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EL DORADO RESERVE

COLOMBIA
LOCALE

Area (ha):650
# Species*:364
# Excl Vagrants*:364
# Endemics*:21
# Near Endemics*:17
Species/100 ha*:56.0
*Based on partial or incomplete data.
Habitat: Subtropical forest, montane forest

BIRD CHECKLIST

The table below lists species recorded at this locale but does not indicate frequency of occurrence there. It does indicate whether each species is globally threatened or endangered according to the IUCN and also whether it is migratory, very rare, or accidental in the country. The list is based on available data and may be incomplete.*

color codes

 
Tinamous: Tinamidae

1Gray TinamouTinamus tao
2Great TinamouTinamus major
3Little TinamouCrypturellus soui

 
Guans, Chachalacas, and Curassows: Cracidae

4Band-tailed GuanPenelope argyrotis
5Wattled GuanAburria aburri
6Sickle-winged GuanChamaepetes goudotii

 
New World Quail: Odontophoridae

7Black-fronted Wood-QuailOdontophorus atrifrons

 
Pigeons and Doves: Columbidae

8Rock PigeonColumba livia
9Pale-vented PigeonPatagioenas cayennensis
10Scaled PigeonPatagioenas speciosa
11Band-tailed PigeonPatagioenas fasciata
12Common Ground DoveColumbina passerina
13Ruddy Ground DoveColumbina talpacoti
14Blue Ground DoveClaravis pretiosa
15Ruddy Quail-DoveGeotrygon montana
16Violaceous Quail-DoveGeotrygon violacea
17White-tipped DoveLeptotila verreauxi
18Lined Quail-DoveZentrygon linearis
19Eared DoveZenaida auriculata

 
Cuckoos: Cuculidae

20Smooth-billed AniCrotophaga ani
21Striped CuckooTapera naevia
22Pheasant CuckooDromococcyx phasianellus
23Squirrel CuckooPiaya cayana
24/Yellow-billed Cuckoo/Coccyzus americanus

 
Nightjars and Allies: Caprimulgidae

25Band-winged NightjarSystellura longirostris
26Common PauraqueNyctidromus albicollis
27Rufous NightjarAntrostomus rufus

 
Potoos: Nyctibiidae

28Common PotooNyctibius griseus

 
Swifts: Apodidae

29Chestnut-collared SwiftStreptoprocne rutila
30White-collared SwiftStreptoprocne zonaris
31Short-tailed SwiftChaetura brachyura
32Gray-rumped SwiftChaetura cinereiventris
33Band-rumped SwiftChaetura spinicaudus
34White-tipped SwiftAeronautes montivagus
35Lesser Swallow-tailed SwiftPanyptila cayennensis

 
Hummingbirds: Trochilidae

36White-necked JacobinFlorisuga mellivora
37Rufous-breasted HermitGlaucis hirsutus
38Band-tailed BarbthroatThrenetes ruckeri
39Long-billed HermitPhaethornis longirostris
40Pale-bellied HermitPhaethornis anthophilus
41Little Hermit
(Stripe-throated Hermit)
Phaethornis striigularis
42Sooty-capped HermitPhaethornis augusti
43<Brown Violetear>Colibri delphinae
44Lesser VioletearColibri cyanotus
45Sparkling VioletearColibri coruscans
46Ruby-topaz HummingbirdChrysolampis mosquitus
47Black-throated MangoAnthracothorax nigricollis
48Black-backed ThornbillRamphomicron dorsale
49Tyrian MetaltailMetallura tyrianthina
50White-tailed StarfrontletCoeligena phalerata
51Mountain VelvetbreastLafresnaya lafresnayi
52Long-billed StarthroatHeliomaster longirostris
53Santa Marta WoodstarChaetocercus astreans
54Red-billed EmeraldChlorostilbon gibsoni
55Coppery EmeraldChlorostilbon russatus
56Santa Marta BlossomcrownAnthocephala floriceps
57Lazuline SabrewingCampylopterus falcatus
58White-vented PlumeleteerChalybura buffonii
59Crowned WoodnymphThalurania colombica
60Steely-vented HummingbirdSaucerottia saucerottei
61Rufous-tailed HummingbirdAmazilia tzacatl
62White-chinned SapphireChlorestes cyanus

 
Sandpipers and Allies: Scolopacidae

63|Upland Sandpiper|Bartramia longicauda
64Spotted SandpiperActitis macularius

 
Frigatebirds: Fregatidae

65Magnificent FrigatebirdFregata magnificens

 
Herons, Egrets, and Bitterns: Ardeidae

66Fasciated Tiger-HeronTigrisoma fasciatum
67Cattle EgretBubulcus ibis

 
New World Vultures: Cathartidae

68Black VultureCoragyps atratus
69Turkey VultureCathartes aura
70Lesser Yellow-headed VultureCathartes burrovianus
71Andean CondorVultur gryphus
72King VultureSarcoramphus papa

 
Osprey: Pandionidae

73/Osprey/Pandion haliaetus

 
Hawks, Eagles, and Kites: Accipitridae

74Hook-billed KiteChondrohierax uncinatus
75Gray-headed KiteLeptodon cayanensis
76Swallow-tailed KiteElanoides forficatus
77Black Hawk-EagleSpizaetus tyrannus
78Ornate Hawk-EagleSpizaetus ornatus
79Black-and-white Hawk-EagleSpizaetus melanoleucus
80Double-toothed KiteHarpagus bidentatus
81|Mississippi Kite|Ictinia mississippiensis
82Plumbeous KiteIctinia plumbea
83Tiny HawkAccipiter superciliosus
84Semicollared HawkAccipiter collaris
85Sharp-shinned HawkAccipiter striatus
86Bicolored HawkAccipiter bicolor
87Common Black HawkButeogallus anthracinus
88Solitary EagleButeogallus solitarius
89Roadside HawkRupornis magnirostris
90White-rumped HawkParabuteo leucorrhous
91White-tailed HawkGeranoaetus albicaudatus
92Black-chested Buzzard-EagleGeranoaetus melanoleucus
93White HawkPseudastur albicollis
94Gray-lined HawkButeo nitidus
95/Broad-winged Hawk/Buteo platypterus
96Short-tailed HawkButeo brachyurus
97|Swainson's Hawk|Buteo swainsoni
98Zone-tailed HawkButeo albonotatus

 
Owls: Strigidae

99Tropical Screech-OwlMegascops choliba
100Santa Marta Screech-OwlMegascops gilesi
101Spectacled OwlPulsatrix perspicillata
102Ferruginous Pygmy-OwlGlaucidium brasilianum
103Mottled OwlCiccaba virgata
104Black-and-white OwlCiccaba nigrolineata
105Stygian OwlAsio stygius

 
Trogons: Trogonidae

106White-tipped QuetzalPharomachrus fulgidus
107Gartered TrogonTrogon caligatus
108Masked TrogonTrogon personatus

 
Motmots: Momotidae

109Whooping MotmotMomotus subrufescens

 
Puffbirds: Bucconidae

110Moustached PuffbirdMalacoptila mystacalis

 
Jacamars: Galbulidae

111Rufous-tailed JacamarGalbula ruficauda

 
Toucans: Ramphastidae

112Southern Emerald-ToucanetAulacorhynchus albivitta
113Groove-billed ToucanetAulacorhynchus sulcatus
114Collared AracariPteroglossus torquatus
115Keel-billed ToucanRamphastos sulfuratus

 
Woodpeckers: Picidae

116Scaled PiculetPicumnus squamulatus
117Red-crowned WoodpeckerMelanerpes rubricapillus
118Smoky-brown WoodpeckerDryobates fumigatus
119Crimson-crested WoodpeckerCampephilus melanoleucos
120Lineated WoodpeckerDryocopus lineatus
121Golden-olive WoodpeckerColaptes rubiginosus

 
Falcons and Caracaras: Falconidae

122Barred Forest-FalconMicrastur ruficollis
123Collared Forest-FalconMicrastur semitorquatus
124Crested CaracaraCaracara cheriway
125Yellow-headed CaracaraMilvago chimachima
126Laughing FalconHerpetotheres cachinnans
127American KestrelFalco sparverius
128MerlinFalco columbarius
129Aplomado FalconFalco femoralis
130Bat FalconFalco rufigularis
131Peregrine FalconFalco peregrinus

 
Parrots: Psittacidae

132Barred ParakeetBolborhynchus lineola
133Orange-chinned ParakeetBrotogeris jugularis
134Red-billed ParrotPionus sordidus
135Blue-headed ParrotPionus menstruus
136Mealy ParrotAmazona farinosa
137Scaly-naped ParrotAmazona mercenarius
138Santa Marta ParakeetPyrrhura viridicata
139Military MacawAra militaris
140Scarlet-fronted ParakeetPsittacara wagleri

 
Typical Antbirds: Thamnophilidae

141Barred AntshrikeThamnophilus doliatus
142Western Slaty-Antshrike
(Black-crowned Antshrike)
Thamnophilus atrinucha
143Slaty AntwrenMyrmotherula schisticolor
144Santa Marta AntbirdDrymophila hellmayri
145White-bellied AntbirdMyrmeciza longipes

 
Antpittas: Grallariidae

146Scaled AntpittaGrallaria guatimalensis
147Santa Marta AntpittaGrallaria bangsi
148Sierra Nevada AntpittaGrallaria spatiator
149Rusty-breasted AntpittaGrallaricula ferrugineipectus

 
Tapaculos: Rhinocryptidae

150Santa Marta TapaculoScytalopus sanctaemartae
151Brown-rumped TapaculoScytalopus latebricola

 
Ovenbirds and Woodcreepers: Furnariidae

152Gray-throated LeaftosserSclerurus albigularis
153Ruddy WoodcreeperDendrocincla homochroa
154Plain-brown WoodcreeperDendrocincla fuliginosa
155Black-banded WoodcreeperDendrocolaptes picumnus
156Strong-billed WoodcreeperXiphocolaptes promeropirhynchus
157Cocoa WoodcreeperXiphorhynchus susurrans
158Streak-headed WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes souleyetii
159Montane WoodcreeperLepidocolaptes lacrymiger
160Plain XenopsXenops minutus
161Streaked XenopsXenops rutilans
162Montane Foliage-gleanerAnabacerthia striaticollis
163Santa Marta Foliage-gleanerClibanornis rufipectus
164Flammulated TreehunterThripadectes flammulatus
165Spotted BarbtailPremnoplex brunnescens
166Streak-capped SpinetailCranioleuca hellmayri
167Pale-breasted SpinetailSynallaxis albescens
168Rusty-headed SpinetailSynallaxis fuscorufa

 
Manakins: Pipridae

169White-bearded ManakinManacus manacus
170Golden-headed ManakinCeratopipra erythrocephala

 
Cotingas: Cotingidae

171Golden-breasted FruiteaterPipreola aureopectus
172Red-crested CotingaAmpelion rubrocristatus

 
Tityras and Allies: Tityridae

173Black-crowned TityraTityra inquisitor
174Masked TityraTityra semifasciata
175Cinereous BecardPachyramphus rufus
176Cinnamon BecardPachyramphus cinnamomeus
177White-winged BecardPachyramphus polychopterus
178Black-and-white BecardPachyramphus albogriseus
179One-colored BecardPachyramphus homochrous

 
Tyrant Flycatchers: Tyrannidae

180White-throated SpadebillPlatyrinchus mystaceus
181Olive-striped FlycatcherMionectes olivaceus
182Ochre-bellied FlycatcherMionectes oleagineus
183Sepia-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon amaurocephalus
184Slaty-capped FlycatcherLeptopogon superciliaris
185Pale-eyed Pygmy-TyrantAtalotriccus pilaris
186Southern BentbillOncostoma olivaceum
187Black-throated Tody-TyrantHemitriccus granadensis
188Common Tody-FlycatcherTodirostrum cinereum
189Olivaceous FlatbillRhynchocyclus olivaceus
190Yellow-olive FlycatcherTolmomyias sulphurescens
191Yellow-breasted FlycatcherTolmomyias flaviventris
192Cinnamon FlycatcherPyrrhomyias cinnamomeus
193Cliff FlycatcherHirundinea ferruginea
194Southern Beardless-TyrannuletCamptostoma obsoletum
195Brown-capped TyrannuletOrnithion brunneicapillus
196White-throated TyrannuletMecocerculus leucophrys
197Mouse-colored TyrannuletPhaeomyias murina
198Yellow TyrannuletCapsiempis flaveola
199Yellow-crowned TyrannuletTyrannulus elatus
200Forest ElaeniaMyiopagis gaimardii
201Greenish ElaeniaMyiopagis viridicata
202Yellow-bellied ElaeniaElaenia flavogaster
203Small-billed ElaeniaElaenia parvirostris
204Lesser ElaeniaElaenia chiriquensis
205Mountain ElaeniaElaenia frantzii
206Sooty-headed TyrannuletPhyllomyias griseiceps
207Black-capped TyrannuletPhyllomyias nigrocapillus
208Spectacled TyrannuletZimmerius improbus
209Golden-faced TyrannuletZimmerius chrysops
210Bran-colored FlycatcherMyiophobus fasciatus
211/Olive-sided Flycatcher/Contopus cooperi
212/Western Wood-Pewee/Contopus sordidulus
213Eastern Wood-PeweeContopus virens
214Tropical PeweeContopus cinereus
215/Acadian Flycatcher/Empidonax virescens
216/Willow Flycatcher/Empidonax traillii
217Black PhoebeSayornis nigricans
218Vermilion FlycatcherPyrocephalus rubinus
219Streak-throated Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes striaticollis
220Santa Marta Bush-TyrantMyiotheretes pernix
221Yellow-bellied Chat-TyrantOchthoeca diadema
222Bright-rumped AttilaAttila spadiceus
223Dusky-capped FlycatcherMyiarchus tuberculifer
224/Great Crested Flycatcher/Myiarchus crinitus
225Brown-crested FlycatcherMyiarchus tyrannulus
226Cattle TyrantMachetornis rixosa
227Great KiskadeePitangus sulphuratus
228Boat-billed FlycatcherMegarynchus pitangua
229Rusty-margined FlycatcherMyiozetetes cayanensis
230Social FlycatcherMyiozetetes similis
231Golden-crowned FlycatcherMyiodynastes chrysocephalus
232Streaked FlycatcherMyiodynastes maculatus
233|Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher|Myiodynastes luteiventris
234Piratic FlycatcherLegatus leucophaius
235Tropical KingbirdTyrannus melancholicus
236|Eastern Kingbird|Tyrannus tyrannus

 
Vireos, Shrike-Babblers, and Erpornis: Vireonidae

237Rufous-browed PeppershrikeCyclarhis gujanensis
238Scrub GreenletHylophilus flavipes
239Golden-fronted GreenletPachysilvia aurantiifrons
240/Yellow-throated Vireo/Vireo flavifrons
241Brown-capped VireoVireo leucophrys
242Red-eyed VireoVireo olivaceus
243Chivi VireoVireo chiri
244Yellow-green VireoVireo flavoviridis
245|Black-whiskered Vireo|Vireo altiloquus

 
Crows, Jays, and Magpies: Corvidae

246Black-chested JayCyanocorax affinis

 
Swallows: Hirundinidae

247Blue-and-white SwallowPygochelidon cyanoleuca
248Brown-bellied SwallowOrochelidon murina
249Southern Rough-winged SwallowStelgidopteryx ruficollis
250Gray-breasted MartinProgne chalybea
251Brown-chested MartinProgne tapera
252/Barn Swallow/Hirundo rustica

 
Gnatcatchers: Polioptilidae

253Long-billed GnatwrenRamphocaenus melanurus

 
Wrens: Troglodytidae

254Scaly-breasted WrenMicrocerculus marginatus
255House WrenTroglodytes aedon
256Bicolored WrenCampylorhynchus griseus
257Rufous-breasted WrenPheugopedius rutilus
258Rufous-and-white WrenThryophilus rufalbus
259Buff-breasted WrenCantorchilus leucotis
260Gray-breasted Wood-WrenHenicorhina leucophrys
261Hermit Wood-WrenHenicorhina anachoreta

 
Dippers: Cinclidae

262White-capped DipperCinclus leucocephalus

 
Mockingbirds and Thrashers: Mimidae

263Tropical MockingbirdMimus gilvus

 
Thrushes and Allies: Turdidae

264Orange-billed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus aurantiirostris
265Slaty-backed Nightingale-ThrushCatharus fuscater
266|Veery|Catharus fuscescens
267|Gray-cheeked Thrush|Catharus minimus
268/Swainson's Thrush/Catharus ustulatus
269Pale-breasted ThrushTurdus leucomelas
270Yellow-legged ThrushTurdus flavipes
271White-necked ThrushTurdus albicollis
272Clay-colored ThrushTurdus grayi
273Pale-eyed ThrushTurdus leucops
274Black-hooded ThrushTurdus olivater
275Great ThrushTurdus fuscater

 
Finches, Euphonias, and Allies: Fringillidae

276Golden-rumped EuphoniaChlorophonia cyanocephala
277Blue-naped ChlorophoniaChlorophonia cyanea
278Thick-billed EuphoniaEuphonia laniirostris
279Lesser GoldfinchSpinus psaltria
280Andean SiskinSpinus spinescens

 
Thrush-Tanager: Rhodinocichlidae

281Rosy Thrush-TanagerRhodinocichla rosea

 
New World Sparrows: Passerellidae

282Black-striped SparrowArremonops conirostris
283Sierra Nevada BrushfinchArremon basilicus
284Golden-winged SparrowArremon schlegeli
285Rufous-collared SparrowZonotrichia capensis
286Santa Marta BrushfinchAtlapetes melanocephalus

 
Troupials and Allies: Icteridae

287Yellow-billed CaciqueAmblycercus holosericeus
288Crested OropendolaPsarocolius decumanus
289/Orchard Oriole/Icterus spurius
290Yellow-backed OrioleIcterus chrysater
291Orange-crowned OrioleIcterus auricapillus
292/Baltimore Oriole/Icterus galbula
293Shiny CowbirdMolothrus bonariensis
294Giant CowbirdMolothrus oryzivorus
295Great-tailed GrackleQuiscalus mexicanus
296Carib GrackleQuiscalus lugubris

 
New World Warblers: Parulidae

297/Louisiana Waterthrush/Parkesia motacilla
298Northern WaterthrushParkesia noveboracensis
299/Golden-winged Warbler/Vermivora chrysoptera
300/Black-and-white Warbler/Mniotilta varia
301/Prothonotary Warbler/Protonotaria citrea
302/Tennessee Warbler/Leiothlypis peregrina
303/Mourning Warbler/Geothlypis philadelphia
304/American Redstart/Setophaga ruticilla
305Cape May WarblerSetophaga tigrina
306/Cerulean Warbler/Setophaga cerulea
307Tropical ParulaSetophaga pitiayumi
308/Bay-breasted Warbler/Setophaga castanea
309/Blackburnian Warbler/Setophaga fusca
310Yellow WarblerSetophaga petechia
311/Blackpoll Warbler/Setophaga striata
312Black-throated Blue WarblerSetophaga caerulescens
313Yellow-rumped WarblerSetophaga coronata
314Black-throated Green WarblerSetophaga virens
315Chestnut-capped WarblerBasileuterus delattrii
316Golden-crowned WarblerBasileuterus culicivorus
317Santa Marta WarblerMyiothlypis basilica
318White-lored WarblerMyiothlypis conspicillata
319/Canada Warbler/Cardellina canadensis
320Slate-throated RedstartMyioborus miniatus
321Yellow-crowned RedstartMyioborus flavivertex

 
Cardinals and Allies: Cardinalidae

322Hepatic TanagerPiranga flava
323/Summer Tanager/Piranga rubra
324/Scarlet Tanager/Piranga olivacea
325Golden GrosbeakPheucticus chrysogaster
326/Rose-breasted Grosbeak/Pheucticus ludovicianus
327Blue-black GrosbeakCyanoloxia cyanoides

 
Tanagers and Allies: Thraupidae

328Fulvous-headed TanagerThlypopsis fulviceps
329Gray-headed TanagerEucometis penicillata
330White-shouldered TanagerLoriotus luctuosus
331White-lined TanagerTachyphonus rufus
332Crimson-backed TanagerRamphocelus dimidiatus
333Blue-capped TanagerSporathraupis cyanocephala
334Black-cheeked Mountain TanagerAnisognathus melanogenys
335Buff-breasted Mountain TanagerDubusia taeniata
336Blue-gray TanagerThraupis episcopus
337Palm TanagerThraupis palmarum
338Black-headed TanagerStilpnia cyanoptera
339Black-capped TanagerStilpnia heinei
340Bay-headed TanagerTangara gyrola
341Swallow TanagerTersina viridis
342Blue DacnisDacnis cayana
343Purple HoneycreeperCyanerpes caeruleus
344Red-legged HoneycreeperCyanerpes cyaneus
345Rufous-browed ConebillConirostrum rufum
346Black FlowerpiercerDiglossa humeralis
347White-sided FlowerpiercerDiglossa albilatera
348Rusty FlowerpiercerDiglossa sittoides
349PlushcapCatamblyrhynchus diadema
350Slaty FinchSpodiornis rustica
351Saffron FinchSicalis flaveola
352Blue-black GrassquitVolatinia jacarina
353Thick-billed Seed-FinchSporophila funerea
354Gray SeedeaterSporophila intermedia
355Black-and-white SeedeaterSporophila luctuosa
356Yellow-bellied SeedeaterSporophila nigricollis
357Band-tailed SeedeaterCatamenia analis
358Paramo SeedeaterCatamenia homochroa
359BananaquitCoereba flaveola
360Dull-colored GrassquitAsemospiza obscurus
361#Sooty Grassquit#Asemospiza fuliginosus
362Buff-throated SaltatorSaltator maximus
363Olivaceous SaltatorSaltator olivascens
364Streaked SaltatorSaltator striatipectus

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through 2021 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

OTHER LOCALES

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental