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MONTEVERDE AREA

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

# Species:365
# Excl Vagrants:365
# Endemics:1
# Near Endemics:37
Habitat: Cloud forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Highland TinamouNothocercus bonaparteiC

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

2Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetula?
3Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereiceps?
4Crested GuanPenelope purpurascensUC
5Black GuanChamaepetes unicolor?
6Great CurassowCrax rubra?

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

7Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatus?
8Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemus?

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

9Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostris?
10Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata?
11Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea?
12Inca DoveColumbina inca?
13Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti?
14Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana?
15Violaceous Quail-DoveGeotrygon violacea?
16White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi?
17Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensis?
18Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensis?
19White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica?

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

20Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris?
21Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygus?
22Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana?
23/Yellow-billed Cuckoo/Coccyzus americanus?

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

24Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis?
25Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatus?

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

26Northern PotooNyctibius jamaicensis?

 
Swifts: Apodidae

27Black SwiftCypseloides niger?
28Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila?
29White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris?
30Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi?
31Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis?

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

32White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquila?
33Green HermitPhaethornis guy?
34Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostris?
35Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularis?
36Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicae?
37Brown VioletearColibri delphinae?
38Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotus?
39Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barroti?
40Green ThorntailDiscosura conversii?
41Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jacula?
42Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgens?
43Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantii?
44Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignis?
45White-bellied Mountain-gemLampornis hemileucus?
46Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemus?
47Magenta-throated WoodstarPhilodice bryantae?
48/Ruby-throated Hummingbird/Archilochus colubris?
49Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintilla?
50Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvierii?
51Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurus?
52Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyi?
53Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximia?
54Coppery-headed EmeraldElvira cupreiceps?
55Blue-vented HummingbirdAmazilia hoffmanni?
56Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl?
57Cinnamon HummingbirdAmazilia rutila?
58Blue-throated GoldentailHylocharis eliciae?

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

59White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularis?

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

60WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus?
61Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius?
62/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria?
63WilletTringa semipalmata?

 
Sunbittern: Eurypygidae

64SunbitternEurypyga helias?

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

65Wood StorkMycteria americana?

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

66Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens?

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

67Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis?

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

68/Little Blue Heron/Egretta caerulea?
69Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis?

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

70Black VultureCoragyps atratus?
71Turkey VultureCathartes aura?
72King VultureSarcoramphus papa?

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

73/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus?

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

74Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus?
75Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus?
76Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus?
77Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus?
78Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus?
79\Plumbeous Kite\Ictinia plumbea?
80Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosus?
81/Sharp-shinned Hawk/Accipiter striatus?
82Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperiiVR
83Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor?
84Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus?
85Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitinga?
86Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius?
87Barred HawkMorphnarchus princeps?
88Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris?
89White HawkPseudastur albicollis?
90Gray HawkButeo plagiatus?
91/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus?
92Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus?
93|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoni?
94Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus?
95Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis?

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

96Barn OwlTyto alba?

 
Owls: Strigidae

97Bare-shanked Screech-OwlMegascops clarkii?
98Pacific Screech-OwlMegascops cooperiVR
99Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata?
100Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianumX
101Mottled OwlCiccaba virgata?
102Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineata?

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

103Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinno?
104Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufus?
105Collared TrogonTrogon collaris?

 
Motmots: Momotidae

106Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessonii?
107Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchum?
108Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosa?

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

109Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana?

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

110Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda?

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

111Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcierii?

 
Toucan-Barbets: Semnornithidae

112Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantzii?

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

113Northern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus prasinus?
114Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantzii?
115Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratus?

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

116/Yellow-bellied Sapsucker/Sphyrapicus varius?
117Hoffmann's WoodpeckerMelanerpes hoffmannii?
118Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosus?
119Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatus?
120Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensis?
121Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus?
122Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus?

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

123Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis?
124Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus?
125Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachima?
126Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans?
127/American Kestrel/Falco sparverius?
128Bat FalconFalco rufigularis?
129/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinus?

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

130Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensis?
131<Barred Parakeet>Bolborhynchus lineola?
132Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularis?
133Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotis?
134Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalis?
135White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifrons?
136Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanni?
137Orange-fronted ParakeetEupsittula canicularis?
138Great Green MacawAra ambiguus?
139Scarlet MacawAra macao?
140Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschi?

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

141Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus?
142Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinus?
143Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis?
144Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor?
145Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoni?

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

146Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensis?
147Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatus?

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

148Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifrons?

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

149Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analis?
150Rufous-breasted AntthrushFormicarius rufipectus?

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

151Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanus?
152Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularis?
153Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus?
154Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroa?
155Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosa?
156Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurus?
157Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae?
158Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus?
159Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygius?
160Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillus?
161Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii?
162Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrencii?
163Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticeps?
164Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalaris?
165Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneus?
166Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescens?
167Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosus?
168Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythrops?

 
Manakins: Pipridae

169Long-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia linearis?
170White-ruffed ManakinCorapipo altera?

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

171Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollis?
172Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatus?

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

173Masked TityraTityra semifasciata?
174Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolor?
175Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus?
176Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseus?
177Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiae?

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

178SharpbillOxyruncus cristatus?

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

179White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus?
180Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceus?
181Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus?
182Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliaris?
183Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliaris?
184Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatus?
185Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant
(Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus sylvia?
186Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum?
187Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostris?
188Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens?
189Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum?
190Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata?
191Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster?
192Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantzii?
193Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinerea?
194Paltry TyrannuletZimmerius vilissimus?
195Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercus?
196|Olive-sided Flycatcher|Contopus cooperi?
197Dark PeweeContopus lugubris?
198|Western Wood-Pewee|Contopus sordidulus?
199|Eastern Wood-Pewee|Contopus virens?
200Tropical PeweeContopus cinereus?
201/Yellow-bellied Flycatcher/Empidonax flaviventris?
202|Acadian Flycatcher|Empidonax virescens?
203|Alder Flycatcher|Empidonax alnorum?
204/Willow Flycatcher/Empidonax traillii?
205Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusVR
206Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescens?
207Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans?
208Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus?
209Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer?
210Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingi?
211/Great Crested Flycatcher/Myiarchus crinitus?
212Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus?
213Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus?
214Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua?
215Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis?
216Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis?
217Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysus?
218Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus?
219Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventris?
220(Piratic Flycatcher)Legatus leucophaius?
221Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus?
222|Eastern Kingbird|Tyrannus tyrannus?
223/Scissor-tailed Flycatcher/Tyrannus forficatus?

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

224Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis?
225Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellus?
226Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceiceps?
227Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtata?
228/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifrons?
229Blue-headed VireoVireo solitariusVR
230Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrys?
231/Philadelphia Vireo/Vireo philadelphicus?
232|Red-eyed Vireo|Vireo olivaceus?
233Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis?

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

234Azure-hooded JayCyanolyca cucullata?
235White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosa?
236Brown JayPsilorhinus morio?

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

237Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca?
238Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis?
239Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis?
240|Purple Martin|Progne subis?
241Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea?
242Violet-green SwallowTachycineta thalassinaVR
243/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica?
244|Cliff Swallow|Petrochelidon pyrrhonota?

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

245Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbea?

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

246Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomela?
247House WrenTroglodytes aedon?
248Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceus?
249Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatus?
250Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinucha?
251Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilus?
252Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbus?
253Cabanis's WrenCantorchilus modestus?
254White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta?
255Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrys?

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

256American DipperCinclus mexicanus?

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

257/Gray Catbird/Dumetella carolinensis?

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

258Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanops?
259Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostris?
260Orange-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus aurantiirostris?
261Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscater?
262Ruddy-capped Nightingale-ThrushCatharus frantzii?
263Black-headed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus mexicanus?
264|Gray-cheeked Thrush|Catharus minimus?
265|Swainson's Thrush|Catharus ustulatus?
266/Wood Thrush/Hylocichla mustelina?
267Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejus?
268Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletus?
269White-throated ThrushTurdus assimilis?
270Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayi?
271Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescens?

 
Waxwings: Bombycillidae

272/Cedar Waxwing/Bombycilla cedrorum?

 
Silky-flycatchers: Ptiliogonatidae

273Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxantha?

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

274Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrys?
275Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinis?
276Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapilla?
277Yellow-throated EuphoniaEuphonia hirundinacea?
278Elegant EuphoniaEuphonia elegantissima?
279Tawny-capped EuphoniaEuphonia anneae?

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

280Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatus?
281Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectus?
282Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris?
283Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostris?
284Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinucha?
285Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostris?
286Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis?
287Lincoln's SparrowMelospiza lincolniiVR
288White-eared Ground-SparrowMelozone leucotis?
289White-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes albinucha?
290Yellow-thighed BrushfinchAtlapetes tibialis?

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

291Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna?
292Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus?
293Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleri?
294Montezuma OropendolaPsarocolius montezuma?
295/Orchard Oriole/Icterus spurius?
296/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbula?
297Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneus?
298Melodious BlackbirdDives dives?
299Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus?

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

300/Ovenbird/Seiurus aurocapilla?
301/Worm-eating Warbler/Helmitheros vermivorum?
302/Louisiana Waterthrush/Parkesia motacilla?
303/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensis?
304/Golden-winged Warbler/Vermivora chrysoptera?
305Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia?
306/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrina?
307Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephala?
308/MacGillivray's Warbler/Geothlypis tolmiei?
309/Mourning Warbler/Geothlypis philadelphia?
310/Kentucky Warbler/Geothlypis formosa?
311Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflava?
312/Common Yellowthroat/Geothlypis trichas?
313/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticilla?
314Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea?
315Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi?
316/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fusca?
317/Yellow Warbler/Setophaga petechia?
318/Chestnut-sided Warbler/Setophaga pensylvanica?
319/Yellow-rumped Warbler/Setophaga coronata?
320Prairie WarblerSetophaga discolorVR
321/Townsend's Warbler/Setophaga townsendi?
322Hermit WarblerSetophaga occidentalisVR
323/Black-throated Green Warbler/Setophaga virens?
324Rufous-capped WarblerBasileuterus rufifrons?
325Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus?
326Costa Rican WarblerBasileuterus melanotis?
327Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicauda?
328|Canada Warbler|Cardellina canadensis?
329Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla?
330Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus?
331Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatus?
332WrenthrushZeledonia coronata?

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

333Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava?
334/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubra?
335|Scarlet Tanager|Piranga olivacea?
336White-winged TanagerPiranga leucoptera?
337Red-crowned Ant-TanagerHabia rubica?
338Black-faced GrosbeakCaryothraustes poliogaster?
339Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialis?
340/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianus?
341Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolor?
342Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea?
343/Indigo Bunting/Passerina cyanea?
344/Dickcissel/Spiza americana?

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

345Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillata?
346Crimson-collared TanagerRamphocelus sanguinolentus?
347Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passerinii?
348Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaei?
349Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus?
350Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum?
351Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowii?
352Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola?
353Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephala?
354Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venusta?
355Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus?
356Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbea?
357Slaty FinchSpodiornis rustica?
358<Peg-billed Finch>Acanthidops bairdi?
359Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina?
360Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvina?
361BananaquitCoereba flaveola?
362Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus?
363Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus?
364Grayish SaltatorSaltator coerulescens?
365Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus?

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain