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DESCRIPTION

MONTEVERDE AREA

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

# Species:365
# Excl Vagrants:365
# Endemics:1
# Near Endemics:37
Habitat: Cloud forest

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetulaRR 
2Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorNENT
3Great CurassowCrax rubraLCV
4Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatusRR 
5Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusNE 
6Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea V
7Inca DoveColumbina incaRR 
8Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensisNE 
9Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensisNE 
10Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygusRR 
11Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusNE 
12Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeLC 
13Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensRR 
14Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantiiRR 
15Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisNE 
16White-bellied Mountain-gemLampornis hemileucusNE 
17Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemusNE 
18Magenta-throated WoodstarPhilodice bryantaeNE 
19Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaNE 
20Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaLC 
21Coppery-headed EmeraldElvira cupreicepsE 
22Wood StorkMycteria americanaRR 
23Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
24Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius NT
25Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinno NT
26Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosaRR 
27Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiNE 
28Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiNE 
29Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosusRR 
30Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensisNEV
31White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifronsRR 
32Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniNE 
33Orange-fronted ParakeetEupsittula canicularisRR 
34Great Green MacawAra ambiguusLCEN
35Scarlet MacawAra macaoLC 
36Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsNE 
37Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularis NT
38Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiRR 
39Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusNE 
40Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusNE 
41Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisNEEN
42Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatus V
43Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorRR 
44Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiaeRR 
45SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusLC 
46Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliarisRR 
47Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumRR 
48Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi NT
49Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisNE 
50Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingiRR 
51Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulusRR 
52Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusNE 
53Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysRR 
54White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosaRR 
55Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomelaLC 
56Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusNE 
57Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinuchaRR 
58Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusRR 
59Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusRR 
60Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsNE 
61Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisNE 
62Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
63Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina NT
64Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensNE 
65Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaNE 
66Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysNE 
67Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinisRR 
68Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaNE 
69Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatusNE 
70Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostrisLC 
71Yellow-thighed BrushfinchAtlapetes tibialisNE 
72Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera NT
73Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea V
74Costa Rican WarblerBasileuterus melanotisNE 
75Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusNE 
76WrenthrushZeledonia coronataNE 
77Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialisNE 
78Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorLC 
79Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaeiNENT
80Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiNE 
81Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaNE 
82Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaLC 
83Peg-billed FinchAcanthidops bairdiNE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered