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus?
106\Plumbeous Kite\Ictinia plumbea?
107/Sharp-shinned Hawk/Accipiter striatus?
108Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiVR
109Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor?
110Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus?
111Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitinga?
112Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius?
113Barred HawkMorphnarchus princeps?
114Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris?
115White HawkPseudastur albicollis?
116Gray HawkButeo plagiatus?
117/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus?
118Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus?
119|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoni?
120Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus?
121Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

122Barn OwlTyto alba?

 
Owls: Strigidae

123Bare-shanked Screech-OwlMegascops clarkii?
124Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops choliba?
125Pacific Screech-OwlMegascops cooperiVR
126Crested OwlLophostrix cristata?
127Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata?
128Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianumX
129Mottled OwlStrix virgata?
130Black-and-white OwlStrix nigrolineata?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

131Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinno?
132Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massena?
133Black-headed TrogonTrogon melanocephalus?
134Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatus?
135Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufus?
136Collared TrogonTrogon collaris?

 
Motmots: Momotidae

137Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessonii?
138Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchum?
139Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosa?

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

140Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata?
141Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona?
142Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana?

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

143White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensis?

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

144Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda?

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

145Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcierii?

 
Toucan-Barbets: Semnornithidae

146Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantzii?

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

147Northern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus prasinus?
148Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus?
149Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantzii?
150Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus?
151Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratus?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

152/Yellow-bellied Sapsucker/Sphyrapicus varius?
153Hoffmann's WoodpeckerMelanerpes hoffmannii?
154Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosus?
155Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatus?
156Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensis?
157Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus?
158Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus?

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

159Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans?
160Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus?
161Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis?
162Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway?
163Yellow-headed CaracaraDaptrius chimachima?
164/American Kestrel/Falco sparverius?
165Bat FalconFalco rufigularis?
166/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinus?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

167Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensis?
168<Barred Parakeet>Bolborhynchus lineola?
169Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularis?
170Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotis?
171White-crowned ParrotPionus senilis?
172Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalis?
173White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifrons?
174Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanni?
175Orange-fronted ParakeetEupsittula canicularis?
176Great Green MacawAra ambiguus?
177Scarlet MacawAra macao?
178Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschi?

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

179Great AntshrikeTaraba major?
180Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus?
181Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinus?
182Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis?
183Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor?
184Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensis?
185Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsul?
186Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoni?
187Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioides?

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

188Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensis?
189Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatus?
190Ochre-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula flavirostris?

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

191Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifrons?

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

192Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analis?
193Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectus?

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

194Middle American LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanus?
195Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularis?
196Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus?
197Long-tailed WoodcreeperDeconychura longicauda?
198Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroa?
199Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosa?
200Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurus?
201Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae?
202Black-banded WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes picumnus?
203Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus?
204Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurrans?
205Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygius?
206Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillus?
207Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii?
208Plain XenopsXenops minutus?
209Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrencii?
210Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticeps?
211Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalaris?
212Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerDendroma rufum?
213Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneus?
214Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemus?
215Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatus?
216Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescens?
217Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosus?
218Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythrops?
219Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyura?

 
Manakins: Pipridae

220Long-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia linearis?
221White-ruffed ManakinCorapipo altera?

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

222Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollis?
223Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufus?
224Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatus?

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

225Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor?
226Masked TityraTityra semifasciata?
227Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacis?
228Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolor?
229Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus?
230Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseus?
231Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiae?

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

232SharpbillOxyruncus cristatus?
233Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygius?

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

234White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus?
235Olive-streaked FlycatcherMionectes olivaceus?
236Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus?
237Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliaris?
238Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliaris?
239Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatus?
240Slate-headed Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus sylvia?
241Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum?
242Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostris?
243Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens?
244Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum?
245Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata?
246Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster?
247Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantzii?
248Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinerea?
249White-fronted TyrannuletPhyllomyias zeledoni?
250Mistletoe TyrannuletZimmerius parvus?
251Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercus?
252|Olive-sided Flycatcher|Contopus cooperi?
253Dark PeweeContopus lugubris?
254|Western Wood-Pewee|Contopus sordidulus?
255Northern Tropical PeweeContopus bogotensis?
256|Eastern Wood-Pewee|Contopus virens?
257/Yellow-bellied Flycatcher/Empidonax flaviventris?
258|Acadian Flycatcher|Empidonax virescens?
259|Alder Flycatcher|Empidonax alnorum?
260/Willow Flycatcher/Empidonax traillii?
261Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusVR
262Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescens?
263Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans?
264Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus?
265Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythra?
266Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer?
267Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingi?
268/Great Crested Flycatcher/Myiarchus crinitus?
269Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus?
270Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus?
271Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua?
272Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis?
273Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis?
274Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysus?
275Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus?
276Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventris?
277(Piratic Flycatcher)Legatus leucophaius?
278Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus?
279/Western Kingbird/Tyrannus verticalis?
280|Eastern Kingbird|Tyrannus tyrannus?
281/Scissor-tailed Flycatcher/Tyrannus forficatus?

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

282Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis?
283Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellus?
284Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceiceps?
285Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtata?
286/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifrons?
287Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusVR
288Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrys?
289/Philadelphia Vireo/Vireo philadelphicus?
290|Red-eyed Vireo|Vireo olivaceus?
291Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

292Azure-hooded JayCyanolyca cucullata?
293White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosa?
294Brown JayPsilorhinus morio?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

295Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca?
296Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis?
297Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis?
298|Purple Martin|Progne subis?
299Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea?
300/Tree Swallow/Tachycineta bicolor?
301Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassinaVR
302|Bank Swallow|Riparia riparia?
303/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica?
304|Cliff Swallow|Petrochelidon pyrrhonota?

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

305Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus?
306White-browed GnatcatcherPolioptila bilineata?

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

307Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomela?
308House WrenTroglodytes aedon?
309Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceus?
310Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatus?
311Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinucha?
312Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilus?
313Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbus?
314Cabanis's WrenCantorchilus modestus?
315White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta?
316Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrys?

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

317American DipperCinclus mexicanus?

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

318/Gray Catbird/Dumetella carolinensis?
319Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvus?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

320Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanops?
321Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostris?
322Orange-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus aurantiirostris?
323Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscater?
324Ruddy-capped Nightingale-ThrushCatharus frantzii?
325Black-headed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus mexicanus?
326|Veery|Catharus fuscescens?
327|Gray-cheeked Thrush|Catharus minimus?
328|Swainson's Thrush|Catharus ustulatus?
329/Wood Thrush/Hylocichla mustelina?
330Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejus?
331Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletus?
332White-throated ThrushTurdus assimilis?
333Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayi?
334Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescens?

 
Waxwings: Bombycillidae

335/Cedar Waxwing/Bombycilla cedrorum?

 
Silky-flycatchers: Ptiliogonatidae

336Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxantha?

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

337House SparrowPasser domesticus?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

338Elegant EuphoniaChlorophonia elegantissima?
339Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrys?
340Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinis?
341Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapilla?
342White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minuta?
343Yellow-throated EuphoniaEuphonia hirundinacea?
344Tawny-capped EuphoniaEuphonia anneae?
345Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltria?

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

346Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatus?
347Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectus?
348Olive SparrowArremonops rufivirgatus?
349Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris?
350Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostris?
351Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinucha?
352Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostris?
353Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis?
354Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniiVR
355White-eared Ground-SparrowMelozone leucotis?
356Cabanis's Ground-SparrowMelozone cabanisi?
357White-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes albinucha?
358Yellow-thighed BrushfinchAtlapetes tibialis?

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

359Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna?
360Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus?
361Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleri?
362Montezuma OropendolaPsarocolius montezuma?
363Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialis?
364Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelas?
365/Orchard Oriole/Icterus spurius?
366Streak-backed OrioleIcterus pustulatus?
367Spot-breasted OrioleIcterus pectoralis?
368/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbula?
369Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus?
370Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis?
371Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneus?
372Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus?
373Melodious BlackbirdDives dives?
374Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus?

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

375/Ovenbird/Seiurus aurocapilla?
376/Worm-eating Warbler/Helmitheros vermivorum?
377/Louisiana Waterthrush/Parkesia motacilla?
378/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensis?
379/Golden-winged Warbler/Vermivora chrysoptera?
380/Blue-winged Warbler/Vermivora cyanoptera?
381Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia?
382/Prothonotary Warbler/Protonotaria citrea?
383/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrina?
384Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephala?
385/MacGillivray's Warbler/Geothlypis tolmiei?
386/Mourning Warbler/Geothlypis philadelphia?
387/Kentucky Warbler/Geothlypis formosa?
388Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflava?
389/Common Yellowthroat/Geothlypis trichas?
390/Hooded Warbler/Setophaga citrina?
391/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticilla?
392Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea?
393Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi?
394/Bay-breasted Warbler/Setophaga castanea?
395/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fusca?
396/Yellow Warbler/Setophaga petechia?
397/Chestnut-sided Warbler/Setophaga pensylvanica?
398Blackpoll WarblerSetophaga striataVR
399Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescensVR
400|Palm Warbler|Setophaga palmarum?
401/Yellow-rumped Warbler/Setophaga coronata?
402/Yellow-throated Warbler/Setophaga dominica?
403Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorVR
404/Townsend's Warbler/Setophaga townsendi?
405Hermit WarblerSetophaga occidentalisVR
406/Black-throated Green Warbler/Setophaga virens?
407Chestnut-capped WarblerBasileuterus delattrii?
408Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus?
409Costa Rican WarblerBasileuterus melanotis?
410Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicauda?
411|Canada Warbler|Cardellina canadensis?
412Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla?
413Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus?
414Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatus?
415WrenthrushZeledonia coronata?

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

416Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava?
417/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubra?
418|Scarlet Tanager|Piranga olivacea?
419White-winged TanagerPiranga leucoptera?
420Red-crowned Ant-TanagerHabia rubica?
421Black-faced GrosbeakCaryothraustes poliogaster?
422Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialis?
423/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianus?
424Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolor?
425Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoides?
426Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea?
427/Indigo Bunting/Passerina cyanea?
428/Dickcissel/Spiza americana?

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

429Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillata?
430Crimson-collared TanagerRamphocelus sanguinolentus?
431Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passerinii?
432Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaei?
433Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus?
434Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum?
435Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvata?
436Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowii?
437Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola?
438Emerald TanagerTangara florida?
439Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephala?
440Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venusta?
441Blue DacnisDacnis cayana?
442Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidus?
443Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus?
444Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza?
445Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbea?
446<Slaty Finch>Spodiornis rustica?
447<Peg-billed Finch>Acanthidops bairdi?
448Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina?
449Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvina?
450Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelleti?
451BananaquitCoereba flaveola?
452Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus?
453Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus?
454Black-headed SaltatorSaltator atriceps?
455Cinnamon-bellied SaltatorSaltator grandis?
456Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus?

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
//Boreal Visitor51
\\Austral Visitor1
||Transient18
##Non-breeding Dispersal0
<>Erratic/Irregular3
()Breeding Season Only1
{}Casual/Vagrant9
[]Accidental3

OCCURRENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
AAbundant/Very Common0
CCommon1
FCFairly/Locally Common0
UCUncommon/Scarce1
RRare/Very Scarce0
VRVery Rare1
XAccidental/Vagrant0
?Uncertain452

STATUS CODES

CodeDescription##
NTNear Threatened16
VVulnerable5
ENEndangered1
CRCritically Endangered1

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.