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ARENAL NATIONAL PARK

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

Area (ha):12,016
Altitude (m):500-1657
# Species*:369
# Excl Vagrants*:368
# Endemics*:1
# Near Endemics*:20
Species/100 ha*:3.1
*Based on partial or incomplete data.

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Highland TinamouNothocercus bonapartei
2Great TinamouTinamus major
3Little TinamouCrypturellus soui

 
Ducks: Anatidae

4Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
5/Blue-winged Teal/Spatula discors
6Masked DuckNomonyx dominicus

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

7Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereiceps
8Crested GuanPenelope purpurascens
9Black GuanChamaepetes unicolor
10Great CurassowCrax rubra

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

11Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemus

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

12Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

13Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis
14Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostris
15Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
16Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea
17Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostris
18Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina
19Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa
20Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
21Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassinii
22Purplish-backed Quail-DoveZentrygon lawrencii

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

23Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris
24\Striped Cuckoo\Tapera naevia
25Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana
26/Yellow-billed Cuckoo/Coccyzus americanus

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

27Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
28Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus
29Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

30Great PotooNyctibius grandis

 
Swifts: Apodidae

31Black SwiftCypseloides niger
32Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila
33White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
34|Chimney Swift|Chaetura pelagica
35Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi
36Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

37White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora
38White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquila
39Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneus
40Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeri
41Green HermitPhaethornis guy
42Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostris
43Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularis
44Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicae
45Brown VioletearColibri delphinae
46Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barroti
47Green ThorntailDiscosura conversii
48Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenae
49Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jacula
50Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemus
51/Ruby-throated Hummingbird/Archilochus colubris
52Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimeti
53Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurus
54Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysia
55Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyi
56Coppery-headed EmeraldElvira cupreiceps
57SnowcapMicrochera albocoronata
58Blue-chested HummingbirdAmazilia amabilis
59Blue-vented HummingbirdAmazilia hoffmanni
60Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl
61Blue-throated GoldentailHylocharis eliciae

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

62Uniform CrakeAmaurolimnas concolor
63Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica
64White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularis

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

65Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

66Collared PloverCharadrius collaris
67/Killdeer/Charadrius vociferus

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

68Northern JacanaJacana spinosa

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

69/Western Sandpiper/Calidris mauri
70Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
71/Greater Yellowlegs/Tringa melanoleuca
72/Lesser Yellowlegs/Tringa flavipes

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

73Laughing GullLeucophaeus atricilla

 
Sunbittern: Eurypygidae

74SunbitternEurypyga helias

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

75Wood StorkMycteria americana

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

76Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

77AnhingaAnhinga anhinga

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

78Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

79Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatum
80Bare-throated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma mexicanum
81/Great Blue Heron/Ardea herodias
82Great EgretArdea alba
83Snowy EgretEgretta thula
84/Little Blue Heron/Egretta caerulea
85Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
86Green HeronButorides virescens
87Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochlearius

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

88Black VultureCoragyps atratus
89Turkey VultureCathartes aura
90King VultureSarcoramphus papa

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

91/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

92White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
93Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis
94Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
95Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus
96Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus
97Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus
98|Mississippi Kite|Ictinia mississippiensis
99Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosus
100/Sharp-shinned Hawk/Accipiter striatus
101Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor
102Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitinga
103Barred HawkMorphnarchus princeps
104Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
105White HawkPseudastur albicollis
106Semiplumbeous HawkLeucopternis semiplumbeus
107Gray HawkButeo plagiatus
108/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus
109Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus
110|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoni
111Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

112Barn OwlTyto alba

 
Owls: Strigidae

113Crested OwlLophostrix cristata
114Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata
115Central American Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium griseiceps
116Mottled OwlCiccaba virgata
117Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineata
118Striped OwlAsio clamator

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

119Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinno
120Lattice-tailed TrogonTrogon clathratus
121Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massena
122Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatus
123Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufus
124Collared TrogonTrogon collaris

 
Motmots: Momotidae

125Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martii
126Keel-billed MotmotElectron carinatum
127Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchum

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

128Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
129/Belted Kingfisher/Megaceryle alcyon
130Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona
131Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

132White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchus
133Lanceolated MonkletMicromonacha lanceolata
134White-fronted NunbirdMonasa morphoeus

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

135Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

136Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcierii

 
Toucan-Barbets: Semnornithidae

137Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantzii

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

138Northern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus prasinus
139Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus
140Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilis
141Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus
142Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

143Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucherani
144Hoffmann's WoodpeckerMelanerpes hoffmannii
145Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatus
146Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensis
147Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus
148Rufous-winged WoodpeckerPiculus simplex
149Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

150Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis
151Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway
152Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
153/American Kestrel/Falco sparverius
154Bat FalconFalco rufigularis
155/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinus

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

156Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularis
157Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotis
158White-crowned ParrotPionus senilis
159Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalis
160Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa
161Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nana
162Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschi

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

163Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatus
164Great AntshrikeTaraba major
165Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus
166Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinus
167Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis
168Streak-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus striaticeps
169Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor
170Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensis
171Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyrannina
172Bare-crowned AntbirdGymnocichla nudiceps
173Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsul
174Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemosticta
175Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoni
176Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolor
177Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioides
178Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannani

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

179Thicket AntpittaHylopezus dives

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

180Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifrons

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

181Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillus

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

182Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus
183Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurus
184Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae
185Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygius
186Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillus
187Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii
188Plain XenopsXenops minutus
189Lineated Foliage-gleanerSyndactyla subalaris
190Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemus
191Western Woodhaunter**Automolus virgatus
192Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescens
193Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythrops
194Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyura

 
Manakins: Pipridae

195White-ruffed ManakinCorapipo altera
196White-collared ManakinManacus candei
197Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalis

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

198Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollis
199Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatus

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

200Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor
201Masked TityraTityra semifasciata
202Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacis
203Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus
204White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

205Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygius

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

206White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus
207Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceus
208Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus
209Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliaris
210Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliaris
211Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatus
212Northern BentbillOncostoma cinereigulare
213Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum
214Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigriceps
215Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostris
216Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens
217Yellow-margined FlycatcherTolmomyias assimilis
218Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola
219Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
220Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantzii
221Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinerea
222Paltry TyrannuletZimmerius vilissimus
223|Olive-sided Flycatcher|Contopus cooperi
224|Western Wood-Pewee|Contopus sordidulus
225Tropical PeweeContopus cinereus
226Yellowish FlycatcherEmpidonax flavescens
227Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
228Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus
229Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus
230Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythra
231Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer
232/Great Crested Flycatcher/Myiarchus crinitus
233Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
234Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
235Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
236Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis
237Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysus
238Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventris
239(Piratic Flycatcher)Legatus leucophaius
240Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
241|Eastern Kingbird|Tyrannus tyrannus

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

242Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceiceps
243Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtata
244/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifrons
245/Philadelphia Vireo/Vireo philadelphicus
246|Red-eyed Vireo|Vireo olivaceus
247Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

248Azure-hooded JayCyanolyca cucullata
249White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosa
250Brown JayPsilorhinus morio

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

251Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
252Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
253Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
254|Purple Martin|Progne subis
255Brown-chested MartinProgne tapera
256Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilinea
257|Bank Swallow|Riparia riparia
258/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

259Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventris
260Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus
261Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbea

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

262Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomela
263House WrenTroglodytes aedon
264Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceus
265Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatus
266Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularis
267Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicus
268Canebrake WrenCantorchilus zeledoni
269Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillus
270White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta
271Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrys
272Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalus

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

273American DipperCinclus mexicanus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

274Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanops
275Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscater
276Black-headed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus mexicanus
277|Swainson's Thrush|Catharus ustulatus
278/Wood Thrush/Hylocichla mustelina
279Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletus
280White-throated ThrushTurdus assimilis
281Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayi

 
Waxwings: Bombycillidae

282/Cedar Waxwing/Bombycilla cedrorum

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

283Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrys
284Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapilla
285Yellow-throated EuphoniaEuphonia hirundinacea
286Olive-backed EuphoniaEuphonia gouldi
287White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minuta
288Tawny-capped EuphoniaEuphonia anneae

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

289Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectus
290Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris
291Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostris
292Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinucha
293Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

294Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
295Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus
296Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleri
297Montezuma OropendolaPsarocolius montezuma
298Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialis
299Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelas
300/Orchard Oriole/Icterus spurius
301/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbula
302Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneus
303Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus
304Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

305/Ovenbird/Seiurus aurocapilla
306/Louisiana Waterthrush/Parkesia motacilla
307/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensis
308/Golden-winged Warbler/Vermivora chrysoptera
309Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
310/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrina
311Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephala
312/Mourning Warbler/Geothlypis philadelphia
313/Kentucky Warbler/Geothlypis formosa
314Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflava
315/Hooded Warbler/Setophaga citrina
316/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticilla
317Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea
318Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi
319/Bay-breasted Warbler/Setophaga castanea
320/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fusca
321/Yellow Warbler/Setophaga petechia
322/Chestnut-sided Warbler/Setophaga pensylvanica
323/Yellow-rumped Warbler/Setophaga coronata
324/Yellow-throated Warbler/Setophaga dominica
325Hermit WarblerSetophaga occidentalis
326/Black-throated Green Warbler/Setophaga virens
327Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus
328Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicauda
329|Canada Warbler|Cardellina canadensis
330Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla
331Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

332Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava
333/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubra
334|Scarlet Tanager|Piranga olivacea
335/Western Tanager/Piranga ludoviciana
336Red-throated Ant-TanagerHabia fuscicauda
337Carmiol's TanagerChlorothraupis carmioli
338Black-faced GrosbeakCaryothraustes poliogaster
339Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialis
340/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianus
341Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoides
342/Indigo Bunting/Passerina cyanea

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

343White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus
344Crimson-collared TanagerRamphocelus sanguinolentus
345Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passerinii
346Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaei
347Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus
348Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum
349Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvata
350Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornata
351Rufous-winged TanagerTangara lavinia
352Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola
353Emerald TanagerTangara florida
354Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephala
355Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venusta
356Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidus
357Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus
358Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza
359Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelas
360Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbea
361Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
362Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea
363Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelleti
364BananaquitCoereba flaveola
365Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus
366Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus
367Black-headed SaltatorSaltator atriceps
368Grayish SaltatorSaltator coerulescens
369Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental