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DESCRIPTION

ARENAL NATIONAL PARK

COSTA RICA
LOCALE

Area (ha):12,016
Altitude (m):500-1657
# Species*:369
# Excl Vagrants*:368
# Endemics*:1
# Near Endemics*:21
Species/100 ha*:3.1
*Based on partial or incomplete data.

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Great TinamouTinamus major NT
2Masked DuckNomonyx dominicusLC 
3Black GuanChamaepetes unicolorNENT
4Great CurassowCrax rubraLCV
5Black-breasted Wood-QuailOdontophorus leucolaemusNE 
6Ruddy PigeonPatagioenas subvinacea V
7Purplish-backed Quail-DoveZentrygon lawrenciiLC 
8Chimney SwiftChaetura pelagica NT
9Brown VioletearColibri delphinaeLC 
10Black-crested CoquetteLophornis helenaeRR 
11Purple-throated Mountain-gemLampornis calolaemusNE 
12Coppery-headed EmeraldElvira cupreicepsE 
13SnowcapMicrochera albocoronataLC 
14Collared PloverCharadrius collarisLC 
15Wood StorkMycteria americanaRR 
16Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatumLC 
17Boat-billed HeronCochlearius cochleariusLC 
18Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensisLC 
19Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus NT
20Striped OwlAsio clamatorLC 
21Resplendent QuetzalPharomachrus mocinno NT
22Lattice-tailed TrogonTrogon clathratusNE 
23Orange-bellied TrogonTrogon aurantiiventrisNE 
24Keel-billed MotmotElectron carinatumRRV
25Prong-billed BarbetSemnornis frantziiNE 
26Yellow-throated ToucanRamphastos ambiguus NT
27Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriwayRR 
28Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa NT
29Olive-throated ParakeetEupsittula nana NT
30Streak-crowned AntvireoDysithamnus striaticepsNE 
31Dull-mantled AntbirdSipia laemostictaNE 
32Silvery-fronted TapaculoScytalopus argentifronsNE 
33Black-headed AntthrushFormicarius nigricapillusRR 
34Rufous-browed TyrannuletPhylloscartes superciliarisRR 
35Olive-sided FlycatcherContopus cooperi NT
36Golden-bellied FlycatcherMyiodynastes hemichrysusNE 
37Bare-necked UmbrellabirdCephalopterus glabricollisNEEN
38Three-wattled BellbirdProcnias tricarunculatus V
39White-throated Magpie-JayCalocitta formosaRR 
40Nightingale WrenMicrocerculus philomelaLC 
41Ochraceous WrenTroglodytes ochraceusNE 
42Black-throated WrenPheugopedius atrogularisNE 
43Stripe-breasted WrenCantorchilus thoracicusNE 
44Black-faced SolitaireMyadestes melanopsNE 
45Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscaterRR 
46Wood ThrushHylocichla mustelina NT
47Golden-browed ChlorophoniaChlorophonia callophrysNE 
48Yellow-crowned EuphoniaEuphonia luteicapillaNE 
49Golden-winged WarblerVermivora chrysoptera NT
50Cerulean WarblerSetophaga cerulea V
51Black-thighed GrosbeakPheucticus tibialisNE 
52Blue-and-gold TanagerBangsia arcaeiNENT
53Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornataRR 
54Rufous-winged TanagerTangara laviniaRR 
55Black-and-yellow TanagerChrysothlypis chrysomelasNE 
56Slaty FlowerpiercerDiglossa plumbeaNE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered