↑NEOTROPICS">
NEOTROPICS↑

↑COSTA RICA">
COSTA RICA↑

DESCRIPTION">
TARGETS

CARARA NATIONAL PARK

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

Area (ha):5,242
# Species:240
# Excl Vagrants:239
# Endemics:0
# Near Endemics:13
Species/100 ha:4.6
Habitat: Lowland Dry Forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus majorFC
2Little TinamouCrypturellus souiUC

 
Ducks: Anatidae

3Black-bellied Whistling-DuckDendrocygna autumnalisFC

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

4Crested GuanPenelope purpurascensFC
5Great CurassowCrax rubraR

 
Grebes: Podicipedidae

6Least GrebeTachybaptus dominicusUC
7Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podicepsVR

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

8Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostrisC
9Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostrisFC
10Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacotiFC
11Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosaFC
12Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montanaFC
13White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxiA
14Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassiniiFC

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

15Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostrisA
16\Striped Cuckoo\Tapera naeviaUC
17Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygusUC
18Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayanaC
19/Yellow-billed Cuckoo/Coccyzus americanusR

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

20Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennisC
21Common NighthawkChordeiles minorVR
22Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatusR
23Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollisC

 
Swifts: Apodidae

24Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutilaUC
25White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonarisC
26Costa Rican SwiftChaetura fumosaC
27Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensisFC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

28White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivoraUC
29Bronzy HermitGlaucis aeneusUC
30Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeriUC
31Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostrisFC
32Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularisFC
33Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barrotiFC
34<White-crested Coquette>Lophornis adorabilisX
35Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostrisUC
36Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantiiR
37/Ruby-throated Hummingbird/Archilochus colubrisFC
38Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvieriiC
39Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurusUC
40Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyiR
41Charming HummingbirdAmazilia decoraUC
42Blue-vented HummingbirdAmazilia hoffmanniFC
43Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatlC

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

44Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneusUC
45Common GallinuleGallinula galeataX

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

46Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusA

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

47Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumUC
48Cattle EgretBubulcus ibisA
49Green HeronButorides virescensA
50Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochleariusUC

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

51Black VultureCoragyps atratusA
52Turkey VultureCathartes auraA
53King VultureSarcoramphus papaFC

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

54Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatusR
55Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisUC
56Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusFC
57Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidusFC
58/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterusFC
59Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurusFC
60|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoniR
61Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatusFC

 
Owls: Strigidae

62Crested OwlLophostrix cristataR
63Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillataUC
64Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineataUC

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

65Slaty-tailed TrogonTrogon massenaFC
66Black-headed TrogonTrogon melanocephalusC
67Baird's TrogonTrogon bairdiiFC
68Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatusC
69Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufusFC

 
Motmots: Momotidae

70Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosaFC

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

71White-whiskered PuffbirdMalacoptila panamensisFC

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

72Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficaudaFC

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

73Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiFC
74Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguusFC

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

75/Yellow-bellied Sapsucker/Sphyrapicus variusVR
76Golden-naped WoodpeckerMelanerpes chrysauchenFC
77Hoffmann's WoodpeckerMelanerpes hoffmanniiA
78Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensisFC
79Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatusFC
80Rufous-winged WoodpeckerPiculus simplexUC

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

81Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollisVR
82Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatusUC
83Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayC
84Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnansFC
85|Merlin|Falco columbariusR
86Bat FalconFalco rufigularisR
87/Peregrine Falcon/Falco peregrinusUC

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

88Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularisC
89Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotisFC
90White-crowned ParrotPionus senilisFC
91Red-lored ParrotAmazona autumnalisFC
92Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosaFC
93Scarlet MacawAra macaoA

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

94Great AntshrikeTaraba majorR
95Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatusC
96Black-hooded AntshrikeThamnophilus bridgesiA
97Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinusUC
98Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolorUC
99Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensisC
100Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyranninaC
101Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsulC
102Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolorUC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

103Streak-chested AntpittaHylopezus perspicillatusFC

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

104Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analisFC

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

105Scaly-throated LeaftosserSclerurus guatemalensisVR
106Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillusUC
107Tawny-winged WoodcreeperDendrocincla anabatinaUC
108Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusC
109Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomaeFC
110Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurransC
111Black-striped WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus lachrymosusUC
112Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetiiC
113Plain XenopsXenops minutusC
114Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemusFC

 
Manakins: Pipridae

115Long-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia linearisUC
116Blue-crowned ManakinLepidothrix coronataFC
117Orange-collared ManakinManacus aurantiacusC
118Red-capped ManakinCeratopipra mentalisFC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

119<Turquoise Cotinga>Cotinga ridgwayiR
120Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufusUC
121Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatusR
122<Yellow-billed Cotinga>Carpodectes antoniaeR

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

123Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitorFC
124Masked TityraTityra semifasciataC
125Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacisUC
126Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeusC
127White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterusFC
128Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseusVR
129Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiaeC

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

130Northern Royal-FlycatcherOnychorhynchus mexicanusFC
131Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurusUC
132Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygiusFC
133Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudusR

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

134Stub-tailed SpadebillPlatyrinchus cancrominusUC
135Golden-crowned SpadebillPlatyrinchus coronatusFC
136Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineusC
137Northern BentbillOncostoma cinereigulareFC
138Slate-headed Tody-Tyrant
(Slate-headed Tody-Flycatcher)
Poecilotriccus sylviaFC
139Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereumA
140Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostrisUC
141Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensC
142Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumFC
143Yellow-bellied TyrannuletOrnithion semiflavumR
144Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveolaFC
145Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatusVR
146Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicataFC
147Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogasterC
148|Olive-sided Flycatcher|Contopus cooperiR
149|Eastern Wood-Pewee|Contopus virensFC
150/Yellow-bellied Flycatcher/Empidonax flaviventrisC
151|Acadian Flycatcher|Empidonax virescensUC
152|Alder Flycatcher|Empidonax alnorumUC
153/Willow Flycatcher/Empidonax trailliiFC
154Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimusR
155Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceusFC
156Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythraFC
157Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculiferC
158/Great Crested Flycatcher/Myiarchus crinitusFC
159Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulusFC
160Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratusA
161Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitanguaC
162Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similisC
163Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensisFC
164Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatusC
165(Piratic Flycatcher)Legatus leucophaiusC
166Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicusA
167|Eastern Kingbird|Tyrannus tyrannusFC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

168Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellusUC
169Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceicepsFC
170Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtataA
171/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifronsC
172/Philadelphia Vireo/Vireo philadelphicusFC
173|Red-eyed Vireo|Vireo olivaceusFC
174Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridisFC

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

175Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennisA
176Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollisC
177|Purple Martin|Progne subisVR
178Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybeaC
179/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rusticaA
180|Cliff Swallow|Petrochelidon pyrrhonotaFC

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

181Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurusFC
182Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbeaC

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

183Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatusUC
184House WrenTroglodytes aedonC
185Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinuchaA
186Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventrisFC
187Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusC
188Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusFC
189Cabanis's WrenCantorchilus modestusFC
190Riverside WrenCantorchilus semibadiusC
191White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucostictaR

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

192|Gray-cheeked Thrush|Catharus minimusVR
193|Swainson's Thrush|Catharus ustulatusFC
194/Wood Thrush/Hylocichla mustelinaFC
195Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayiA

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

196Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinisC
197Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaFC
198Yellow-throated EuphoniaEuphonia hirundinaceaFC
199Spot-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia imitansFC

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

200Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostrisUC
201Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostrisC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

202/Orchard Oriole/Icterus spuriusFC
203/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbulaA
204Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanusA

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

205/Ovenbird/Seiurus aurocapillaUC
206/Worm-eating Warbler/Helmitheros vermivorumUC
207/Louisiana Waterthrush/Parkesia motacillaVR
208/Northern Waterthrush/Parkesia noveboracensisA
209/Golden-winged Warbler/Vermivora chrysopteraR
210Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta variaC
211/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrinaA
212/Mourning Warbler/Geothlypis philadelphiaR
213/Kentucky Warbler/Geothlypis formosaUC
214/Hooded Warbler/Setophaga citrinaUC
215/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticillaC
216Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumiFC
217/Magnolia Warbler/Setophaga magnoliaVR
218/Yellow Warbler/Setophaga petechiaA
219/Chestnut-sided Warbler/Setophaga pensylvanicaA
220Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicaudaFC
221|Canada Warbler|Cardellina canadensisUC

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

222/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubraA
223|Scarlet Tanager|Piranga olivaceaUC
224Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoidesC
225/Indigo Bunting/Passerina cyaneaFC
226/Painted Bunting/Passerina cirisFC

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

227Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillataFC
228White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosusC
229White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufusUC
230Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passeriniiFC
231Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopusA
232Palm TanagerThraupis palmarumC
233Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvataC
234Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrolaC
235Blue DacnisDacnis cayanaUC
236Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneusC
237Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaFC
238Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarinaA
239Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvinaA
240Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximusA

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain