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DESCRIPTION

SUMATRA

INDONESIA
LOCALE

# Species:641
# Excl Vagrants:640
# Endemics:49
# Near Endemics:9

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Sunda TealAnas gibberifrons NT
2White-winged DuckAsarcornis 1 EN
3Ferruginous PartridgeCaloperdix oculeus NT
4Crested PartridgeRollulus rouloul NT
5Black PartridgeMelanoperdix niger V
6Roll's PartridgeArborophila rolliEV
7Sumatran PartridgeArborophila sumatranaEV
8Red-billed PartridgeArborophila rubrirostrisE 
9Chestnut-necklaced PartridgeArborophila charltoniiRRV
10Long-billed PartridgeRhizothera longirostris NT
11Great ArgusArgusianus argus NT
12Bronze-tailed Peacock-PheasantPolyplectron chalcurumE 
13Salvadori's PheasantLophura inornataENT
14Malay Crestless FirebackLophura erythrophthalma V
15Malay Crested Fireback**Lophura rufaNENT
16Silvery Wood-PigeonColumba argentinaECR
17Enggano Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia cinnamorneaE 
18Barusan Cuckoo-DoveMacropygia modiglianiiE 
19Nicobar PigeonCaloenas nicobarica NT
20Cinnamon-headed Green-PigeonTreron fulvicollis NT
21Large Green-PigeonTreron capellei V
22Green-spectacled Green-PigeonTreron oxyurusENT
23Pink-headed Fruit-DovePtilinopus porphyreusE 
24Jambu Fruit-DovePtilinopus jambu NT
25Sunda CuckooCuculus lepidusNE 
26Sumatran Ground-CuckooCarpococcyx viridisECR
27Short-toed CoucalCentropus rectunguis V
28Black-bellied MalkohaPhaenicophaeus diardi NT
29Chestnut-bellied MalkohaPhaenicophaeus sumatranus NT
30Moustached Hawk-CuckooHierococcyx vagans NT
31Large FrogmouthBatrachostomus auritus NT
32Gould's FrogmouthBatrachostomus stellatus NT
33Sumatran FrogmouthBatrachostomus poliolophusENT
34Bonaparte's NightjarCaprimulgus concretus V
35Salvadori's NightjarCaprimulgus pulchellusENT
36Waterfall SwiftHydrochous gigas NT
37Cave SwiftletCollocalia linchiNE 
38Band-bellied CrakeZapornia paykullii NT
39Masked FinfootHeliopais personatus EN
40Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostris NT
41Javan LapwingVanellus macropterusECR
42Malaysian PloverCharadrius peronii NT
43Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensis V
44Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata NT
45Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa NT
46Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris V
47Asian DowitcherLimnodromus semipalmatus NT
48Javan WoodcockScolopax saturataENT
49Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes NT
50Nordmann's GreenshankTringa guttifer EN
51Swinhoe's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma monorhis NT
52Barau's PetrelPterodroma baraui EN
53Jouanin's PetrelBulweria fallax NT
54Woolly-necked StorkCiconia episcopus V
55Storm's StorkCiconia stormi EN
56Lesser AdjutantLeptoptilos javanicus V
57Greater AdjutantLeptoptilos dubius EN
58Milky StorkMycteria cinerea EN
59Christmas Island FrigatebirdFregata andrewsi CR
60Abbott's BoobyPapasula abbotti EN
61Oriental DarterAnhinga melanogaster NT
62Spot-billed PelicanPelecanus philippensis NT
63Chinese EgretEgretta eulophotes V
64Black-headed IbisThreskiornis melanocephalus NT
65Wallace's Hawk-EagleNisaetus nanus V
66Lesser Fish-EagleHaliaeetus humilis NT
67Gray-headed Fish-EagleHaliaeetus ichthyaetus NT
68White-fronted Scops-OwlOtus sagittatus V
69Reddish Scops-OwlOtus rufescens NT
70Rajah Scops-OwlOtus brookiiNE 
71Mentawai Scops-OwlOtus mentawiENT
72Simeulue Scops-OwlOtus umbraENT
73Enggano Scops-OwlOtus enganensis NT
74Sumatran TrogonHarpactes macklotiE 
75Red-naped TrogonHarpactes kasumba NT
76Diard's TrogonHarpactes diardii NT
77Cinnamon-rumped TrogonHarpactes orrhophaeus NT
78Scarlet-rumped TrogonHarpactes duvaucelii NT
79White-crowned HornbillBerenicornis comatus NT
80Rhinoceros HornbillBuceros rhinoceros NT
81Great HornbillBuceros bicornis NT
82Helmeted HornbillBuceros vigil NT
83Black HornbillAnthracoceros malayanus NT
84Plain-pouched HornbillRhyticeros subruficollis V
85Wrinkled HornbillRhabdotorrhinus corrugatus NT
86Blue-banded KingfisherAlcedo peninsulae NT
87Small Blue KingfisherAlcedo coerulescensE 
88Rufous-collared KingfisherActenoides concretus NT
89Fire-tufted BarbetPsilopogon pyrolophusNE 
90Red-crowned BarbetPsilopogon rafflesii NT
91Red-throated BarbetPsilopogon mystacophanos NT
92Yellow-crowned BarbetPsilopogon henricii NT
93Malaysian HoneyguideIndicator archipelagicus NT
94Buff-necked WoodpeckerMeiglyptes tukki NT
95Buff-rumped WoodpeckerMeiglyptes tristis EN
96Olive-backed WoodpeckerDinopium rafflesii NT
97Great Slaty WoodpeckerMulleripicus pulverulentus V
98Blue-rumped ParrotPsittinus cyanurus NT
99Red-breasted ParakeetPsittacula alexandri NT
100Long-tailed ParakeetPsittacula longicauda NT
101Green BroadbillCalyptomena viridis NT
102Black-and-yellow BroadbillEurylaimus ochromalus NT
103Graceful PittaErythropitta venustaEV
104Garnet PittaErythropitta granatina NT
105Giant PittaHydrornis caeruleus NT
106Schneider's PittaHydrornis schneideriEV
107Malayan Banded-PittaHydrornis irena NT
108Javan Banded-PittaHydrornis guajanusE 
109Mangrove PittaPitta megarhyncha NT
110Fiery MinivetPericrocotus igneus NT
111Sunda MinivetPericrocotus miniatusE 
112Dark-throated OrioleOriolus xanthonotus NT
113Maroon-breasted PhilentomaPhilentoma velata NT
114Green IoraAegithina viridissima NT
115Sumatran DrongoDicrurus sumatranusENT
116Japanese Paradise-FlycatcherTerpsiphone atrocaudata NT
117Crested ShrikejayPlatylophus galericulatus NT
118Black MagpiePlatysmurus leucopterus NT
119Sumatran TreepieDendrocitta occipitalisE 
120Malaysian Rail-babblerEupetes macrocerus NT
121Bar-winged PriniaPrinia familiarisE 
122Black-and-white BulbulBrachypodius melanoleucos NT
123Puff-backed BulbulBrachypodius eutilotus NT
124Straw-headed BulbulPycnonotus zeylanicus V
125Cream-striped BulbulPycnonotus leucogrammicusE 
126Spot-necked BulbulPycnonotus tympanistrigusENT
127Scaly-breasted BulbulPycnonotus squamatus NT
128Gray-bellied BulbulPycnonotus cyaniventris NT
129Aceh BulbulPycnonotus snouchkaertiE 
130Orange-spotted BulbulPycnonotus bimaculatusE 
131Hook-billed BulbulSetornis criniger V
132Finsch's BulbulAlophoixus finschii NT
133Buff-vented BulbulIole olivacea NT
134Sunda BulbulIxos virescensE 
135Streaked BulbulIxos malaccensis NT
136Sunda WarblerPhylloscopus grammicepsE 
137Sangkar White-eyeZosterops melanurusE 
138Black-capped White-eyeZosterops atricapillaNE 
139Lemon-bellied White-eyeZosterops chlorisE 
140Fluffy-backed Tit-BabblerMacronus ptilosus NT
141Black-throated BabblerStachyris nigricollis NT
142Chestnut-rumped BabblerStachyris maculata NT
143White-necked BabblerStachyris leucotis NT
144Sooty-capped BabblerMalacopteron affine NT
145Rufous-crowned BabblerMalacopteron magnum NT
146Gray-breasted BabblerMalacopteron albogulare NT
147Sumatran BabblerPellorneum buettikoferiENT
148Short-tailed BabblerPellorneum malaccense NT
149White-chested BabblerPellorneum rostratum NT
150Striped Wren-BabblerKenopia striata NT
151Sumatran Wren-BabblerNapothera albostriataE 
152Large Wren-BabblerTurdinus macrodactylus NT
153Rusty-breasted Wren-BabblerTurdinus rufipectusE 
154Marbled Wren-BabblerTurdinus marmoratusNE 
155Brown FulvettaAlcippe brunneicauda NT
156Sumatran LaughingthrushGarrulax bicolorEV
157Javan MynaAcridotheres javanicusE 
158Chestnut-capped ThrushGeokichla interpres NT
159Enggano ThrushGeokichla leucolaema NT
160Sumatran CochoaCochoa beccariiEV
161Rufous-tailed ShamaCopsychus pyrropygus NT
162Rueck's Blue FlycatcherCyornis ruckiiECR
163Long-billed Blue FlycatcherCyornis caerulatus V
164Malaysian Blue FlycatcherCyornis turcosus NT
165Gray-chested Jungle-FlycatcherCyornis umbratilis NT
166Rufous-vented NiltavaNiltava sumatranaNE 
167Shiny Whistling-ThrushMyophonus melanurusE 
168Sumatran Whistling-ThrushMyophonus castaneusENT
169Sunda ForktailEnicurus velatusE 
170Chestnut-naped ForktailEnicurus ruficapillus NT
171Sunda RobinMyiomela dianaE 
172Rufous-chested FlycatcherFicedula dumetoria NT
173Scarlet-breasted FlowerpeckerPrionochilus thoracicus NT
174Brown-backed FlowerpeckerDicaeum everetti NT
175Scarlet-headed FlowerpeckerDicaeum trochileumNE 
176Red-throated SunbirdAnthreptes rhodolaemus NT
177Lesser Green LeafbirdChloropsis cyanopogon NT
178Sumatran LeafbirdChloropsis mediaE 
179Blue-masked LeafbirdChloropsis venustaENT
180Asian Golden WeaverPloceus hypoxanthus NT
181Javan MuniaLonchura leucogastroidesE 
182White-capped MuniaLonchura ferruginosaE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered