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DESCRIPTION

MONTEVERDE AREA

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

# Species:366
# Excl Vagrants:366
# Endemics:1
# Near Endemics:38
Habitat: Cloud forest

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Plain ChachalacaOrtalis vetulaRR 
2Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorNENT
3Great CurassowCrax rubraLCV
4Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatusRR 
5Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusNE 
6Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea V
7Inca DoveColumbina incaRR 
8Buff-fronted Quail-DoveZentrygon costaricensisNE 
9Chiriqui Quail-DoveZentrygon chiriquensisNE 
10Lesser Ground-CuckooMorococcyx erythropygusRR 
11Dusky NightjarAntrostomus saturatusNE 
12Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeLC 
13Magnificent HummingbirdEugenes fulgensRR 
14Plain-capped StarthroatHeliomaster constantiiRR 
15Fiery-throated HummingbirdPanterpe insignisNE 
16White-bellied Mountain-gemLampornis hemileucusNE 
17Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemusNE 
18Magenta-throated WoodstarCalliphlox bryantaeNE 
19Scintillant HummingbirdSelasphorus scintillaNE 
20Stripe-tailed HummingbirdEupherusa eximiaLC 
21Coppery-headed EmeraldElvira cupreicepsE 
22Wood StorkMycteria americanaRR 
23Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
24Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius NT
25Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinno NT
26Orange-bellied TrogonTrogon aurantiiventrisNE 
27Turquoise-browed MotmotEumomota superciliosaRR 
28Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiNE 
29Fiery-billed AracariPteroglossus frantziiNE 
30Hairy WoodpeckerDryobates villosusRR 
31Red-fronted ParrotletTouit costaricensisNEV
32White-fronted ParrotAmazona albifronsRR 
33Sulphur-winged ParakeetPyrrhura hoffmanniNE 
34Orange-fronted ParakeetEupsittula canicularisRR 
35Great Green MacawAra ambiguusLCEN
36Scarlet MacawAra macaoLC 
37Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsNE 
38Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularis NT
39Buffy TuftedcheekPseudocolaptes lawrenciiRR 
40Streak-breasted TreehunterThripadectes rufobrunneusNE 
41Ruddy TreerunnerMargarornis rubiginosusNE 
42Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletumRR 
43Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliarisRR 
44Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi NT
45Dark PeweeContopus lugubrisNE 
46Nutting's FlycatcherMyiarchus nuttingiRR 
47Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulusRR 
48Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusNE 
49SharpbillOxyruncus cristatusLC 
50Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisNEEN
51Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatus V
52Barred BecardPachyramphus versicolorRR 
53Rose-throated BecardPachyramphus aglaiaeRR 
54Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrysRR 
55White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosaRR 
56Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomelaLC 
57Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusNE 
58Rufous-naped WrenCampylorhynchus rufinuchaRR 
59Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilusRR 
60Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbusRR 
61Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsNE 
62Black-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus gracilirostrisNE 
63Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
64Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina NT
65Sooty ThrushTurdus nigrescensNE 
66Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcherPhainoptila melanoxanthaNE 
67Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysNE 
68Scrub EuphoniaEuphonia affinisRR 
69Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaNE 
70Sooty-capped ChlorospingusChlorospingus pileatusNE 
71Sooty-faced FinchArremon crassirostrisLC 
72Yellow-thighed FinchPselliophorus tibialisNE 
73Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera NT
74Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea V
75Costa Rican WarblerBasileuterus melanotisNE 
76Collared RedstartMyioborus torquatusNE 
77WrenthrushZeledonia coronataNE 
78Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialisNE 
79Blue SeedeaterAmaurospiza concolorLC 
80Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaeiNENT
81Spangle-cheeked TanagerTangara dowiiNE 
82Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaNE 
83Slaty FinchSpodiornis rusticaLC 
84Peg-billed FinchAcanthidops bairdiNE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered