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SPECIALTIES

CELESTE MOUNTAIN LODGE

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

# Species:413
# Excl Vagrants:413
# Endemics:1
# Near Endemics:17

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus major
2Little TinamouCrypturellus soui
3Slaty-breasted TinamouCrypturellus boucardi

 
Ducks: Anatidae

4Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis
5Muscovy DuckCairina moschata

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

6Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetula
7Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereiceps
8Crested GuanPenelope purpurascens
9Black GuanChamaepetes unicolor
10Great CurassowCrax rubra

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

11Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatus
12Black-eared Wood-QuailOdontophorus melanotis

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

13Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

14Rock PigeonColumba livia
15Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis
16Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostris
17Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
18Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea
19Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostris
20Inca DoveColumbina inca
21Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina
22Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minuta
23Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti
24Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa
25Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
26Violaceous Quail-DoveGeotrygon violacea
27Olive-backed Quail-DoveLeptotrygon veraguensis
28White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
29Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassinii
30Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensis
31Purplish-backed Quail-DoveZentrygon lawrencii
32Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensis
33White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

34Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris
35Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygus
36Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

37Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
38Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus
39Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis
40/Chuck-will's-widow/Antrostomus carolinensis

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

41Great PotooNyctibius grandis

 
Swifts: Apodidae

42Black SwiftCypseloides niger
43Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila
44White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
45Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris
46|Chimney Swift|Chaetura pelagica
47Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi
48Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

49White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora
50White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquila
51Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneus
52Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeri
53Green HermitPhaethornis guy
54Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostris
55Stripe-throated HermitPhaethornis striigularis
56Brown VioletearColibri delphinae
57Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barroti
58Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostii
59Green ThorntailDiscosura conversii
60Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenae
61Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jacula
62Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostris
63Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantii
64Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemus
65Magenta-throated WoodstarPhilodice bryantae
66/Ruby-throated Hummingbird/Archilochus colubris
67Canivet's EmeraldCynantus canivetii
68Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimeti
69Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurus
70Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysia
71Crowned WoodnymphThalurania colombica
72SnowcapMicrochera albocoronata
73Coppery-headed EmeraldMicrochera cupreiceps
74Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximia
75Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvierii
76Blue-vented HummingbirdSaucerottia hoffmanni
77Cinnamon HummingbirdAmazilia rutila
78Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl
79Blue-chested HummingbirdPolyerata amabilis
80Blue-throated GoldentailChlorestes eliciae

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

81Russet-naped Wood-RailAramides albiventris
82White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularis

 
Thick-knees: Burhinidae

83Double-striped Thick-kneeBurhinus bistriatus

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

84Northern JacanaJacana spinosa

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

85Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius

 
Sunbittern: Eurypygidae

86SunbitternEurypyga helias

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

87JabiruJabiru mycteria
88Wood StorkMycteria americana

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

89Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatum
90Bare-throated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma mexicanum
91/Great Blue Heron/Ardea herodias
92Great EgretArdea alba
93Snowy EgretEgretta thula
94/Little Blue Heron/Egretta caerulea
95Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
96Green HeronButorides virescens
97Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochlearius

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

98Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

99Black VultureCoragyps atratus
100Turkey VultureCathartes aura
101King VultureSarcoramphus papa

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

102/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

103White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
104Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
105Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus
106Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus
107Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus
108\Plumbeous Kite\Ictinia plumbea
109Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor
110Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitinga
111Barred HawkMorphnarchus princeps
112Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
113White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatus
114White HawkPseudastur albicollis
115Gray HawkButeo plagiatus
116/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus
117Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus
118|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoni
119Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus
120Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

121Barn OwlTyto alba

 
Owls: Strigidae

122Middle American Screech-OwlMegascops guatemalae
123Crested OwlLophostrix cristata
124Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata
125Central American Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium griseiceps
126Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianum
127Mottled OwlStrix virgata

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

128Lattice-tailed TrogonTrogon clathratus
129Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massena
130Black-headed TrogonTrogon melanocephalus
131Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatus
132Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufus
133Collared TrogonTrogon collaris

 
Motmots: Momotidae

134Tody MotmotHylomanes momotula
135Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessonii
136Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martii
137Keel-billed MotmotElectron carinatum
138Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchum
139Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosa

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

140Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

141White-fronted NunbirdMonasa morphoeus

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

142Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

143Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus
144Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilis
145Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus
146Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

147Olivaceous PiculetPicumnus olivaceus
148/Yellow-bellied Sapsucker/Sphyrapicus varius
149Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucherani
150Hoffmann's WoodpeckerMelanerpes hoffmannii
151Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatus
152Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensis
153Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus
154Cinnamon WoodpeckerCeleus loricatus
155Chestnut-colored WoodpeckerCeleus castaneus
156Rufous-winged WoodpeckerPiculus simplex
157Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

158Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
159Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus
160Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis
161Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway
162Yellow-headed CaracaraDaptrius chimachima
163/American Kestrel/Falco sparverius
164Bat FalconFalco rufigularis
165/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinus

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

166Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensis
167Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularis
168Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotis
169White-crowned ParrotPionus senilis
170Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalis
171White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifrons
172Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa
173Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nana
174Orange-fronted ParakeetEupsittula canicularis
175Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschi

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

176Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatus
177Great AntshrikeTaraba major
178Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus
179Black-crowned AntshrikeThamnophilus atrinucha
180Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesi
181Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinus
182Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis
183Streak-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus striaticeps
184Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor
185Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensis
186Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyrannina
187Bare-crowned AntbirdGymnocichla nudiceps
188Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsul
189Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemosticta
190Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoni
191Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolor
192Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioides
193Ocellated AntbirdPhaenostictus mcleannani

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

194Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatus
195Thicket AntpittaMyrmothera dives

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

196Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analis
197Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillus

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

198Middle American LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanus
199Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus
200Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroa
201Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosa
202Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurus
203Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae
204Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurrans
205Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosus
206Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygius
207Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii
208Plain XenopsXenops minutus
209Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerDendroma rufum
210Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemus
211Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyura

 
Manakins: Pipridae

212Long-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia linearis
213White-ruffed ManakinCorapipo altera
214White-collared ManakinManacus candei
215White-crowned ManakinPseudopipra pipra
216Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalis

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

217Purple-throated FruitcrowQuerula purpurata
218Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollis
219Lovely CotingaCotinga amabilis
220Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufus
221Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatus

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

222Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor
223Masked TityraTityra semifasciata
224Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacis
225Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus
226White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus
227Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiae

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

228Northern Royal-FlycatcherOnychorhynchus mexicanus
229Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygius

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

230Stub-tailed SpadebillPlatyrinchus cancrominus
231White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus
232Olive-streaked FlycatcherMionectes olivaceus
233Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus
234Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliaris
235Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatus
236Northern BentbillOncostoma cinereigulare
237Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum
238Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigriceps
239Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostris
240Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens
241Yellow-winged FlycatcherTolmomyias flavotectus
242Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola
243Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata
244Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
245Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensis
246Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantzii
247Mistletoe TyrannuletZimmerius parvus
248|Olive-sided Flycatcher|Contopus cooperi
249|Western Wood-Pewee|Contopus sordidulus
250Northern Tropical PeweeContopus bogotensis
251|Eastern Wood-Pewee|Contopus virens
252/Yellow-bellied Flycatcher/Empidonax flaviventris
253|Acadian Flycatcher|Empidonax virescens
254Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus
255Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
256Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus
257Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus
258Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythra
259Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer
260Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingi
261/Great Crested Flycatcher/Myiarchus crinitus
262Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus
263Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
264Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
265Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
266Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis
267White-ringed FlycatcherConopias albovittatus
268Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysus
269Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
270Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventris
271(Piratic Flycatcher)Legatus leucophaius
272Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
273/Western Kingbird/Tyrannus verticalis
274/Scissor-tailed Flycatcher/Tyrannus forficatus

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

275Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellus
276Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceiceps
277Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtata
278/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifrons
279/Philadelphia Vireo/Vireo philadelphicus
280|Red-eyed Vireo|Vireo olivaceus
281Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

282White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosa
283Brown JayPsilorhinus morio

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

284Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
285Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
286Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
287Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
288Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilinea
289|Bank Swallow|Riparia riparia
290/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica
291|Cliff Swallow|Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

292Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventris
293Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus
294White-browed GnatcatcherPolioptila bilineata
295White-lored GnatcatcherPolioptila albiloris

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

296Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomela
297House WrenTroglodytes aedon
298Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatus
299Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinucha
300Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilus
301Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularis
302Banded WrenThryophilus pleurostictus
303Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicus
304Cabanis's WrenCantorchilus modestus
305Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillus
306White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta
307Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrys
308Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

309Black-headed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus mexicanus
310|Gray-cheeked Thrush|Catharus minimus
311|Swainson's Thrush|Catharus ustulatus
312/Wood Thrush/Hylocichla mustelina
313Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejus
314Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletus
315White-throated ThrushTurdus assimilis
316Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayi

 
Old World Sparrows: Passeridae

317House SparrowPasser domesticus

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

318Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrys
319Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinis
320Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapilla
321White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minuta
322Yellow-throated EuphoniaEuphonia hirundinacea
323Olive-backed EuphoniaEuphonia gouldi
324Tawny-capped EuphoniaEuphonia anneae

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

325Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectus
326Stripe-headed SparrowPeucaea ruficauda
327Olive SparrowArremonops rufivirgatus
328Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris
329Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostris
330Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinucha
331Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

332Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
333Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleri
334Montezuma OropendolaPsarocolius montezuma
335Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialis
336Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelas
337/Orchard Oriole/Icterus spurius
338Streak-backed OrioleIcterus pustulatus
339Spot-breasted OrioleIcterus pectoralis
340/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbula
341Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
342Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
343Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneus
344Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus
345Melodious BlackbirdDives dives
346Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

347/Ovenbird/Seiurus aurocapilla
348/Worm-eating Warbler/Helmitheros vermivorum
349/Louisiana Waterthrush/Parkesia motacilla
350/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensis
351/Golden-winged Warbler/Vermivora chrysoptera
352Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia
353/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrina
354Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephala
355/MacGillivray's Warbler/Geothlypis tolmiei
356/Mourning Warbler/Geothlypis philadelphia
357/Kentucky Warbler/Geothlypis formosa
358Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflava
359/Hooded Warbler/Setophaga citrina
360/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticilla
361Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea
362Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi
363/Magnolia Warbler/Setophaga magnolia
364/Bay-breasted Warbler/Setophaga castanea
365/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fusca
366/Yellow Warbler/Setophaga petechia
367/Chestnut-sided Warbler/Setophaga pensylvanica
368/Yellow-rumped Warbler/Setophaga coronata
369/Black-throated Green Warbler/Setophaga virens
370Chestnut-capped WarblerBasileuterus delattrii
371Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus
372Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicauda
373|Canada Warbler|Cardellina canadensis
374Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

375Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava
376/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubra
377|Scarlet Tanager|Piranga olivacea
378Red-throated Ant-TanagerHabia fuscicauda
379Carmiol's TanagerChlorothraupis carmioli
380Black-faced GrosbeakCaryothraustes poliogaster
381Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialis
382/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianus
383Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoides
384/Indigo Bunting/Passerina cyanea

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

385Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillata
386White-shouldered TanagerLoriotus luctuosus
387White-throated Shrike-TanagerLanio leucothorax
388Crimson-collared TanagerRamphocelus sanguinolentus
389Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passerinii
390Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaei
391Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus
392Yellow-winged TanagerThraupis abbas
393Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum
394Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvata
395Rufous-winged TanagerTangara lavinia
396Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola
397Emerald TanagerTangara florida
398Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephala
399Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venusta
400Blue DacnisDacnis cayana
401Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidus
402Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus
403Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza
404Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelas
405Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
406Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea
407Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvina
408Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelleti
409BananaquitCoereba flaveola
410Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus
411Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus
412Cinnamon-bellied SaltatorSaltator grandis
413Slate-colored GrosbeakSaltator grossus

 

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

CodeDescription##
//Boreal Visitor40
\\Austral Visitor1
||Transient13
##Non-breeding Dispersal0
<>Erratic/Irregular0
()Breeding Season Only1
{}Casual/Vagrant1
[]Accidental2

STATUS CODES

CodeDescription##
NTNear Threatened14
VVulnerable7
ENEndangered1
CRCritically Endangered0

Species counts in code tables depend on completeness of the data. For some countries or locales, data may not include all species or information on species presence may be incomplete.