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INDONESIA↑

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DESCRIPTION

HALMAHERA

INDONESIA
LOCALE

Area (SqKm):17,780
# Species:240
# Excl Vagrants:239
# Endemics:48
# Near Endemics:1
Species/100 SqKm:1.3
Habitat: Lowland rainforest, montane rainforest

SPECIALTY BIRDS LIST

List of species at this locale that are endemic (E), near endemic (NE), have restricted ranges in the country (RR), or that occur only locally (LC) in the country. Table also shows species with globally threatened or endangered status according to the IUCN.*

color codes

1Sunda TealAnas gibberifrons NT
2Moluccan ScrubfowlEulipoa wallaceiEV
3Dusky ScrubfowlMegapodius freycinetE 
4Great Cuckoo-DoveReinwardtoena reinwardtiNE 
5Nicobar PigeonCaloenas nicobarica NT
6Scarlet-breasted Fruit-DovePtilinopus bernsteiniiE 
7Blue-capped Fruit-DovePtilinopus monachaENT
8Gray-headed Fruit-DovePtilinopus hyogastrusE 
9Carunculated Fruit-DovePtilinopus granulifronsEV
10Cinnamon-bellied Imperial-PigeonDucula basilicaE 
11Pink-headed Imperial-PigeonDucula rosacea NT
12Goliath CoucalCentropus goliathE 
13Moluccan CuckooCacomantis aeruginosus NT
14Moluccan Owlet-nightjarAegotheles crinifronsE 
15Halmahera SwiftletAerodramus infuscatusE 
16Invisible RailGallirallus wallaciiEV
17Beach Thick-kneeEsacus magnirostris NT
18Far Eastern CurlewNumenius madagascariensis V
19Eurasian CurlewNumenius arquata NT
20Black-tailed GodwitLimosa limosa NT
21Great KnotCalidris tenuirostris V
22Moluccan WoodcockScolopax rochusseniiEEN
23Gray-tailed TattlerTringa brevipes NT
24Chinese Crested TernThalasseus bernsteini CR
25Matsudaira's Storm-PetrelOceanodroma matsudairae V
26Hawaiian PetrelPterodroma sandwichensis V
27Japanese Night-HeronGorsachius goisagi EN
28Gurney's EagleAquila gurneyi NT
29Moluccan GoshawkAccipiter henicogrammus NT
30Rufous-necked SparrowhawkAccipiter erythrauchenENT
31Moluccan Scops-OwlOtus magicusE 
32Halmahera BoobookNinox hypogrammaE 
33North Moluccan Dwarf-KingfisherCeyx uropygialisE 
34Blue-and-white KingfisherTodiramphus diopsE 
35Sombre KingfisherTodiramphus funebrisEV
36Azure RollerEurystomus azureusENT
37White CockatooCacatua albaEEN
38Moluccan King-ParrotAlisterus amboinensisE 
39Chattering LoryLorius garrulusEV
40Violet-necked LoryEos squamataE 
41Moluccan Hanging-ParrotLoriculus amabilisE 
42North Moluccan PittaErythropitta rufiventrisE 
43Ivory-breasted PittaPitta maximaE 
44Olive HoneyeaterLichmera argentaurisE 
45White-streaked FriarbirdMelitograis gilolensisE 
46Dusky FriarbirdPhilemon fuscicapillusEV
47Moluccan CuckooshrikeCoracina atricepsE 
48Rufous-bellied TrillerLalage aureaE 
49Halmahera CuckooshrikeCelebesia parvulaE 
50Pale CicadabirdEdolisoma ceramenseE 
51Black-chinned WhistlerPachycephala mentalisE 
52Island WhistlerPachycephala phaionotaE 
53Drab WhistlerPachycephala griseonotaE 
54Halmahera OrioleOriolus phaeochromusE 
55Paradise-crowLycocorax pyrrhopterusE 
56Standardwing Bird-of-ParadiseSemioptera wallaciiENT
57White-naped MonarchCarterornis pileatusE 
58Moluccan FlycatcherMyiagra galeataE 
59Long-billed CrowCorvus validusENT
60Sula Golden-BulbulAlophoixus longirostrisE 
61Halmahera Golden-BulbulAlophoixus chlorisE 
62Cream-throated White-eyeZosterops atricepsE 
63Moluccan StarlingAplonis mysolensisE 
64Halmahera FlowerpeckerDicaeum schistaceicepsE 
65Black-faced MuniaLonchura moluccaE 

 * Nomenclature and taxonomic affinities are based on Clements 6th Edition published 2007 with updates through September 2014 maintained by the Cornell Laboratory of Ornithology, which relies largely on the AOU and SACC nomenclature committees. IUCN status may reflect splits not currently recognized by Clements.
** Species not accepted by Clements, AOU, or SACC that we recognize based on the IOC, field observations along with geographical separation, consensus opinions of field guide authors, and other sources. These species are potential splits in future Clements updates.

PRESENCE CODES

//Boreal Visitor
\\Austral Visitor
||Transient
##Non-breeding Dispersal
<>Erratic/Irregular
()Breeding Season Only
{}Casual/Vagrant
[]Accidental

DISTRIBUTION CODES

EEndemic
LCLocal
NENear Endemic
RRRange Restricted

STATUS CODES

NTNear Threatened
VVulnerable
ENEndangered
CRCritically Endangered