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PALO VERDE NATIONAL PARK

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

Area (ha):13,058
# Species:232
# Excl Vagrants:232
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:2
Species/100 ha:1.8
Habitat: Floodplain, marshes, tropical dry forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Thicket TinamouCrypturellus cinnamomeus

 
Ducks: Anatidae

2Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalis
3Fulvous Whistling-DuckDendrocygna bicolor
4Comb DuckSarkidiornis sylvicola
5Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
6/Blue-winged Teal/Spatula discors
7/Northern Shoveler/Spatula clypeata
8/American Wigeon/Mareca americana
9Northern PintailAnas acuta
10/Ring-necked Duck/Aythya collaris

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

11Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetula
12Crested GuanPenelope purpurascens
13Great CurassowCrax rubra

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

14Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatus

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

15Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicus
16Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

17Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostris
18Inca DoveColumbina inca
19Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina
20Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minuta
21Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti
22Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa
23White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
24Gray-headed DoveLeptotila plumbeiceps
25White-winged DoveZenaida asiatica
26Mourning DoveZenaida macroura

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

27Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris
28Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygus
29Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana
30/Yellow-billed Cuckoo/Coccyzus americanus
31/Mangrove Cuckoo/Coccyzus minor
32|Black-billed Cuckoo|Coccyzus erythropthalmus

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

33Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis
34Common NighthawkChordeiles minor
35Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis
36/Chuck-will's-widow/Antrostomus carolinensis

 
Swifts: Apodidae

37White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

38Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularis
39Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostii
40Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantii
41/Ruby-throated Hummingbird/Archilochus colubris
42Canivet's EmeraldChlorostilbon canivetii
43Blue-vented HummingbirdAmazilia hoffmanni
44Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl
45Cinnamon HummingbirdAmazilia rutila

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

46Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneus
47/Sora/Porzana carolina
48Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
49/American Coot/Fulica americana
50Purple GallinulePorphyrio martinica

 
Limpkin: Aramidae

51LimpkinAramus guarauna

 
Thick-knees: Burhinidae

52Double-striped Thick-kneeBurhinus bistriatus

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

53Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

54/Black-bellied Plover/Pluvialis squatarola
55Wilson's PloverCharadrius wilsonia
56/Semipalmated Plover/Charadrius semipalmatus
57/Killdeer/Charadrius vociferus

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

58Northern JacanaJacana spinosa

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

59WhimbrelNumenius phaeopus
60/Stilt Sandpiper/Calidris himantopus
61/Least Sandpiper/Calidris minutilla
62|Pectoral Sandpiper|Calidris melanotos
63/Semipalmated Sandpiper/Calidris pusilla
64/Western Sandpiper/Calidris mauri
65Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
66/Solitary Sandpiper/Tringa solitaria
67/Greater Yellowlegs/Tringa melanoleuca
68/Lesser Yellowlegs/Tringa flavipes

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

69/Common Tern/Sterna hirundo
70Royal TernThalasseus maximus
71/Black Skimmer/Rynchops niger

 
Storks: Ciconiidae

72JabiruJabiru mycteria
73Wood StorkMycteria americana

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

74Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
Anhingas: Anhingidae

75AnhingaAnhinga anhinga

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

76Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

77Pinnated BitternBotaurus pinnatus
78/Least Bittern/Ixobrychus exilis
79Bare-throated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma mexicanum
80/Great Blue Heron/Ardea herodias
81Great EgretArdea alba
82Snowy EgretEgretta thula
83/Little Blue Heron/Egretta caerulea
84/Tricolored Heron/Egretta tricolor
85Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
86Green HeronButorides virescens
87Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax
88Yellow-crowned Night-HeronNyctanassa violacea
89Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochlearius

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

90White IbisEudocimus albus
91Glossy IbisPlegadis falcinellus
92Roseate SpoonbillPlatalea ajaja

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

93Black VultureCoragyps atratus
94Turkey VultureCathartes aura
95Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianus
96King VultureSarcoramphus papa

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

97/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

98White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
99Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis
100Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis
101Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus
102/Northern Harrier/Circus hudsonius
103Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii
104Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescens
105Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus
106Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitinga
107Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
108Harris's HawkParabuteo unicinctus
109White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatus
110Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidus
111/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus
112Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus
113|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoni
114Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

115Barn OwlTyto alba

 
Owls: Strigidae

116Pacific Screech-OwlMegascops cooperi
117Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata
118Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianum
119Mottled OwlCiccaba virgata
120Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineata
121Striped OwlAsio clamator

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

122Black-headed TrogonTrogon melanocephalus
123Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatus
124Elegant TrogonTrogon elegans

 
Motmots: Momotidae

125Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessonii
126Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosa

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

127Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
128/Belted Kingfisher/Megaceryle alcyon
129American Pygmy KingfisherChloroceryle aenea
130Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

131White-necked PuffbirdNotharchus hyperrhynchus

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

132Northern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus prasinus
133Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

134Hoffmann's WoodpeckerMelanerpes hoffmannii
135Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensis
136Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

137Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus
138Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway
139Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
140/American Kestrel/Falco sparverius
141|Merlin|Falco columbarius
142Bat FalconFalco rufigularis
143/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinus

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

144Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularis
145Yellow-naped ParrotAmazona auropalliata
146White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifrons
147Orange-fronted ParakeetEupsittula canicularis
148Scarlet MacawAra macao

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

149Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus
150Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesi

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

151Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus
152Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroa
153Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae
154Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii

 
Manakins: Pipridae

155Long-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia linearis

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

156Masked TityraTityra semifasciata
157Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiae

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

158Northern BentbillOncostoma cinereigulare
159Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant
(Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus sylvia
160Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens
161Northern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma imberbe
162Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata
163Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
164|Eastern Wood-Pewee|Contopus virens
165/Yellow-bellied Flycatcher/Empidonax flaviventris
166|Alder Flycatcher|Empidonax alnorum
167/Willow Flycatcher/Empidonax traillii
168Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus
169Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer
170Ash-throated FlycatcherMyiarchus cinerascens
171Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingi
172/Great Crested Flycatcher/Myiarchus crinitus
173Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus
174Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
175Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
176Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
177Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
178Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventris
179Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
180/Scissor-tailed Flycatcher/Tyrannus forficatus

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

181Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtata
182/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifrons
183/Philadelphia Vireo/Vireo philadelphicus
184|Red-eyed Vireo|Vireo olivaceus
185Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

186White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosa

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

187Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis
188Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
189Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
190Mangrove SwallowTachycineta albilinea
191|Bank Swallow|Riparia riparia
192/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica
193|Cliff Swallow|Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

194Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus
195White-lored GnatcatcherPolioptila albiloris
196Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbea

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

197Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinucha
198Banded WrenThryophilus pleurostictus
199Cabanis's WrenCantorchilus modestus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

200Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayi

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

201Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinis
202Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapilla
203Yellow-throated EuphoniaEuphonia hirundinacea

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

204Stripe-headed SparrowPeucaea ruficauda
205Olive SparrowArremonops rufivirgatus

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

206Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
207/Orchard Oriole/Icterus spurius
208Streak-backed OrioleIcterus pustulatus
209Spot-breasted OrioleIcterus pectoralis
210/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbula
211Red-winged BlackbirdAgelaius phoeniceus
212Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneus
213Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

214/Ovenbird/Seiurus aurocapilla
215/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensis
216/Prothonotary Warbler/Protonotaria citrea
217/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrina
218Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephala
219/Bay-breasted Warbler/Setophaga castanea
220/Yellow Warbler/Setophaga petechia
221Rufous-capped WarblerBasileuterus rufifrons
222|Canada Warbler|Cardellina canadensis

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

223/Western Tanager/Piranga ludoviciana
224/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianus
225Blue GrosbeakPasserina caerulea
226/Indigo Bunting/Passerina cyanea
227/Dickcissel/Spiza americana

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

228Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus
229Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
230Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvina
231Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelleti
232Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental