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DESCRIPTION">
SPECIALTIES

MINCA AREA

COLOMBIA
LOCALE

# Species:383
# Excl Vagrants:383
# Endemics:9
# Near Endemics:17
Habitat: Shade-grown coffee plantations, dry scrub

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Great TinamouTinamus major
2Little TinamouCrypturellus soui

 
Ducks: Anatidae

3Comb DuckSarkidiornis sylvicola
4Muscovy DuckCairina moschata
5/Northern Shoveler/Spatula clypeata
6White-cheeked PintailAnas bahamensis

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

7Chestnut-winged ChachalacaOrtalis garrula
8Rufous-vented ChachalacaOrtalis ruficauda
9Crested GuanPenelope purpurascens

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

10Crested BobwhiteColinus cristatus

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

11Rock PigeonColumba livia
12Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis
13Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosa
14Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
15Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina
16Plain-breasted Ground DoveColumbina minuta
17Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti
18Scaled DoveColumbina squammata
19Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa
20Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
21White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
22Lined Quail-DoveZentrygon linearis
23Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

24Greater AniCrotophaga major
25Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
26Groove-billed AniCrotophaga sulcirostris
27Striped CuckooTapera naevia
28Little CuckooCoccycua minuta
29Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana
30/Yellow-billed Cuckoo/Coccyzus americanus

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

31Lesser NighthawkChordeiles acutipennis
32Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis
33White-tailed NightjarHydropsalis cayennensis
34Rufous NightjarAntrostomus rufus

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

35Common PotooNyctibius griseus

 
Swifts: Apodidae

36Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila
37White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
38Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris
39Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudus
40|Chimney Swift|Chaetura pelagica
41Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyura
42White-tipped SwiftAeronautes montivagus
43Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

44White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora
45Rufous-breasted HermitGlaucis hirsutus
46Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeri
47Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostris
48Pale-bellied HermitPhaethornis anthophilus
49Stripe-throated HermitPhaethornis striigularis
50Sooty-capped HermitPhaethornis augusti
51<Brown Violetear>Colibri delphinae
52Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotus
53Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscans
54Ruby-topaz HummingbirdChrysolampis mosquitus
55Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollis
56Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostris
57Santa Marta WoodstarChaetocercus astreans
58Red-billed EmeraldChlorostilbon gibsoni
59Coppery EmeraldChlorostilbon russatus
60Lazuline SabrewingCampylopterus falcatus
61White-vented PlumeleteerChalybura buffonii
62Crowned WoodnymphThalurania colombica
63Scaly-breasted HummingbirdPhaeochroa cuvierii
64Steely-vented HummingbirdSaucerottia saucerottei
65Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl
66Shining-green HummingbirdChrysuronia goudoti
67Sapphire-throated HummingbirdChrysuronia coeruleogularis
68White-chinned SapphireChlorestes cyanus
69Violet-bellied HummingbirdChlorestes julie

 
Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

70Gray-cowled Wood-RailAramides cajaneus

 
Stilts and Avocets: Recurvirostridae

71Black-necked StiltHimantopus mexicanus

 
Plovers and Lapwings: Charadriidae

72Southern LapwingVanellus chilensis

 
Jacanas: Jacanidae

73Wattled JacanaJacana jacana

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

74/Whimbrel/Numenius phaeopus
75Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius
76/Greater Yellowlegs/Tringa melanoleuca
77/Willet/Tringa semipalmata

 
Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers: Laridae

78/Laughing Gull/Leucophaeus atricilla
79Royal TernThalasseus maximus

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

80Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
Cormorants and Shags: Phalacrocoracidae

81Neotropic CormorantNannopterum brasilianus

 
Pelicans: Pelecanidae

82Brown PelicanPelecanus occidentalis

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

83Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatum
84Great EgretArdea alba
85Snowy EgretEgretta thula
86Little Blue HeronEgretta caerulea
87Tricolored HeronEgretta tricolor
88Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis
89Striated HeronButorides striata

 
Ibises and Spoonbills: Threskiornithidae

90White IbisEudocimus albus
91Bare-faced IbisPhimosus infuscatus

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

92Black VultureCoragyps atratus
93Turkey VultureCathartes aura
94Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianus
95King VultureSarcoramphus papa

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

96/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

97White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
98Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus
99Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis
100Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
101Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus
102Tiny HawkMicrospizias superciliosus
103Snail KiteRostrhamus sociabilis
104Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus
105|Mississippi Kite|Ictinia mississippiensis
106Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea
107Plain-breasted Hawk**Accipiter ventralis
108Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor
109Crane HawkGeranospiza caerulescens
110Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus
111Great Black HawkButeogallus urubitinga
112Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius
113Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
114White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatus
115White HawkPseudastur albicollis
116Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidus
117/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus
118Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus
119Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus

 
Owls: Strigidae

120Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops choliba
121Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata
122Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianum
123Mottled OwlStrix virgata
124Black-and-white OwlStrix nigrolineata

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

125Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatus

 
Motmots: Momotidae

126Whooping MotmotMomotus subrufescens

 
Kingfishers: Alcedinidae

127Ringed KingfisherMegaceryle torquata
128Amazon KingfisherChloroceryle amazona
129Green KingfisherChloroceryle americana

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

130Pied PuffbirdNotharchus tectus
131Russet-throated PuffbirdHypnelus ruficollis
132Moustached PuffbirdMalacoptila mystacalis

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

133Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

134Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus
135Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

136Scaled PiculetPicumnus squamulatus
137Chestnut PiculetPicumnus cinnamomeus
138Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillus
139Red-rumped WoodpeckerDryobates kirkii
140Crimson-crested WoodpeckerCampephilus melanoleucos
141Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus
142Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus
143Spot-breasted WoodpeckerColaptes punctigula

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

144Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
145Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus
146Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis
147Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway
148Yellow-headed CaracaraDaptrius chimachima
149American KestrelFalco sparverius
150MerlinFalco columbarius
151Bat FalconFalco rufigularis
152Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

153Lilac-tailed ParrotletTouit batavicus
154Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularis
155Red-billed ParrotPionus sordidus
156Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruus
157Yellow-crowned ParrotAmazona ochrocephala
158Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa
159Orange-winged ParrotAmazona amazonica
160Scaly-naped ParrotAmazona mercenarius
161Turquoise-winged ParrotletForpus spengeli
162Green-rumped ParrotletForpus passerinus
163Spectacled ParrotletForpus conspicillatus
164Brown-throated ParakeetEupsittula pertinax
165Blue-and-yellow MacawAra ararauna
166Military MacawAra militaris
167Red-and-green MacawAra chloropterus
168Scarlet-fronted ParakeetPsittacara wagleri

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

169Great AntshrikeTaraba major
170Black-crested AntshrikeSakesphorus canadensis
171Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus
172Black-crowned AntshrikeThamnophilus atrinucha
173Black-backed AntshrikeThamnophilus melanonotus
174White-fringed AntwrenFormicivora grisea
175Santa Marta AntbirdDrymophila hellmayri
176White-bellied AntbirdMyrmeciza longipes

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

177Santa Marta TapaculoScytalopus sanctaemartae

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

178Olivaceous WoodcreeperSittasomus griseicapillus
179Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroa
180Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosa
181Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurrans
182Straight-billed WoodcreeperDendroplex picus
183Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii
184Plain XenopsXenops minutus
185Pale-legged HorneroFurnarius leucopus
186Santa Marta Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rufipectus
187Yellow-chinned SpinetailCerthiaxis cinnamomeus
188Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescens

 
Manakins: Pipridae

189Lance-tailed ManakinChiroxiphia lanceolata
190White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus
191Golden-headed ManakinCeratopipra erythrocephala

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

192Rufous PihaLipaugus unirufus

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

193Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor
194Masked TityraTityra semifasciata
195Russet-winged SchiffornisSchiffornis stenorhyncha
196Cinereous BecardPachyramphus rufus
197Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus
198White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus
199One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrous

 
Sharpbill: Oxyruncidae

200Amazonian Royal-Flycatcher**Onychorhynchus coronatus
201Ruddy-tailed FlycatcherTerenotriccus erythrurus
202Black-tailed FlycatcherMyiobius atricaudus

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

203Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes galbinus
204Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus
205Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalus
206Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliaris
207Pale-eyed Pygmy-TyrantAtalotriccus pilaris
208Southern BentbillOncostoma olivaceum
209Pearly-vented Tody-TyrantHemitriccus margaritaceiventer
210Slate-headed Tody-FlycatcherPoecilotriccus sylvia
211Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum
212Olivaceous FlatbillRhynchocyclus olivaceus
213Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens
214Ochre-lored FlycatcherTolmomyias flaviventris
215Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum
216Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillus
217Northern Mouse-colored TyrannuletNesotriccus incomta
218Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola
219Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatus
220Forest ElaeniaMyiopagis gaimardii
221Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata
222Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
223Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensis
224Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinerea
225Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseiceps
226Spectacled TyrannuletZimmerius improbus
227Golden-faced TyrannuletZimmerius chrysops
228Fulvous-crowned Scrub-TyrantEuscarthmus meloryphus
229Slender-billed TyrannuletInezia tenuirostris
230Pale-tipped TyrannuletInezia caudata
231Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatus
232/Olive-sided Flycatcher/Contopus cooperi
233/Western Wood-Pewee/Contopus sordidulus
234Northern Tropical PeweeContopus bogotensis
235Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens
236Fuscous FlycatcherCnemotriccus fuscatus
237/Acadian Flycatcher/Empidonax virescens
238/Alder Flycatcher/Empidonax alnorum
239/Willow Flycatcher/Empidonax traillii
240Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
241Northern Scrub-FlycatcherSublegatus arenarum
242Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
243Yellow-bellied Chat-TyrantSilvicultrix diadema
244Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus
245Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer
246Venezuelan FlycatcherMyiarchus venezuelensis
247Panama FlycatcherMyiarchus panamensis
248/Great Crested Flycatcher/Myiarchus crinitus
249Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus
250Cattle TyrantMachetornis rixosa
251Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
252Lesser KiskadeePhilohydor lictor
253Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
254Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensis
255Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
256Gray-capped FlycatcherMyiozetetes granadensis
257Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
258|Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher|Myiodynastes luteiventris
259Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius
260Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
261|Eastern Kingbird|Tyrannus tyrannus
262Gray KingbirdTyrannus dominicensis
263Fork-tailed FlycatcherTyrannus savana

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

264Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis
265Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipes
266Golden-fronted GreenletPachysilvia aurantiifrons
267/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifrons
268Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrys
269Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
270Chivi VireoVireo chiri
271Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis
272|Black-whiskered Vireo|Vireo altiloquus

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

273Black-chested JayCyanocorax affinis

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

274Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
275Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
276Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
277Brown-chested MartinProgne tapera
278/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

279Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus
280Tropical GnatcatcherPolioptila plumbea

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

281Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatus
282House WrenTroglodytes aedon
283Stripe-backed WrenCampylorhynchus nuchalis
284Bicolored WrenCampylorhynchus griseus
285Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventris
286Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilus
287Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbus
288Buff-breasted WrenCantorchilus leucotis
289Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrys

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

290Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

291Orange-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus aurantiirostris
292|Veery|Catharus fuscescens
293|Gray-cheeked Thrush|Catharus minimus
294/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatus
295Pale-breasted ThrushTurdus leucomelas
296Yellow-legged ThrushTurdus flavipes
297White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollis
298Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayi

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

299Trinidad EuphoniaEuphonia trinitatis
300Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostris
301Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltria

 
Thrush-Tanager: Rhodinocichlidae

302Rosy Thrush-TanagerRhodinocichla rosea

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

303Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris
304Sierra Nevada BrushfinchArremon basilicus
305Golden-winged SparrowArremon schlegeli
306Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis
307Santa Marta BrushfinchAtlapetes melanocephalus

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

308Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus
309Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanus
310/Orchard Oriole/Icterus spurius
311Yellow-backed OrioleIcterus chrysater
312Orange-crowned OrioleIcterus auricapillus
313Yellow-tailed OrioleIcterus mesomelas
314Venezuelan TroupialIcterus icterus
315Yellow OrioleIcterus nigrogularis
316/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbula
317Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
318Bronze-brown Cowbird**Molothrus armenti
319Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus
320Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus
321Carib GrackleQuiscalus lugubris

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

322Worm-eating WarblerHelmitheros vermivorum
323/Louisiana Waterthrush/Parkesia motacilla
324Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
325/Black-and-white Warbler/Mniotilta varia
326/Prothonotary Warbler/Protonotaria citrea
327/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrina
328/Mourning Warbler/Geothlypis philadelphia
329/Kentucky Warbler/Geothlypis formosa
330Hooded WarblerSetophaga citrina
331/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticilla
332/Cerulean Warbler/Setophaga cerulea
333Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi
334Magnolia WarblerSetophaga magnolia
335/Bay-breasted Warbler/Setophaga castanea
336/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fusca
337Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
338/Blackpoll Warbler/Setophaga striata
339Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
340Chestnut-capped WarblerBasileuterus delattrii
341Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus
342Buff-rumped WarblerMyiothlypis fulvicauda
343/Canada Warbler/Cardellina canadensis
344Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

345Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava
346/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubra
347/Scarlet Tanager/Piranga olivacea
348Vermilion CardinalCardinalis phoeniceus
349/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianus
350Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoides
351Indigo BuntingPasserina cyanea

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

352Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillata
353White-shouldered TanagerLoriotus luctuosus
354White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus
355Crimson-backed TanagerRamphocelus dimidiatus
356Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus
357Glaucous TanagerThraupis glaucocolpa
358Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum
359Black-headed TanagerStilpnia cyanoptera
360Plain-colored TanagerTangara inornata
361Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola
362Swallow TanagerTersina viridis
363Blue DacnisDacnis cayana
364Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleus
365Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus
366Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza
367Bicolored ConebillConirostrum bicolor
368Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola
369Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
370Ruddy-breasted SeedeaterSporophila minuta
371Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea
372Chestnut-bellied Seed-FinchSporophila angolensis
373Gray SeedeaterSporophila intermedia
374Black-and-white SeedeaterSporophila luctuosa
375Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis
376BananaquitCoereba flaveola
377Black-faced GrassquitMelanospiza bicolor
378Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurus
379#Sooty Grassquit#Asemospiza fuliginosus
380Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus
381Orinocan SaltatorSaltator orenocensis
382Olive-gray SaltatorSaltator olivascens
383Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectus

 *Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
**Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.