↑NEOTROPICS">
NEOTROPICS↑

↑COSTA RICA">
COSTA RICA↑

DESCRIPTION">
TARGETS

RANCHO NATURALISTA

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

Altitude (m):610
# Species:378
# Excl Vagrants:378
# Endemics:2
# Near Endemics:27
Habitat: Gardens, forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus majorTRVFC
2Little TinamouCrypturellus soui FC

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

3Gray-headed ChachalacaOrtalis cinereiceps C
4Crested GuanPenelope purpurascens UC
5Black GuanChamaepetes unicolor VR

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

6Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusTRVR

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

7Red-billed PigeonPatagioenas flavirostris A
8Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata R
9Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinaceaTRVFC
10Short-billed PigeonPatagioenas nigrirostris FC
11Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti FC
12Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa VR
13Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana R
14White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi A
15Gray-chested DoveLeptotila cassinii FC
16Purplish-backed Quail-DoveZentrygon lawrencii UC
17Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensis VR

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

18Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris A
19Striped CuckooTapera naevia UC
20Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana C
21Yellow-billed CuckooCoccyzus americanus R
22Black-billed CuckooCoccyzus erythropthalmus R

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

23Common NighthawkChordeiles minor VR
24Short-tailed NighthawkLurocalis semitorquatus UC
25Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis C
26Chuck-will's-widowAntrostomus carolinensis R

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

27Common PotooNyctibius griseus R

 
Swifts: Apodidae

28Black SwiftCypseloides niger VR
29Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila FC
30White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris C
31Vaux's SwiftChaetura vauxi FC
32Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis UC

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

33White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora A
34White-tipped SicklebillEutoxeres aquila R
35Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeri R
36Green HermitPhaethornis guy C
37Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostris VR
38Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularis C
39Green-fronted LancebillDoryfera ludovicaeTRVFC
40Brown VioletearColibri delphinae UC
41Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotus VR
42Purple-crowned FairyHeliothryx barroti C
43Green-breasted MangoAnthracothorax prevostii A
44Green ThorntailDiscosura conversii A
45Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenae FC
46White-crested CoquetteLophornis adorabilis VR
47Green-crowned BrilliantHeliodoxa jacula A
48Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostris R
49Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignis VR
50White-bellied Mountain-gemLampornis hemileucusTRVFC
51Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemus VR
52Ruby-throated HummingbirdArchilochus colubris UC
53Garden EmeraldChlorostilbon assimilis R
54Violet-headed HummingbirdKlais guimeti FC
55Violet SabrewingCampylopterus hemileucurus UC
56Bronze-tailed PlumeleteerChalybura urochrysia UC
57Crowned WoodnymphThalurania fannyi A
58Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaTRVR
59Black-bellied HummingbirdEupherusa nigriventrisTRVFC
60Coppery-headed EmeraldElvira cupreiceps VR
61SnowcapMicrochera albocoronata C
62Blue-vented HummingbirdAmazilia hoffmanni VR
63Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl A
64Blue-throated GoldentailHylocharis eliciae VR

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

65White-throated CrakeLaterallus albigularis C

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

66Spotted SandpiperActitis maculariusTRVFC
67Solitary SandpiperTringa solitariaTRVR

 
Sunbittern: Eurypygidae

68SunbitternEurypyga heliasTRVUC

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

69Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens X

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

70Neotropic CormorantPhalacrocorax brasilianus R

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

71Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis A

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

72Black VultureCoragyps atratus A
73Turkey VultureCathartes aura A
74King VultureSarcoramphus papa R

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

75OspreyPandion haliaetus R

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

76Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus UC
77Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis R
78Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatusTRVFC
79Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus R
80Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus VR
81Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatusTRVUC
82Mississippi KiteIctinia mississippiensis VR
83Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosus VR
84Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus FC
85Cooper's HawkAccipiter cooperii R
86Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor R
87Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitingaTRVUC
88Solitary EagleButeogallus solitariusTRVVR
89Barred HawkMorphnarchus princepsTRVFC
90White HawkPseudastur albicollis VR
91Broad-winged HawkButeo platypterus UC
92Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus UC
93Swainson's HawkButeo swainsoni R
94Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus R
95Red-tailed HawkButeo jamaicensis R

 
Barn-Owls: Tytonidae

96Barn OwlTyto alba VR

 
Owls: Strigidae

97Crested OwlLophostrix cristata UC
98Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata VR
99Mottled OwlCiccaba virgata C
100Striped OwlAsio clamatorTRVVR

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

101Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatusTRVC
102Black-throated TrogonTrogon rufus FC
103Collared TrogonTrogon collaris C

 
Motmots: Momotidae

104Lesson's MotmotMomotus lessonii C
105Rufous MotmotBaryphthengus martii C
106Broad-billed MotmotElectron platyrhynchum FC

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

107Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquataTRVUC
108Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazonaTRVUC

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

109Lanceolated MonkletMicromonacha lanceolataTRVR
110White-fronted NunbirdMonasa morphoeus X

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

111Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda C

 
New World Barbets: Capitonidae

112Red-headed BarbetEubucco bourcieriiTRVC

 
Toucan-Barbets: Semnornithidae

113Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiTRVR

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

114Northern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus prasinusTRVR
115Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus C
116Yellow-eared ToucanetSelenidera spectabilis VR
117Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratus C

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

118Yellow-bellied SapsuckerSphyrapicus varius R
119Acorn WoodpeckerMelanerpes formicivorusTRVUC
120Black-cheeked WoodpeckerMelanerpes pucherani C
121Hoffmann's WoodpeckerMelanerpes hoffmannii C
122Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatus FC
123Pale-billed WoodpeckerCampephilus guatemalensis R
124Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus FC
125Rufous-winged WoodpeckerPiculus simplex FC
126Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus C

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

127Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis UC
128Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans R
129American KestrelFalco sparverius VR
130MerlinFalco columbarius VR
131Bat FalconFalco rufigularis VR

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

132Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensis VR
133Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineolaTRVR
134Brown-hooded ParrotPyrilia haematotis FC
135White-crowned ParrotPionus senilis C
136Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniTRVFC
137Crimson-fronted ParakeetPsittacara finschi C

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

138Rufous-rumped AntwrenEuchrepomis callinota VR
139Fasciated AntshrikeCymbilaimus lineatus R
140Great AntshrikeTaraba major X
141Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus UC
142Russet AntshrikeThamnistes anabatinus C
143Plain AntvireoDysithamnus mentalis C
144Streak-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus striaticeps X
145Checker-throated StipplethroatEpinecrophylla fulviventris FC
146Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor C
147Dot-winged AntwrenMicrorhopias quixensis UC
148Dusky AntbirdCercomacroides tyrannina FC
149Chestnut-backed AntbirdPoliocrania exsul VR
150Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemosticta FC
151Zeledon's AntbirdHafferia zeledoniTRVFC
152Bicolored AntbirdGymnopithys bicolorTRVR
153Spotted AntbirdHylophylax naevioidesTRVUC

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

154Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensis R
155Thicket AntpittaHylopezus dives UC
156Ochre-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula flavirostris VR

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

157Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsTRVR

 
Antthrushes: Formicariidae

158Black-faced AntthrushFormicarius analisTRVUC
159Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillusTRVVR

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

160Tawny-throated LeaftosserSclerurus mexicanus UC
161Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularis X
162Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus C
163Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroaTRVVR
164Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosaTRVFC
165Wedge-billed WoodcreeperGlyphorynchus spirurusTRVC
166Northern Barred-WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes sanctithomae FC
167Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchusTRVR
168Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurrans R
169Spotted WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus erythropygiusTRVC
170Brown-billed ScythebillCampylorhamphus pusillusTRVUC
171Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii C
172Plain XenopsXenops minutus C
173Streaked XenopsXenops rutilansTRVR
174Buff-fronted Foliage-gleanerPhilydor rufum X
175Scaly-throated Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia variegaticepsTRVVR
176Buff-throated Foliage-gleanerAutomolus ochrolaemus FC
177Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescensTRVFC
178Red-faced SpinetailCranioleuca erythropsTRVUC
179Slaty SpinetailSynallaxis brachyura C

 
Manakins: Pipridae

180White-ruffed ManakinCorapipo altera C
181White-collared ManakinManacus candei C
182White-crowned ManakinDixiphia pipra FC

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

183Lovely CotingaCotinga amabilis VR
184Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufusTRVUC

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

185Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor C
186Masked TityraTityra semifasciata C
187Northern SchiffornisSchiffornis veraepacis UC
188Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorTRVVR
189Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus C
190White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus UC
191Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseus R
192Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiae VR

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

193SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusTRVR
194Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurus UC
195Sulphur-rumped FlycatcherMyiobius sulphureipygius FC

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

196Gray-headed PipritesPiprites griseiceps R
197White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus UC
198Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceus C
199Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus C
200Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalus VR
201Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliarisTRVFC
202Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliarisTRVUC
203Scale-crested Pygmy-TyrantLophotriccus pileatus C
204Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum A
205Black-headed Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum nigriceps C
206Eye-ringed FlatbillRhynchocyclus brevirostris UC
207Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescensTRVC
208Yellow-margined FlycatcherTolmomyias assimilisTRVR
209Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata VR
210Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster C
211Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensis VR
212Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantzii UC
213Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinereaTRVC
214White-fronted Tyrannulet**Phyllomyias zeledoniTRVR
215Paltry TyrannuletZimmerius vilissimus A
216Tawny-chested FlycatcherAphanotriccus capitalis C
217Tufted FlycatcherMitrephanes phaeocercusTRVFC
218Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi UC
219Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisTRVR
220Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens FC
221Tropical PeweeContopus cinereus C
222Yellow-bellied FlycatcherEmpidonax flaviventris C
223Acadian FlycatcherEmpidonax virescens UC
224Alder FlycatcherEmpidonax alnorum UC
225Willow FlycatcherEmpidonax traillii UC
226White-throated FlycatcherEmpidonax albigularis R
227Least FlycatcherEmpidonax minimus R
228Black PhoebeSayornis nigricansTRVFC
229Long-tailed TyrantColonia colonus VR
230Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus UC
231Rufous MournerRhytipterna holerythra FC
232Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer C
233Great Crested FlycatcherMyiarchus crinitus R
234Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus A
235Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua C
236Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis A
237Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis C
238Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusTRVFC
239Sulphur-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes luteiventris C
240Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius C
241Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus A
242Eastern KingbirdTyrannus tyrannus UC

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

243Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensisTRVVR
244Green Shrike-VireoVireolanius pulchellus R
245Tawny-crowned GreenletTunchironis ochraceiceps FC
246Lesser GreenletPachysilvia decurtata C
247White-eyed VireoVireo griseus VR
248Yellow-throated VireoVireo flavifrons A
249Philadelphia VireoVireo philadelphicus FC
250Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus C
251Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis FC

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

252Azure-hooded JayCyanolyca cucullataTRVVR
253Brown JayPsilorhinus morio A

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

254Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca FC
255Northern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx serripennis C
256Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis C
257Bank SwallowRiparia riparia VR
258Barn SwallowHirundo rustica UC
259Cliff SwallowPetrochelidon pyrrhonota R

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

260Tawny-faced GnatwrenMicrobates cinereiventris X
261Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus C
262Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbea C

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

263Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatus R
264House WrenTroglodytes aedon C
265Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusTRVFC
266Band-backed WrenCampylorhynchus zonatus UC
267Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularis UC
268Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicus C
269Bay WrenCantorchilus nigricapillus UC
270White-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucosticta A
271Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrysTRVFC
272Song WrenCyphorhinus phaeocephalus X

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

273American DipperCinclus mexicanusTRVFC

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

274Gray CatbirdDumetella carolinensis UC

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

275Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanops R
276Orange-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus aurantiirostris R
277Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterTRVUC
278Black-headed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus mexicanus FC
279VeeryCatharus fuscescens VR
280Gray-cheeked ThrushCatharus minimus R
281Swainson's ThrushCatharus ustulatus C
282Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina FC
283Mountain ThrushTurdus plebejus VR
284Pale-vented ThrushTurdus obsoletus R
285White-throated ThrushTurdus assimilisTRVVR
286Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayi A

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

287Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysTRVUC
288Elegant EuphoniaEuphonia elegantissima VR
289Olive-backed EuphoniaEuphonia gouldi FC
290White-vented EuphoniaEuphonia minutaTRVUC
291Tawny-capped EuphoniaEuphonia anneae C

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

292Ashy-throated ChlorospingusChlorospingus canigularis UC
293Common ChlorospingusChlorospingus flavopectusTRVFC
294Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris A
295Orange-billed SparrowArremon aurantiirostris C
296Chestnut-capped BrushfinchArremon brunneinucha FC
297Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostrisTRVR
298Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis C
299Cabanis's Ground-SparrowMelozone cabanisi X
300White-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes albinuchaTRVUC

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

301Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna R
302Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus FC
303Chestnut-headed OropendolaPsarocolius wagleri C
304Montezuma OropendolaPsarocolius montezuma A
305Scarlet-rumped CaciqueCacicus uropygialis FC
306Black-cowled OrioleIcterus prosthemelas FC
307Orchard OrioleIcterus spurius R
308Baltimore OrioleIcterus galbula C
309Bronzed CowbirdMolothrus aeneus C
310Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus UC
311Melodious BlackbirdDives dives R

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

312OvenbirdSeiurus aurocapilla UC
313Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorum FC
314Louisiana WaterthrushParkesia motacillaTRVFC
315Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera C
316Blue-winged WarblerVermivora cyanoptera UC
317Black-and-white WarblerMniotilta varia C
318Tennessee WarblerLeiothlypis peregrina A
319Nashville WarblerLeiothlypis ruficapilla VR
320Gray-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis poliocephala UC
321Mourning WarblerGeothlypis philadelphia C
322Kentucky WarblerGeothlypis formosa FC
323Olive-crowned YellowthroatGeothlypis semiflava VR
324Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrina VR
325American RedstartSetophaga ruticilla C
326Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea UC
327Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi C
328Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia VR
329Bay-breasted WarblerSetophaga castanea FC
330Blackburnian WarblerSetophaga fusca C
331Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia R
332Chestnut-sided WarblerSetophaga pensylvanica A
333Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata C
334Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens UC
335Rufous-capped WarblerBasileuterus rufifronsTRVC
336Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus C
337Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicaudaTRVFC
338Canada WarblerCardellina canadensis C
339Wilson's WarblerCardellina pusilla A
340Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus C

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

341Hepatic TanagerPiranga flavaTRVUC
342Summer TanagerPiranga rubra C
343Scarlet TanagerPiranga olivacea C
344Western TanagerPiranga ludoviciana VR
345White-winged TanagerPiranga leucoptera VR
346Red-throated Ant-TanagerHabia fuscicauda C
347Carmiol's TanagerChlorothraupis carmioli C
348Black-faced GrosbeakCaryothraustes poliogasterTRVUC
349Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialis VR
350Rose-breasted GrosbeakPheucticus ludovicianus C
351Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoides VR
352Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea R

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

353White-shouldered TanagerTachyphonus luctuosus FC
354Tawny-crested TanagerTachyphonus delatriiTRVUC
355White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus C
356Crimson-collared TanagerRamphocelus sanguinolentus C
357Scarlet-rumped TanagerRamphocelus passerinii A
358Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus A
359Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum A
360Speckled TanagerIxothraupis guttata FC
361Golden-hooded TanagerStilpnia larvata A
362Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiTRVFC
363Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola C
364Emerald TanagerTangara floridaTRVUC
365Silver-throated TanagerTangara icterocephala C
366Scarlet-thighed DacnisDacnis venustaTRVUC
367Shining HoneycreeperCyanerpes lucidus VR
368Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spizaTRVFC
369Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelas UC
370Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina C
371Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea FC
372Variable SeedeaterSporophila corvina A
373Morelet's SeedeaterSporophila morelletiTRVUC
374Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollisTRVVR
375BananaquitCoereba flaveola A
376Yellow-faced GrassquitTiaris olivaceus A
377Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus C
378Black-headed SaltatorSaltator atriceps C

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

OCCURRENCE CODES

AAbundant/Very Common
CCommon
FCFairly/Locally Common
UCUncommon/Scarce
RRare/Very Scarce
VRVery Rare
XAccidental/Vagrant
?Uncertain

LOCATION CODES

TRVTuis River Valley