Area (ha):50,370
Altitude (ft):6500-13000
# Species*:76
# Excl Vagrants*:76
# Endemics*:5
# Near Endemics*:7
Species/100 ha*:0.2
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Cloud forest, Frailejones paramo, highland lakes


The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Little TinamouCrypturellus soui

Ducks: Anatidae

2Speckled Teal
(Yellow-billed Teal)
Anas flavirostris
3Andean DuckOxyura ferruginea

Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

4Andean GuanPenelope montagnii
5Cauca GuanPenelope perspicax
6Sickle-winged GuanChamaepetes goudotii

Grebes: Podicipedidae

7Pied-billed GrebePodilymbus podiceps

Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

8Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata

Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

9Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscans
10Longuemare's Sunangel**Heliangelus clarisse
11Bronze-tailed ThornbillChalcostigma heteropogon
12Green-bearded HelmetcrestOxypogon guerinii
13Tyrian MetaltailMetallura tyrianthina
14Glowing PufflegEriocnemis vestita
15Coppery-bellied PufflegEriocnemis cupreoventris
16Blue-throated StarfrontletCoeligena helianthea
17Great SapphirewingPterophanes cyanopterus

Rails, Gallinules, and Coots: Rallidae

18Spot-flanked CrakePorphyriops melanops
19Common GallinuleGallinula galeata
20American CootFulica americana

Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

21Noble SnipeGallinago nobilis

Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

22Black-crowned Night-HeronNycticorax nycticorax

Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

23White-tailed KiteElanus leucurus
24Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucus

Toucans: Ramphastidae

25Black-billed Mountain-ToucanAndigena nigrirostris

Woodpeckers: Picidae

26Crimson-mantled WoodpeckerColaptes rivolii

Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

27American KestrelFalco sparverius

Parrots: Psittacidae

28Brown-breasted ParakeetPyrrhura calliptera

Antpittas: Grallariidae

29Chestnut-crowned AntpittaGrallaria ruficapilla
30Muisca AntpittaGrallaria rufula
31Tawny AntpittaGrallaria quitensis

Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

32Matorral Tapaculo
(Pale-bellied Tapaculo)
Scytalopus griseicollis

Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

33White-chinned ThistletailAsthenes fuliginosa
34Silvery-throated SpinetailSynallaxis subpudica
35Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescens

Cotingas: Cotingidae

36Green-and-black FruiteaterPipreola riefferii
37Red-crested CotingaAmpelion rubrocristatus

Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

38White-tailed TyrannuletMecocerculus poecilocercus
39White-banded TyrannuletMecocerculus stictopterus
40White-throated TyrannuletMecocerculus leucophrys
41Torrent TyrannuletSerpophaga cinerea
42Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseiceps
43Black-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias nigrocapillus
44Golden-faced TyrannuletZimmerius chrysops
45Streak-throated Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes striaticollis
46Rufous-breasted Chat-TyrantOchthoeca rufipectoralis
47Brown-backed Chat-TyrantOchthoeca fumicolor

Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

48Black-collared JayCyanolyca armillata

Swallows: Hirundinidae

49Brown-bellied SwallowOrochelidon murina

Wrens: Troglodytidae

50House WrenTroglodytes aedon
51Grass WrenCistothorus platensis
52Black-bellied WrenPheugopedius fasciatoventris
53Rufous WrenCinnycerthia unirufa

Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

54Andean SiskinSpinus spinescens

New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

55Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis
56Slaty BrushfinchAtlapetes schistaceus
57Pale-naped BrushfinchAtlapetes pallidinucha

Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

58Eastern MeadowlarkSturnella magna
59Northern Mountain Cacique**Cacicus leucoramphus
60Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus

New World Warblers: Parulidae

61Black-crested WarblerMyiothlypis nigrocristata
62Golden-fronted RedstartMyioborus ornatus

Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

63White-capped TanagerSericossypha albocristata
64Superciliaried HemispingusThlypopsis superciliaris
65Hooded Mountain TanagerButhraupis montana
66Black-chested Mountain TanagerCnemathraupis eximia
67Scarlet-bellied Mountain TanagerAnisognathus igniventris
68Scrub TanagerStilpnia vitriolina
69Blue-necked TanagerStilpnia cyanicollis
70Green HoneycreeperChlorophanes spiza
71Rufous-browed ConebillConirostrum rufum
72Black FlowerpiercerDiglossa humeralis
73Bluish FlowerpiercerDiglossa caerulescens
74Plumbeous Sierra FinchGeospizopsis unicolor
75Black-headed HemispingusPseudospingus verticalis
76Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroa

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.



//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
##Non-breeding Dispersal
()Breeding Season Only